Wednesday, 31 August 2016

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Bray

Riverside south bank west of the Tower.  Bray

This post covers south of the river only. North of the river is Bray Lock

Post to the east Monkey Island and Dorney Reach and Amerden

Hotel de Paris. In 1901-2 a house called Braymead was built here and in 1922, when the original resident left, local people formed a syndicate to run what they called the Braymead Court Hotel. This did badly and in 1928 it became the Hotel de Paris. Its new owners were Poulson and Stocco who had the Cafe de Paris – and the bands and stars who came there came down to Bray and played here. The Second World War brought austerity and later the hotel was closed and demolished. The current housing development on site was built in 1964.

Church Lane
3 Hinds Head Hotel. Hall house, now a pub. This dates from the late 15th altered in the 18th, 19th and 20th. It has a timber frame inside painted brick. The origins of the building are unclear – it seems to have  expanded from two 16th century cottages but it has been a pub since at least the 18th now with added celebrity chefs.

Ferry - This is said to have declined from 1280 however there seems to have been some sort of rope hauled ferry in the early 19th and a motor boat in the early 20th.

Ferry Road
Old Dutch House. This was built as a farmhouse with a timber frame, brick infill and hand-made clay tile roof.
St. Anthony’s Cottage. This is a converted coach house.
Waterside Inn. This stands on the river front on what was the site of the George public house.   It is now a hotel (£260 a night) and restaurant (£300 lunch for two)
Slipway – it is assumed that it from here the ferry went.
Messums, Boatyard was here and was famous for its punts. This was the base for the Bray Punt Regatta. It is said that one could walk from Berkshire to Buckinghamshire dry shod on the punts moored across the River.

Hanover Mead
Area for retirement and care home.

Headpile Eyot
Another long thin island in the Thames with trees but no inhabitants

High Street
St. Michael’s Church. There was an almost certainly a Saxon church here, but its site is unclear. The current church was built in 1293 and was a royal foundation by Queen Margaret. The church was then owned by Cirencester Abbey.   The battlemented church tower was built in 1400 and stone benches in the porch were used for church meetings. The bells were installed from 1612 and the clock in 1840. During the civil war the royal coat of arms was hidden but can now be seen and there is a cannon ball embedded in the wall from the same period. In 1867 the church was restored by T.H.Wyatt. The heads of villagers around the church date from that period and some were copies of list originals.
Stone relief which could come from the original church. It may show a horse or a dog with a leash and it is built into the wall of the chantry
St Michael’s Hall. This was the Chantry Chapel which is on the north boundary of the churchyard and built at the same time as the Church probably to pray for the soul of someone diseased, maybe Queen Eleanor.  The Hall is constructed of the same chalk and flint as the church. It continued as a chantry until the reformation and in 1683 became the village church. It is now used as a church hall.
Lich Gate and its Cottage was probably housing for the chantry priest. It later became a pub called the Six Bells – there were then six bells in the church. It is now leased out.
Chauntry House.  This is a large house east of the Church. This building was originally a workhouse. Built in the 18th century it is an imposing brick built building with large bay windows
War Memorial. This is at the junction with Ferry Road.  It is a stone cross recording 72 names for the Great War and 27 for the Second World War.
Maidenhead and Bray Cricket Ground. Established in 1798
The Fat Duck. This was previously The Bell Inn, and later called The Ringers - now more celebrity chefs  (Christmas lunch £350)
The Village Hall. With a clock tower.
Quoin House.  It is said to be built in the same brick as Brunel’s Maidenhead Bridge.
Jesus Hospital. This was founded by William Goddard in 1609. The original 34 almshouses, built in a quadrangle between 1623 and 1628, have been remodelled to form 13 single and 4 double homes. There is also a chapel.  Donnington Hospital assumed responsibility for these almshouses with effect in 2010 from the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers
The Crown, one of the oldest buildings in Bray, with the central section of the building dating from the 14th.  It is also said to be one of the few in the village with a cellar. More gastro

Old Mill Lane
Bray Mill.  There was a mill here in the Domesday period and the Manor belonged to the Crown which may explain the omission. In the early 13th it was given to Jordan de London, and appears to have continued in use until the early 20th. It is cited as a corn mill but also was used for paper manufacture - Level's Paper Mill was noted in 1770 by Brindley..  The miller contributed to the cost of a new weir at Bray Lovck in 1843.  It is now a private house with the milling machinery removed, it became a private house.
Caldesi in Campagna.  This was the Albion Public House which served a riverside wharf to the north. The Albion was built around 1850 to serve the barges that brought coal and timber to the wharf. It has since been called The Fish at Bray, The Jasmine Oriental, and The Slice. Now more gastro since 2007 ‘rural idyll for fine dining’.

The Causeway
The Causeway, This is now a footpath which was once the main route across the floodplain from

Upper Bray Road
Bray Bridge over The Cut. This is a Bailey Bridge normally used as an emergency replacement

Book History. Blog. Web site
Braybank History. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Caldesi in Campagna. Web site
Crown Pub. Web site
Donnington Hospital Trust. Web site
Fat Duck. Website
Hinds Head. Web site
SABRE. Roaders Digest. Web site
St Michael's Church. Web site
Wargrave Local History Society. Web site
Waterside Inn. Web site
Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Tuesday, 30 August 2016

Riverside south bank West of the Tower. Monkey Island

Riverside south bank West of the Tower. Monkey Island

This post covers sites on the south bank only,.The north bank is Dorney Reach and Amerden

Post to the south Monkey Island Lane and north end of the Eton Rowing Lake
Post to the west Bray and Bray Lock

The M4 is the London to South Wales Motorway.
Thames Bridge, motorway bridge built in the 1960s. There is a pedestrian walkway on either side of the bridge, to allow access to Bray Village from Dorney

Monkey Island
Monkey Island. This is a small island in the River. The name probably comes from a site owned by Merton Prior nearby – and refers to Monks. In the 17th rubble from London buildings was dumped here making it more solid than otherwise. In 1738 it was acquired by the Duke of Marlborough who was a keen fisherman and he built a fishing lodge and a fishing temple, which remain. They were designed by Robert Morris out of wood cut to look like stone.
Pavilion. Inside is the Monkey Room with paintings of monkeys by Andieu de Clermont done  before 1738.  The only other room is a kitchen.
The Temple, This once had an open ground floor with a billiard room upstairs. It has a ceiling with decorative plasterwork
Monkey Island Hotel.  By 1840, the Pavilion had become a pub. In 1963, the River Room was added with a glass-wall over the Thames. The Marlborough Room was added in 1970 with walls were painted with battle scenes. 30 bedrooms were also added.
Footbridge. This was connected in 1956.

Monkey Island Lane
Weir Bank. The house here was developed by Hugo Cunliffe-Owen in the early 20th. He was a horse owner and breeder.  It was burnt down in the 1970s and is now in other ownership and run as a business centre.
Weir Bank Stud Farm an important archaeological site

Pigeonhill Eyot
Pigeonhill Eyot.This is an island in the Thames near Bray Lock.  Weirs run from the island to the Bray bank. It is small and tree-covered and Bronze Age artefacts have been found here.

