Monday, 8 June 2020

Harrow on the Hill


Church Hill
Old schools. In 1572 John Lyon, a local farmer established the school, on his death management passed to a Board of Governors. Their first duty was to replace the schoolhouse. It opened in 1615. Designed by a Mr. Sly in brick it faced Church Hill, with conservative Tudor details typical of its date.  The single-schoolroom lay below rooms for head master, usher, and governors’ room with panelling of 1661. It is described as the best preserved 17th century schoolroom in the country. All the exterior features date from 1819-21, when Cockerell enlarged and embellished the original school of 1608-15 adding a library and a speech room with a modern mezzanine and plain glass balcony by Alan Irvine, 1976.    There are sculptures of Spencer Perceval, R. B. Sheridan, Byron and Cardinal Manning.  The names of boys before 1847 are carved on the oak panelling including four of Harrow's seven prime ministers.
Memorial plaque to Lord Shaftesbury on the Speech Room wall.
St Mary’s Church.  This is on the site of a hilltop settlement and may be a pagan religious centre. The church was the most important in Middlesex and a peculiar of the Archbishops of Canterbury. Its spire can be seen from miles around.  Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, began construction here in 1087 but all that remains is the lower section of the tower.  The church was rebuilt in the 13th, with the upper stages of the tower and its spire covered with 12 tons of lead. It was rrestored by G. G. Scott in 1846 when it was faced with flint and a vestry added. In 1900 T.C.Lewis Co. installed an organ which has been modernised since. There are thirteen ancient brasses including John Lyon and his wife. There are ten bells in the tower.
Churchyard. This is surrounded by railings and was closed to burials in 1884. Byron's daughter Allegra is buried near the south porch. There are limes, shrubs, planes and yews. A medieval vicarage of 1233-40 was south of the ground. 
Lychgate. This was built in memory of early 19th vicar John Cunningham
Churchyard extension. The mid-19th extension is laid out in a quarter-circle and dominated by yews, Cedar of Lebanon, Scots pine, rhododendron, holly and a large beech. A footpath passes this area and refers to an ‘ancient burial ground’ it calls Mendonca Forest. 
Churchfields. Below the graveyard to the west – these show evidence of medieval farming and terracing 
Woodland north of the church, this is thought to have contained carp ponds dating from 1323 belonging to the Archbishops...
Parish room and memorial garden. 
Vicarage. Built in 1870 incorporating an earlier wing from 1812.  Childhood home of Annie Besant. For a while used as a boarding house for Harrow School.
The Grove. This was once the rectory and manor house.  It dates from 1750 but rebuilt after a fire in 1830 which left only the frontage.  It was leased to R.B. Sheridan’s in 1778 and later ugh by School Head Edward Bowen who left it to the school. It is now boarding accommodation for the school. A lake in the grounds was filled in in 1903.

Crown Street
This was previously Hog Lane or Hogarth Lane
This was the site of a market and fair from the 13th to 16th 
6 Church of England Endowment Fund.
16 North Star pub. Closed in 1957 now a house which still has its pub signage for Beskins Watford Brewery.
26 Bricklayer’s Arms, now housing. It opened in 1751 and closed in 1907
43 a plaque by the gate, plus a cement sculptural plate, claims that this is the site of the Crown Inn
Crown Court. Modern housing which might be on the site of the Crown Inn
50 Chapel built for Strict Baptists who had broken with Byron Street Chapel in 1863. Now an office.

Football Lane
This was once a path across fields,
New Music School.  Designed 1890-1 by E. S. Prior who trained under Norman Shaw. , a contrast to its predecessor showing the growth of the school,
The Knoll. Boarding house by Dennis Lennon and Partners 1980. Replaced The Old Knoll.
Mathematics and Physics Schools. Built 1971.
Museum Schools. Built 1884-6 the first of the Harrow school buildings which are in High Victorian Gothic.  The Butler Museum, is on the top floor- natural history, birds, etc. opened as a museum for the school in 1886
Science Schools. Designed by Hayward 1874. Extended later.
Peel House. Built 1981 by Edginton Spink & Hyne.

Garlands Lane
Was previously called Rifle Range Lane
Harrow School Sports Hall and Swimming Pool. Built 1984 by Design Build. The school has facilities for nearly 30 different sports. - Astroturf pitches, a golf course, a swimming pool, a sports centre, tennis, rackets and fives courts
Lyons. Named after the School’s founder, John Lyon. It opened in 2010 as the first new House to be built at Harrow for over 100 years. 
Parade ground. Provided in 1910.

Grove Hill 
Elmfield. An early 19th house taken over by the school.  In 1893 boys from an earlier Elmfield in the High Street were transferred to a building on Grove Hill. The school bought Elmfield in 1914. It was enlarged in 1958.
Churchill Schools. Brutalist computer and design centre for Harrow School, 1980s.
The Copse. House built in The Grove Estate by Head Harrow School head, E.Bowen. Later in use by the school.
1  Stables. Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University UK Centre
Speech Room. This is a purpose built room for the teaching of public speaking. It was built in 1874-7 by C.R.Cockerell and an asymmetrical tower was added in 1919. There are figures of St George and St Michael and a statue of Queen Elizabeth brought from Ashridge Park in Hertfordshire in 1925.  Inside are the regimental flags of the school's nineteen winners of the Victoria Cross. In 1976 it was converted into a modern gallery by Alan Irvine,
War Memorial Building. In 1917 a Harrow War Memorial committee began to raise funds for a memorial. The Building was opened by the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin MP in 1926. Herbert Baker designed the building. The shrine was completed by 1923 and open to visits. There is a once-controversial terrace with a spectacular stairs but inside is bare stone domes and dark woodwork.  Elizabethan panelling and fittings came from Brooke House, Hackney, teak floor boards came from HMS St Vincent. Lady Fitch required that a lamp be kept lit constantly in honour of the memory of her son and all fallen soldiers. In the Second World War basement was used as the Air Raids Precautions Wardens Post 
Art School The older part is by W. C. Marshall, 1891 plus a mezzanine floor of 1987. In the wall are stone medallions of Hogarth and Reynolds, 1919.  
Plaque on the wall of the Art School, which says that Charles I paused here in his flight from Oxford to Nottingham to water his horse. 
Leaf Schools. Boarding house. 1936 by A. L. N. Russell includes some old brickwork from the stables of The Grove Scanty remains of Sheridan’s Stables. Stone tablet in archway inscribed: "Built in 1936 out of money bequeathed to the school by Herbert Leaf (
Rendalls. Built in 1853 by Barnes was the first purpose-built boarding house.
Grove Hill House The Foss. Built 1854 by E. Habershon as a boarding house
Plaque on the wall, corner with Peterborough Road. This was the site of Britain’s first fatal car accident in 1899.

Harrow School.   
Founded by John Lyon who died in 1592, leaving money for a building now The Old Schools. It was a local grammar school until the 19th. In the late 17th and 18th the boarding houses were established. The first new buildings were in 1819-21. under the headship of Charles Vaughan 1844-59, the school's numbers swelled from less than a hundred to 466 and this continued with new buildings and a wider curriculum, 

Harrow School Playing Fields
A park developed for school use. Manly a golf course with a small nature reserve. There are oaks and a lake on the golf course which may date from Brown's landscaping, and there are yews, deodars and Wellingtonia.  Brown worked on the Flambards estate. 
Medieval windmill, this is thought to have been near the site of a manorial mill near the ‘Flambards’.
Harrow School golf course. Harrow School Golf Club is a members' club which uses Harrow School's nine-hole course. Created by Donald Steel in 1978, the course presents exciting challenges and is on a high point.
Nature Reserve. This is a woodland area with a small pond was created as a nature reserve. This maybe a clump of trees from earlier landscaping. 
Park Lake. This dates from early 19th and was formed by a large dam, in the 1820s woodland and shrubberies bordering it to the east. Harrow School Angling Club was founded in 1988 and uses the lake for fishing.
A public footpath west of the lake which may be an ancient track. 

Upper Redding Fields

Ducker Fields
Bathing place is Duck puddle. Swimming pool in use by 1811 for the boys in a natural pond.

