Monday, 31 December 2018

Epping Bower Hill


Post to the east Coopersale Street
Post to the south Flux's Lane



Bower Hill
Theydon Bower. This was a ‘big’ house built around 1800 with castellations ‘pleasant but fanciful’. The site is now ‘an apartment complex’.
Bower Hill Industrial Area. This is the site it Epping Gas Works. The Epping Gas Co. was formed in 1862 and began to supply gas about 1865 as the Epping gas and electricity company.  In 1911 it became part of the Bishop's Stortford and District Gas Co., which in 1949 was merged in the Eastern Gas Board. There were two holders and originally sidings from the railway line – although these are not shown on maps from the 1930s.
A number of factories are shown post- Second World War on sites adjacent to the railway.

Bower Vale
Epping Sanitary Steam Laundry. This was set up by Crispus Cottis. The laundry’s derelict buildings are being replaced by housing

Centre Drive
William Cottis and Sons. Manufactured everything from ornamental lampstands to hay sweeps. Crispus Cottis company in 1858 originally for agricultural machinery but also expanded architectural fittings, transport and household items. The Cottis Brick works was in Bower Hill 1888 and 1904. And later on the site which is now Epping Station car park. The company’s Archimedean Ironworks was in the High Street. Changes from the 1950s onwards led to a decline in the business and the foundry closed in 1982 after a period of being operated by other owners,
British Mathews and W. C. Pantin Ltd, they designed and manufactured mechanical handling equipment sold to firm like Fords, Midlands steel, breweries. In the 17th Pantin had offices in central London. And traded in commodities. They realised that it would be cheaper to produce handling equipment via a manufacturer from the USA as British Mathews part of WC Pantin. In 1937 the entire operation was moved to the former Cottis brick and nail making site at Epping.  In the early 1980’s demand for conveyors started to fall and the company was sold and in 1989 the site closed and in 1992 flats were built there,

Station Road
Epping Station. Opened in 1865 it is now the terminus of the Central Line from Theydon Bois. It was originally promoted by a small specialist company as an extension from Loughton to Ongar in 1858 and was eventually opened by the Great Eastern Railway. The station was a quarter of a mile south of the town centre and described as an intermediate terminus. It had a passing loop, a goods yard and an engine shed was added in 1892. Before 1914 there was a double track to Epping from Loughton.  In the 1930s it was decided that the line should be taken over by London Transport as part of the Central Line but this was delayed due to the Second World War. By 1949 the line to Epping had been electrified and this was eventually extended to Ongar in 1957. From 1970 London Transport wanted to close the line to Ongar and this happened in 1993. The line was sold to a private rail group, the Epping Ongar Railway, who have never been allowed to reopen the service to Epping.
Goods Yard. This was at the London end of the down side. It closed in 1966.

Stewards Green Lane
This is a green lane that was once the main London to Newmarket Road. It is now a bridleway, linking Stewards Green Road to Cooper sale Street running through arable fields bounded by old hedges. At the south end there is a double hedge and ditch. In the hedges are oaks plus some ash. field maple hawthorn and blackthorn as well as elms, holly, wild service and plum.

Stewards Green Road
A small estate on the north side of the road is in this square – the rest of the road isn’t. The estate was built in the 1960s and replaced a wartime prefab estate.

Stonards Farm
On some maps from the 1920s this is shown as “Stonehurst”.
Stonards Farm. In 1518 John Baker left the profits of the farm to a charity for repairing the highway between Harlow and London. In 1637 the Commission for Charitable Uses decreed that no more than £20 a year should be spent on the highway and in 1768 the road came under the care of the Epping and Ongar Highway Trust and in 1780 the Lord Chancellor directed that all the profits of Stonards should be applied to the poor. By the early 19th funds raised from the sale of timber hakd been invested and the income spent on apprenticing poor boys and by 1863 give to Epping British School and go towards almshouses. The almshouses were built in The Plain in 1877. Eventually Stonards was sold and the money invested.


Sources
Brady Pocket Guide to London
British History on line. Epping. Web site
Day. London Underground.
Epping Forest District Council. Web site
Epping Forest Guardian. Web site
Epping Society. Web site
Jackson. London’s Local Railways.
London railway record
Troy Homes. Web site

Wednesday, 26 December 2018

Enfield Town

Post to the west Enfield Town Centre
Post to the south Bush Hill Park



Bush Hill Park
Bush Hill Park, park (as distinct from the neighbourhood of the same name) was opened as Bush Hill Recreation Ground by Enfield Urban District Council in 1908, having been acquired from what had been Low’s Nursery. It was added to in 1909 and 1911. It has formal gardens, rose beds, and trees including horse chestnuts and oaks.   A drinking fountain was installed in 1911 and a bandstand in 1913.

Cecil Avenue
2 LMC Construction Company Depot.Chalkwell Park Avenue
New River. This runs underground, in pipes, going south. The pipe-run is under allotments to the rear of houses between here and Lyndhurst Gardens
St Ann’s and Hazelwood Playing Fields. Entrance

Enfield Playing Fields.
Only the south west quarter of the fields is in this square.
The Fields were provided as recreational space in 1939. The large area of land,  was previously Bury Farm, which was bought by Enfield Borough Council with the help of a grant of £3,500 from King George's Fields Foundation, as a result of which the site is also known as King George's Playing Fields.

Kimberly Gardens
George Spicer School. Some buildings at the north end of the road

Ladysmith road
Enfield Electricity Works, 1906. Built by the North Metropolitan Supply Co with transformers to reduce voltage and to convert alternate to direct current. The building is now in other use

Lincoln Road
Some of the road was once known as Red Lane
Level Crossing. This is a rare gated, manually operated crossing. A footbridge is being considered and it has been closed since an accident in 2012. There are some rights of way issues.  A crossing keepers hut remains.
Corporation Depot, adjacent to the level crossing. .The site is now housing

New River
The New River enters this square running parallel to Ladysmith Road. At Southbury Road the new course of the river running south starts and there is an enclosure, control valves and some buildings on the corner of Southbury and Eaton Road. The river then it goes into pipes and runs south underground – the longest stretch under the allotments between Lyndhurst Gardens and Chalkwell Park Avenue and crosses under Lincoln Road.
The old course of the river continues from Southbury Road westward, and is fed with water by arrangement with Thames Water. It continues parallel with the north side of Southbury Road and into the next square, where it turns north.

Seaford Road
Oldbury Moat. This stood on the north side of the road. It was a large rectangular enclosed by banks and a moat. There were three arms still visible in 1902. In a corner was a small mound which could have been the site of a tower or a mill. It is suggested that it may have been the original site of the Manor House of Enfield.

Southbury Road
Enfield Town Station. Opened in 1849 it is the terminus of the line from Bush Hill Park. It was built by the Eastern Counties Railway on the line from Angel Lane and called ‘Enfield’. It was renamed Enfield Town in 1886. T was built at the crossroads in the centre of Enfield on the site of an old house which in 1670 with a façade and tracery of carved brickwork - Disraeli’s father is said to have been born there. It was also a school attended by John Keats.  As a station it had iron railings, and a station masters’ house.    In 1875 a service from Finsbury Park was set up and the station was rebuilt. Thus the old house was demolished – there are some relics of it in the Victoria and Albert Museum and a plaque to it in the station. 1Irwas again rebuilt in 1957 By BR architect H.H.Powell. It is a flat roofed building in brick with a ticket office, waiting room, toilets, and cycle store.  Additional canopies and shelter were put up on the platforms.  All Great Eastern structures have been removed and the station is part of London Overground.
Signal Box.
Goods yard. East of the station. Leased for an office block -  Pinnacle House
Pinnacle House, but originally; called Bovril House, built 1964 with 7 storeys and shops at ground level. It has also been called New River House.  It appears originally to have been Head Office for the Bovril Group.
Savoy Cinema.  This was built for Goide & Glassman and opened in 1935. It was in an Art Deco by prolific George Coles. It had a working stage and orchestra pit, five dressing rooms and a Wurlitzer 2Manual/7Rank theatre organ. There was also a cafe/restaurant on the balcony foyer and a free car park at the rear. It was taken over by Associated British Cinemas in 1936. In 1962 and re-named ABC, in 1966 the Wurlitzer organ was removed to the West Hallam Social Club in Derbyshire. In 1978 it was closed for conversion into a 4 screen cinema. In 1986 it became part of the Cannon Cinemas chain and was re-named Cannon. It was re-named ABC again in 1996 but closed in 1997. It was demolished in 1998, to provide access to a new Tesco supermarket which was built on its car park.
New River. There is a small site with some control valves which adjust the volume of water going into the pipes.
George Spicer School. The school is named for Deacon George Spicer who campaigned, against Anglican opposition, to establish the Enfield School Board. The school opened in 1912 as a junior school.  Later A selective central school opened in adjoining the junior school, and survived until replaced Kingsmead comprehensive school. The primary school remains on number of adjacent sites.