Monkey Island Hotel. Web site
SABRE. Roaders Digest
Weir Bank. Web site
Wikipedia. Pigeonhill Eyot. Web site

Riverside - south bank west of the Tower. Bray Monkey Island Lane

Riverside - south bank west of the Tower. Bray Monkey Island Lane

This post covers the south bank of the river only. The north bank is the north end of the Eton Rowing Lake

Post to the north Monkey Island and Dorney Reach and Amerden
Post to the east Dornay Lake

Monkey Island Lane
Bray Lake. This is a sports centre in an old gravel extraction site run by Summerleaze Gravel. In 1979 a sail boarding business operating out of a lorry began, while the Pit was still working. Despite set backs the centre has flourished and expanded. There are now a wide range of facilities and buildings.
Bray Quarry. This is the main processing plant for Summerleaze Gravel producing more than 400,000t of sand and gravel with a fixed sand and gravel processing plant. It has collection and delivery facilities for all aggregate types. It was previously the processing plant for Eton Aggregates and takes unprocessed sand and gravel from other quarries in the Thames Valley.
Conveyor system. Summerleaze operate a conveyor system which links new sites to the north with their existing plant at Bray Lake, and elsewhere and the Summerleaze footbridge. It was designed, manufactured and installed by Leicestershire-based Wileman Engineering. Road transport was ruled out under planning consent.
Bray Marina. Owned by MDL which operates many such facilities. It takes 400 boats and there are social facilities and a restaurant.  It is in a flooded gravel working, connected to the river in 1965/6 and on the site of Pardoe’s boathouse
Pennyroyal Field.  This is a Site of Special Scientific Interest covering a single field which is a site for the nationally rare pennyroyal Mentha pulegium.  The site is an infilled gravel pit excavated in the 1960s leaving a series of shallow, seasonally flooded depressions in which the pennyroyal grows. There are also horses grazing here.
Keleher Treatment Works. South east water. This was the Bray Water Treatment Plant built in 1993 and renamed Keleher in memory of a colleague, Mike Keleher. 30 million litres of water a day are abstracted here from the River and it is then treated: pre-ozonation, coagulation, flocculation and settlement, sand filtration, inter ozonation and granulated activated carbon contractors, disinfection
Bray Gravels Pumping Station. South East Water

Queens Eyot
Queen's Eyot, This is an island in the river owned by Eton College since 1923 with a club house. It was owned by Victor Van de Weyer who suggested the school could use it in 1898 and built a clubhouse. It was later sold to the school. The clubhouse has recently been rebuilt following a fire.

The Summerleaze Footbridge
The Summerleaze Footbridge. This is a foot bridge over the Thames going from a point on the south bank north of the Bray Marina to Dorney. It was built in 1996 as a gravel conveyor, taking gravel from Dorney Lake by Summerleaze, a sand and gravel extraction firm based in local pits.  It was originally to take gravel from the construction of the new Eton College Olympic rowing course with the conveyor itself on the underside of the bridge..

The Cut
The Cut is actually a river which originates in Ascot. It meets the Thames above Queens Eyot. It is called the Cut because it was diverted onto its present route at some time in the past, possibly in the 1880s.   It is also described as the overflow of the York Stream in Maidenhead. It was enlarged in the 1960s for flood defences

Bray Lake Watersports. Web site
French Brothers. Web site
Monkey Island Lane. Web site
Queen’s Eyot. Web site
Reminiscences of Old Hurst. Web site
South East Water. Web site
Summerleaze Gravel. Web site
Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide. Web site

Monday, 29 August 2016

Riverside north bank west of the Tower. Bray Studios

Riverside north bank west of the Tower. Bray Studios

This post describes sites south of the river only. North of the river is Dorney Riverside

Post to the east Dedworth The Willows and Boveney
Post to the north Dornay Lake

Down Place
Down Place. Bray Studios was centred around Down Place which is a country house built in the early 18th and said to be on the site of a Roman town. This is a large house beside the river Thames, now offices for film studios. The building is in brick, with painted render and with battlemented parapets. The front has a battlemented parapet semicircular portico with fluted columns.
Clock Tower House. Toad Hall. This was a Chapel or stables belonging to Down Place. It is an 18th building with a battlemented parapet. It also has a octagonal clock tower with an 18th clock and a weather vane
Bray Studios. In 1951, when it was derelict Hammer Film Productions moved in and a year later decided to build a studio here. . Hammer sold the studios in 1970 and it became a centre for specials effects teams and for pre-production rehearsals by music groups. In 2013 they were sold to a property developer ad being no longer viable. In 2015, it was announced that Down Place itself would be restored for posh flats and the rest demolished for seven “bespoke eco-houses”.

Maidenhead Road
Bullocks Hatch Bridge.  This appears to be where a stream crosses the Maidenhead Road. ‘Bullocks Hatch’ may referee to the group of houses now known as ‘The Hatch’.
Eton Excelsior Rowing Club. The club was founded in 1826 and formally established in 1851. The club is open to all and affiliated to British Rowing. The club’s original boat house King Stable Street and leased from Eton College who and in the mid 1990's, decided to build flats on the site. Eventually the Club managed to find and buy the current site funded by the lottery.Construction was completed in 2001

Windsor Road
Oakley Court Hotel. Oakley Court is a castellated and turreted gothic mansion built in 1857 for Richard Hall-Say. altered in the late 20th by Nellist, Blundell and Flint.  It has a castellated tower, several chimneys with offset heads and ornamental terracotta pots. There are stair turrets; crow stepped gables with pinnacles and finials, surmounted by heraldic beasts. There are two wings and near the centre of the service wing is a clock tower, a clock face, a spirelet with gables and a weathervane. Inside is more of the same. In the Second World War, it was the home of the Turkish Consul in Monte Carlo and General De Gaulle was a frequent visitor. In 1965 the owner died and it began to used as a location for Bray productions and Hammer Films - 'The Rocky Horror Picture Show' Castle, St. Trinian’s School, and Dracula’s Castle.  It is now a hotel and conference centre.
Oakley Green Cemetery. This is a new cemetery on the outskirts of Windsor which opened in 1998. It is a lawn cemetery with inter-denominational plots and specific religions. There is a garden of remembrance and a columbarium. Graves are turfed over and maintained as lawn and there is a small chapel
Oakley Court Golf Course

A b i r architects. Web site
Bray Studios. Derelict Places. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Eton Excelsior Rowing Club. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside - west of the Tower South Bank, Dedworth The Willows

Riverside - west of the Tower South Bank, Dedworth The Willows

This post describes sites on the south bank only, North of the river is Boveney

Post to the east Windsor Racecourse and Boveney Lock
Post to the west Bray Studios and Dorney riverside

Maidenhead Road
Along this stretch of road were a series of grand houses with late 19th occupants of varying wealth and eccentricity.  The road continues but from a roundabout at The Willows it became a side road and an eventual cul de sac, while the main road continues under another name
Sutherland Grange.  The site is now a park and nature reserve, mainly in the square to the east.  This house, since demolished, was erected in 1902 in the Elizabethan style.  It had previously been the home of the widow of the Duke of Sutherland, Mary Caroline Blair.
Surley Hall. Maidenhead Road was once called Surley Hall Road. The Surley Hall Hotel/pub was slightly to the east of the Willows. It closed in 1899.
The Willows. This was the home of Sir Dhunjibhoy Bomanji in the early 20th. He was a wealthy Parsee who made his money in the Bombay shipyards. He has British homes here and in Harrogate and was both a philanthropist and socialite.  There are records of a housed here with prominent residents going back to the early 19th. In 1807 it was said to have been occupied by Henry Townley Ward, having been built by a Mr. Kimberley and then the home of a Henry Walter in 1836. By 1863 it was the home of a Roger Eykyn, Member of Parliament for Windsor, following some electoral problems.  The current house however appears to be in a style – half timbered ‘Tudorbethan’ of the late 19th.   It appears to have been divided up into flats at some time in the mid 20th.
Caravan Park. This residential site is on what appears to have been the grounds of The Willows and to date from the mid 1960s.
Squires Garden Centres. This appears to have been a separate plot or holding since the 1890s.
The Fishery. This seems to have been another big house by the river.
Windsor Marina. It appears to have been founded post Second World War
Windsor Yacht Club. This dates from 1976 among berth holders at Windsor Marina.  In 1981 permission was given for a clubhouse at the marina and this opened in 1982.
The Hatch. There appears to be a number of houses here at was yet another local 'big house' visited by Edward VII in connection with racing contacts. In 1863 it was the home of Henry Darvill, Mayor of Windsor ten years earlier.

Ruddles Pool. This is a ninety degree bend in the river and thus dangerous.