High Street 
New Schools. Built 1855 by Frederick Barnes.
Chapel.  Built 1854-7 by G.G.Scott, the gift of Dr Vaughan. Inside is a Crimea War Memorial and memorial tablets including a South African War Memorial. The crypt was converted to a memorial chapel in 1918 by Sir Charles Nicholson. Easily mistaken for a local parish church.
Vaughan Library. Built 1861-3 by G.G.Scott.
Headmasters House. This was designed by Decimus Burton in 1840 and enlarged by him in 1845-6.  It replaced a house destroyed by fire in 1838. 
Post box – mid 19th hexagonal Penfold design
5 Old house was Pub  
5 Shepherd Churchill Dining Hall by Dennis Lennon & Partners, 1976, this is approached formally by a flight of steps flanked by small lodges, leading down to a garden with pool and pergolas. A big pitched roof with central clock-turret.  Separate masters' and boys' areas, split up by brick piers into house units.  Balconies and a big canted bay overlook the garden; the services are tucked in neatly beneath. 
Druries. Established in the 1790s, it was Harrow's first “large” Boarding House but, today, is the smallest. Its name comes from House Masters, Henry and Ben Drury, 1806 to 1863. Current building is 1865 by C.F.Hayward. Stone foliage with an owl and a squirrel.
Crown and Anchor. This was on the site of Druries' garden. It is was mentioned, as 'le Anker', in 1683 and may have been much older. Called the 'abode of Bliss', because landlord named Bliss.  Demolished in the mid-19th and replaced by shops, themselves demolished in 1929
Moretons. On the site of The Queen’s Head. Georgian private house mainly rebuilt in 1828, with additions of after 1870 and 1881 by Revd William Oxenham, built the present house that there, In Great War, the School Governors bought. A large underground air-raid shelter remains in the garden from the Second World War.
Adjacent to 36 Drinking fountain on site of old town well of 1816, 245' and dug through 200' of chalk. Granite with an obelisk
11 Flambards. This is not the 14th house but was built when part of the estate was developed by Harrow School.
The Park. One of the older houses, n c.1795/7 Page built a more substantial house to the north of the Flambards old house, set on the highest point of his property, and designed for him by John Nash It was later called Harrow Villa, then Harrow Park, and by the late 19th The Park. It was used as a school boarding house from 1831 by the Revd William Phelps. Henry Holland and John Nash were involved with its building and decoration, and there is a Coade stone lion above the library window. It is on the site of the original and is ‘Flambards’ a more substantial house. The grounds were landscaped in 1768-71 by Brown for Francis Herne.  
34 Harrow School Shop and bookshop. With commemorative plaque outside in Latin.
Bradbys. Built in 1848 by The Revd H Kearny and is named after former House Master Edward Henry Brady. Following closure during the Second World War it was occupied by Malvern College. Eagles on the building came from the lodge at Lowlands
49 Old Civic office, replaced by 88-90.
52 site of White Hart
88-90 old Fire Station. Replaced by Northolt station prior to Greater London Council taking over Middlesex Fire Brigade in 1965
88-90 Civic building of 1913 replacing earlier offices also in High Street, from 1935 included the health dept, and the education dept by 1947 to 1966
 
Kenton Road
Harrow Hill Golf Course. A 9 hole, private, parkland golf course, on Metropolitan Open Land with nature reserve and cafe

Lowlands Road
A medieval rectory manor was sited here and earthworks might indicate a carriageway leading to it. 
40 Wards Freehouse. Pub in an old shop in a parade, it has much ornamental tiling topped by a richly moulded tower, above which there is lead covered, 'bell' shaped capping with a tall finial 
73-77 Jubilee Academy. This is an alternative provision secondary school which provides a range of subjects. It is owned by the Harrow Alternative Provision Academy Trust 
Lowlands Estate was a ‘big house’ described as ‘a pretty villa’. Built in the early 19th and called Cassetta Cottage.  After Isabella Roche died in 1909 (aged 101) it became Harrow County School for Girls. Eagles from the lodge were given to Harrow School and are at Bradbys.
Harrow County School for Girls opened alongside Lowlands House in 1914. In 1974 it became a Sixth Form College, called Lowlands College until 1987 when it became Greenhill College and in 1999 merged with Weald College to become Harrow College
Harrow College. This is their Harrow on the Hill campus. In 2015, they opened The Enterprise Centre here. It provides academic and vocational courses for young people and a range of professional and non-professional programmes for adult students. 
73 Lowlands recreation ground. There is a new performance space and cafeteria with money from the Mayor of London’s Outer London Funding.  A small park not mentioned in Harrow’s list of parks. It appears to have opened in the late 1930s and to have had a large round but unexplained area with is still there– something which would normally indicate a specialist previous use. Maybe a planned grand entrance to the station
War memorial. This was erected after the Great War in the corner of the site at the junction of Grove Hill and Lowlands Road. Until .1920 this was the site of the village pound. It is by William Douglas Caroe in Portland stone. In the  form of a wayside calvary cross of an Octagonal base with four steps, inscribed with the names of the dead. Panels reads:  Harrow on the Hill Town Memorial Their name liveth for evermore - For God and king, hearth and home - As gold in the furnace he proved them .. To the glorious memory of those who died for us.

Meadow View
Enclave of modern housing accessed via a carriage entrance at 29 West Street – this was once a butcher and slaughter house

Music Hill
A public footpath within Harrow School grounds. A steep lane down the side of Harrow Hill which is part of the Capital Ring 

Nelson Road
16a/b site of Lord Nelson pub

Peterborough Road
Opened in 1879
Old Music School.  Built 1873 as small as a wayside chapel, a low building, set into the steep hillside, with a humble character... It is now the Museum of Harrow Life
Garlands. Built as a boarding house for the school in 1863 by C. F. Hayward, showing the overwhelmingly assertive public school style of the mid 19th at its most concentrated. It No longer belongs to the school, and has been flats since 1987. 
35 The Old Knoll.  Used as a boarding house and built 1867, by C. F. Hayward. New Knoll replaced it and it then became became masters' accommodation                              

Roxborough Park 
Our Lady and St Thomas of Canterbury. Cardinal Manning, an old boy of Harrow School, authorised the building of a small Chapel in the 1873 on this site Architecturally, the style of the Church is in the manner of the English Perpendicular of the 12th – 14th 

Station Approach
Harrow on the Hill Station. Opened 1880 it lies between Rickmansworth and Marylebone on Chiltern Railways, and between Preston Road and West Harrow and between Preston Road and West Harrow on the Metropolitan Line.. Had the governors of Harrow School not made objections during the planning stage, it is possible that the line might have followed a different route taking it closer to the town centre on the hill.   Opened as ‘Harrow’ by the Metropolitan Railway as the Kingsbury and Harrow Railway and Watkin. It originally ran from here to Baker Street. The main buildings on the down side were for the important town on the hill the entrance on the up side for Greenhill. The station was designed with a clock tower by A.McDermott. Harrow to Pinner opened by the Metropolitan Railway in 1885.  In 1894 the name was changed to ‘Harrow on the Hill’. In 1899 the Marylebone service started The Harrow to Uxbridge line was built by the Metropolitan with steam traction in 1904, Last station into London to allow Great Central trains to stop at Metropolitan Stations. The station was rebuilt completely in Holden style in 1935 with major reconstruction between 1939 and 1948 under LT's 'New Works' programme, resulting in a station with six tracks and three island platforms. In the 1980s the College Road entrance was demolished 
Fly under.  On leaving Harrow, Oxbridge trains use a fly under which segregates them from the 'main line' to Amersham and beyond. This was constructed in anticipation of extra traffic which would be generated by the opening of the Metropolitan route to Watford, together with the introduction of new electric services to Rickmansworth, and was in use from 14th September 1925
Metropolitan Electric Substation. Built in 1905 this took power from Neasden 
Goods Yard 

Station Road
With College Road and St.Ann's Road was a tiny hamlet. ItWas previously called Greenhill Lane. 

The Grove Open Space
Also called Grovefields, this is a steep grassy slope on Harrow Hill.  It the site of a medieval rectory manor in 1233-40 later incorporated into Harrow School. The area was part Harrow Manor, owned by the Archbishop of Canterbury but in 1094 it became part of Rectory Manor estate. In 1537 it was leased to Thomas Wriothsley, who built fishponds. In 1805 there were pleasure grounds, woodland, ponds, and kitchen gardens. There are strip lynchets. Evidence of medieval, or earlier, agriculture. On the hill there is a post-medieval earth mound t the top and sites of ponds and sluice at the bottom. As an open space there are tarmac paths, perimeter trees, and a steel sculpture of a leaf in the north-west corner.

West Street
2 site of a forge and ironmongers shop. False window on the first floor with a make-pretend cat looking out.
13 Sugarloaf beer house. Timber house from the 17th with floor level below street level.
30 Castle pub. The current building dates back to 1901 bur the pub itself is 1716. New a Fullers pub it is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.
31-35 Poor House recorded in 1724. With treadmill etc 
Parish Mission Room. Built 1884-5 by E.S. Prior. Became SRM Plastics, Plastic injection moulding service 
87 Electricity works. Power generating station opened in West Street in 1895 by the Harrow Electric Light and Power Co. on land leased from Harrow School. Designed by R.Crompton. Power generating station opened in West Street in 1895 by the Harrow Electric Light and Power Co. on land leased from Harrow School. Used smokeless welsh coal and had a reservoir on the roof. Building Later in in office use. 
87 Old Pie House. Probably 15th this is a part of a larger building consisting which was just a hall originally open from ground to roof. Inside are timber framed walls with a central tie beam supporting a plain kingpost. The Name is for a mediaeval court for a local fair "pied poudre". It is joined in some way to the Power House
93 Fire Station 1888.  In other use.

Sources
Bowlt. Harrow Past
Cinema Theatre Association Newsletter 
Clunn. The face of London
Cooper. Harrow Walkabout
Cotswold Archaeology. The Duries and the Grove
Field. London Place Names
Harrow School. Web site
London Borough of Harrow. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Remembers. Web site
London Parks and Gardens. Web site
Middlesex CC. History of Middlesex
Open House. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex 
Walford .Village London,

Friday, 5 June 2020

Wealdstone




Archery Close
Wealdstone Little Laundry site. It was run by Miss Jayne who ran women’s recruitment into munitions work in the Great War. She also introduced American laundry technology into England. The laundry was eventually taken over by Advance. He site is now housing

Barons Mead
Built on the site of a depot and warehouse based in Marlborough road

Byron Road
18 Harrow East Labour Party office in interesting art deco building.
18v London Kalibari in the early 1980’s a group of first generation Hindu Bengalis had no suitable facilities that met the social, cultural and spiritual needs of their community. This led to the London Kalibari organisation. In 2012, London Kalibari obtained this property for us to put our Kali, The Kalibari is kept closed except during Opening Times
10-16 Wealdstone Joinery Works. This site was originally from 1913 Westerdick’s Joinery  but they moved to Greenhill in 1920 having successfully made side cars for the military during the Great War..  It then became the Wealdstone Joinery and said to have been one of the largest such works in Europe.  This large building dates from the 1930s.A lease on it was advertised in the early 1990. Most recently been Bridgen House and is now pending conversion into flats. 
54-56 flats on the site of Belmont Cottage, described as one of the oldest buildings in the area and demolished 1996.
The Star Music Hall was operating here 1908-09. It also screened films, as the Star Cinema. Unclear exactly where this was.