Waddington Close
This is on the site of a dairy depot which ran from Burleigh Road to the railway. It may have been for Express Dairies.


Sources
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The face of London
Dalling. The Enfield Book
Enfield Grammar School. Web site
Enfield Society. Web site
Essex Lopresti. The New River
Field. London Place Names
Gatehouse Gazetteer. Web site 
Historic England. Web site
London Borough if Enfield. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens online. Web site
London Railway Record
Metropolitan Water Board. London’s Water Supply,                 
Middlesex Churches 
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex 
New River Guide
Pam. A Desirable Neighbourhood
Pam. A Parish near London
Pam. A Victorian Suburb
Pevsner and Cherry, London North
Sellick. Enfield
Sellick. Enfield Through Time
Walford. Highgate to the Lea, 
Walford. Village London

Monday, 24 December 2018

Enfield town centre


Post to the west Windmill Hill
Post to the south Bush Hill Park
Post to the east Enfield Town



Baker Street
The road is a continuation of Green Lanes, part of a drove road into London. In Enfield is also called Silver Street
14 Police station. Post war building.  Outside is an old police lamp on the site corner

Burliegh Way
Rialto Cinema. This opened in 1920 by Denman (London) Cinemas. It was however leased to Sydney Bernstein in 1925 and redesigned by Cecil Masey and interior designer Theodore Komisarjevsky. There was an ornate entrance facing the Market Place and a posher entrance round the back. It had a ‘straight’ Jones 2Manual organ later replaced by a Christie 2Manual/7Rank theatre organ in 1927. It was re-named Granada in 1967 and closed in 1971. It became a Bingo Club, in later years operated by Gala. It closed in 1997 and was demolished in 2010.

Cecil Road
Laid out early 1900s. It was extended up to Church Street through the ground of Chaseside house which was demolished. The house had been bought because of intentions to build council offices there.
79 Enfield Town Community Church. This appears to have been Enfield Town Evangelical Free church, which was built in 1897. It was damaged in the Second World War and replaced in 1956 by a plain brick building.  It is now in a new modern building of 2012 by CPL Architects, having left the old building in 2004 which was CPOed so that Lidl could be built.
Enfield Wesleyan Methodists. This was a brick church on the corner with Sydney Road built here in 1864. It closed in 1889 and was used by St. Andrew's National school as a girls' school. They left in 1926 and it later became the parish hall for St. Andrew's church
28 British Legion, The club, said to be one of the oldest in the country, opened here in 1921 but moved elsewhere in 1971.
KICC Lighthouse, Kingsway International Christian Centre. This branch is on pert of the Baptist Church complex.
Enfield Baptist Church. Built 1925, by W. Giles Scott but intended as a hall. The church was rebuilt in 2910.
British Telecom Exchange. This was the GPO installation office plus telephone exchange. It was built in 1925 but remained manual until 1960.
28 Central Library.  Built 1912, it was a Carnegie Library designed by Richard Collins who was the Surveyor to the District Council.  It was extended in 2010 to a design by Shepheard Epstein and Hunter with a glass and steel frontage onto the re-landscaped Library Green. It is on two floors, with a cafe, children’s corner, and quiet spaces, reading chairs (with window views), self-service check-in/out and lots of internet access points.
Library Green. This was part of the grounds of Chase Side House purchased in 1901 by the District Council. The Green was laid out as a public green space and re-designed in 2010.
Town Park.  This is an Enfield Borough Council Park opened in 1903. It has four tennis courts and two multi-use games areas which can be used for basketball and 5 a side football. The New River Loop passes through the Park and the stream is widened to form a lake with an island. The banks were strengthened with old railway sleepers. At the southern end of the Park the loop turns eastwards under a footbridge and continues to the boundary where the water flows away to waste. There are iron gates at the Cecil Road entrance with an adjacent drinking fountain, and railings. It was part of the grounds of Chase Side House.

Chapel Street
This road did not exist before the Second World War, and initially was not connected south to Enfield Town. It was originally cottages called Love’s Row which were unhealthy and demolished to be replaced by Council flats.
Saddler’s Brook – the stream passes under this area.

Chase Green
Remnant of Enfield Chase. Originally woodland it became part of Enfield Chase in 1136 but commoner’s rights were retained, the Chase was enclosed in 1779 and again in 1803 except this area which was transferred to Enfield Urban District Council in 1898. It was thus the first public open space in Enfield. A portion was part of a land swap deal with the Great Northern Railway in 1904. It is now a registered Village Green. In the early 1800s it was used for cricket with a paid beadle in charge of organizing the mowing, rolling etc. as well as paying the team bill at the Cricketers Pub and taking bets on the outcome of matches. There is some oak woodland remaining.
Cenotaph Gardens and War Memorial. This replaced a bandstand built in 1900. It dates from1921and comprises a tall, tapering pedestal on a stepped base, within a paved area with twelve stone posts. Above is a tapering sarcophagus. It is inscribed OUR GLORIOUS DEAD and on the sides 1914 - 1919 and 1939 - 1945. It was unveiled by Lt-Gen Sir Francis Lloyd on and contained a capsule, with copies of The Times, The Enfield Gazette and Observer, an autographed list of members of the Enfield Patriots' Committee, and some coins.
Forge – a forge in the south west of the Green closed in 1933.

Chase Side
The road is marked as this on Rocque's map of 1754 and the Ordnance Survey map of 1887 – the reference being to Enfield Chase. The road was called ‘Woodside’ in 1572

Chase Side Place
19 The Cricketers. McMullins House since 1919.

Church Lane
The lane dates from around 1803
Portcullis House Gothic building.  A small crenellated building at the edge of the churchyard was built by the Vestry in the early 19th for the parish fire engine. From 1882 it was a mortuary becoming a Chapel of Rest for a local undertaker, then offices. It is now a church meeting room.
Enfield Treatment Centre.  This is attached to an adjacent Health Centre and Practice.

Church Street
This street has evolved from a path which would have led from the edge of The Chase to The Green, the Church and the roads to London and to Hertford.
100 Metaswitch. This is a software company whose offices are on a site used for Council offices in the 1960s and the YMCA earlier. .YMCA in 1919 erected a hut here from Enfield Lock which was called the Red Triangle club for ex-servicemen.  -  provided billiards and so on.
Trinity Methodist Church. The church moved here in 1889 from Cecil Road. The church is by F.  Boreham in ragstone, with a tower, spire and pinnacles. It is now run along with united reform and includes St. Paul’s Presbyterian Church.
St Paul’s Centre. This is in a former Presbyterian church. It describes itself as a ‘village hall’ or a ‘church centre’ and provides space for many organisations and activities. It is a large ragstone building of 1907 on a prominent comer site by W. Wallace and a Subdivided 1987.  There is an Ordnance Survey flush bracket is on the front of a building.
New River. The Old Course flows under it to the west of Gentleman’s Row and Cecil Road. The bridge was widened in 1910.
Chase Green Gardens. These are on the corner with Chase Side laid cut 1900 belatedly for Queen Victoria's diamond Jubilee. The Millennium Sundial replaced an earlier drinking fonntain and was inaugurated in 2000. The New River Loop flows through the gardens and is crossed by a 19th iron bridge. In 1938 the Council took the Enfield Loop under their control.
Post Office. Built 1906 on what had been the grounds of Percy House. It displays the royal arms on the gable and ‘Enfield Post Office’ lettering over the door.
48 Rising Sun. This pub was demolished for road widening. Had opened in 1736
Fountains. Coach builders – ‘of note in Middlesex”
Enfield Palace – this was once on the site of Enfield Palace Shopping Centre.  The building known as The Palace was a 16th manor house extending 450 yards along the street. It had earlier been a substantial moated building approached by a gatehouse from what was then the Green. It was used as a private school from the mid-17th until the late 19th. It was subsequently used as a post office at the turn of the 20th century and later as a Conservative club; convalescent soldiers were entertained there in the Great War. The last remains of it were demolished in 1928, for an extension to Pearson's department store.
Palace School. Dr. Robert Uvedale, master of the Enfield grammar school, opened a private boarding school in Enfield manor-house around 1670. It was later known as the Palace school and closed in 1896.  Uvedale was a botanist who built numerous outbuildings to house and planted one of the first cedar of Lebanon trees in England in the grounds
Welch’s Livery Stables. They ran a horse drawn cab service into the early 20th.
Graham Cycle Manufacturer. This was run by two brothers, and later became motor engineers. They made a ‘Parade’ bicycle and a tandem and later a motorised bicycle with a rear basket work passenger seat.