British History Online. Web site
Theroyalwindsorforum. Web site
Where Thames still waters glide. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Sunday, 28 August 2016

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor Racecourse

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor Racecourse

This post covers sites to the south of the river only. North of the river is Boveney Lock

Post to the east Clewer and Eton Cuckoo Weir
Post to the west Dedworth The Willows

Maidenhead Road
This was once called Surely Hall Road
Racecourse Marina. Entrance. Run by Tingedene Marina – who run a number of similar operators. They have managed this one since 2007. The entrance is via the upstream part of Clewer Mill Stream from Bush Ait.
Windsor Racecourse Marina Holiday Park. It is owned and operated by Tingdene Parks Limited who purchased it in 2007. The holiday park dates back to the early 1970’s.
250 The Windsor Lad. This is now a chain restaurant/pub.  This was built in 1940 as a road house.  It took over the licence of the closed Crown Pub in central Windsor. It was then a Courage house. Windsor Lad was a well known and successful racehorse in the 1930s but nothing to do with Windsor Race Course.
Dedworth Manor Open Space. This square covers a tiny northern portion of this local authority park. By the road is a ‘Coronation arch’ which was used in Long Walk in 2013 and has been moved here.
Centrica offices. This was British Gas Home Head Office
Sutherland Grange Nature Reserve. 'Sutherland Grange' was the name of a large house on the site long since demolished, with the original name retained. The field on the western side of the park is known as Sutherland Grange Hay Meadow and has a huge variety of flowers and grasses.

The Rays
The vast majority of this square is taken up with the race course. To the east is an area of facilities buildings, a grandstand, restaurants and small parade and other area. The Rays itself is essentially an island between the Millstream and the Thames. The Racecourse entrance is on Maidenhead Road and the area also includes the Marina and the Caravan site.
Royal Windsor Race Course.  Flat racing began on Rays Meadow in 1866 set up by John Frail a barber who managed Disraeli’s election campaigns. He and his family owned a number of racecourses – he set about promoting Windsor energetically and it soon became established as a major racing venue.  The first flat race meeting was a two day fixture on the fifth and sixth of June 1866, and national hunt racing was introduced in 1867. Windsor did not try to compete with Ascot, but gave opportunities to the owners of other horses. He also established jump racing here. Windsor is Britain’s only flat course to stage racing over an almost complete figure of eight circuit. During both world wars Windsor avoided the fate of most British racecourses, and remained open during both wars in order to bolster morale. Windsor stopped staging its own national hunt meetings in 1998, and moved put on more flat meetings.  It has twenty six annual fixtures with pattern and listed races, and summer evening meetings on Mondays.

Eade. Along the Thames
Racing Sight. Web site
RoyalWindsorforum. Web site
Royal Windsor Race Course. Webs site
Tingedene Marinas. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Lad. Web site
Windsor Pub History. Web site

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Clewer

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank.  Clewer

This post shows sites south of the river only. North of the river is Eton Cuckoo Weir

Post to the east - Windsor riverside and castle and Eton
Post to the west Windsor Racecourse and Boveney Lock

Baths Island
Baths Island. This was originally known as Deadwater Ait but the name changed because of the siting of the Windsor swimming baths as early as the 1860s. From the mid-19th and maybe earlier this was an area for swimming in the river and there were some facilities as well as a sign saying baths. In 1870 the men's bathing area was moved downstream and that was known as the Eastern Baths. In 1904 that the area by the arches was officially used as a swimming area when the Ladies Swimming Baths were constructed, and were later known as the Western Baths. Later the banks were concrete lined, the islands joined and hand rails fitted along the waterline, and changing rooms built adjacent to the railway arches. There were also water polo nets and three diving boards. It was eventually closed because of health fears with polluted river water
Channel. The island was divided in two by a channel later filled in.

Clewer Court Road
Clewer Boathouse. Classic Boat Restoration Services
Clewer Court. The road appears to be named after a house, or farm, called Clewer Court the site of which is now under the main road
Royal Windsor Racecourse Stables. These were on the south east corner of the road and seem to have closed in the mid-1960s at a time when the relief road was built.

Clewer Park
This is an estate of 60 houses built during the mid-1950s in the site of a house called Clewer Park
Clewer Park. This was originally a medieval house. It was later the home of Sir Daniel Gooch, the 19th century industrialist, railway engineer and engineer responsible for the first transatlantic cables. In the Second World War it was used as accommodation for Royal Naval Wrens connected to HMS President and the administration of Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships. It was later used to house bombed out families.  In 1955 it was sold to developers who built houses and in 1957 the Allotment Association took over a third of the remaining land. In 1975 the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead bought the remainder to provide an open space for the community.
Clewer Park. The trees in the park reflect its history and there are still some oaks from Windsor Forest. There are also redwoods and other rare trees planted as part of ornamental gardens in the 19th.
(Clewer Barracks. It is said that there was a Cavalry barracks here built in 1796-1800 for the Royal Horse Guards until replaced in 1875.  Very unclear where this site was).

Queen Elizabeth Bridge
The Queen Elizabeth Bridge carries the A332 across the Thames
Pedestrian underpass

Maidenhead Road
Clewer Park Allotments
Racecourse Entrance

Mill Lane
Duke of Edinburgh Pub was on the west corner with Maidenhead Road. Had turrets and things but demolished and replaced by flats in the mid 1960s, it is said to have replaced a police station.
Boycott cottages
7 house with a detailed plaque on it about Daniel Gooch with information on his life and saying that the houses have his “armorial bearings” – which may refer to the adjacent house to the south.,
9 The Swan Pub. The pub dates at least back to the early 19th and is probably older. It may be closed.
Church St Andrew the Apostle. It is thought that the nave was built around 1100, and the font is Saxon but no one really knows about the church’s age or antecedents. However Clewer as a settlement is older than Windsor and the Norman castle. The church stands on a slight rise which might explain its antiquity. There are six bells in the tower, all recast from older bells in the 19th and later. There are boards with local charitable bequests. There are many interesting and important relics and works of art and monuments to people who include Daniel Paterson of “Paterson’s roads”. And there is a reredos which is a memorial to the Clewer dead of the Great War
Churchyard. That area adjacent to Mill Lane is a 19th extension. The oldest graves with wooden markers have been lost but there are many others of great interest.  The graves include that of Daniel Gooch. Part of the Churchyard has wild flowers which are becoming scarce in the countryside.
Lodge. This is by the lychgate and includes a small museum of local history
Edgeworth House., The dates from 1707. This appears to have been an annexe to Duncroft School Annexe in the 1950s – Duncroft was a ‘special school’ based in Staines. It was subsequently an YHA Hostel until 2005 and is now a private house.
The Limes. 17th house.
Foot bridge to White Lilies Island
Clewer Boathouse, French Brothers
Old Mill House. A mill at Clewer is mentioned in the Domesday Book and a mill has remained on site since. In 1781 it was burnt down and rebuilt and remained operational into the late 19th. It has been used as housing since at least the 1920s. It was owned by Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin from the 1970s, and later by Michael Caine.

Mill Stream
Clewer Mill Stream is a backwater which leaves the main river at Bush Ait and rejoins just above Queen Elizabeth Bridge

The Rays Island
Windsor Race Course. The course is mainly in the square to the west and detail on the racecourse is there.

Stovell Road
Clewer Mead. War Memorial Baths, These opened in 1963. There is a plaque is displayed outside the current Leisure Centre: ‘Windsor War Memorial Swimming Bath opened on 18th May
1963 by His Worship The Mayor Councillor H H Basford’. The  preceding Francis Burton, was a keen swimmer had campaigned for a 'proper' swimming baths at Windsor for many years. The pool was heated with a deep and shallow end and it was an open air pool. A toddlers’ pool was opened in 1968 beside the café.  The pool filtration plant was housed in a separate building. It was demolished in 1986.
Windsor Leisure Pool. This was opened by the Queen in 1987.  It has two pools, one with a wave machine and two water slides, and the other featuring a retractable 'wall' that could be raised from the bottom to divide the pool into two training areas. There is also a gym and other sports facilities. It was extended in 1997
Windsor Canoe Club. This was established in the 1960s and has a clubhouse here.
Windsor and Eton Sea Cadet Corp., Training Ship Windsor Castle. in 1899 meetings were held between the Windsor branch of the Navy League and the Windsor Council to provide a training vessel on the river, A Thames Sailing Barge was purchased the unit was opened. In 1902 the barge was re-rigged as a brig and remained in service until 1912 when it was replaced by a similar vessel and named King George. The unit moved to its current location in 1986.
Windsor Boys School Rowing Club. Boathouse for the local boys’ school which has produced a series of famous rowers.
Imperial Service College boathouse.  This dated from 1934 and was also used by the Windsor Boys School. It was demolished to make way for the Windsor War Memorial Swimming Baths in 1962.