Canning Road 
Premier House offices bock with rental offices. Built in the 1970s on an old garage site
14 -16 passage leading to workshop accommodation at the back of shops
24 modern flats on what was workshops and flats
68 Gange Children’s Centre
73 workshops to the rear of a purpose built location among housing. Dates from the 1890s
93 hostel accommodation on what was previously a small works site

Cecil Road
Wall. The west side of the southern end of the road is bounded by a long brick wall. It is unclear if this is listed.  It ran alongside what was the railway coal yard, sidings and goods area and was presumably built by the railway company. 
Electric sub station

Christchurch Avenue
Byron Recreation Ground was laid out around 1902. Originally there was a pavilion and a bandstand, but they have gone. There are tarmac perimeter paths as well as trees, shrubberies and some formal beds 
Swimming bath. This dated from the 1930s. When the Harrow Leisure Centre was built the pool was retained and was part of the complex, but over the years fell into disuse. It was finally removed in 2007.
Harrow Leisure Centre. Opened in 1977. It has a sports hall, swimming pool, health and fitness suite, gym, studio, and squash courts.etc etc etc. designed by the Borough’s Architect’s Department. It is a large box containing a swimming pool and games courts. There are big sheds behind. 
Harrow Skate Park. This is one of the country's oldest remaining skate parks. It is a major centre for British skateboarding and visitors come from all over the country. It was designed by Adrian Rolt of G-Force based on the keyhole pool at Skateboard Haven in Spring Valley California and built by Skate Park Construction The feature pit is also notable. Built as a commercial enterprise but it became unviable so the Council agreed to take it over and open it for free. In 2003 it was refurbished at a cost of £60,000. It is well used by skate board, mountain bike, roller skaters and scooter riders and is of international importance. 

Ferndale Terrace
Road leading to a number of industrial premises, the end of which is now gated.  It once ran down to the railway and dates from at least the 1920s. It is on the line of an old field path
Bastian and Allen. They made electrode boilers from 1949 in the old Reno toy factory. Became part of Cowen in 1960
Cogswell and Harrison, gun smiths. In 1886  Edward Harrison leases a factory at Ferndale Estate the site included enough ground for a test range and it was here that in 1888) the firm first offered live pigeon and starling shooting, on which substantial betting took place. In 1894 the Harrow factory burned down but the land continued to be used as a shooting range.

Forward Drive
The road leads to a series of trading estates and then the council depot. It is partly built on a line of the Stanmore railway and before that was removed it constrained the size of the site and did not allow entry from Christchurch Avenue as now.  
Greenhill Sewage Farm. This was built in green fields – basically the site now of the council depot but then in the space created between the two railway lines.  It may have been the works built by Harrow-on-the-Hill local authority in 1852. By the 1930s this area had been cleared and the space used for allotments.  A sewage works to the east had been built by Wealdstone Urban District Council (this was in the area covered by the square to the east)
Harrow Council Central Depot and civic amenity site. This on the site of what was the Greenhill sewage works and seems to have been operational in the 1950s. There was probably a refuse destructor on this site erected by Wealdstone UDC possibly in the 1890s
Trading estates, the area between what was the railway and refuse depot is now a trading estate with a wide range of companies
Bakkavor Pizza. Warehouse and distribution centre. Agust and Lydur Gudmundsson founded Bakkavor in Iceland to manufacture and export seafood. They named the company after the street in which they grew up.  They expanded into Scandinavia and then the rest of world, controlling the supply chain for cod and lumpfish roe. They took over lots of other companies and this Harrow depot is just one of many,
Levolux. Founded in 1984 this is a firm Specialising in Solar Shading, Screening, Balconies and Balustrading

Frognal Avenue
29-31 small trading estate, plumbers, motor mechanics. Connects to other units entered from Station Road and at the rear of properties

George Gange Way
This is a high level road opened in the 1990s which carries the A409 away from Wealdstone High Street. For much of its length it is essentially a flyover.  George Gange, the first Labour councillor on Harrow Council's forerunner, Wealdstone Urban District Council, was similarly honoured

Gordon Road 
The Gym. On this site in 1914 was a tin tabernacle used as a Mission Hall, and later by the Primitive Methodists. It was later taken over by the YMCA.  The current building is presumably that which replaced the tin hut as the YMCA centre.  At some point in the early 1960s this was sold to what was then the Popular Stores and seems now to have devolved to ASDA. .It appears to operate as a Gym –although it was until recently a Quality Cafe.
At the rear of these buildings was in the 1930s a structure described as an ‘Employment Exchange’


Grant Road  
Flats on the site of what was the Wealdstone Centre – consisting of a library, youth centre, etc.  The Centre itself had been built on the site of an earlier library and schools.
Wealdstone Schools. This was a National School built 1869 in village school style.  Later it was a Youth and Community Centre old school. 
Library. Built 1960 by Middlesex County Council. 2 storey brick building. Demolished and replaced, and its replacement since demolished.

Hailsham Drive
Road running north alongside the railway on the site of the David Allen print works, later HMSO. The industrial estate at the end is in the square to the west
Esterline. Development/manufacture military communication equipment
Microlease. The business dates from the 198s and was originally on the local Whitefriars Industrial Estate. The lease electronic measurement equipment
Air Ministry Citadel. This was underground at the rear of the HMSO Printing Works. It was known as Z or the Stationery Office Annexe. When the HMSO works closed, Kodak brought the site for expansion of their adjoining complex and the surface office block was demolished in 1996.
Harrow Crown Court. Built 1989 and used for hearing criminal cases.

Headstone Drive
1 Holy Trinity church. This was built in 1882 to serve the expanding population. It was built on land donated by Christ Church, Oxford. The building is stone with brick dressings in the Gothic style by Roumieu & Aitchison. In 1977 the church was reordered and the original chancel became a separate space while the nave became the worship area. This is a flexible sae and can be used for parties and meetings. There are two war memorial windows. 
Hall. In 1967 the hall was replaced with shops by A J Watkins. They include an entrance to the church and to first story halls
David Allen. Print works. This is now the site of Hailsham drive and lies alongside the railway.  The firm moved here in the 1890s from Belfast and built this large works plus a power house with a prominent local chimney. They were requisitioned by the Government in the Great War and subsequently became Her Majesty’s Stationary office print works. This closed in the 1980s. The site is now the Crown Court
23 Wealdstone Ex Servicemen’s club. Closed 2010

Herga Road
12-22 INGENY Interphone House security systems and building technology integrator.  The building was previously Pickford’s Depository 
Steps – these went from alongside the depository to The Bridge. It is the line of an old footpath.

High Street
15-18 Iowa Tavern. Demolished in the 1960s when it was complete with a spittoon.  It was replaced with a Sainsbury’s, which has since been replaced by another Sainsbury’s in a development called Alderbrook.
19 Queens’s Arms. This was a Taylor Walker pub and then Punch Taverns. Now demolished
32 this was a Wetherspoons pub called The Sarson Stone. Now a betting shop
36 Lloyds Bank : Built in 1907 by Horace Field & Simmonds. It is a good building in Baroque style. Note the bees and bee hive
Wealdstone Centre. Council offices and Library in a substantial building; 
72 Boots. Site of Garraway’s cab yard in the early 20th
74 Poundland.  This is on the site of a demolished pub – The Case is Altered.  This had been a nightclub, and then a Chinese restaurant before being derelict for many years
55 Police Station .  Site of picturesque cottages demolished for the court house. The police station with an entrance on the right for the police. Also a magistrates' court – entered on the left - which for a while was used as a library. It was built in 1908-9 by J Dixon Butler in Free Tudor style. It has been empty since 2015 and is currently boarded having been squatted. 
Baptist Church. Baptists had met in various rooms in Wealdstone from 1875 and built a corrugated iron tin tabernacle hall in the High Street around 1900. It was on land which they had bought. A permanent church was built in 1905.  In red terracotta designed by John Wills & Son in 1905.  New halls were added at the back in 1930

Locket Road
1 office block for FVS CCTV specialists.

Marlborough Hill
1 Higgins Mechanical Services, firm founded in Harrow in 1980 but with many other branches now
1 Health Aid. Nutritionally balanced supplements
Marlborough Primary School.   The school was rebuilt, opened 2016. It originated in the early 1970s/late 1960s and was built on the site of older houses.