Church Walk
Church Walk dates from at least 1590
Enfield Grammar School.  The school was founded in 1558. They took over Poynetts, an endowment which funded an earlier chantry school. An older school-house existed east of the churchyard in 1572 where the grammar school began, until the building of Old Hall in the 1580s using money left by William Garrett. It remained a grammar school until the 1960s when it was amalgamated with Chace Boys School as a comprehensive school. The school buildings are next to the Market Place and Church, and have been extended several times including shortly before the Second World War. In 1924 the lower school was moved to a site in Baker Street was purchased to accommodate the lower school. Charles Babbage went to school here Frederick Marryat, and later also the Babbage children. The earliest surviving building is from the late 16th.  The address of the current school is in Parsonage Lane. The school is now an ‘academy’ with no mention of its past or past alumni on its web site.
St Andrew’s Church. This is a town church. A priest is mentioned in the Domesday Book of1086 which might imply the presence of a church. Records dating from 1136 cite a link to Saffron Walden and there are some remains of around this date. The church was restored and enlarged in the 14th including the tower, over the Chancel arch is a painting from 1923 as a memorial to Enfield men killed the Great War and there are many monuments to the dead of many centuries
Churchyard. There are any monuments including to a New River surveyor. The graveyard has a number of different railed areas, and paved walks. It was enlarged in 1778 with the purchase of land to the north. It is densely planted with yew, Scots pine and other ornamental conifers and prominent horse chestnut. An ancient yew clipped as a cone has now been lost.
School of Industry. This was an Anglican school for girls opened in 1800 in premises in the churchyard belonging to Prounce's charity and known as the Old Coffee House. It was supported by voluntary contributions and managed by a committee of ladies. In 1876 it moved to premises in Silver Street

Churchbury Road
The New River runs beneath the road and into the gardens around the Civic Centre

Genotin Road
This was originally Station Road.
2 Enfield Arms. In 1855 this was the Railway Hotel. Closed 2005 and demolished.
7 Bar Form. Opened 2005 in old shop premises. #
Chase Non-Ferrous Metal Co Ltd where L.Whitworth was ‘one of the pioneers of die casting”.  They went out of business in 1992

Gentleman’s Row
The road follows the Old Course of the New River. The town of Enfield was almost encircled by the loop of the New River, which in 1890 was abandoned as the length from Enfield was piped underground. This stretch was saved by a public campaign and it is essentially a linear lake.
The Gardens have willow, cedar, beech, holly, laurel and yew with roadside planting of limes. In 1998 the New River Loop Restoration Project began to restore the watercourse, bridges and railings, as well as the timber river banks.
1 Registry Office and Borough Health Office.  Once known as Little Park it is a formal five-bay mid-18th house which once had gardens and a lake to the rear. It is now owned by Enfield Council.
Coach House. This was an outbuilding, a barn. Around 1950 it was rented by the Enfield People's Theatre Group for constructing and painting of scenery.  It is weather boarded with a projecting gable and is now converted into housing. It is adjacent to No.11.
17 Clarendon Cottage.  An 18th house with a 17th chimneystack built round a late medieval timber-framed hall house.  Where Charles Lamb with his sister, Mary, lodged with Mrs. Leisham in 1825 and 1827.
33 Archway cottage. This was once Archway Tavern which may have had town cockpit in the front garden. It lost its licence in 1913. The building dates from around 1750 and an arch leads to what was Love's Row – now called Holly Walk
Trinity Church Hall. Attached to Trinity Church built 1913-14 by F. Bethel. Used by the Jason Theatre School
Footbridge. 1613 in classic cast iron.

Gladbeck Way
Site of the GNR goods station and the original terminus of the line. The canopy is at the Whitewebbs museum. Housing here dates from early 2000s.

Holly Walk
A back lane, running between the Grammar and County schools to emerge in Gentleman's Row
Enfield County Upper School. Built as girl’s grammar school in 1909. Designed by H. G. Crothall of Middlesex County Council.  Enfield County School was administered by Middlesex County Council Education Committee and merged with Chace Girls School which had been formed in 1962 as a girls' secondary modern school from the senior girls department at Lavender School. It became the comprehensive girls' Enfield Chace School in 1967, changing to its current name in 1987. In 2005 the school was designated a specialist school for languages.

Horseshoe Lane
12-15 Crown and Horseshoes 19th pub. This is a Greene King house.
Danby Court built 1974 as sheltered housing. The site had had a number of previous uses.
Stag Brewery, founded 1760, taken over as a works for dyeing cotton in 1856 but became a brewery once more in the 1880s and closed soon after 1890.It may have been owned by a M. Green and later by the Gripper Brothers of Tottenham.  It later became the Picuredrome
The Picturedrome opened in 1911. The building had previously been in use as a brewery, a dye works and a soup kitchen. The Cinema closed in 1918.
Suttons. A local drug company which had a warehouse on the site of the Picuredrome until the mid-1960’s. It was demolished and Danby Court built on the site.

Little Park Gardens
1 The Stag Hotel.
Bus Station. Terminus for a number of bus services

London Road
Continuation of Green Lanes from Silver Street –a drove road into London
Enfield Baptist tabernacle. A classical brick building was opened in 1875 for a membership of Particular Baptists. It included a lecture and a Sunday school on a site opposite. It was sold in 1925 and a church opened in Cecil Road.
National School. St. Andrew's or Enfield National School opened in 1839 in a brick building here with separate schoolrooms for boys and girls as well as evening classes for adults. An infants' schoolroom was also added. From 1879 it was used only for girls and infants and in 1891 the girls moved elsewhere. The building was then bought as a Sunday school hall by the Baptist tabernacle.
Florida Cinema. This opened as the Queen’s Hall Kinema in 1911. Independently operated, it was the first purpose-built cinema in Enfield and it included a tea lounge/café. Having been bombed in 1940 it closed and became a Ministry of Food store. After the war it was taken over by Davies Cinemas Ltd. and called the Florida Cinema from 1947. In 1974 it was taken over by Granada Theatres Ltd. and it closed in 1976. It became a banqueting hall and function suite called The Town House and then a nightclub which closed in 2004. It was demolished in early 2005 and the site is now flats.
Police Station. This dated from 1873 and is shown on maps of the mid- 1960s as a ‘horse patrol’
St Ann’s Catholic School for Girls.  This opened in 1994, following an amalgamation of Holy Family Convent School and St Angela's School for Girls
Holy Family School.  The sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth established a private school adjoining their convent here in 1907. It school became part of a new comprehensive school in 1967 the upper classes using this site.
Our Lady of Mount Carmel and St. George, Roman Catholic Church built 1958 by J. E. Sterrett & B. D. Kaye in pale brick with a large square tower.
52 Convent of the Holy Family of Nazareth. This is part of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth an international, apostolic religious order of pontifical right, founded by Frances Siedliska.
47 Revival Christian  Church.

Market Place
Originally the market was held on a small green. The current market place has been licenced since 1532, when market proceeds were dedicated to poor relief. The market has a 1616 charter from James I. 1632 vestry bought and demolished Vine Pub to make space. In 1822 a fence was erected between the churchyard and the Market Place. It is now a paved triangular roundabout
Market cross, built 1826 in an attempt to revive the market. Later the top became unstable and was removed. Re-erected in Myddelton House Gardens to decorate to pergola.
Market House - 19th octagonal timber-columned structures which was re-built in 1904 to commemorate Edward VII's coronation. The original market house was built in 1632 and demolished in 1810.
Drinking Water Pump. Cast iron public supply hand pump still with handle, which stood in the Market Place from 1847-1904. Reinstalled 1979.   
King’s Head. Old English style pub with tile-hanging and half-timbered gables; by Shoebridge & Rising, 1899.  Dates from 1516 original demolished 1899
Underground toilets 1920-1950s also used as air raid shelter and demolished in the 1950s

Old Park Avenue
This is on the line of the drive to the house in Chase Park.
Drill Hall Sports Club. This was built in 1901 for the Enfield Town Company of the first volunteer battalion of the Middlesex Regiment.
Enfield Town Club. This private members club was founded in 1890 and in 1895 was enrolled into the Association of Conservative Clubs to which it is still affiliated.

Palace Gardens
This road is now completely obliterated by the shopping centre which is named after it.

