Tributary to the Colne
The Brook, a Tributary to the Colne rises in
this area and flows south and west
Post to the west Shenley
The Gingerbread House. This was the east
lodge of what was Porters House and it later became the hospital lodge
Wilton House. The current house replaced an earlier
building red-brick, Arts & Crafts building of 1897 since demolished.
Black Lion. This is a 19th pub on the site of an earlier
coaching inn of the same name. It includes a weather boarded outbuilding
Cage. This is a beehive-shaped 18th
village lock-up with four barred windows. On the cills is written “Do Well”,
“Fear Not”, “Be Sober” and “Be Vigilant”. At one time this tiny building held
prisoners for both the Barnet and St. Albans districts and was once surrounded
by rows of stocks.
120 Queen Adelaide Pub. As a widow Queen
Adelaide lived at Stanmore and used to visit Shenley. The pub is now closed and
is to be converted to housing
Pond with ducks, plus a recent circular
bench by Chainsaw Carvings
“Duck crossing” road sign
War Memorial. This memorial commemorates the 36
residents of Shenley who died in the First World War and the 19 who died in the
Second World War,
118 house which was converted to a shop. It
is 17th with a timber frame and has a weather boarded extension.
114 Cock Inn – this was an old pub which is now
housing. It is 17th with a timber frame and plastered.
The Hub – Parish
Council Offices in what were London Road Public Toilets.
110 Shenley Village Hall. This was built as
a Girl’s National
School which itself replaced an earlier school
built as a clubhouse and wash house for single men
Shenley Primary school. The Shenley School Board
was established in 1878, and built a Board School for Girls and Infants,
82 William IV Pub
School. The board school building forms part of the present Shenley Primary School. The school includes a Sure Start Children’s
St Martin's School. This was built alongside the church in 1841 as National School which catered
for ‘poor boys of the manufacturing
classes’ only. It is not now used by the school
St. Martin's Church. Red brick chapel of
1841 which has replaced St. Botolph's as the parish church.
Shenley Methodist church. This was built as the
village workhouse and sold to the Methodists in 1840. It said that this was down to Rev. Thomas Newcome as a way of reforming
some of the more disreputable locals.
Lodge of Shenley Grange,
Porters Park Drive
Old Chapel. This was built by Laings as part
of the hospital and served as a multi faith centre for patients and staff. It
is now managed by the Shenley Park Trust and has been equipped with a stage .It
is now used as a community and function hall.
This has now been demolished. It Boiler House was originally flanked by coal and
oil storage. The original boilers were manufactured by Edwin Danks & Co.
(Oldbury) Ltd, and later replaced.
stood north of the water tower and served both the boiler house and the
incinerator in the base of the water tower. It was demolished in the late 1980s.
Orchard Villa. An original ward block. Retained
as offices for Cherry Tree Housing Association.
Water Tower. The brick Italianate water tower is surrounded
by housing - gated Blenheim Mews development. It was built in the 1930s as part of the first phase of the
hospital and has long been a landmark. In the Second
World War the Water Tower was used for military radio communications
surveillance and the top used by fire watchers.
It was originally built to house two water tanks
and the hospital incinerator. The incinerator was in the basement and was
linked to a chimney by a semi-subterranean flue - the bricked up remains of
this can be seen in the north wall. It now houses a
communications booster station for the Wellhouse Hospital Trust and a mobile
communications mast for BT Cellnet while a the new mezzanine office which lies
below the first water tank was used by
BT Cellnet. The half-height iron railings around the balconies are decorated with the initials MCC - for Middlesex Countu Council. The arches and the
frieze below the roof are all made of artificial stone. On three faces at second tank level is a clock. The towerwas sold to private developers who converted it into 6 duplex apartments in 2005.
The Orchard Tea Room was built on the site
of the Hospital's staff Social Club in 2000. As well
as the Club, there was a staff swimming pool, squash courts a football pitch and a
cricket ground the Social Club was considered the heart of social activities
1 Rosemount. 18th
red brick house
4-5 cottages once
in commercial use, red brick, timber framed.