White Lilies Island
This is a peninsula at the end of The Rays. It is also the name of an album relating to one of the residents.

Windsor and Eton Relief Road A332
This is a dual-carriageway road built as the Windsor and Eton relief road in 1966 and later re named as Royal Windsor Way in 2012

British Listed Buildings. Web site
Royal Windsor Forum.  Web site
SABRE Roaders Digest. Web site
St. Andrew’s Church. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Wilson. Sir Daniel Gooch Diaries
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Boys School. Web site
Windsor Canoe Club. Web site
Windsor Sea Cadet Corp. Web site
Windsor Through Time

Saturday, 27 August 2016

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor, riverside and castle

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor, riverside and castle

This post relates to sites south of the river only. North of the river is Eton

Post to the east Windsor sport and the castle and Datchet Mead
Post to the west Clewer and Eton Cuckoo Weir

Alexandra Gardens.
Alexandra Gardens. Plans for a riverside garden were initiated from 1893 and land bought in 1875 and in 1902 a tree was planted to mark the coronation of Edward VII. The gardens were opened soon after and named for the new Queen, Alexandra. Early facilities included a bandstand and a pond which leaked and became a flower bed.  Windsor Lawn Tennis Club played here having been set up in 1913 and they hired courts here. In the 1930s a field gun stood by the gates but was removed at the start of the Second World War.  The bandstand was removed in the 1950s and a new one has been installed in 2015 with steel artwork on each the sides to episodes with the armed forces in each decade of the Queen’s reign. In 1954 a shelter was built round the ‘Coronation Tree but was quickly vandalised but not finally cleared until 2005. There are a number of profit making commercial features now - a Kiddies Corner Children's Fun Fair, skate & cycle hire, an 8 hole adventure golf course, bungee and trampoline. There is also ice skating in the winter.
Dyson Memorial, this was originally in Barry Avenue. It is a drinking fountain, to commemorate Thomas Dyson, piano dealer and mayor.

Barry Avenue
The Promenade was first created in the early 1890s, before it was originally just a sloping bank to the river. It was named for Francis Tress Barry, MP for Windsor, 1890-1906.
Browns Pub. This was previously the Fort & Firkin, and the Old Trout and originally the Thames Hotel. The extensions along Barry Avenue are a new frontage on what a half timbered hall – used for gigs – including a jazz club - and dances. It was used by the ARP in the Second World War. An earlier pub here was the Anglers Rest.
French Brothers wharf and embarkation point for boat trips
War memorial to the Berkshire Yeomanry. This is a granite cross showing the names of the men from A Squadron, who died in the Great War.
Memorial of a replica Hawker Hurricane aircraft.  This is in memory of its designer, Sir Sydney Camm and was installed in 2012

Cutlers Ait
Cutlers Ait. This small island is a tree-covered strip between the north bank of the river and the weir.

Datchet Road
Windsor and Eton Riverside Station. This station is a terminus, the previous station is Datchet and it is run by South West Trains. The station was built for the Windsor, Staines and South Western Railway and the building was designed by William Tite as a royal station. The main booking hall is now a wine bar. The wall along Datchet Road is a long curve, parallel with the platform, containing a series of arches and links the station with the Royal Waiting Room. The route to Windsor from Staines reached Datchet in 1848 but the line was opposed by Windsor Castle and Eton College which delayed the opening of this station for a year. The railway had to get to Datchet by a long deviation to avoid the royal Home Park.  By the time the station opened the line was part of the London and South Western Railway which ran it until grouping in 1923 when it became part of the Southern Railway. The line was electrified on the third rail system in 1930 and on nationalisation in 1948 it became part of Southern Region of British Railways and privatised it passed to Stagecoach. The ticket hall is now The Old Ticket Hall Wine Bar and Music Venue
Royal Waiting Room. This was built for Queen Victoria and is a separate building on the south side of the station with a main room and ante rooms crowned by a turret and spire – from which a look out could monitor the Queen’s arrival.  It is now let as offices. In the 1950s it appears to have been a Christian Science hall
Town Gate to the Home Park. Lodge and Gate Piers. Built around 1820-30 probably by Jeffrey Wyatville. There is a single storey lodge in Portland stone. The gate piers are surmounted by lamps.
9 Royal Oak. It is said that used to be called the Railway Hotel and was a Courage House.  However a pub called the Royal Oak was here in the 1830s or earlier.  It was the Royal Oak Hotel in the 1930s when it was demolished and replaced with the current building. (This building is numbered at 9 and the building to the north of it is 7 – but Mango Lounge, across the street is also 9!)
1 Bel and the Dragon Tea Room and Restaurant. This was the South Western Hotel from 1891 until the 1930s and before that the William IV. On a corner site it is also 62 Thames Street. The building is l7th altered in 18th and 19th. Timber framed encased in roughcast facing. It is also now used as staff accommodation for the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel.
St George’s School. This is a coeducational ‘preparatory’ school founded to provide six choirboys for St George's Chapel. It had provided these boys to the Chapel since 1352. Seventeen full choristers live at the school, with about seven day pupil 'probationers'. They attend lessons and rehearse each day in the Song School by the Chapel. They sing seven services each week. These boys have school fees paid by the church authorities at Windsor. The school takes about 30 boarders. Children leave the school at the age of 13 but most will have a strong musical education there. There are spacious playing fields next door to the school within private grounds of the castle. The school building dates from 1803 and has two 2 storeys in London Stock brick. There is a central Greek Doric loggia of stone columns. There is an inscription ‘Founded by - Travers Esq Erected MDCCCIII.’ There is a large walled garden with fine trees. The building was originally Travers College set up by the Naval Knights of Windsor who were established under the will of Samuel Travers the Surveyor General for Greenwich Hospital  for seamen and was a retirement home for unmarried and needy naval lieutenants.

Deadwater Ait
Deadwater Ait. This is an uninhabited tree-covered island close to the Windsor bank of the river and upstream of Romney Lock. It has also been called Baths Island. It carries the central part of Windsor Railway Bridge across the river. Public Baths were here in the 19th - in a portion covered by the square to the west.

Duke Street
Windsor and Eton Brewery. These beers were launched on St George's Day 2010. Guardsman Bitter was the first new brew in Windsor for 80 years, and it was followed by Windsor Knot

Farm Yard
Windsor Glass – this firm was based here from 1952 but is now on the Vansittart Trading Estate

Windsor Ferry. This was a punt which left from the Barry Avenue area and lasted until the 1950s

Firework Ait
Firework Ait. This is an uninhabited tree-covered island close to the Windsor bank of the river and upstream of Romney Lock.

Goswell Road
The Goswells. The Goswells the name derives from 'goose fields' It was part of Clewer Common Fields, part enclosed 1776, It was bought in 1910 by public subscription, and given to the National Trust. It was then placed in the care of Windsor Corporation.  It has recreational facilities. A fountain marks the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee.
Windsor and Eton Bowling Club.  The club is in Goswell Meadow which is owned and managed by The National Trust. The club dates from 1921 when the National Trust agreed to lease the meadow. It was decided to use Cumberland Turf for the green and Windsor Town Council and the Trust gave permission for the Club to erect a thatched pavilion which was renewed in 1990 with slates because of cost.