River View
A footpath which called crosses the defunct loop of the New River twice over iron bridges

Sarnesfield Rad
Cyldon Works. This firm manufactured model stationary steam engines, 1947 -1951 by Sydney S Bird & his sons Cyril and Donald. They used non-ferrous metals, especially aluminium alloys, with very little steel. All the engines were methylated spirit-fired

Shirley Road
Shirley Hall, Chase Family Church Centre
St. Johns Ambulance

Silver Street
This is part of the drove road into London, lying between Baker Street and London Road.
Drinking Fountain. Installed in 1884 and now at the Junction with London Road and The Town. It has two bronze cherubs and had a lamp with a vertical gas burner, later replaced in 1901-1908 by a three-arm inverted burner lamp. It has a plaque saying “Erected by public subscription 1884”.There is a subsequent dedication to Henry Joshua Brown (1906 - 1983) Past President and Horticulturalist”.
36 Vicarage . This probably dates from the 13th and is still in its original position, with a walled garden.  The timber house was encased in brick in 1845 but still has two 16th wings. The between the garden and the churchyard was built by parishioners in 1800.
Civic Centre.  Built by Eric G. Houghton & Assocs.  The first phase was built 1957-61 with an upper floor projecting over the base, and the Council Chamber to the rear. In front is a pool created from a loop of the New River and a bronze sculpture of the Enfield Beast by R. Bentley Claughton. The second phase is the twelve-storey tower clad in stainless steel,
Enfield Grammar School, Lower School. This is in what was Enfield Court. The house has a late 17th core with a Georgian front. It was purchased by the school in 1824 and its former gardens provide the school with playing fields. The Enfield Loop of the New River passes through the playing fields,
43 Silver Cinema. Originally a drill hall this was built in 1882, it was converted into the Enfield Empire Cinema in 1910. By 1912, it was known as the Enfield Picture Theatre, and later that year it was re-named Cosy Cinema. In 1913 it was renovated and re-opened as the Silver Cinema. It was closed in 1918, and converted into a dance hall. It was then taken over by the Enfield Gazette newspaper for their composing room. They moved out before 1986, and it was demolished and is now offices
68 White Lodge.  Now a health centre. In the 18rh it was the home, of Whittacker of the Almanac.
New River. This flow under Silver Street and then runs alongside a track leading to the Civic Centre's private car park, Here it turns north and flows on three sides of the school playing field until it reaches Parsonage Gardens.
45 Church of England School of Industry. Built in 1876 red brick with stone dressings.

Sydney Road
Once called Slaughterhouse Lane
52 Tower Point. An eleven storey office block covering most of the eastern side of the road in the 1960s.  This is now residential.  As an office block it housed a number of public sector agencies – Eastern Gas, and the ground breaking computer consortium, LOLA.
Duke of Abercorn. Pub dating from the 1860s, now demolished.
St. Andrew's or Enfield National School dated from 1839. A boys' school building was opened in Sydney Road in 1879 and in 1926 a new junior and infants' school also moved here. The school has now moved again.
Gas Works, Some local people established a gas company and a gasworks had was built in Sydney Road by 1858.  In 1911, along with a works at Ponders End it was transferred to the Tottenham and Edmonton Gas Light and Coke Co.  The works in Sydney Road were still in use in 1908

The Town
Central area of Enfield since 1754 and previously called Enfield Green
1-3 Market Chambers. This is now the Santander Bank. It was one of the original Burtons Menswear stores with a Snooker Hall on the upper floors, and this survives.  The architect was probably Harry Wilson, the house architect for Burtons.
5 O’Neills. This pub was The George. There has been a pub here since the 16th when it was owned by St Leonards Church at Shoreditch.”  This is a rebuild of 1895 and it now claims to be ‘Irish’ since 1997. It has also been called The Goose and George recently.
Barclays Bank.  Dated 1897, by W. Gilbert Scott; I 1967 the world's first bank cash dispensing machine was installed here. First Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) and opened by Reg Varney.   There’s a plaque on it.
Greyhound Pub. 1364-1860s later called The Bank and subsequently Courthouse. It was demolished in 1897 and became the site of the present Barclay's Bank.
22 old Vestry offices. This is a single storey hexagonal building with a polygonal façade.   In the 19th used as a beadle’s offices, and became a police station and garage. It was built around 1800 or 1830 and contained two prison cells
26 Prezzo.  This is said to have been The Rummer Pub from 1698 and said to have been demolished 1859.  However also said to have been called the Coach House and the Railway Inn and later The Beaconsfield Hotel. It has a coach entry to access the rear of the building and a clock over the frontage in the shape of a beer barrel.

Windmill Hill
Magistrates Court. Built 1900 by H. T. Wakelam. It is Single-storeyed in red brick. In 1913 the brick wall and railings were cut back so that it is now on the corner of Old Park Avenue.
Railway Bridge 1910. The railway line from Grange Park to Stevenage via Cuffley and Hertford North was built as part of the 1898 Great Northern Railway Act designed to relieve congestion on the main railway line through Potters Bar. This Act specified various details of the bridges. This one had to have red brickwork, coping stones and be of a reasonably ornamental character.
The Old Wheatsheaf. It has a ground-floor frontage with curved bay windows and a brown glazed brick facing. The etched windows have representations of a wheatsheaf and Art Nouveau-style flowers. In one room is a fireplace with mirrored over mantel: the tiled strips with stylised tulips. The pub was probably called the Old Wheatsheaf to distinguish it from another Wheatsheaf in Baker Street..
Enfield Station Opened 1871 as the Great Northern Railway terminus on the line from Alexandra Palace.  However by 1887, 37 trains a day left Enfield, mainly for King's Cross, but also to Broad Street and until 1907, to Woolwich and Victoria. This was south of Windmill Hill, with an entrance west and uphill of the current station, opposite the present Chase Court Gardens. The main building in yellow stock brick. It closed in 1910. .  The new replacement station which was to be a through station was built downhill and to the west in order to avoid an awkward level crossing over Windmill Hill.   The original station site was used for goods. In 1940, it was reopened the new station was bombed. In 1970s the track was lifted and the buildings were eventually demolished following a fire. The site is now completely redeveloped with housing on Gladbeck Way.
Windmill Inn. Opened at the same time as the station. Demolished 1982
Enfield Chase Station.  Built in 1906  this lies between Gordon Hill and Grange Park on Great Northern Railway.  It replaced the 1871 terminus.  It had a ticket hall at street level with an Art Nouveau entrance porch, one island platform, and good facilities.  It was bombed in 1940.  Built on an embankment, of lightweight wooden construction.  The street level building is set back from the main road to allow a spacious 'pull-in' for taxis and private cars, together with a convenient 'bus stop just outside. The Embankment was planted decorated with plane trees as required by Enfield Urban District Council . In 1924 'Chase' was added to the name presumably to avoid confusion with the former Great Eastern establishment at the other end of town.
Goods yard which later became a centralised coal depot.  Now Gladbeck Way.
34 Job centre


Sources
.
Aldous. London Villages
Brewery History Society. Web sitr
British History online. Enfield. Web site. 
Cinema Theatre Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The face of London
Dalling. The Enfield Book
Edmonton Hundred Historical Society Newsletter
Enfield Grammar School. Web site
Enfield Independent. Web site
Enfield Revival Church.  Web site
Enfield Society. Web site
Essex Lopresti. The New River
Field. London Place Names
Haigh.  Old Park
Historic England. Web site
Holy Family Convent. Web site
LAMAS. Web site
London Borough if Enfield. Web site
London Encyclopedia
London Gardens online. Web site
London Railway Record
Metaswitch. Web site
Metropolitan Water Board. London’s Water Supply,                 
Middlesex Churches, 
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex 
Nairn. Modern Buildings, 
New River Guide
Pam. A Desirable Neighbourhood
Pam. A Parish near London
Pam. A Victorian Suburb
Pam. Enfield Chase Side
Pevsner and Cherry. London North
Sellick. Enfield
Sellick. Enfield Through Time
St. Andrew’s Church. Web site
St.Ann’s School. Web site
Stevenson. Middlesex
Walford. .Village London
Waymarking. Web site
Wheatley and Meulenkamp. Follies

Tuesday, 18 December 2018

Emerson Park

Post to the east Upminster
Post to the west Hornchurch



Butts Green Road
Emerson Park Station. Built in 1909 this lies between Upminster and Romford on One Railway. The Upminster and Romford Line was built as a branch of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway, The station was opened as Emerson Park Halt  on this branch line from where it connected with the main line from Fenchurch Street. On some signage it was also known as Emerson Park & Great Nelmes but later just Emerson Park. One sign installed in the late 2000s reads "Welcome to Emerson Park Halt" .There is a ramp to the street and a canopy covering part of the platform.

Fentiman Way
Road along the back of shops and including a very large car park.