Masons Avenue
8 Barretts Railway Bar. This is an Irish pub with a green carpet and green seating. Might be closed.
11-13 Station House. The House of Joy for all Nations. This is part of the Redeemed Church of God.
36 hall.  This hall was registered from 1932 until 1934 by the Brotherhood Movement. The site however continues to be shown on maps as ‘Brotherhood Hall’ until taken over by Hindu groups in the 1990s.
Sree Ayyappa Seva Sangam. This is in what was the Brotherhood Hall. This began when Swamiji Sreedharan had the idea of building a proper temple in London for Ayyappa devotees. At first there was only a make shift temple in a thatched shed but later members and trustees, had a temple designed in typical Kerala style conforming to the traditional Shastraic stipulations completed in 2008. Later a Navagraha shrine was added, and more in 2010. There is an auditorium on the ground floor for spiritual and cultural programmes, marriages and discourses in the “Koothambalam” style of Kerala temples 
Wealdstone Evangelical Church. The congregation met in a wooden building in Wealdstone from 1921 and then opened this brick building in 1928
Ingall, Parsons, Clive & Co., Coffin factory was at the end of the road from 1900 it employed 70 men in 1900 and continued to make coffins until the beginning of the Second World War. Later used for storage by Schweppes

Milton Road
1 Samanvaya Parivar. Centre to advance the Hindu religion and in particular the teachings of Swami Shree Satyamitranand.
Employment Exchange. Present here in the 1960s

Oxford Road
Side road with ‘works’ all down the south side since the 1930s.
Palmerston Centre. Harrow and Hillingdon Posture and Mobility Services

Palmerston Road 
Roads called after prime ministers were described as Harrow Park Estate in 1884. The road is lined with ‘works’ from the start but has been changed by the construction of George Gange Way and Gladstone Road
22 Baptist church.  This maybe the church said to be built in 1905 
22 Salvation Army hall. This was in a former Baptist chapel from 1921. 
30 Fire Station. Demolished 1960s. It was a Middlesex Fire Brigade Station replaced by Stanmore when Middlesex was merged into the Greater London Council.
59 A hall was acquired nearby for young people in 1927 but in 1965 it was too small. 
22 The International Siddhashram Shakti Centre. This appears to be in what was the Salvation Army hall

Peel Road
Continental College School 1890s. This stood between Peel and Palmerstone Roads and was then the only building in them.
34-36 Kingdom Hall of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. This originates from 1939 but appears to have been rebuilt since
Council Chamber and Offices. Wealdstone was an urban district 1895-1934 and it is assumed these were the offices on the site covered by 29-49 for the Urban District to be replaced by the Harrow Civic Centre in the 1970s.  There was a works depot and fire station to the rear. The site is now flats
60 Spice Klub with outside Shisha lounge. This was the Royal Oak Pub built 1931, a Taylor Walker back street local. Sold by M&B in 2007 and has been an Indian restaurant. Previously Everest Lounge and before that White Mughals
Tagore Close – this is on the site of a council mortuary and disinfection station built in the 1960s.
55 Express Dairy Depot    This site is now flats

Railway Approach
Railway Hotel. Built at the same time as the railway. It was a three-storey brick building. It was demolished in 2002 having closed in 1999 following a fire. It was a Watney pub. One of the venues of performances by 'The Who' and many others.
32 KTM Nightclub.  This was once the Labour Hall which leases it to the club.
33 Wealdstone Social Club: 1930s art deco building. This is now closed and sold for development.
Rosslyn Crescent
Jasper Centre. This is the old Magistrate’s Court: by W T Curtis, Middlesex County Architects Department 1931-4...Hindu Community and Business Centre. It includes a grand Haveli of Shree Nathji together and the first ever Shudh Pushtimargiya Haveli in London. It is named Shrinathdham National Haveli & Community Centre UK.
Reno Works. From Glasgow in the 1890s 1914 they were Manufacturers of sporting guns, specialist in unfitting. Specialities: high-class sporting guns, later under W. Horton (Toys and Games) Manufacturers of indoor and garden games. Also in the 1930s Nordac Chemical Co. and W.H.Reynolds after whom the works was named – issuing recordings from Asian sources 
Hamilton Brush Works. This was also the Star Brush Co. “world's leading brush company”. This is now the site of he Phoenix Business Centre
Icone House. Swiss pack packaging manufacturing
31 Edward J. Wood. Specialises in the printing and production of folding cartons. Established in 1922, 

Station Road 
Harrow Civic Centre. This is on the site of schools. This was a major undertaking, seeking to centralise council functions and create a new civic identity. There was a national competition in 1964 won Eric G. Broughton with an office block, committee rooms and a council chamber, a public library, a staff building and a hall and theatre block and provision for a sixth block. The first phase omitting the hall and theatre block was completed by 1973. The blocks had a reinforced-concrete frame. The second phase was never built. There is a six-storey office block around a landscaped courtyard joined to the council chamber by a glazed bridge with a glass screen by Whitefriars Glass. There is a two-storey library behind with a water feature in front of it.  In front of the office block is a long pond crossed by bridges and some other planting.  The council chamber has light-coloured wood on the walls with a beige colour scheme and lighting, and a metal coat of arms in the chamber itself. Also the 'Kodak Mural', a composite of hundreds of small photographic images, on the upper stair landing. There are several commemorative sculptures on the site. 
Bridge Primary School. This school was on the site of the Civic Centres. It was opened by the Harrow School Board in Wealdstone in 1902. It was closed in 1966.
34 Harrow Central Mosque and Masood Islamic Centre: The mosque was established in 1980 and from 1985 occupied a converted house on Station Road, Harrow. It later expanded to occupy the house next door but was far too small to service Harrow’s Muslim community. As a result a new mosque has been built adjacent to the old mosque. T opened in 2011 adjacent to Harrow Civic Centre and a short distance south of Wealdstone town centre. There are prayer halls, meeting rooms, library, mortuary, IT centre, a commercial kitchen and retail units. The architects are PA Architects, and Harshad C Patel as the lead architect. 

The Bridge
A 409.In the early 1960s, as part of the West Coast Main Line electrification, the bridge here was rebuilt with an easier gradient and clearance over the tracks to allow for overhead cabling.
Harrow and Wealdstone station.  Opened in 1837 it lies between Headstone Lane and Kenton on London Overground’s line into Euston. It is the terminus of the Bakerloo Line from Kenton. There are also main line trains into Euston. It was opened as ‘Harrow Station by the London and Birmingham Railway. The station buildings on the south west side of the station are the older part of the station and by the original main line tracks. A new, larger, station building was built on this Wealdstone side of the station. A pedestrian bridge links all the platforms with continuous glazing but which originally had a barrier between the two sides.  Mal lifts which were removed in the early 1970s, leaving two parcels elevators for the remaining postal traffic. Wealdstone was added to the name in 1897. In 1917 it began to be served by the Bakerloo Line a running on the newly electrified local tracks.  It was the terminus of the line to Stanmore. The station is likely to be used for Crossrail. The station buildings are nationally listed. On 8 October 1952, Britain's worst train crash happened here with 112 people were killed and 340 injured. A memorial plaque is on the main entrance.  The ‘angel of platform 4‘– US nurse Abby Sweetwine changed emergency procedures and triage for future accidents through her actions during the aftermath of the crash.
Stanmore Branch line. This was opened in 1890 by the London & North Western Railway. it was promoted by Frederick Gordon, a hotel owner who had purchased Bentley Priory a few years earlier It ran 2.12 miles north-east Stanmore.. In 1932 Belmont Station was built as an intermediate halt. It was single track only and closed to passengers in 1952 Freight traffic, bananas, continued until 1964. On the parapet at Harrow and Wealdstone is the name of the old London and North Western Railway Harrow and Stanmore branch line and Platform 1 has their ticket office in cream brick, 
Wealdstone Time Line and Memorial: this is the work of local youth organisations and includes a memorial for those killed in the rail crash of 8 October 1952. 
Wealdstone Brook runs under the road and the station

Wolseley Road 
Wealdstone Baptist Church. Hall

Sources
AIM25. Web site
Bowlt. Harrow Past
British History Online Middlesex. Web site
Cinema Theatres Association Newsletter 
Clunn. The Face of London
Cooper. Harrow Walkabout
Double Gun Shop.web site
Field. London Place Names,
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Harrow A to Z. Web site
Harrow Mosque, Web site
Historic England. Web site
London Borough of Harrow. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens online. Web site
Middlesex Churches
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London,
Science Museum. Web site
Subterraanea Britannica. Web site
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry, Report
Walford. Village London 
Walter. Harrow Then and Now

Friday, 24 April 2020

South Norwood


Post to the south Woodside
Post to the east Birkbeck
Post to the north Anerley


Albert Road
This road is the earliest built here, first listed in 1855, and although the Croydon Canal was no longer in use it influenced the alignment of the road. From the junction with Portland Road looking the curve of the road reflects the line of the old canal which was to the north of the houses. It is named after Albert, the Prince Consort.
74-76 Stanleybury. Very large three-storey semis. Built for William Stanley, who moved to 74 in 1867. William Stanley’s works in South Norwood was complimented by his local philanthropy. His site is now a close of modern flats. Accidentally demolished.
67 small trading estate and MOT centre.  At one time this was home to a theatre transport specialist.
St.Mark. This was the first church in the area and is the parish church by G. H. Lewis. The nave was built in 1852 and the church was extended in 1862 and in successive years until 1890. It is in Kentish rag. Pictures show a house with a cross patterned front on the west side of the church and this has been replaced with what looks like a community building from the 1950s.

Apsley Road
Apsley Road Playground. This site was bought by the local authority in 1946 and had been a house. It was laid out as a children’s playground in 1951. An air raid shelter to the rear was demolished in 1973.