Jacobs Island
Jacobs Island. This was used by Arthur Jacobs’s boat builders and hirers and had previously belonged to a firm called Boddy. It had then been known as Corporation Island. The 'New Windsor Castle' steamer was built here in the 1920s for Jacobs by Summers and was launched stern first from the slipway which was built facing upstream because the area downstream of the island was used for mooring and letting small craft.  The slipway was in use up to the 1960's. The boathouses had gone by the 1960s.
Eastern Baths - a men's bathing area was moved here away from the railway line.

Lock Cut
The Lock Cut runs from the upstream lock gates at Romney Lock, running down between Romney Island and the Windsor bank of the river until it reaches the end of the Island

This side street continues past flats and offices into a vast car park in what was the station goods yards. It continues past them to become a pathway going to Romney Locks and the Castle Water Works.

River Street
An earlier name for the road was Bier Lane
St Saviour’s church. Built in 1875–6 from the designs of Stephen Wyborn to cater for a poor riverside population. It was demolished in the 1920s. Its lych gate was re-erected at the Clewer Memorial Grounds
St Marys School marked on 19th maps at the river end of the road.
The car park is now privately run. It dates from 1928 when housing and the church were cleared to make room for it.
Toilets. Amazing double decker toilet block. This dates from the opening of the car park in 1928 and in the 1950s had hot baths installed
Jennings Yard and Jennings Buildings were cleared in the 1980s for the present car park. Archaeologists found a possible medieval merchant’s house, moat and revetted causeway recorded in the 1980s.  These industrial buildings had been behind Jenning's riverside wharf which was owned by Courage in the 1930s and later cleared.
1 Jennings Buildings Specfield instrument makers.
2 Jennings Buildings. National Foundation for Educational Research. printer and publisher here in the 1970s
Bonded Warehouse. Thus is said to have had a wooden customs office adjacent which may have been a dancing school in the 1950s.
Red Lion. This stood on the corner with Thames Street. The site is now vacant but with some planting.

Romney Island
Romney Island connects to Romney Lock. It is long and thin with trees and is a popular coarse fishing venue controlled by Old Windsor Angling Club until 2011 and now Eton Fisheries.
The Cobbler. This was a protrusion at the Windsor end of the island removed in the 1980s... It was originally built to allow horses to haul barges towards Windsor Bridge from Romney Lock Cut. The horses were then said to be required to swim across the river to Thameside before continuing to haul the barges up stream through Windsor Bridge itself.

Romney Lock
Romney Lock. This is on the Windsor side of the river next to a boatyard and adjoins Romney Island. The first lock here was built by the Thames Navigation Commission in 1798. A pound lock had been proposed in 1774 to be sited at Firework Ait. It was rebuilt by Thames Conservancy in 1869 and again in 1979/80.
Castle Water Works and water tower. This water works was set up to supply water to Windsor Castle. The site here had originally been a mill which was replaced by The Kings Engine in 1681. It originally was powered by a large water wheel which was replaced when the works was refurbished in 1912.  It was surveyed by John Rennie in 1794. The current site consists of a pump house building said to contain an old water wheel and an octagonal water tower.

Romney Lock Road
Level Crossing. Until In 1974 there was a level crossing at the London end of in the station giving access to Romney Lock, Thus was replaced a by a footbridge.

Romney Weir
Romney Weir is upstream of the lock at the end of Romney Island and runs across the river to Cutlers Ait. It was built a year after the lock when it was seen to be necessary. It was rebuilt further upstream at the beginning of the 20th. A 200kW hydro electric generation station was installed in 2011 to supply electricity to Windsor Castle.

Thames Avenue
Two Thames Avenue. Concrete framed office block built in the 1960s as offices and now converted to flats.

Thames side
Jennings' Yard. Courage’s' bonded warehouse. The wharf was handed over to Windsor Borough Council in the 1930s for the construction of the riverside walk and the steps up to Windsor Bridge
10 Boatman pub. In 2005 this pub changed its name from The Donkey House to The River House Restaurant and Bar.  Before that it was apparently The Kings Arms which dated from at least the 1830s.
Bakery– part of a development of the site between 1947 and 1949. This was used by Denney’s Bakery.
Mercer House, developed between 1970 and 1990
Berkshire House developed between 1970 and 1990.

Thames Street
28 Dated as built in 1903. Painted brick in Jacobeathan style. At one time it had a marble faced butcher's shop on ground floor and a fascia with Royal Arms by "appointment" on it. Plaque on thru side records a house on this site was the birthplace of the founder of the Massachusetts Militia
29 Adam and Eve Pub. Closed as a pub and is now a restaurant.
Theatre Royal. There is a glazed canopy on cast iron columns over the pavement. A theatre in this site was opened in 1815 and continued until it was burnt out in 1908. The theatre was owned by William Shipley and he rebuilt it to be completed in 1910. It then passed to a Mr Gladwin who converted it into a cinema showing low rated films. John Counsell managed it and formed a repertory company here in 1938. Since then the theatre has seen many changes and improvements to the interior structure and amenities have led to the present decor, designed by Carl Toms in 1965 and refurbished in 1973 and 1994. The theatre continues to be a success.
Hundred Steps Lodge. Castellated stone lodge like a squat tower built in 1840-50. Part of Wyattville's work on the Castle and the steps go up from the street to the Castle. The steps were a short cut up to the castle they are now unused but visible.
Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein Monument. This is a bronze figure, in captain's uniform, by W Goscombe John, 1903. The Prince died in 1900.
Brewery. Nevile Reid acquired the Windsor Brewery from Baverstock and Ramsbottom in about 1810 .they were acquired by Noakes and Co Ltd, 1918 who were in turn taken over by Courage. Brewing ceased in 1930.
Old Bank House. Built in 1758 for a brewer, Henry Isherwood. It later became Ramsbottom's Windsor Bank. It was then Reids, and then Courage’s Brewery Office which closed in 1962. Now in use by St. George’s School
King George V Memorial. This dates from 1936 and is by Edwin Lutyens.  It is in Portland stone with a pedestal bearing crown, orb and sceptres on a cushion. In front is a pool with fountains
49 The Swan Public House. 16th or possibly earlier origin, refronted in the early 19th. Public house front with carriageway which reveals a timber frame. . This is now a restaurant.
Wrens Club – which is the spa attached to the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel. There is signage over what was the carriage entrance to the Swan Inn,
62 Bel and the Dragon – this also fronts onto Datchet Road as no.1
59-60 Playhouse Cinema, This was built as a cinema for the Lou Morris chain and opened in 1928. It was equipped with a Compton 2Manual/5Ranks organ with had an illuminated console on a life in the centre of the orchestra pit. In 1930 it was taken over by the Southan Morris chain and by the Union Cinemas chain in 1935, which were themselves taken over by the Associated British Cinemas chain in October 1937. It was re-named ABC in 1961, and in 1971, became a ‘Luxury Lounge’, using only the stalls. It was closed in 1982. It re-opened as the Carousel Cinema in 1983 but was closed later that year. The building was sold and demolished in 1984. There is now an office block on the site.
52- 56 Sir Christopher Wren. The hotel covers a number of buildings at the riverside end of the street. The riverside corner building dates from around 1820-40. A painted inscription dates building as being 1676 and records the history of Wren and the building – it is however very unlikely he lived there and the house was probably built 27 years after his death. Christopher Wren, who was born in 1632, probably grew up in Windsor as his father was Dean of Windsor from 1635. The family were most likely living in church owned accommodation, possibly in the castle. The hotel records that the Main House of the Hotel was owned by the Cheshire family in the 18th but later belonged to Mr More, a local barge master and coal merchant. By the 1920s it was the Riverholme Restaurant and Guest House and it was later extended and the present restaurant built. It was further extended in the 1940s and 1950s and was the Old House Hotel. . It was then called Wren’s House and was listed. It passed through a number of owners and is now owned by Sarova Hotels

Vansittart Estate
Light industry and trading estate

Windsor Bridge
Windsor Bridge. The first bridge here may have been was built in the 12th when there is a record of tolls levied on vessels passing under it. In the mid 13th a wooden bridge was built here and by 1819 it was felt wooden bridges here were no longer viable. A granite and cast iron bridge, which remains, was opened in 1824. It has three arches with two mid-stream granite piers.  There is a cast iron trellis balustrade, and the original lampposts remain. It was originally tolled but tolls were abolished following legal action in 1897. In 1970, it was closed to motor vehicles following the discovery of cracks in the structure. It was repaired in 2002 but remains pedestrianised.