High Street,
Called Pett Street in 15th, and later Church Hill.
168 Wildwood. This restaurant is in what was the White Hart Inn which closed in 2006.  The original inn, dating from the 14th or 15th burned down in 1872. This had had an overhanging front and a sundial on the chimney stack. It was speculated that some parts of the building came from Hornchurch Priory, which may have stood on the site previously. It was replaced with a brick-built hotel under Ind Coope.  The garden had a lawn with trees and fairy lights, which were removed when the road layout was changed in 1935. The pub was again rebuilt as the present building. It had also been known as Lloyd’s No.1 (Wetherspoons); Newt & Cucumber; and Madison Exchange.  Another part of the building is a restaurant called Ask.
189 Prezzo. This was the King's Head Inn. As a pub it dated from at least the 1820s and closed in 2007. This is a late 17th timber-framed building used as a coaching inn. After a fire in 1966 the exterior was restored. The pub was associated with the brewery opposite.
Poynters. This house adjacent to the brewery was bequeathed in 1616 by Anthony Rum for local charitable purposes. The site was leased for 75 years in 1968 again for business purposes
Old Hornchurch Brewery. This was on the south side of the road on a site now occupied by shops. The Brewery was founded in 1789 by John Woodfine and passed to his son and grandson. In the 1890s it was closed and reopened in 1924, taken over by Harman's Uxbridge Brewery Ltd. and sold to Mann, Crossman & Paulin Ltd. in 1925. Brewing ended in 1929 and it was demolished in 1930–
Hornchurch Youth Centre. This was at one time in buildings adjacent to the Mandarin Palace
206 Royal British Legion Hornchurch branch. Ex-servicemen’s drinking club
Air Training Hall. The cadets moved to a new unit elsewhere in Hornchurch.
War Memorial. This commemorates the Great War and is by Charles A Nicholson. Unveiled 1921. It has three steps leading to an octagonal base carrying plaques. There is a tapering shaft and cross. It says “The Great War 1914-1919.  These, at the call of King & Country, left all that was dear to them, endured hardness, faced danger, and finally passed out of the sight of men by the path of duty and self-sacrifice giving up their own lives that others may live in freedom. Let those who come after see that their names are not forgotten. They were a wall unto us by both night and by day. Total names on memorial: 200

Inskip Drive
Birnam Wood Pupil Referral Unit. This is run by the Olive AP Academy
Robert Beard Youth Centre. Also run by the Academy.

Kershaw Close
This is a housing development on a site once used by small works and a depot, all unidentified
Memorial. The close is named after US Airman Samuel Kershaw. There is a dedicatory stone tablet which says: This close is named in memory of 2nd Lt Samuel E Kershaw who served with the 55th Fighter Group of the 8th U.S. Army Airforce and whose plane crashed on this site during World War Two. Born 6th February 1922 Doylestown Pennsylvania USA.  Died 21st February 1945 North Stifford, Essex. Remembered.

St. Andrew’s Park
St Andrew's Park is named after the Hornchurch parish church of St Andrew. It is sited on what were once lands held by Hornchurch Priory, and subsequently by St Mary College Oxford. The ad was acquired by Hornchurch Urban District council in 1928.  The park was however not set up until after the Second World War.  It was reordered in 2010 with new facilities and planting

Wedlake Close
Wedlake and Dendy had an Iron Works here from 1894...The family had had works in the area from at least 1810 at Fairkytes, specializing in agricultural implements and later in the High Street. The works here, in North Street were set up following the end of a partnership. It closed in 1937
Hornchurch Fire Station. The station dates from the mid-1960s.

Westland Avenue
Langtons School.   Thus originated as the Village Junior and Infants School. In National school was built in 1844 and later in 1855 A new school for girls and infants, with a teacher's house, was built in North Street on land given by New College, Oxford.  In 1874 a new school was built for boys.  The school board took it over in 1889and in 1902 built the current school in Westland Avenue. Built in 1902 by Adams of Southend. Original gate piers and railings .The school was enlarged in 1932 and was reorganized in 1935 for juniors and infants.  It is now an ‘academy’.

Wingletye Lane
Havering Sixth Form College is a sixth form college which was built on the site of Dury Falls Secondary School.  It opened in 1991, and takes full-time students aged between 16 and 19.
Dury Falls School was opened in 1935 as a senior mixed council school for 500. It was enlarged in 1963–4 and again in 1974, South Havering College of Adult Education which had developed from the Hornchurch evening institute opened here in the 1930s. In 1966 it became South Havering College. It was enlarged in 1970

Sources
Brewery History.  Web site
British History on line. Web site
Closed Pubs. Web site
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Historic England. Web site
London Borough of |Havering. Web site
London Railway Record
Parks and Gardens. Web site
Pevsner. Essex
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. Report
Wildwood. Web site

Sunday, 16 December 2018

Eltham Town Centre


Post to the west Eltham Common
Post to the east Eltham


Archery Road
Named for the target practice butts which were somewhere near here in 1600
32-62 the earliest houses in the road, built in the 1920s
55 blue plaque to Lord Morrison of Lambeth, 1888-1965, cabinet minister and Leader of the LCC, who lived here 1929-60.  Plaque installed 1977.
Baptist Church, this is shown on the current site of no54 before the Second World War.

Court Road
Built after Mottingham Station was built on an old track from Chapel Farm to Eltham
Eltham United Reformed church. This was a Congregational Church. Built 1936

Court Yard
Where medieval markets were held with a charter from 1299. The road runs from Eltham High Street and Church to the gates of Eltham Palace.
11 Rusty Bucket Pub. This was previously The Crown, a Beasleys pub rebuilt in 1930

Dobell Road
Kingdom Hall of Jehovah’s Witnesses,

Elizabeth Terrace
Terraced cottages of around 1840.
Methodist Chapel. Eltham’s first |Methodist church was here in 1840 and survived, in other use until the 1930s.

Elstow Close
Royal Eltham Miniature Golf Course Co. This lay between the Close and Archery Road before the Close was built in the 1940s. It was derelict by1941.
Club house. For the golf course. This is probably the bungalow on the pathway between Elstow Close and Archery Road

Eltham High Street
2 White Hart. Old pub which appears in early 19th directories as a coach stop. It was rebuilt 1926. In the 19th it was a Dartford Brewery house.   The pub now appears to be closed.
Forster alms-houses. These were to the rear of the White Hart until 1926 when the pub was rebuilt. There were four rooms which were given to widows or single women and some pensions given to other needy Eltham residents.
6 Modern House. This is currently a music school – Street Vibes Academy.
8-24 and 43 Ancaster car dealers.  On the north side of the road they are on the site of the Eltham Brewery,
Brewery. This was set up before 1850 as the Beehive Brewery belonging to Leare and Turner. Changing to Berners & Kemp by 1870 who replaced the old timber brewery replaced with a tower brewery by Arthur Kinder. By 1870 the brewery traded as Grier & Shepherd in and then the Bavarian Brewery Co. It closed in 1888, to be opened by the Kenward Brothers in 1900. Edward Kenward developed a low alcohol beer here. The brewery was for sale by 1920. It was then paint and varnish works until destroyed by Second World War bombing. In the 19th a Baptist meeting used the brewery stables.
34 Draughts. This pub restaurant is in what was The Chequers.  This was built in 1903, with half-timbered gables and a chequer-board sign.
Milestone. This is attached to the front of Draughts. It is from the early 18th erected by the New Cross Turnpike Trust, with iron plates reading '8 miles to London Bridge, 4 miles to Foots Cray'.
60 King's Arms. Closed, demolished and replaced by an office block as part of the Grove Market Place redevelopment.
St John the Baptist.  This old parish church is on an ancient sacred site and is first recorded in 1115.  It was rebuilt when in the 1667 the church 15th had deteriorated. It was replaced in 1872 by the current building by A. W.Blomfield. Originally the tower and spire of the previous church were kept but replaced in 1879. There was considerable damage in the Second World War.  An extension with a vestry was built in 1988.  Inside it is simple, whitewashed and spacious, with stained glass at both ends -  at the east end traditional, by Sir Ninian Comper, and at the west end modern by B.E. Barber.  Inside the porch, is a square stone marked with a cross which is part of a 12th coffin and there is a 19th Royal coat of arms. The pews are 19th from St Mary’s Lambeth.  There is a plaque to the burial in 1721 of Thomas Doggett, founder of the Doggett’s Coat & Badge Race.
Churchyard. The old burial ground is to the north with 17th walls.  There is a stone of 1794 to Yemmerrawanyea Kebbarah, one of the first two Australian aborigines to visit Europe. And the tomb of Sir William James, commemorated by Severndroog Castle. It is now managed as a nature reserve with doves and hedgehogs. There are old yews. Scrub with many grasses and flowering plants.
War Memorial. This remembers the Great War and was unveiled in 1924 by Field Marshal Sir William R Robertson. It is a cross on a plinth with 316 names engraved,
80 Bankers Draught. Weatherspoon’s pub
86 Ye Olde Greyhound Inn.  A brick village-style pub, completely rebuilt 1978 to look like 1720.  There is a stone Tudor fireplace possibly brought from Eltham Palace inside.  This is a now an Indian restaurant
90 Old Shop. Wine bar in a shop from around 1720 with weather boarded side and with artifacts from its earlier use as a pharmacy inside.
124 Palace Cinema. This was on the corner with Passey Place. It opened in 1922 built by Thomas & Edge of Woolwich for the Kent Cinema Circuit Ltd. A dome on the corner was covered in gold leaf and was topped with an arc-light. Inside were a tea room, lounge and smoking room. In 1934, the interior was remodelled and in 1936 it taken over by the Union Cinema chain, them taken over by Associated British Cinemas in 1937. It was re-named ABC in 1964, and eventually closed in 1972. The building was demolished later and a shop and offices built on the site.
140 Castle Pub. Now a fried chicken shop.
162-164 Carpenters Arms. Closed in the 1980s and demolished
180 St Mary’s Centre. An early 19th house which was once part of a Roman Catholic school and convent. It became a community centre in 1986. Ancient lights