Belgrave Road
Estate of local authority blocks behind the High Street

Cambridge Road
Tunnel under the railway to Love Lane

Carmichael Road
48 there is a small workshop behind the house which had on the wall "Richards, Sign Writer, Carriage Painter, Etc.". Richards was here from 1889 as a "Sign Writer and Wheelwright" until the 1930's.

Clifford Road
Railway coal depot. This was on the triangle of land between Portland and Clifford roads and the railway.
1 In the 1970s this was Photo speed Lithographic Ltd and Shown on maps as a Printing Works in the 1970s.  Buildings to the rear may have been those of Coldrey's Steam Bakery in the 1930s, becoming Broomfields in the 1950's. Previously A. Creesy, coachbuilder had the premises from the mid 1880s until the Great War and who made car bodies in 1906.
3 South Norwood Islamic Centre. They are in the workshops to the rear of 1.  In the 1990s a group of local Muslims started looking for a building which would cater for needs of local Muslims, This site was procured in 2000 and the Centre was established soon after as a place of prayer.
19 building shown on maps as St Mark’s Hall, latterly a double glazing business. Now demolished
21-23 Alexandra Hotel. Became an engineering works, the offices and now demolished.
South Norwood Congregational Church. This was a temporary ‘tin tabernacle’ with an adjoining Hall which opened in 1867. . In 1907 it was purchased by the Catholic church. The chapel, a so-called tin tabernacle, and dedicated to St Chad. Later an industrial building was erected here which had a number of uses, including that of a spice mill in the 1930s.  This was demolished around 2010 and there is now a modern block of flats on the site.

Coventry Road
When the road was built in 1860, it was called Victoria Road, to complement the older Albert Road
St. Mark Church of England Primary School.  This is now an ‘academy and part of the Reach2 Academy Trust in the Diocese of Southwark. The school was built in 1969s by the Borough Architect's Department
School building of around 1860, 'vaguely Tudor' with diapered red brick, altered. From map evidence this was in use as the school until the 1960s. There is a plaque on the wall with nothing written on it!
17 Victoria Arms Beer house. This dated from around 1853 and was demolished in 1973. It was a Watney house       
3a Car repair business and panel beater with behind it a building variously used as stables, a smithy, and a Wesleyan chapel.  – The two-storey building is in flint and is a larger building.  It appears to have been in later industrial use as the Acme Button Co...
3 a pair of flint cottages with brick dressings. There is a similar building at 37 Portland Road

Cresswell Road
Morland Nursery. This lay in the middle of the square of roads with an entry in the area of Brierly Close. It was started in the early 1870s by Mr Bause (confusingly the address given then is Portland Road) who had managed a nursery in Anerley and specialised in ferns. It appears to have closed in the 1960s.

Crowther Road
34 South Norwood Primary School. This opened as Station Road School in 1872 but without any boys.  A boys' school opened in a different building to the girls and infants in 1875. The school was reorganised in 1931 and senior pupils went elsewhere. In 1937 new buildings were opened.

Croydon Canal
The canal was authorised in 1801 and ran south from a junction at New Cross with the Grand Surrey Canal to what is now West Croydon Station which is on the canal basin. It was never a success and closed in 1836 and much of the alignment was used by the London & Croydon Railway Company, for the railway between London Bridge and West Croydon station, which is on the site of the canal basin. This included their use of the atmospheric system.
After crossing an almost level area the canal had to cross South Norwood Hill. So as to avoid the need to build locks it had to go round this staying on the 150f contour.   Horses were needed to pull the barges so there had to be a towpath and this ran on the south side of the canal. By 1861 all that was left was a narrow strip of land next to an isolated section of the old canal.

Cumberlow Avenue
The large site at the end of the road, now the Harris ‘Academy’ was originally Pascall’s brickfield and then a dairy farm. It was later purchased by William Stanley for the building of his house, Cumberlow, which was now been demolished
Boyden & Co.  Tile factory. This works was purchased to enable construction of the Harris academy. Previous works here had been a Bottling works and the Cosmo Dental Co., who made acrylic teeth.
Stanley Trade Schools. Now demolished for the ‘academy’.  In the square to the north.
Stanley's Film Club. This was established in 2015 ad Stanley Halls, where it became a weekly community cinema. N 2017 it relocated to the Harris Academy, rebranding as Screen25

Doyle Road
This was previously called Farley Road
36 this was a small nursery run by a florist until the early 1900s.

Eldon Park
The road follows path of the Croydon canal which was filled in 1868. The road name reflects the type of area that was being developed:  exclusive residences tucked away from the main road close to a railway station.  Several lengths of canal bank, which had been lined with trees, survive as property boundaries and there are descendants of some of the original trees.
10 Tobacco factory with land at the rear
Stanley House. Henry Tinsley moved his works here in 1907 and entered into a partnership with another instrument maker named Snell - telegraph apparatus, condensers, standard cells, potentiometers and 'bridges'. Snell however died after one year of the partnership, Henry produced many innovative and pioneering instruments her but in 1916 moved to Werndee Hall.

Goat House Bridge
This bridge is on the A213 leading from Penge/Anerley towards South Norwood. It passes over the Croydon bound railway between Anerley and Norwood Junction.
The name ‘Goat House’ is shown in 1678 on a map as a clearing in the woods. In 1797 here was a farm called Goat House in the Sunnybank area. I the 1860s a hotel was built called Goat House and the bridge took the name
Goat House Bridge Woodland Garden.  On the corner south of the bridge is a garden made up of shrubs found in the Great North Wood. They were planted by local people and the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers (BTCV).

Great North Wood.
The Great North Wood once extended over the high ridge of land between Deptford, Sydenham Hill, Streatham and Selhurst. It supported woodland industry, timber for ship building, charcoal as fuel, bark for dyeing leather and thinnings for baskets, brooms and woven hedges for a rapidly expanding London. The Wood was mainly composed of oak and hornbeam trees, with some ash, hazel and holly. In damper places willows thrived. There are still places where the Wood has recovered such as in parks, peoples' back gardens and along the railway embankments.

Hambrook Road
A footpath at the end leads to a tunnel under the railway going to Marlow Road

Harrington Road
Harrington Road Station. 1998. between Birkbeck and Arena on the Croydon Tramlink
Site of the tram station was once called ‘Blind Corner’.  This is thought to be the site of a small settlement and farm, and there is a widening of the road here where the farmyard was
65-67 Albert Tavern.  On the site of a pub which was bombed.  Cricketing memorabilia

King's Road:
Croydon Canal route would just touch the southern corner of the road
Camille Close is built on some of the alignment of the canal and of its successor railway,
St Marks Mission. Converted into housing
The Croydon canal is thought to have crossed the road where the cottages next to the mission are

Lincoln Road,
The road follows the line of the canal and the trees would have been on the banks of it.  It was filled in in 1868. Several lengths of river bank survived as property boundaries   between the houses.

Love Lane
At one time a through thoroughfare but now a footpath link.After the junction with Waverley Road this continues as footpath to meet a tunnel under the railway going to Cambridge Road
Norwood Spur Railway crossed at the junction with Cambridge Road to where it joined the route from Crystal Palace, this is now the Tramlink. Now Croydon Tramlink Beckenham Junction branch joins the Railtrack line south-west of Birkbeck station and the two systems run adjacent until the tram terminus alongside the main line.
30 Scout hut. “The Den” 23rd Norwood Scouts, formed in 1909. The building is described as a Mission Hall in the 1930s

Manor Road
The triangle of land between the railway and Manor Road is the site of where the Croydon Canal was widened for Norwood Wharf.  It later was a site for railway sidings. It is now the site of houses and flats called Leybourne Court. Manor Road seemed originally to go to the grounds of a big house.  This may have been called Canal House
Jolly Sailor Station.  Just past the junction with Portland Road is the site of the Jolly Sailor Station on the west side of the railway. There were also buildings here connected to the atmospheric railway.  Slightly further up were a group of railway cottages which may have been built for the canal
This was the first station at South Norwood, opened in and was called ‘Jolly Sailor’ but renamed Norwood in 1846. It was about 80 yards to the north of the railway bridge. In 1859 it closed, and replaced by the present station. It was subsequently been demolished
Where the canal crossed the road is the site of three houses. At their rear the canal went through what are now gardens to Sunnycroft Road.  This stretch appears to have had water in it up to the 1890s.
Manor Works. This is now GEN Vent, metalworkers – they make garage doors. This probably sits on the sites of the jolly sailor station and railway cottages.
14 originally Manor Cottage, it was converted into the Liberal and Radical Club in 1890. It became the South Norwood Liberal & Working Men’s Club and was extended in 1900. Now, partly demolished, it is converted to flats
Parking area at the back of the club. Trees along the side of the car park are on the site of the Croydon canal southern bank

Marlow Road
Slight depression in the road may mark the course of a contributory stream to Pool River flowing down from near Goat House Bridge.

Pembury Road
Charles Dickens Court. Retirement housing. This is on the site of Abner Creasey's Coach Building Company – A. Creasey (Locomotors). This had been established as a coach building business in Clifford Road in 1888 and moved to Pembury Road before 1913.