Windsor Castle
This square covers the north western portion of the castle. The rest is in squares to the south and east
St. George’s Chapel. The chapel is in the Lower Ward and is the responsibility of the religious College of St George. The Society of the Friends of St George's and Descendants of the Knights of the Garter, was established in 1931 to assist the College in maintaining the chapel. It was founded in 1348 by Edward III and was attached to the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor which had been built under Henry III in the early 13th. It was then rededicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, St Edward the Confessor and St George the Martyr. It then became the Mother Church of the Order of the Garter, and a special service is held in every year for members of the order. Between 1475 and 1528 The Chapel was expanded greatly under Richard Beauchamp, Bishop of Salisbury, and the master mason Henry Janyns. It became a destination for pilgrims with several relics.  During the Civil War Parliamentary forces plundered the chapel and treasury and later the chapter house was destroyed. This was repaired at the Restoration. In the 19th there was some rebuilding and reordering. On the pinnacles of the chapel roof are seventy-six statues representing the Queen's Beasts. They were restored here in 1925. The chapel is an important survival of a medieval chantry and its status as a royal foundation saved it from the Dissolution.
Curfew Tower. This is a 13th building. Below it is a sally-port – this is an underground exit from a castle with disguised entrances at both ends to be used in of siege. It is in good condition, walled and roofed in stone, pierced with four shafts.
Military Knights of St. George. These are retired army officers living in homes in part of the lower ward. They caim to be the oldest military establishment in the Army and were Formed by Edward III after the Battle of Creçy to help knights who had taken their armies to France, been captured and had to sell everything to pay the ransom. Clearly there have been many changes since.

Windsor Railway Bridge and viaduct
This wrought iron bowstring bridge was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel and carries what was the Great Western Railway line to Slough crossing the Thames to the west central Windsor.  It is the oldest wrought iron railway bridge in regular service. It was opened in 1849 having been delayed because of objects from Eton College. However they managed to open shortly before the London and South West Railway here which was also delayed. There was originally a wooden viaduct but this was replaced by the current bridge structure in 1861-65 .The upstream track was removed in the 1960 and the trackbed now carries a water pipe

British History online. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
College of St. George. Web site
Gas Journal
National Archive. Web site
Royal Oak. Web site
St. George’s School. Web site
Thamesweb. Web site
Theatre Royal, Windsor. Web site
The Royal Windsor Forum. Web site
Transport Heritage. Web site
Wikipedia As appropriate
Windsor and Eton Bowling Club. Web site
Windsor Lawn Tennis Club, Web site
Windsor Pubs. Web site
Windsor Through Time

Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts

Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts

This posting cover sites south of the river only. North of the river is Agar's Plough

Post to the south Windsor sports and the castle and Datchet Mead

This posting covers a small slip of land at the northern end of the Windsor Home Park public recreation area.

Black Potts Ait
Black Potts Ait is an island in the Thames. It is a tree-covered triangle now at the mouth of the Jubilee River. It was a favourite area for fishing for in the late 17th and some sort of building was provided for Charles II to use here in this context.

River Bank
Black Potts Railway bridge. This carries the railway from Waterloo to Windsor. It is has four seventy feet spans and is supported in the middle by Black Potts Ait. Originally the bridge had ornate cast-iron ribs, but these corroded and were replaced with more wrought iron, which radically altered the bridge's appearance. Before it opened there was a race between the Great Western and South Western railway companies to be the first to complete a rail line to Windsor. The South Western had almost finished, and had announced the opening it when due to settlement on the piers. a girder snapped at Black Potts bridge. This delayed the completion by four months. So the Great Western got to Windsor first.

Romney Island
Romney Island is an island in the Thames downstream of Romney Lock. It is a long thin island with trees and scrub.  It appears to be cut from the main land by an artificial cut which turning it into an island. This is thought to have begun as the intake for the "King's Engine" invented by Sir Samuel Moreland in 1681 to pump water up to the castle.   It is a popular island for fishing

London Railway Record
Semgonline. Web site
Wikipedia. Black Potts Ait. Web site
Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle

This post gives sites only south (or in this case west actually) of the river. Sites to the north (or east) are in Datchet Mead

Post to the east Windsor Home Park bathing pond  and Datchet
Post to the north Windsor Black Potts and Agar's Plough
Post to the west Windsor riverside and Castle and Eton

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers the north section including the area adjacent to the Castle– about a third of the total area.
The North Slopes. This is a series of pleasure grounds on the chalk escarpment on which the Castle is sited. Paths zigzag down the wooded hillside to the Broad Water. Albert, The Prince Consort installed various structures, walks and planting in the 1840s. A lawn is now used as a school playing field. William III planned a formal Maastricht Garden, here designed by Henry Wise in 1701.The work was stopped by George I, but some remains can be seen from the air.
Slopes Lodge. Cottage
Broad Water. This is at the bottom of the north slopes and is lined with trees. It feeds a trout stream which is crossed by several small, stone, gothic-arched bridges
Public Recreation Ground. This is the north section of the Home Park and is now a public area north of King Edward VII Avenue.
Windsor Cricket Club. Thus was set up in 1995 following a merger between Windsor Victoria and Windsor and Eton Cricket Clubs. Their home ground is at the Home Park in Windsor. They also have a lively clubhouse with a bar open all year.
Datchet Dashers. This is a running club which uses the Cricket Club Clubhouse. They organise the Windsor Great Park Dash (formerly the Datchet Dash & The Dorney Dash).
Windsor Forest Bow Men. This archery club was formed in 1951. They cater for Recurve, Compound and Longbow as well as traditional (hunter type) and bare bow and field archery. They use St Stephen's Field, in the Home Park Recreation Ground.
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. They have a clubhouse and courts next to the Rugby Club.

King Edward VII Avenue
Children’s Playground
Car Parks

Romney Lock Road
Windsor Rugby Football Club. This is an amalgamation of two clubs. There was a Windsor Rugby Football club in 1889 but thus disbanded in 1895. The current Windsor Rugby Club dates from 1922.  The future King George VI was their patron and this continued. In 1961 they opened a Clubhouse in the Home Park and in 1987-8 amalgamated with the of Old Windsorians Rugby Football Club,
Home Park Lodge

Victoria Bridge.
Victoria Bridge. Along with Albert Bridge this was built to replace demolished Datchet Bridge.It was originally built in 1851 and partly paid for by the Windsor, Staines and Richmond Railway Company to allow them access to Windsor. This bridge was damaged by tanks movements during the Second World War.  It remained in use until 1963 although subject to weight restrictions but was closed as cracks developed in the cast iron ribs. A Bailey bridge was installed by Royal Engineers above the bridge so that it could be removed. A new bridge was built in 1966 although a footbridge remained. The current bridge was opened in 1967 by Berkshire County Council, with consultants Mott, Hay and Anderson