Eltham Hill
Eltham Hill School. The buildings are in part of what was the grounds of Eltham Palace. The rear of the original Girls Grammar School building of 1927 can be seen from Queenscroft Road.  The buildings fronting Eltham Hill date from 1975.  The modernist 1969 block is by Trevor Dannatt. In 1974-5 the school became a comprehensive, and a games hall was added. It was again rebuilt in 2012. It was at one time a technology college and is now a community school with a sixth form.
Van Dyke Building - a Late 17th garden house in the school grounds with an associated garden. It is now part of the new school entrance.
Adjoining walls and the boundary wall in front of the school may also be 17th and once enclosed a farm.
Lyme Farm. This was sold to Woolwich Borough Council in 1919 and the Page Estate was built.
85 Eltham Hill Club. This is on the site of the Lyme Farm farmhouse. CIU registered working men’s club,
Eltham Baths. These were built in 1938-39 by the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich design by the Borough Architect, Herbert Tee. There were two pools. The building was in modernist style with two public entrances allowing the pools to be used separately. The large pool could be covered and used for concerts, etc. A hydrotherapy pool for disabled people was added in 1968, and an electricity substation probably in 1989. The baths were known for their synchronised swimming teams. The complex closed in 2008 and was demolished in 2011.
Reconstructed palace wall at the junction with Kingsground, It marks the north perimeter of the old palace grounds and shows how the original wall would have looked. There is a plaque
Gaumont Cinema, Built 1938 by Andrew Mather. This was at the corner of Kingsground.  It was an Odeon built for and operated by the Oscar Deutsch Odeon Theatres Ltd. Chain however it did not show new Odeon releases which were allocated to the Odeon Well Hall. Eltham Hill Odeon played the Gaumont releases and in 1949 was re-named the Gaumont. It was closed by the Rank Organisation in 1967 and converted into a Top Rank Bingo Club, and now Mecca Bingo.

Eltham Palace Fields.
Formal grounds, a recreation ground and fields.  It includes a large area of open land with old hedgerows, a variety of grasses and wild flowers. There are also wetter areas - ponds and the palace moat. Until fairly recently there was a real farm with meadows.  A pasture on south east side has a natural pond with hawthorn and hedgerows. There are also allotments.

King John's Walk
Long footpath running downhill through fields from b3ehud Eltham palace to Mottingham, Part of the Green Chain walk.   It originally ran from the palace to the King’s stud farm and hunting ground to the south. It is named after a French king who was a prisoner here in 1360s or Prince John the son of Edward III, or John of France or John Shaw or anyone really. There are often donkey’s or horses in a field part way down
Eltham Palace – the palace buildings itself lie in the square to the south. This square covers the entrance gates, walls and some of the moat.
Moat.  The palace became a royal possession from 1305 when it was already a moated manor house. Under Edward III part of the great wall around the moat was built and under Richard II the stone bridge was built which still serves as the northern entrance, the oldest bridge in London still in use. The palace fell into disuse but in the 1930s Part of the moat was reinstated and in the 1990s the northern side of the moat was landscaped with rockwork, shrubs, and London plane trees;

Kingsground
K2 type cast-iron telephone kiosk, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott in 1927 by the junction of Kingsground and Queenscroft Road.

North Park
Part of the Green Chain Walk despite the up market suburban housing.

Orangery Lane
Orangery red brick garden building of around 1720; which was at the end of the garden of Eltham House, demolished in the 1920s.  .
Merlewood House. Telephone exchange. This is at the end of the lane, encroaching on Well Hall rad. Very large art deco building replacing an 18th building with the same name,
10 SEGAS depot now in other use
20 Greenwich Trussell Trust food bank. This is an old council depot

Passey Place
Originally this was called Park Place.
45 Park Tavern 19th pub. Small friendly local off the high street.
4 GPO previously called the Old Post Office. Built in 1912 this is the old post office and sorting office. It has an ornamented pediment and the royal insignia over the doorway. G.V.R. in the wrought-iron gateway.
20 United Methodist Church. This stood here until the 1970s, later known as the Park Room.
22 Ismaili Jamaat Khana mosque
Entrance to pathway to rear of the shops – with a dramatic brutalist design.
Philpot Almhouses. These are on a side road running to the east from Passey Place, and also called Passey Place. Thomas Philpot who died in 1682 owned land bequeathed money for an Alms-house for six poor people from the parishes of Eltham and Chislehurst.  This was built in Eltham High Street in 1694 and later extended into side streets. In 1926 nine units were built on the current site following an arrangement with Woolwich Borough Council. It was designed by Wratten and Godfrey. In 1974, more units were built and the rest upgraded.  A hall was also added. There are now thirty six units surrounded by gardens.
32 Eltham Community Hospital. The site as originally used for Eltham and Mottingham Cottage Hospital. What was originally Eltham Cottage Hospital opened in 1880 in the, High Street and was funded by wealthy local residents. In 1896 following a public meeting a building committee was set up to build a new hospital. The hospital was to be built to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria on land in Passey Place. It opened in 1898 with two public wards, two private wards a bathroom, and an operating theatre.  In 1900 a children's ward was added and in 1909 a Casualty Ward. There were other additions funded as memorials by wealthy residents. In the Second World War the Hospital joined the Emergency Medical Service, for air-raid casualties. A Preliminary Training School for nurses was set up. In 1948 the Hospital joined the NHS. By 1956 there were 42 beds but the wards were old-fashioned and staff accommodation was inadequate.   The Hospital closed in 1980.  From 1984 to 1988 the premises were used by the Brook Hospital Charity Shop.  In 1988 the buildings became a nursing home for the elderly, called and Eltham and Mottingham House opened on 5th December 1989.  It was managed by the Hexagon Housing Association. This closed in 2010 and has since been demolished. The Eltham Community Hospital has now opened on the site

Philpot Path
This is a major route, now a footpath, running along the south of Eltham town centre between Court Yard, and what is now Sainsbury’s.  It is named after the alms-houses which now stand on an extension of the path now called Passey Place.

Pullman Place
Housing on what was the coal depot for Eltham Well Hall Station.  The depot site is also partly covered by the Rochester Way Relief Road – meaning that this housing development is cut off from the site of what was the station.

Queenscroft Road
Queenscroft Park. Up until 1938 this was the site of Oakhurst Farm. The park was installed by Woolwich Borough Council and laid out after the Second World War. In the 1950s it had a playground, a paddling pool, a boating pool, drinking fountain, lavatories and 2 shelters. On the hillside are the remains of the landscape before the park was laid out. There are oak and lime trees, and a more recent line of Lombardy poplars. below the playground are the remains of the now dried up paddling pool and model boating lake along with a water feature with concrete walls, circular ponds and a small bridge. Vandalism followed the removal of park keepers and now much of what is left are ruins. There is however a new outdoor gym and a games area.

Railway Line
The railway line opened in 1895 as the Bexleyheath Line built by a small company and taken over by the South Eastern Railway soon after.  It runs around the Well Hall Estate on a dangerous curve which contributed to a major derailment in 1972.
The line between Blackheath and  Falconwood is a green corridor with cuttings and embankments with sycamore and oak woodland.  Hawthorn and bramble provide a habitat for birds and animals.

Rochester Way Relief Road
This opened in 1988 to relieve pressure on the A2 Rochester Way and runs between Shooters Hill and Falconwood

Roper Street
Eltham Primary School. This was the village school attached to the church and founded in 1813 and by 1816 had 213 pupils. An infant school was added in 1840 but moved to a different building in 1852. In 1868 the school moved to the current site with separate rooms for the boys and girls and houses for both head teachers. It was taken over by the London County Council in 1904.  In 1933 the infant school moved to a separate building at Roper Street. In the Second World War School the children were evacuated and the school taken over by the Heavy Rescue Service. Air raid shelters were built in the playground. Further expansion has taken place and new buildings added. In 2014 it had 313 pupils.

Sowerby Close
Built on the site of the vicarage for St Johns and named after the vicar

Well Hall Road
This was laid out in 1905
Old tram shelters erected in the 1920s and now painted yellow and used as public toilets. .
Congregational church. Replaced by a Burton’s shop, built during the 1930s.niw McDonalds
Eltham Well Hall Station. This was opened in 1895 by the Bexleyheath Railway. The owner of Well Hall, Sir Henry Page-Turner Barron forced Parliament to consent to Well Hall Station in 1887. Opened as ‘Well Hall’ and precipitated large scale building in the area. The original Entrance was from the west side of Well Hall Road. In 1916 it was renamed ‘Well Hall and North Eltham’ and in 1927 it was renamed ‘Eltham Well Hall’.   A footbridge was built prior to electrification in 1926. A downside entrance built in 1936 along with a new red brick up side building. I closed in 1985 and was replaced by Eltham.  The site is partly under the Rochester Way Relief Road.
Signal box. This was in place until 1970,
Goods site. This had ac a 5 ton crane which had been brought from a closed station at Sandgate. In the Great War ambulance trains arrived with patients for the Royal Herbert Hospital, and sidings were built for them. In 1915 thru were also with many train loads of building materials. In 1938 it was extended with accommodation for an extra 14 wagons.
Eltham Station. This opened in 1985. It lies between Falconwood and Kidbrook on South Eastern Trains. It was built here because of the construction of the Rochester Way Relief Road and built at their expense.  It is in red brick and concrete with a large car park. The booking office and facilities are at ground level.
Bus Station.  This is integral to Eltham Station
Spiritualist church. This stood next to the railway before the Second World War
Police station built 1937 and designed by Pinckney & Gott

Wensley close
Demelza Children’s Hospice.