Penge Road
2 Goat House pub. Said to be named after a marking on an old map when goats were kept here. This was the first site on the east side of the road over the bridge after Sunnybank. A Charrington's pub, It was latterly taken over by Fullers and closed in 2004. Demolished.
Croydon Canal route.  The point at which the canal crossed the main road, now Penge Road, is unmarked. The route of the canal then cuts across to the southern corner of King's Road
Goat House Bridge. The bridge makes a severe skew kink in Penge Road. In order to get up South Norwood hill, rather than make a detour like the canal the railway company dug a cutting over 40ft deep.  This meant they had to skew the bridge round at an angle of 30° to shorten its length. Thus they interrupted the original straight road as laid out by the Enclosure Commissioners.
81 Freemasons Tavern. With ornate carriage entry to the rear. Closed in 2003

Portland Road
Portland Road was one of the oldest tracks across Norwood Common. It was retained by the 1800 Enclosure Commissioners and given the name Woodside Road. Portland Road was South Norwood’s main shopping centre until the when the railway station was removed from Portland Road and a new railway station built in 1859 at Norwood Junction Station. The new station changed the commercial centre of South Norwood from Portland Road to the High Street
Croydon Canal Crossing. From the railway going down Portland Road the ground slopes down South Norwood Hill.  Near the railway bridge itself it is flatter and it is here that the canal and the road met. The road crossed the canal on a simple swing bridge standing where the railway line does now.  It was looked after by a canal company employee 'Old Grumble'.
Railway Bridge Rail crossing. When the atmospheric system was installed the road needed to be lowered to get enough headroom.  The London & Croydon Railway was built on an embankment, here and crosses Portland Road above the original canal bed and the road at some height.  The first railway bridge in 1838 was of cast iron, with a span of 20 feet. It is assumed to have carried only the two original tracks but after 1841 it needed to carry in addition trains belonging to the London & Brighton Railway and the South Eastern Railway. It was rebuilt, in 1859 when the station was moved and could then take seven railway tracks. One of these tracks was used only for shunting and was lifted. There were site safety concerns on this and The Board of Trade refused to sanction the erection of any further such bridges from 1883 in addition Croydon Corporation wanted the road widened.  Following another accident a new bridge was built with a span of 42 feet and a footpath was built.
1 Portmanor. This pub was originally called ‘The Signal’ dating from the early 1860s. It was an Allied Brewers pub, later owned by Punch Taverns. It closed following dispute with Punch Taverns over CCTV. The pub was expected to reopen in 2014, it is still closed but has now been demolished
37 This is a shop front on a flint building with some sort of plaque above the cable.  It appears to be a very, very similar building in structure and design to the flint cottages in Coventry Road which connect to a possible chapel.  There seems to be, or to have been, a connection at the rear between them which must date from before 1868.  Is this the entrance to the Wesleyan shown here in directories of the 1860s? The space between the buildings is full of various sheds and other structures.  Some of these seem to have been used at one time by Percy Frostick Percy, for a pianoforte warehouse
44b Regent Cinema. This was between Crowther and Doyle Roads. Initially as the New Electric Theatre it opened in 1911. It had a long passage led to the auditorium which was built at the rear of other buildings. It was closed soon after opening and then reopened again months later. After three years it closed again and reopened after another three years as the Electric Theatre and soon after re-named Mascot Cinema. A few years after that it was La Rosa Cinema, but within a year was back to being the Electric Cinema again.  It closed again two years later and re-opened in 1934 as the Regent Cinema, but closed in 1935.  In the Second World War it became a restaurant and then a kitchen for school meals. In 1963, it was converted into the Socco-Cheta Club with snooker and television. This closed in 2005. Corrugated iron shed
57 Duke of Clarence pub. Closed since 2010 following a drugs raid and losing their licence.  Dated from the 1880s.
89-91 Sullivan’s Scrap Metal. This was founded in 1966. The building was Thomas Jenkins printers in the 1970s
105 London City Mission Hall. The London City Mission first met in Norwood in 1880 in Birchanger Road, latterly in a tent. The Portland Road building was adjacent to ‘The Tent’ and opened in 1889. An extension was later built for a classroom, tea room and for the Girls’ Brigade.
110 The Central Hall Picture Palace.   Opened in 1910, on the corner of Portland Road and Stanger Road. In the late-1930’s, it was became the Central Cinema and in 1953, it was re-named Rex Cinema. It closed in 1956. The building became the Portland Room and more recently a furniture showroom.  It has now been converted into flats.  The prominent tower on the corner of the site is still in place but no longer lit.
167 Gladstone pub. 19th pub which closed in 2008.  It is now in residential use

Railway Lines
In the early 19th as railways using locomotives began to be built promoters put forward a scheme to link Croydon with London. The Croydon Canal was a failure and it was proposed to buy it and to use its course. Meanwhile The South Eastern Railway planned a line to Dover in 1837 which relied on using the proposed London and Croydon line from Norwood making the proposed line a trunk route. The consultant engineer was William Cubitt. In 1837 it was also agreed that The London and Brighton Railway could run a line to Brighton from a junction with the London and Croydon Railway at Norwood. The railway to Norwood opened in 1839 but using the Jolly Sailor station on a site to the north of Norwood Junction.  From 1841 the lines through Norwood were used by both the London and Brighton Railway and from 1842 the South Eastern Railway, but neither of them used the station
Atmospheric Railway. In 1844, the London & Croydon Railway was authorised to lay an additional line next to the existing track to test an atmospheric railway system. For this a pumping station was built at Norwood. The system created a vacuum in a pipe laid between the running rails. A piston in the pipe was attached to the train. The piston and the train were thus propelled towards the pumping station by atmospheric pressure. There were many problems and in 1847, the atmospheric experiment was abandoned.
Flyover. As part of the atmospheric system, the world's first railway flyover,   a wooden structure was built south of Jolly Sailor, to carry the atmospheric line over the steam line.  This appears to have been on the site of the current crossover and thus in the square to the south.
Brighton Main Line. This goes though the station and is the original London to Croydon Route from London Bridge.  However clearly it also takes trains from other places, on lines which have joined the main line at various points up and down the route.
The West End and Crystal Palace Railway. This had originated as a tourist line to Crystal Palace in the 1850s and was extended to Norwood in 1857. It now provides a service to Victoria.
Railway that crosses Penge Road north of Kings Road is the Farnborough Extension of the Norwood Junction-Crystal Palace line of 1857.  It continues from here to Birkbeck Station.
Norwood Spur. This spur left the line from Norwood Junction to London Bridge at a point shortly beyond the station. It ran between the London Bridge bound lines and Manor Road then veering east to Kings Road and covering the area of Camilla close. It met the line running to Birkbeck at Norwood Spur Junction roughly where the tunnel between Cambridge Road and Love Lane runs. It opened in 1862 connected Norwood Junction but had no passenger services after 1917 and closed in 1928. IK continued open with some special trains until 1959 and was not officially closed until 1966. It was lifted in 1969
Marshalling yard. The London and Brighton and South Coast Railway built a marshalling yard south of the station in the 1870s.  It lay on both sides of the line with 30 sidings roped in sixes and eights. In 1934 a Motive power depot with a turntable was added 1935. The yard was used less for freight from the 1980s and the site was eventually used for the Selhurst Depot.
Traction cable depot. This is on the site of the old motive power depot.

Regina Road
This was originally called Queens Road, a short cul-de-sac from Sunny Bank dating from the early 1860s which was extended in 1889 to join up with Lincoln Road.  The road no longer followed the route of the old canal but the Norwood Spur Railway paralleled the curve of the road. Queens Road was renamed Regina Road in 1939 thus keeping the link to complement Albert Road while preventing duplication of road names elsewhere.  Second World War bombing demolished 19th housing on the Goat House site and they were replaced by flats.

South Norwood High Street
(Edith admits that the street numbering here seems to follow a very unusual line)
River Willmore. This stream ran down the hillside to the River Pool, it had various contributory streams. One of these is thought to have started south of Goat House Bridge. And flowed in the direction of Marlow Road.
Harris Academy South Norwood ex-state school sponsored by a carpet salesman. The old school was vacated in 2005 and the whole site was demolished, with the exception of Stanley's original buildings ad should be "refurbish" them in a "sympathetic manner"
Thomas Pascall Brickworks. South Norwood is built on clay, which made it much easier to build a canal which was watertight. Even so, leakage of water from the canal was a constant problem. There were a number of brickworks and the largest was that of Thomas Pascall whose brickfields extended to behind The Albion public house.
24 this was a butchers shop until 1940 with a licensed slaughterhouse at the rear. Cattle were led in through the passage in South Norwood Hill. The slaughterhouse building remains, in other use. The tiled front of the shop where the meat carcases were hung is underneath the front of the current shop
26 Albion pub. Stables and outbuildings remain at the back. There was a fire station here in 1897, either in the stables or on the site of the shops next door.
27 Double-fronted shop. The central entry leads to old dairy buildings behind Welford's Surrey Dairies Ltd. present in 1913.
45 Astoria Cinema. This opened as New Gaiety Cinematograph Theatre in 1921. It had a straight Robert Hope-Jones 2Manual organ. In 1937, it was modernised to look Art Deco by Richard Seifert and was re-named Astoria Cinema. On the front was a half-circular glass tower lit from the inside. It closed in 1957 and became a motor parts store. Later there was a snooker hall and in the 2000’s it became the church of Higher Ground Assembly and the building was David House. It was demolished in 2008 and flats built on the site.
55 The Ship. This opened in 1853, over ten years after the canal closed, but the rear structure of the building appears on canal maps. It was built on the south side of a track way that linked Thomas Pascall's brick-works on the north side of the High Street with the canal wharf. This alleyway survived until the beginning of this century as access to a tile and brick-yard.
57 behind is a builder’s yard created around the old entrance to the Norwood Wharf. The triangle of land on which the coal depot was built was where the canal widened at Norwood Wharf.
The atmospheric station with a pumping engine house was here. This was an early English Gothic design with tall church like chimneys disguised as bell towers and called stalks which also acted as an exhaust vent for air pumped from the propulsion pipe.  Much of this building was transferred to Croydon waterworks where it remains.
59 substantial mid-19th century cottage with the shops added later. The opening to the rear ran down to the canal.
63 this is an inter-war brick building with a balcony and pillars. In the 19th there was a coal depot and small goods yard with two lines from a wagon turntable and sidings running up to the High Street.
64 Jolly Sailor.  . This is first noted in 1810 as the canal opened and it was the 'Jolly Sailor Beer House' on an uninhabited crossroads. They provided overnight stabling for the barge horses and a Tea garden for leisure boats. The original building was to the south of the present one and had a garden sloping down to the canal. ". The present building is about 1868.
Cast iron clock tower. This commemorates Mr. and Mrs, Stanley's Golden wedding. It came from the Croydon clockmakers Gillet and Johnston and was erected in 1907.