Windsor Castle
The Castle is a large and complex structure. This square covers only the north east section. Other parts are in squares to the west and the south.
Windsor Castle. The castle was first built in the 11th by William the Conqueror to consolidate Norman dominance to the west of London and over the Thames. It is built on a steep chalk cliff which rises abruptly from the bank of the Thames and is protected by easily defended slopes on the east, south, and west. It has been used by English Monarchs since the reign of Henry I and is the largest and longest occupied castle in Europe. It was built as a standard motte-and-bailey, around a central mound with timber palisades which over time were replaced with stone fortifications.   It withstood a siege during the 13th First Barons' War. Subsequently Henry III built a luxurious royal palace here and this was amplified by Edward III. In the Civil War it was used as a military headquarters for the Parliament forces. After the Restoration much of it was rebuilt with architect Hugh May. George II and IV rebuilt this at colossal expense. It became the centre for royal entertainment under Victoria and a refuge for the royal family during Second World War bombing campaigns. There was a bad fire in 1992.
Upper Ward. Thus includes a number of major buildings inside the upper bailey wall.  The State Apartments are to the north with the private royal apartments and the King George IV Gate to the south, with the Edward III Tower in the south-west corner and the Round Tower to the west edge of the ward. It has been seen as a 19th creation by Jeffry Wyattville. The walls are of Bagshot stone characterised by the use of small bits of flint in the mortar to give stonework from many periods a similar appearance. The skyline is designed to be dramatic from a distance or in silhouette
The Round Tower. This is the oldest part of the castle , perched on a mound of earth made of spoil from its surrounding ditch. It was bult by Henry II in 1170 with Bagshot stone replacing a wooden keep. It had a number of major refurbishments in the intervening centuries. It is slightly oval in shape and lightly built compared to similar structures elsewhere – and there has subsequently been subsidence which there have been several efforts to control including major work on foundations as revealed by archaeologists.  There is a 160ft well in a lower side room. Its current appearance is down Jeffry Wyatville for George IV and his ideas of what a castle ought to look like – this includes the gothic battlements.  It was previously used as the Constable’s residence but it needed to fulfill  people’s ideas of what the Royal Castle should look like – and is usually shown in art works as taller than it actually is.  Today at its base is an external 'gallery'.  If the castle was under attack and through the walls bowmen would be stationed here to supplement those in the keep. It is now called the 'cannonade' and has 16 18th bronze field guns. The castle's 15-metre flagpole stands above the tower and when first raised in 1892 coins were buried under it. In the 1970s the building was underpinned because of subsidence and then converted into space for the Royal Archives.
North Terrace with views, of the playing fields of Eton. It was constructed by Hugh May in the 17th
Statue. A bronze statue of Charles II on horseback sits beneath the Round Tower. It was cast by Josias Ibach in 1679, with the marble plinth featuring carvings by Grinling Gibbons.  19th accounts of the castle say that beneath this statue was a device from the 17th by Sir Samuel Moreland for raising water to the buildings.
State Apartments. These lie on the the north side of the quadrangle and follow the medieval foundations laid down by Edward III with services on the ground floor. To the west the layout is primarily the work of architect Hugh May but the east was done by Jeffry Wyatville who wanted each room to illustrate an architectural style. These have largely been remodelled following the 1992 fire and are less decorative to follow modern tastes
Private Apartments

British History Online. Web site
Castle Studies Group. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Datchet Dashers. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Lasdun. The English Park
London Transport. Country Walks
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Thamesweb. Web site
Wikipedia. Windsor Castle. Web site
Windsor Cricket Club. Web site
Windsor Forest Bowmen. Web site
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. Web site
Windsor Rugby Football Club. Web site

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

This post shows sites on the south side of the river only. North is Datchet

Post to the south Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside and Datchet and Southlea
Post to the west Windsor Sport and the Castle and Datchet Mead

Home Park
This square covers only a tiny section of the riverside at Home Park.
Bathing Pond. This results from the layout of the Park by Thomas Page in the 1840s. It appears to be an attempt – as with the other water features of the park – to use old gravel workings.
Albert Cottage and Boathouse. These date from 1861. They are brick, with a timber framed gabled projection the boathouse is on edge of the pool linked to the cottage by a pierced balustrade which is returned over the cut to the river. Said to be designed by Teulon.

British Listed Buildings. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscapes

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

This posting covers sites on the south bank of the river only. North is Datchet and Southlea

Post to the south Windsor Albert Bridge and Southlea
Post to the north Windsor Home Park bathing pond and Datchet

Datchet Bridge
Datchet Bridge. This replaced a ferry service and was initially a wooden bridge commissioned by Queen Anne. The crossing was much used by royalty and they were often concerned for its reliability. The bridge was not tolled and therefore was popular. Responsibility for the maintenance was initially with the Crown but then passed to the counties of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire and there were decades of dispute between the two over who should pay for what. In 1836 the two counties each decided to build their own half, in different materials and not touching in the middle - Buckinghamshire's in wood and Berkshire's in iron. This was demolished in 1848 and the dispute resolved by building two new bridges
Datchet Ferry.  This had operated since at least the middle of the 13th and was replaced by the bridge.

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers part of the eastern section– about a quarter of the total area
Adelaide Lodge. This is known as Adelaide Cottage, it was the service wing to the current Adelaide Cottage. It stands in a picturesque dell and is a brick two-storied building in the 'cottage-ornée' style of the early 20th. Over the years there appears to have been some confusion over the two buildings and their names
Adelaide Cottage. Built on the site of the Keepers Lodge, it is a painted, stuccoed two-storied building also in the 'cottage-ornée' style. There is an inscription with the initials ‘AR’ for Adelaide Regina and the date of 1831. It is however thought to be older, possibly 17th. It appears to have been used by the Park Bailiff in the early 19th but then maybe rebuilt as a retreat for royal ladies wanting picnics and privacy. It was named for William IV’s wife Adelaide.
Double Cottages. These are by the riverside near the site of Old Datchet Bridge. They were built 1840-50 amend were designed as one. They appear to stand on the site of the Crown and Angel Pub – once in Datchet High Street which continued across the bridge but demolished along with the bridge in 1848

Crown Estate. Web site.
Datchet History. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside. south bank west of the Tower Windsor Albert Bridge

Riverside. south bank west of the Tower Windsor Albert Bridge

This post shows sites to the south of the river only, North of the river is Southlea

Post to the west Ham Island and Nickcroft Ait
Post to the north Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside and Datchet and Southlea

Albert Bridge
Albert Bridge was built in 1850-51. It was one of two bridges in Datchet built to replace the old Datchet Bridge as part of the rerouting of the Datchet to Windsor roads following the expansion of the grounds of Windsor Castle. Prince Albert is said to have had a part in the design which was originally in cast iron.
Lodge. On the west side of the road. It is said to have been designed either by Jeffry Wyatville, or by Edward Blore. It has a crenulated parapet and arrow slits flanking the windows.

Battle Bourne
This is a stream which enters this area from the west and runs along the southern boundary of some of the Home Park. It enters the Thames slightly down river of Albert Bridge

Datchet Road
Moran Lodge. A 19th posh house evolving from a farm cottage. This was called the Elms and divided into flats in the 1950s.
Windsor Farm Shop. This was opened in 2001 as the result of the Duke of Edinburgh suggesting selling goods from the Royal Estates and small local suppliers
4 Lord Nelson Pub. This pub dated from the 1840s.  Now in other use – in 2004 it became an Indian restaurant and has also been in use as a nursery.

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers the south east corner – about an eighth of the total area.

Lion Island
This is a small uninhabited island above Old Windsor Weir. It is a thin wooded strip separated by a narrow channel on the north bank. There were once three long parallel islands here before the lock and the cut were built.

Old Windsor Weir
This is at the northern end of the New Cut but relates to the Old Windsor Lock at the southern end.
Fisher. This was on the site of what is now Old Windsor Weir.  It was called Horned-ore and belonged to the Crown. It was on the boundary-line between three parishes.

Southlea Road
Royal Gardens Lodge.  At the entrance to the Home Park. Designed Jeffry Wyatville in 1820-30. A castellated single storey building with central tower with a parapet. Extraordinary.

Manor Farm
Livery Stables.