Wythfield road
Bob Hope Theatre, building 1910, which was originally the parish hall for St Johns Church.  In 1982, before his death, the film star provided assistance to keep the theatre open

Sources
Blue Plaque Guide
Brewery History. Web site
Bygone Kent 
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Eltham Hill School. Web site
Eltham Primary School. Web site
Eltham Pubs. Web site
Friends of Queenscroft Park. Web site
Goldsmiths. South East London Industrial Archaeology
Johnson’s Directory 1818.
Kennett. Eltham. A Pictorial History
Kennett. The Eltham Hutments
London Borough of Greenwich. Web site
London Gardens on line. Web site
London Parks and Gardens, Web site
London Railway Record.
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
MOLA. Web site
Philpot Almshouses. Web site
RIBA Web site
SABRE. Web site
Spurgeon. Discover Eltham

Monday, 10 December 2018

Borehamwood

Post to the north Borehamwood
Post to the south Deacon's Hill



Allum Lane.
Railway bridge. Brick overline bridge.  Once the station stood on the bridge here.  There is now ‘gateway signage’ installed with information about the area.

Drayton Road
One of the first roads to be developed in the area.
1 Borehamwood Museum. This was set up here in 2000 and has since moved to the new community facility in Shenley Road
Borehamwood Engine Works and Loco Packing Company, This opened in 1896 by Charles Braithwaite. They made packing materials for Loco and Traction engines. The site was opposite the end of Brownlow Road and is now occupied by Siskin Cloe and other roads

Eldon Road
Neptune Studios. This, the first film studio in Borehamwood,  was opemed in 1914. It had one 70ft windowless stage. In 1917 it was sold to the Ideal Film Company.  In 1928, it was sold to Ludwig Blattner who connected it to the electricity mains and had a system of sound recording. In 1934 it was leased to Joe Rock Productions who then bought the site and built four new stages. In the Second World War the studios passed to British National Films Company and used for war work. In 1953, the studios were bought by Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. for television production.
Associated Television. In the late 1950s the site was converted into a television studio for Associated Television’s (ATV) franchise for the ITV network. After they moved to the Midlands the studio was sold to the BBC in 1984.
BBC Elstree Centre. This site is currently a production base with studios run by the BBC's commercial subsidiary BBC Studioworks.  It includes sets for long-running soaps and drama. Studio D has been used for some of the BBC's large studio productions and the BBC's 2015 General Election coverage.

Furzehill Road
Housing from the late 1890s built by Charles Braithwaite for his locomotive packing works staff
Borehamwood Baptist Church
Summerswood Primary School 

Shakespeare Drive
BECC Children’s Centre

Shenley Road
Elstree Studios.  This began in 1925 when land here was bought by British National Pictures Lt who built two large film stages. The site was used because of the natural lighting in the high village. The first British picture using sound was made here in 1929. The site was used by the British & Dominions Film Corporation, later the Associated British Picture Corporation, from 1933 until the Second World War  when the studios were used by the War Office. From 1946, Warner Brothers had a substantial interest in the site but in 1969 EMI took control.  They also had a link to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.  Despite some closures in 1974 the studio survived and became part of Thorn in 1979. Another new owner, Brent Walker, demolished many buildings which were replaced by a Tesco store. In 1996 the site was bought by Hertsmere Council who set up a management company. The studios are used for film and television production
British and Dominion Studios. In 1930, British Dominion bought new sound stages from British International Pictures Ltd on their Shenley Road site. These were burnt down in 1936. Later part of the site was used for Frank Landsdown’s film vault service and also the Rank Organisation. It later became the headquarters of the film and sound-effect libraries.
1 Sainsburys shop. This was The Crown pub which closed in 2013. Previous names were Mousetrap, Rhythm Room, Enigma. Originally this was a mid 19th pub
22 Alfred Arms. Pub
Borehamwood Shopping Park. Complex of big chain stores, built on the site of factories and depots.
Keystone Knitting Mills.  This was a hosiery factory on the site now covered by the Shopping Park. Keystone Passage on the site remembers the name. The business dated back to 1919, when Henry Nathan Lewis and Morris Twogood started door-to-door sales of US imported stockings. They opened a factory in 1927, specialising in ladies’ hosiery and lingerie. In the Second World War the site  was used to make munitions. In the late 1950s, nylon stockings overtook the market and in in 1958 the company was taken over by Alicia Hosiery and closed in the early Sixties.
Elstree Telephone exchange 
84 Reel Cinema. The Point. Opened since 2001 by what was previously called Curzon Cinemas.
96 Library. This is part of a new, multi-purpose community centre.  It includes a theatre, cinema, the Library, a youth service area, Elstree and Borehamwood Museum, meeting and training rooms as well as a main hall.
133-135 Wishing Well pub
213 Red Lion, This is now a MacDonald’s
148-150 Elstree Inn. Hotel and Wetherspoons pub
All Saints Church. Built 1909 on land sold by the parish to developers, a church being one of the conditions. The tower was added in 1957
Gulio Cambi.  Panama hat bleaching works 1908-1925

Station Road
This was originally called the Gas Works lane
Baptist chapel. Built in 1894.  Later called the Memorial Chapel. It became a cinema operated by the Neptune Film Company, who had a film studio nearby. Called, The Gem, if closed around 1917, then public toilets and then a flower shop
Gate Studios. In 1928 a sound stage was built in a large shed with arched roof by Whitehall Films Ltd. In 1935 Julius Hagen bought the site and set up JH Studios.  In the Second World War the studio was used by the War Office. In 1950, the site was bought by J. Arthur Rank as Gate Studios. In 1957 until 2006 Harkness Screens used the site as a factory to to make cinema screens. The buildings were later demolished and flats built.
Elstree and Borehamwood Station. Opened in 1868 as Elstree Station. It lies between Radlett and Mill Hill Broadway on what is now the Thameslink service. It was originally opened by the Midland Railway in connection with the extension to St. Pancras Station.
Joint Fire Research Organisation. This was set up by fire insurers in 1935 to undertake research into fires. Later it was became the Loss Prevention Council
Elstree and Borehamwood Gas works. This opened in 1871. and was later taken over by St Albans Gas Company. The gas holders remained after closure but have now been demolished.
Elstree Brick and Tile Works. When the Midland Railway extension from Bedford to St Pancras was built in the 1860's, a brickfield was established to use the excavated clay from the Elstree tunnel.  The brickfield closed in 1915 but the chimneys remained but was thought to be a landmark for enemy Zeppelins and was  thus demolished in 1916. It is now the site of Lakeside Court, off Deacons Hill Road

Theobald Street
Wellington and Ward. Photographic materials factory. J.B.B. Wellington, an architect from Bath, was the first manager of Kodak Works in Harrow 1891 to 1893. In 1894, together with his brother in law, H.H. Ward, he established a factory in Borehamwood on part of the site now occupied by the shopping centre. They produced photographic materials and it became the largest employer of local people until the 1920's. They published the Wellington Photographic Handbook, with extensive technical information Wellington was a member of the Royal Photographic Society, serving on its exhibition committee who also exhibited his work internationally from the late 1880s. He died in 1939.

Sources
Bard. Elstree and Borehamwood Past
Borehamwood Museum. Newsletter Web site
Borehamwood Times. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Elstree Studios, Web site
Lost Pubs. Web site
Mee. Hertfordshire
Nairn. Modern Buildings
Watford Observer. Web site
What pub. Web site

Monday, 3 December 2018

Elm Park


Post to the west Eastbrookend
Post to the north Harrow Lodge Park
Post to the east Elm Park


Coronation Drive
Costain’s estate office was on the corner with  Maylands Avenue

Elm Park
Elm Park Named from Elm Farm which stood to the east in Elms Farm Road. The area was previously covered with Elm woods. It was farmland until developed by Richard Costain who bought the land of Wyebridge, Elm and Uphavering farms for development in 1933.  He had a master plan for a 'country town’ - the largest private housing enterprise in the area which was to be called Elm Park Garden City targeted at a lower income group. They were supported by the Halifax Building Society and apparently influenced by the garden city movement. After the war Hornchurch Urban District Council built higher density social housing here using loans from the Public Works Loan Board for CPOs.