South Norwood Hill
Drinking fountain. This in the wall of 25.  It was installed in 1887 for Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee. It was made by Whiteheads of Kennington Oval and provided by the Metropolitan Cattle Trough and Drinking Fountain Association. The metal cup was removed in 1946
10 South Norwood Conservative Club.  The club was founded in 1912 and was visited by Winston Churchill and some snooker players. This may originally have been a bank
White Lion Pub. 1826-1871

Stanger Road
Werndee.  A large mansion of the late 19th.
Tinsley Precision Instruments. Tinsley in 1904. In 1904 Henry Tinsley started his business from a workshop at home making resistance boxes and galvanometers. In 1905 he made Weston Standard Cells and in 1907 moved to South Norwood to Eldon Park Road. After successfully manufacturing many new instruments there in 1916 he moved to Werndee Hall where there was space to expand became of military demand for his instruments. After the war the firm continued with many pioneering and innovative instruments. In 1983 the firm moved to the Old Croydon Airport Estate.

Station Road
The rest of Station Road is in the square to the west
A service road which keeps at the higher original level.
Norwood Junction Station.  Opened in 1839 as Jolly Sailor station this lies between East Croydon and Anerley and also Crystal Palace on Southern Rail.  It was originally built on the old main line of South Eastern Railway.  It was also a station on the atmospheric railway. In 1846 the station's name was changed to Norwood and the station moved to the present site. In the 1850s a line was added for trains to Crystal Palace. and later for the Norwood Spur.  There are seven platforms but not all are used.
Subway under the tracks. This said to be the world first use of reinforced concrete as a tunnel lining
Goods shed. Just south of the station forecourt, is the goods shed, built just a few years after the station opened in 1859 . It is now used as railway offices.
Footpath south and along by the railway.  The slightly curved footpath corresponds exactly to the west bank of the canal.

Sunnybank
This road originally led to cottages on the site of what had been called the Goat House on the edge of a common. When the canal was built it curved round the area and later it became known as Frogs Island. Developers renamed it Sunny Bank.
Canal - Although the canal had disappeared by the end of 9th trees from its bank survived as boundaries   .
9-10 a V2 hit the area in 1944 a water-filled crater, and demolishing many houses.

Sunnycroft Road
Canal House. North of Sunnycroft was Canal House which was a big 1840s house with ground covering north of the canal and bounded by Sunnybank and the railway. Owned by Mr. Peacock. An earlier house was nearer Sunnybank and had a pond off the canal. Canal in the grounds of both houses.

Westgate Road
South Norwood Sewage Farm. This was in what is now South Norwood Country Park in a space which would be adjacent to the south east comer of the road. Baldwin Latham designed tr19th sewage farm at South Norwood. South Norwood Irrigation Farm opened in 1865. The fields would lay wet for long periods of time and smelt very bad. . Despite this, the sewage farm was productive. Grass was sold as hay, as were mangold worzels for animal feed. Later improvements to the works included concrete channels, to direct sewage out and over the numerous fields, and later filter beds were built and the irrigation beds abandoned. By 1967 raw sewage treatment ceased at the site and it was no longer used

Sources
Celebrating South Norwood.  LB Croydon
Closed Pubs, Web site
Croydon Canal. Blog site
Friends of South Norwood Country Park. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Historic England. Web site
Industrial Archaeology Review
Jackson. London’s Local Railways
London Borough of Croydon. Web site.
London Railway Record.
Norwood Society. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
Pevsner and Cherry. South London,  
Retracing Canals Croydon to Camberwell
Running Past. Blog
Tinsley. Web site
To Penge, 
What pub. Web sit

Sunday, 19 April 2020

Harlesden Stonebridge


Post to the west Park Royal
Post to the north Stonebridge


Acton Lane
Old substation.  This appears to be a railway electrification related building. Now in use by small business
Harlesden Station This opened in 1912 and lies between Stonebridge Park and Willesden Junction on the Bakerloo Line and also on London Overground into Euston. London North West Railway. The story is however more complicated than that. The first railway station nearby – about 50 yards away – was called Willesden and it was opened in 1841 by the London and Birmingham Railway on what became their main line to Birmingham and beyond. It had wooden platforms beside two tracks, a small wooden ticket office and a coal siding. It closed, reopened in 1844 and closed finally when Willesden Junction station opened half a mile away in 1866. On 15 June 1912 the London North West Railway opened a new station here called Harleston. This was on a ‘new line’ opened between Euston Station and Watford. Five years later the Bakerloo Line also began to use the new line tracks with trains coming from Queens Park as their Watford Extension.  These services run parallel with the West Coast Main line services into Euston.  The station buildings remain as those built in 1912 for the railway service – this is not a station with the styling of much of the London Underground. - Red brick blocks with long station canopies.
Road bridge - a long road bridge   carries Acton Lane across multiple railway tracks
National Grid site.  There are a number of installations on this site which is basically that of the demolished Acton Power Station.
Willesden Substation Site. This is a complex with a deep cable tunnel south to Fulham and a northern tunnel to Gibbons Road. The site supplies a London Underground traction substation and three Network Rail trackside supply points. It is the connection point for the Taylors Lane gas turbine power station
Switchboard. This was built for the now demolished power station in 1965.
Acton Power Station. The first 'A' station was built by the Metropolitan Electric Supply Company in 1899 on a nine acre site. It supplied a wide local area. From 1903 pulverised coal was used. In 1925 it was taken over by the London Power Company.  It had three vertical compound marine type steam engines which drove two-phase 1.5 MW alternators producing electricity at 500 volts, 60Hz.  . Coal was supplied by rail to sidings from the adjacent railway Water from the canal was used in the cooling cycle and then being pumped back. Ownership was transferred to the London Power Company in 1927 and following installation of new plant the final capacity of the station was 155.MW by the time it closed in 1964.    Acton Lane 'B' station, setup in 1950, had three cooling towers which would have been unnecessary at the Thameside sites. .  The turbine-hall had a precast ferroconcrete frame rather than steel which was expensive at the time of construction.  It was one of the last CEGB stations to retain steam railway locomotives to handle incoming coal.  The station closed on 1983 with a generating capacity of 150 MW. One locomotive was preserved at the Foxfield Light Railway, near Stoke-on-Trent called Little Barford it is said to e now at the North Norfolk Railway
The Grange and Grange Farm.  Large house and associated farm, probably l9th century. Eventually taken over by sports facilities and United Biscuits. The farm was the original Lower Place Farm.
Grand Junction Arms. Pub with canal side terrace and a stopping place for passing boats with moorings available. Was a Wells & Young's house, formerly Wells Bought by Young’s in 1939 after leasing since the 19th. .Now says it is the Ram Pub Co.  (i.e. Young’s). What had been a beer house became the ‘Grand Junction and Railway Inn’ in 1861 also sometimes called The Junction Arms.
Canal Bridge. Known locally as ‘The Red Bridge’.
Lancashire Dynamo & Crypto. The Crypto Electrical Company was formed in 1904 and made electrical motors in Bermondsey but by 1908 had moved to Acton Lane, London in 1912. They became associated with the Manchester based  The Lancashire Dynamo and Motor Company in 1919 and in 1932 they  merged as Lancashire Dynamo & Crypto Ltd, They then set up in Axton a works to manufacture and sell food preparation machinery and equipment..By 1967 they were part of AEI. The Acton works was still extant in the 1960s.
141 Anthony Ward Thomas. Removals firm on a very large site. They were set up in the 1980s and remain in business
192 Kings Kitchens. Kitchen planners. Large building here and still in business
194 Beckett Laycock & Watkinson Limited. They were there in the 1930s and were Makers of windows and door fittings for railways, ships, and road vehicles.  As Beclawat Windows the company still exists in Canada.
196 New Screw Works. H. G. W. Newey, Manufacturers of precision turned brass. This firm appears to have been in Acton Lane, probably from the 1930s until at least the 1970s.  The site is now under a trading estate.
186 Polarisers. They made windows, goggles etc incorporating ‘Polaroid – light polarising material’. The current occupants of 186 are Park Royal Office Furniture – but the building could well have been that present in the 1950s when Polarisers were there
184 Utilitas. This was a cleaning works present in the 1930s .Their building is now Frigo.
182 Trevor Howsam. Theatrical costume supplies.
182 Transatlantic Records. This was a British independent record label.  It had been established in 1961, to import of American folk, blues and jazz records. Later they recorded an eclectic mix of British artists. They appear to have been there since at least the 1970s
180 Machine Shop. This is a special effects company Established originally in Acton Vale in 1993
180 Maya Cosmetics. This was Maya House in the 1980s. They seem have made nail varnish.