British Listed Buildings., Web site
Crown Estate. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Pub History. Web site
The Royal Windsor Web site
Wikipedia Albert Bridge, Lion Island. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Pubs. Info. Web site

Riverside, south bank west of the Tower. Ham Island

Riverside, south bank west of the Tower. Ham Island

This post covers sites south of the river only. North of the river is Nickcroft Ait

Post to the south Old Windsor Saxon Town and Remenham Park
Post to the west Windsor Albert Bridge and Southlea

Ham Island
Ham Island is only an island by virtue of being separated from Old Windsor by the construction of the New Cut in 1822 cutting the distance in navigation to around one third.  It was once a peninsula partly surrounded by a meander of the Thames.
Housing – there is some housing on the island mainly along the bank of the Cut.
Blueacre Horse Rescue centre. This centre opened in 2002 and is named after their first horse.
Sewage Works. This was opened by the Borough of Windsor in 1878 having previously been used as soakage beds by the Castle works across the Cut. The two works eventually combined.  It drains parts of villages to the south-west, Datchet and Eton which on the whole have separate surface and foul drainage. The plant uses its isolation and flood meadow land to allow for water-quality oriented sludge sedimentation beds. It is now part of Thames Water

Ham Lane
Ham Lane is a private road to access the sewage work

Blue Acre. Web site
Royal Windsor Forum
Wikipedia. Ham Island. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor. Saxon town

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor. Saxon town

This posting covers sites on the south of the river only. North of the river is Remenham Park

Post to the south Old Windsor Beaumont and Wraysbury riverside
Post to the north Ham Island and Nickcroft Ait

Church Road
An old highway once followed the line of Church Road from its junction with Ham Lane, the old road then turned sharply across the churchyard. In 1225 it was diverted round the north of the church. The rector was then required to build the current road which remains as a footpath to the river bank
St Peter and St Andrew. This church was probably built on the site of a chapel attached to Edward the Confessor’s hunting lodge. Its joint dedication to St. Peter and St. Andrew is unique and it is thought that a new St. Peter's might have had been built on the site of an earlier St. Andrew's under the Confessor. Several synods took place here.  In 1184 it became a possession of Waltham Abbey who held it until the dissolution.  After Magna Carta in 1215, French soldiers destroyed the church during a siege of Windsor Castle. It was rebuilt in 1218. In the 18th an avenue of larches - some stumps remain - led to the north door. It also had a stone porch and a cupola on the tower which was removed by Giles Gilbert Scott in 1865. He installed new pews and a choir vestry. A spire replaced the cupola and extra bells were added to make the ring up to eight.
The Priory.  This was a small house around 1700 which is said to have been an inn. In 1730 it was leased by Richard Bateman, who made improvements and the house became a showplace. It has had a number of owners since. There was no priory here and the name is purely fanciful.
The Hermitage. This house, which is next to the churchyard, sits on top of what may have been the Norman palace. It was built in 1740 by Richard Bateman
The Manor Cottage. This now a Care home in an 18th house which is on the site of the original manor house. Following Domesday it became the Rectorial Manor of Old Windsor and the Rector's official residence became Manor Cottage. There was a moat, part of which still exists as a backwater used for mooring boats. In the 1950's Middlesex County Council took it over as an old people's home, the administration of which was later transferred to Surrey County Council
Windsor Great Park Water Works. This dated from the early 1870s and was built specifically to deal with sewage from the Castle.  It followed a notice from the City of London Conservators to cease putting raw sewage into the Thames. The system was built by Easton and Anderson and was south of the cut and a quarter of a mile about the lock.   This long closed although rectangular outlines can be seen from the air.

Friday Island
Friday Island is an island in the Thames just short of Old Windsor Lock. The shape is said to resemble the footprint of Man Friday in Robinson Crusoe,

Ham Lane
St. George’s Farm.  Recently rebuilt.

New Cut
The New Cut was made in 1821-22 and is now the navigation channel.
Ham Island. This is what was Ham Fields turned into an island by the New Cut

Old Windsor
Old Windsor was a Saxon settlement at least as early as the 7th. It is thought that it was used as a royal residence from the 9th and  Edward the Confessor is known to have spent time here as did William the Conqueror and his sons William Rufus and Henry I.  But the Normans built their fortress two miles away and thus the court deserted the old town. Eventually all traces of its palace, and the surrounding settlement, disappeared. It was suggested that the area around the church was the site of the old town centre in the 1950s and this has since been confirmed by archaeologists. It is thought that it began as a farm on a site here near the current church. In Domesday the settlement was owned by the Crown with a population of 100 families – making it the third largest town in Berkshire,
Mill. There was a large watermill made of wood, dated to 800. The mill wheels were driven by the water from a leat which was nearly three quarters of a mile long and 20 feet wide. It was dug across the loop of the Thames and was thus a predecessor of the New Cut. It had however completely disappeared.
Palace. A possible palace building – or hunting lodge - lay east of the mill leat and apparently had glass windows

Old Windsor Ferry
A ferry was operated from Wraysbury to a point between Old Windsor Church and the Priory. This dated from at least the middle ages.

Old Windsor Lock
Old Windsor Lock. The old name for the site of the lock was "Top of Caps" and it was suggested there should be a lock here in 1770. The lock was built along with the New Cut in 1822.  A weir was built in 1838, replacing an earlier one which may have dated from the 13th.  There is a small weir beside the lock, but the main weir is considerably upstream. In 1868 the lock was extended and a tumbling bay added. It was rebuilt in 1957.
Newmans Bucks. This was an eel fishery sited at the head of the present weir.

The Friary
The Friary. This is a 19th house built on the site of an earlier house called Princess Elizabeth's Cottage, or the Garden House.  Elizabeth was the daughter of George III and the Garden House had been built by Bateman who had converted it from a cowshed. The later Friary was built in 1873 by Francis Ricardo.   There was no religious organisation here and the name is purely fanciful.

Archaeology. On line. Web site
British History Online. Web site
Engineering 1874
St.Peter’s Church. Web site
O3have.uwclub. Web site
Sweet Thames Run Softly. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Monday, 22 August 2016

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor Beaumont

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor Beaumont

This posting refers to sites south of the river only. North of the river is Wraysbury riverside

Post to the south Runnymede Magna Carta
Post to the north Old Windsor Saxon town and Remenham Park

Burfield Road
Beaumont Estate, Large hotel.This was originally called Remenham, after the 14th owner. Various aristocrats lived there subsequently and In 1786 Warren Hastings lived there for three years. It was sold to the Jesuits in 1854. After the school closed in 1967 it was used for a year by the Loresto Sisters as a teacher training college. In the early 1970s, it was the ICL training centre. In 2003 it was taken over by Hayley Conference Centres,
Beaumont House. Large country house originally built in 1705 by James Gibbs for Lord Weymouth. Re-built in the early 19th by Henry Emlyn of Windsor for Henry Griffiths based on his "Britannic Order".  It was altered in 1870 by Hansom and further extended in the 20jh.  There are many more recent extinctions
Beaumont College. This was a Jesuit public school which closed in 1967. In 1862 it became a Catholic boarding school for boys, with the title of St. Stanislaus College, Beaumont. The school continued thereafter. In 1888, a Preparatory School was opened nearby and still exists. There was also a boathouse and playing fields and a farm to supply produce. The school eventually closed because of a lack of priests.
Chapel built for the Jesuits and now offices. Designed 1870 by Hansom
War memorial. Gigantic built in 1920 as an open-air altar and Calvary by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. It has seats, and a tall cenotaph. There is a bronze commemorative plaque, and above is a large opening with a Christ on a stone cross. The inscription plaque reads:-
Reqviem aeternam donna eis domine.
Gate piers and walls from the late 19th. Inset panels and iron lanterns on the piers. Lodge - this was built in the late 19th as a chapel

Straight Road
The Bells of Ouseley. This pub dating from the mid 19th was once a Courage House. It is now a Harvester chain restaurant.

Windsor Road
Lodges at entrance to Runnymede on either side of the road and mirror images of each other. Lady Fairhaven, who gave the meadows to the National Trust in 1931, commissioned Edwin Lutyens to design them.
French Bros. Boathouse for family firm running a large fleet of boats for trips on the Thames between Maidenhead and Hampton Court.

Beaumont Estate. Web site
British Listed Buildings.
French Brothers Web site/
London Transport. Country walks
Old Windsor Pubs. Web site
Penguin. Surrey
Wikipedia. Beaumont College. Web site