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Horton Hospital. Built in 1902 and designed by George Thomas
Hine and on the same standard pattern as
Bexley and Claybury. 1901, nearly a replica of Bexley,
built as a mental hospital. Built during 1901-2 with 2,178 beds.
bricks made on site from the local clay –local gault clay for a whiteish
brick. Later bricks brought in on a
West Farm. Forge was located at West Farm, but probably
closed with the demise of the farm on the building of West Park Hospital. West
Farm was one of the group bought by the LCC in 1888.
Manor Hospital Transferred
from Metropolitan Asylums Board to London County Council. Built as a mental
hospital 1899 it was the first of
the hospitals in the cluster and could house 1,292 patients. It was originally
Horton Manor Asylum for 700 women patients and there was also some temporary
accommodation, still in use 80 years
later. It was used as a military
hospital in the First World War and in the Second World War it was used by the
Emergency Medical Service – taking servicemen after Dunkirk and D Day. Now closed
The Manor of Horton was separate from that of Epsom but it
was also owned by Chertsey Abbey and also later by the Horton family. Horton is said to mean a ‘dirty or muddy farm’. After the
dissolution of the monasteries the manor was held by a succession of wealthy
families and was sold to the London County Council in 1896 by the Fowell Buxtons.. the London
County Council then built a series of hospitals here.
Horton Place. was a large building, surrounded by a
moatHome of the Trotter family until 1881. Local MPs
Horton Place – the Horton Manor House
– was the centre of the hospital and included in the administration block.
Initally used for staff accommodation.
Numerous 3ft high concrete pyramids/Pirnpies' or ‘Dragon’s Teeth',
together with four larger irregularly-shaped concrete blocks, in the grounds
Late bronze/early iron age settlement in this area,