Admiral Howe provided land so Radlett Lane could be built to link his Shenley Estate to Watling Street
and Frank Cottages. 19th estate cottages built by Cecil Raphael, for his staff and named after
two of his children
Wilton House Farm
Walled Garden. This dates to the 16th when
it provided fruit and vegetables for the mansion and under the hospital it continued
as a 19th style vegetable garden. In the 1980s it became neglected and
damaged in the storm of 1987. The greenhouses that were demolished and it was
not possible to restore it. A new garden has been created with two lawns separated by three terraces
with an amphitheatre at the bottom. It was designed by John Ely and created by Glyn
Underground water reservoir. This was built near
the gardener's cottage for emergency use in case of fire
(it still remains and is used to irrigate the walled garden
The Orchard. This was planted in the early
1900’s for Cecil Raphael. In 1935 it was re-propagated by the Hospital’s Head
Gardener, Mr Stanley Lord, with 22 acres to provide fruit for the hospital
kitchen and local markets using patient labour.
In the 1970’s and 1980’s the Orchards fell into disuse. Only one orchard
now remains named for Stanley Lord. It now has over 450 apple trees with 120 varieties. There are now some unusual varieties of
apples - Seabrook Pearl is now thought to only be found here
The Meadow. This covers an area from which
topsoil was removed in 1935 for the Walled garden. Later wild flowers and
grasses associated with chalk soil flourished. Under the Trust the area was cleared,
and allowed to grow wild. Building work led to the meadow becoming water logged
and drainage has had to be reinstalled
the home of the Hospital Superintendent was given to the Trust. However this
was sold by the Trust to generate income for the renovation of the Stable Flats
Stable flats. These were ate part of the Mansion Estate. Under the
Hospital they were used as staff accommodation.
Retained for use by the trust.
Coach House. Retained
by the Trust as equipment sheds.
Retained by the Trust as equipment sheds.
Old Dairy is
currently rented by a local theatre group for storage of their equipment.
The Engine House.
around 1900 for Cecil Raphael to house electrical
generators for the mansion. Under the hospital it housed
standby generators and was used as an apple store. It is now the offices of an
architectural practice and a private residence. It was previously the home of the Shenley
Park Trust Office with staff accommodation above but was sold in 1999 to pay for
the renovation of the Bothy.
Bothy which is now
offices for the Trust office with staff accommodation above.
South Lodge. Privately
Coombe Works. Workshop
buildings for small scale industries which were in the village before the
Second World War
Porters Park. The site is first noted in 1256 and has had
many owners since. The name Porters is thought to date from the 14th
when the estate was leased by a family of that name. In the early 18th
Nicholas Hawksmoor, the architect lived here.
Shenley Mental Hospital. In the early 20th Middlesex
was in need of a new mental asylum and in 1923 decided on Porters Park buying
it from Cecil Raphael. It was built in two stages in the villa design constructed in two phases
by J. Laing and Co which allowed many of
the existing buildings to be used as part of the hospital. The first phase involved
central administration buildings, recreation hall, services - the kitchens,
bakery, butcher's shop, stores, boiler house, engineering workshops and water tower.
A laundry was built behind the water tower.
There was also staff accommodation; villas for male patients were to the
east and those for females to the west. It
was opened by George V in 1934. The patients
were housed in villas with high railings round them and the sexes segregated.
In the Second World War part of the hospital became a military hospital for wounded
British servicemen and civilians while the grounds were used to exercise high-ranking
German prisoners of war. In 1948 the
Hospital joined the NHS and post-war changes in ideas allowed patients to be
free to come and go as they wished. Time there was a shift away from
institutionalised care, and the number of patients declined. The Hospital became
a leading centre for psychiatric training and practice while, gradually,
patients moved to sheltered accommodation nearer their own communities. By 1998
only one ward remained open and the hospital finally closed that year and most
of the buildings demolished
Shenley Park Trust. That was created to create
a new rural park within the grounds of the old hospital. This was set up in
Black Lion Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Heritage Network. Web site
Hertfordshire County Council. Web site
Hertsmere Council. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Middlesex County Council. History of
Porters Park. Web site
Shenley Methodist Church. Web site
Shenley Parish Council. Web site
Shenley Primary School. Web site
St. Martin’s Shenley. Web site
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