Eyehurst Avenue
108 The Assembly Hall, intended as a recreation space and theatre, was given to the Elm Park Residents' Association, in July 1935. It is now run by the local Community Association and has two halls.  An unassuming brick building.
Arise Metropolitan Assembly. This meets in the annex of the Elm Park Assembly Hall

Langdale Gardens
St Alban. Roman Catholic Church built in by D.R. Buries of Buries & Newton. Steel portal frame and  brick faced, with T-shaped bell tower.

Maylands Avenue
35a Elm Park Royal British Legion
Carrie’s Hall The hall and surrounding land was donated by the founder of the Round Table, Louis Marchesi, in 1958 as a community resource

Rosewood Avenue
Elm Park Baptist Church

South End Road
Elm Park Primary School. Two local schools, Ayloff and Dunningford, merged in 2009 as Elm Park primary school. It was opened by The Mayor of London in 2011.
Married quarters. These were built for officers from Hornchurch Airfield near the junction with Wood Lane.

St Nicholas Avenue
Elm Park Library.  Built by Havering Council on the site of an old prefabricated 1956 building. Designed to be sustainable, energy efficient and a community asset.
St.Nicholas Church. Built 1956 by Crowe. It is in red brick
Sainsburys.  This is in the south west wing of the Elm Park Hotel. The Thus closed in 2013

Station Parade
Tesco – one of their earliest stores was in the Parade in the 1930s

The Broadway
Elm Park Station. Opened in 1935 it lies between Hornchurch and Dagenham East on the District Line. Costain negotiated with the London, Midland and Scottish Railway to have a station built on the London to Southend railway to serve the estate. The station and the Elm Park Garden City were officially opened by Hilton Young, Minister of Health in May 1935 plus the Dagenham Girl Pipers. The platforms are arranged on an island with station buildings typical of the 1930s. A long sloping walkway connects the platforms, which are below street level

Wood Lane
Sergeants’ houses.  Built for staff at Hornchurch Airfield and now privately owned.

Sources
Elm Park British Legion. Web site
Elm Park Primary School. Web site
Field. Place Names of London
Hornchurch Airfield History. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. East London
St.Nichlas. Web site
Wikipedia. Elm Park Web site

Friday, 30 November 2018

Effingham Junction

Banks Lane
Bridle path leading through woodland to a railway crossing and farm

Effingham Common
This is an area of wide open space and low sporadic woodland. This is a registered Common with four named properties retaining historic Commoners ‘rights to graze animals and collect wood across the Common. The largest area is open space which has wetland grazing and unimproved grassland. Other sections have scrub woodland, and ornamental planting along Effingham Common Road.  The majority of the Common is owned by Guildford Borough Council but some is owned by Effingham Parish Council, private individuals, or groups of residents. There are two ponds and there was once a tea hut

Effingham Common road
Lower Farm. 17th farmhouse
Norwood Farm. 16th hall house and 17th tithe barn

Howard Road
Effingham Junction Station. Opened in 1888 by the London and South Western Railway it lies between Bookham and also Cobham and Stoke D’Abernon on South Western Rail. It is actually at the junction of the New Guildford Line, from Waterloo to Guildford, and the line from Leatherhead, which runs to Waterloo via Epsom. for many years it was the terminus for trains from Epsom direction and had a seven-road carriage shed south of the station to allow empty trains to be reversed and stabled, This is now used by Colas Rail as a maintenance base for Network Rail track machines

Sources
British Listed Buildings
Guildford  Council. Web site
Penguin. Surrey
Wikipedia. Effingham Junction Station.

Eastcote


Post to the south Eastcote
Post to the east Rayners Lane
Post to thee north South Ruislip


Aragon Drive
Entrance road to an estate where the road names are all ‘Tudor”.

Beaulieu Drive
Avanti House. Avanti Schools Trust owns a series of Hindu schools.  This is one of their Secondary schools, with an address in Stanmore.
Pinner High School. This was originally Pinner County School. Thus was built in 1937 on the site of Downs Farm, The building was typical of the reduced art deco style of the time. A new gym block was built in 1968. Until 1982 the school was successively Pinner County School, Pinner County Grammar School and Pinner Sixth Form College. Many ex pupils have become famous in the world of music, theatre and sport. In 1982 it was sold to Heathfield School. This was a Girls' Day School Trust private school; they too undertook major building works. Heathfield closed in 2014 and merged with Northwood College. The site is now Pinner High School, sponsored by high schools in Harrow in response to the need for more high school places. This restores state funded education to the site

Boundary Road
The boundary after which this is named is either that of Ruislip-Northwood Urban District Council or the boundary of the Rotherham Estates development.

Chandos Road
This is possibly named after the Chandos family who lived locally at Haydon Hall.

Field End Road
This is described in the 1804 Enclosure Act as a public carriage way. It is named after an arable field.
184 Champers. Established 1979.
218 Ruislip Windows and Doors.  This is in a little hut perched on the railway bridge. Such huts were often used by estate agents, as coal offices or taxi firms.
Eastcote Station.  This was opened in 1906 as ‘Eastcote Halte’ and lies between Rayners Lane and Ruislip Manor Stations, now on both the Metropolitan and Piccadilly Lines. It lies between Harrow on the Hill and Uxbridge was built by The Metropolitan Railway in the guise of the Harrow and Uxbridge Railway in 1904. The line was electrified in 1905. Eastcote opened in 1906 as a halt and initially intended for use by children’s treats and summer excursions, it was very popular for walkers and picnic groups. When it was first built, it had two simple wooden platforms with shelters, and cost £325. New waiting facilities were provided some years later. By 1939 the area had developed enough for a Holden style rebuilding. This rebuilding was an evolution of the stations at Sudbury Town and Sudbury Hill. Essentially a red-brick box with a concrete lid for a roof, the main entrance is at street level with single-storey shops with large, curved glass windows. Above each shop is a large, pole-mounted 'Underground' roundel. The ticket hall is a double height box, above the entrance, with a large window with alternating vertical bands of wide and narrow glass panes. There is a flat, concrete roof above the ticket hall, forming a lip. The ticket hall is above the tracks with the platforms below both accessed by stepped stairwells,
Land was bought by the Metropolitan Railway next to the station and developed in 1923 by Metropolitan Railway Country Estates Ltd.
Coal yard to the east of the road and south of the station.  Thus is now used as a car park,
Eastcote Industrial Area. This is built on the area of a sports ground there until the Second World War.
269-285 Television House.  In the 1960s this was the head office of Ultra Television and Radio Co. Now a business centre.
Cavendish Recreation Ground. In 1914, the Cavendish Pavilion was built as a private sports ground in what was then open countryside. It is now Cavendish Recreation Ground with formal rose gardens to the south of the building.
The Pavilion. This was Cavendish Pavilion, for Debenham's staff provided as a recreation centre by the firm. It now appears to be a ‘Country House venue’ and to be used by a number of clubs and commercial organisations.

Kildare Close
Short cul de sac road consisting of small workshop and other units. These include Basepoint Business Centre.

Newnham Avenue
Newnham Junior School

North view
This was built originally by the Metropolitan Railway Estates in the 1920s who built the first houses on the south side from Field End Road.  These are angled and look directly to the north.

Pavilion Way
This road was developed by Davis Estates Ltd on the site of 'The Pavilion'.  This had been built by Albert Baily, catering manager at the Regent Street Polytechnic. It was an amusement centre in the 1920s and early 1930s for children who came in organised parties from the inner city.  As a Salvationist he encouraged church groups and charities. There were helter-skelters, donkey rides, races, etc. and no alcohol.  In the winter there was clay pigeon shooting. Baily died in 1930 and in 1935 the land was sold to Davis Estates

Pine Gardens
This is a small local park. It was purchased by Ruislip Urban District Council in 1950 after a proposal to build more houses failed and a wide concrete roadway which runs west of the stream was built in the expectation of housing. It is one of the very few survivors of an original early suburban road surface. The bridge over the stream that divides it with Cavendish Park was part of a scheme designed to link Bayley’s Pavilion to a now vanished sports ground long-vanished football ground.

Roxbourne Park
Large park, part of which is covered by this square.
Roxbourne Rough. This is a large grassy meadow. Immediately south of the Uxbridge branch of the Metropolitan Line and is part of Roxbourne Park. Early in the 20th it was in agricultural use but was later owned by British Gas, who used it to store gas mains on railway sleepers.  In 1992, agreement was reached between British Gas and Harrow Borough Council to a land swap which transferred ownership of to the council.  It is now managed as a nature reserve

The Close
Site of Devonshire Lodge nurseries


Sources
Avanti Trust Web site
Edwards. Eastcote from Village to Suburb
Field.  London Place Names
History of Middlesex
London Borough of Harrow. Web site
London Borough of Hillingdon, Web site
London Railway Record
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
Pinner High School. Web site
Walford.  Village London