London Local History - this lists street by street items of historical interest - public, industrial buildings & some environmental features in London and its immediate surroundings. Streets are given in OS grid squares - but numbering is not included (sorry!). Older squares give links to adjacent squares - but many are unfinished. Enter search words above right
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Horton Hospital. Built in 1902 and designed by George Thomas
Hineand on the same standard pattern as
Bexley and Claybury. 1901, nearly a replica of Bexley,
built as a mental hospital. Built during 1901-2 with 2,178 beds.
bricks made on site from the local clay –local gault clay for a whiteish
brick.Later bricks brought in on a
West Farm. Forge was located at West Farm, but probably
closed with the demise of the farm on the building of West Park Hospital. West
Farm was one of the group bought by the LCC in 1888.
Manor Hospital Transferred
from Metropolitan Asylums Board to London County Council. Built as a mental
hospital 1899 it was the first of
the hospitals in the cluster and could house 1,292 patients.It was originally
Horton Manor Asylum for 700 women patients and there was also some temporary
accommodation,still in use 80 years
later.It was used as a military
hospital in the First World War and in the Second World War it was used by the
Emergency Medical Service – taking servicemen after Dunkirk and D Day.Now closed
The Manor of Horton was separate from that of Epsom but it
was also owned by Chertsey Abbey and also later by the Horton family.Horton is saidto mean a ‘dirty or muddy farm’. After the
dissolution of the monasteries the manor was held by a succession of wealthy
families and was sold to the London County Councilin 1896 by the Fowell Buxtons.. the London
County Council then built a series of hospitals here.
Horton Place. was a large building, surrounded by a
moatHome of the Trotter family until 1881. Local MPs
Horton Place – the Horton Manor House
– was the centre of the hospital and included in the administration block.
Initally used for staff accommodation.
Roadblocks.Numerous 3ft high concrete pyramids/Pirnpies' or ‘Dragon’s Teeth',
together with four larger irregularly-shaped concrete blocks, in the grounds
Late bronze/early iron age settlement in this area,
Post to the south Woodside Post to the east Birkbeck Post to the north Anerley Albert Road This road is the earliest built here, first listed in 1855, and although the Croydon Canal was no longer in use it influenced the alignment of the road. From the junction with Portland Road looking the curve of the road reflects the line of the old canal which was to the north of the houses. It is named after Albert, the Prince Consort. 74-76 Stanleybury . Very large three-storey semis. Built for William Stanley, who moved to 74 in 1867. William Stanley’s works in South Norwood was complimented by his local philanthropy. His site is now a close of modern flats. Accidentally demolished. 67 small trading estate and MOT centre . At one time this was home to a theatre transport specialist. St.Mark . This was the first church in the area and is the parish church by G. H. Lewis. The nave was built in 1852 and the church was extended in 1862 and in successive years until 1890. It is in Kentis
Post to the west (north west quarter) Mile End Post to the west (north east quarter) Post to the east Bromley by Bow Post to the north Old Ford Addington Road Addington Arms . Pub dating from the 1860s. It does not appear to be still there. Police stables . From 1938 twenty horses were located here. These stables were built in moderne style white concrete by police surveyor Gilbert Mackenzie Trench. There is a stable at the back as well as tack rooms and a chimney for the forge – there was a full time farrier. Above are two flats for married police officers. The white concrete wall is original. Alfred Street 1-5 Inland Revenue Office . Sold off 1981. Has been used as a college an as offices Almshouses Way, This was once called Priscilla Street. 1 Drapers' Almshouses . These were built in 1706. What remains is a brick group of four tenements with central raised and pedimented chapel. They were restored in 1982 but were originally part of a larger group funded by
Phillibrook Stream The Phillibrook, or Fillebrook, comes through this area and flows south west Post to the west Leyton Post to the south Leytonstone Post to the east Wanstead - Golf course and basin A12 Section through Leytonstone opened in 1999 as the Hackney-M11 link road Aylmer Road. London City Mission . Building dates from 1885. It was later a clothing factory Browning Road This was Back Lane which went from the High Road to the Forest. Also known as Green Man Lane and in 1893 as Park Road. It became Browning Road in 1900 Cottages built by Lord Wellesley, probably in the 1840’s, to house the workforce which serviced local big houses. 24 North Star . Built as a 'beer house by Lord Wellesley. It was originally two cottages knocked together and first referred to in 1858. There was an off-sales serving hatch. It is either named after a famous steamship or famous train or a ship which an early landlord sailed on. Henry Reynolds Gardens . This is a small park n