Barrett’s Green Road
This was originally Acton Lane in the 1890s, but the route of Acton Lane was straightened, by 1915 leaving this as a loop off it.  Barretts Green was a green space on the original line of the road
Lower Place house was a 15th house owned by Sir John Elrington originally Lower Place Farm beside Barrett's Green. Maybe the site of a chapel built by Sir John where Thomas More’s daughters were married in 1525.   Farm land cut by the canal and then the railway. By the end of the 19th century a farm in Acton had become known as Lower Place Farm
Medivance Instruments Ltd. Velopex Medical equipment suppliers, this s a dental equipment specialist company offering dental diagnostic solutions, patient treatment equipment, veterinary diagnostics and portable dentistry products
Park Royal Studios. Photographic Studio Hire & Services
Swan Works Mabie, Todd and Co. manufactured the Swan pen here but were eventually bombed and the works badly damaged
Ambulance Depot. This had links to the Central Middlesex Hospital.
11 Park Lane Group. Shoe manufacturers. Footwear & accessories designed in London since 2000
Lower Place School. Constructed by the local authority in 1915 on a site next to the temporary school. In the 1930s it included a Lower Place School for Mothers. It closed 1977 and was apparently demolished in 1997.
Lower Place Temporary School. This opened in 1902 as a board school and was closed in 1915.
Houses. These were on the south side of the road in 1930s. They were demolished from the 1970s following decisions to- turn the road into an industrial area only
Steps down to the canal towpath from a green area alongside a restaurant near to the junction with Acton Lane.

Canal
This is the Grand Union Canal Paddington Arm. The Grand Union starts in London and ends in Birmingham with arms to places like Leicester, Slough, Aylesbury, and Northampton.  The Paddington branch runs to Paddington in central London leaving the main line of the canal at Bull's Bridge in Hayes. It is a long level pound of 27 miles without locks and is fed by water from the Brent Reservoir (the Welsh Harp, Hendon).
CEGB cable. There is an electric grid cable concealed beneath the concrete slabs of the tow path. It begins at the old power station site here and runs to the East End. The Central Electricity Generating Board used the canal for laying the cable ducts as it provided the most direct route across London as well as easier access for maintenance. The canal water is used in the process of keeping the cable cool.
Waxlow Road Pipe Bridge – this crosses the canal from the area of the McVitie factory
Feeder. Underneath a small bridge, is the canal feeder from the Brent Reservoir,
Harlesden Winding Hole. This is where the feeder stream joins the canal. A winding hole is a place where canal boats could turn round.
Grand Junction Arms Pub. Visitor Moorings
Lower Place Bridge No 9.this carries Acton Lane over the canal and is known locally as ‘The Red Bridge”
Acton Lane Power Station Bridge No 9A
Acton Lane Power Station Bridge No 9B
Transformer station. The Canal bisects the transformer site with associated high level bridges required for cross site cables.
Towpath – this is continuous along the south bank with moored vessels, seating and graffiti.  There are a set of fairly grand steps from Barretts Green road to the tow path. There is also a junction with
Steele Road

Blakemore DrivePrincess Royal Distribution Centre on a long central sidings. One of seven Royal Mail distribution centres which are responsible for handling customer sorted products such as Business Mail. It is the central hub in London for the transport of mail by road and rail. In 1999 there were around 20 train arrivals and departures and about 500 road vehicle trips, and it was handling 12 to 16 million items of post daily. However, although Originally built to integrate the movement of mail between road and rail, it is now mostly used as a road hub

Craven Road
Harlesden Station. This was opened in 1875 by the Midland Railway and was first called as ‘Harrow Road for Stonebridge Park and West Willesden’. . It was built when the road has been straightened in 1855 which meant that it was built fewer than two roads with the same name. It was on the super outer circle; this stretch of which is now the Dudding Hill line.  In 1876 it became Harrow Road for Stonebridge Park and Harlesden; in 1880; with variants in succeeding yeas. It closed in 1888 but was reopened in 1893 and in 1901 it was renamed Harlesden for West Willesden and Stonebridge Park. It closed to passengers in 1902 but the street level station buildings were not demolished until 1960s.  Some platform edges remain, although most were removed when the railway embankment was pinned to stop slippage in 2001. The Platform itself could be seen from Craven Road until the 1960s. The Booking office was used as a car park office.  The Dudding Hill Line remains in use as a goods only line.
Goods sidings.  These were slightly down Craven Road and remained in use for coal deliveries until the 1960s. The former goods office remained until 2010 despite a fire in 2009.

Disraeli Road
All houses pre-Second World War, after the war this road became purely industrial
Premier House.  Luxcrete with a glass bricked head office frontage Timber merchants.
Drakeglen House, Custom fabric and paper print – design it yourself.
Mission of the Good Shepherd. This opened in 1890. It was on the north side of the road, later taken over by Mission Engineering.
Disraeli Road Baths. Built by Willesden Borough Council

Hillside
This is a continuation of Harrow Road and in the past has been known as such.
St Michael and All Angels. Church of England set up from 1876 when mission meetings were held in rented rooms with a permanent Mission room in 1879. The London Diocesan Home Mission provided a new building in 1885 which eventually became a Parish church. Te church was but in 1891 in red brick in late 13th style by Goldie and Child. Various extensions have been made since. The church continues to flourish
Sun Disc. Sculpture on the corner with Brentfield Road. Desi
gned by Guy Paterson and Geraldine Konya. It is a steel circle cut out to show all sorts of shapes, people, animals etc. Installed in 1994
Stonebridge Evangelical Centre.  Originally set up by London City Mission who had had various buildings in the area since 1903. All were replaced in 1972 by a new chapel ere
32 Orange Tree Pub. Closed and demolished. This was a laree double fronted half timbered building.
Bridge Park Hotel. This was the Stonebridge Park Hotel and appears to be closed. It is a mid 19th public house.
Canal feeder.  This waterway crosses the road to the west of the Stonebridge Park hotel.
177 Coach and Horses, The pub included a gymnasium. Rebuilt to the designs of M T Saunders, in brick, render and half timber reopening in summer 1908. Demolished in 2002
Palace of Varieties. In a separate but adjacent building to the Coach and Horses. A building may have been in use as early as 1860, but it opened 1901.  It was rebuilt with the pub in 1908. By 1909 it was a cinema. It was closed by 1922 and was altered later. Later it suffered subdivision, the demolition of the dressing rooms and an alteration to the front. It is now part of a garage, but some elements of the theatre remain to the rear
Stonebridge Recreation Ground.  This opened in 1902 on land that was part of the District Council's Sewage Farm. By 1906 most of the sewage farm belonged to the Council and was laid out for cricket and football plus a playground. During the Second World War a honeycomb of air raid shelters under the ground protected several thousand people. Later entertainments for children were provided and in 1957 an open air theatre was built. Recently New gates designed by local children as part of a summer workshop commemorated community leader, Yetunde Bolaji.
The Pavilion. With National Lottery funding it offers sports hall, artificial grass pitch and floodlit sports pitches.

Lower Place
This is a name for what is now part of Park Royal.  It was named from a large house – or a farm - probably he manor house of East Twyford and marked on maps in the late 18th and early. The name appears to refer to the low-lying situation on marshy ground in the flood plain of the River Brent.

McNichol Drive
Coriander House. Charlie Bingham’s –this is posh ready-meals founded in 1996.
Concept House – this is a site for offices and small business. The gate into the site has a design of hares and shields – was it salvaged from somewhere else?

Milton Avenue
Housing at the west end covers the site of an engineering and other works present until at least the 1880s
Small grass patch with a seat, railings and a view of rubbish bins, apparently managed by London and Quadrant.
W.J.Bond, Cabinet makers – making ‘gramophone’ cabinets. They had been on site since 1920 and remained into the 1940s.
G.Blunt, Library furniture manufacture. 1920s.
Canal feeder. This stream crosses the road from the west side of Johnson Road and runs to the railway over a section of landscaped grass
The western end of the road continues as a footpath to Stonebridge Recreation Ground.  It passes alongside school buildings

Mordaunt Road
This area redeveloped since 1994 recreating the street pattern of the original early 20th housing on the site. This had been replaced by the 1960s Stonebridge Estate, now demolished

Morlands Gardens
Altamira. This is a 19th rustic villa in the Italianate style by Henry Edward Kendall Jr built in 1876. After the Great War it was too big for a family home. By 1926 it was the Services Rendered Club (aka the Altamira Working Man’s Club), with ground floor extensions to enlarge the bar and other facilities. In 1994 it became the Stonebridge Centre for Adult Education, and now Brent Start. There are plans to demolish it and build flats and a smaller education centre.

Oliver Road
This road contains a large gated trading estate which appears to have been built on land which was allotments until at least the 1970s.

Railway lines
London and Birmingham Railway. This opened here in 1837 from Euston.  The route from Euston is currently the southern section of the West Coast main line.  The first station at the site was called Willesden and was opened in 1841 and closed in 1866.  This important line connects London with many major cities of England, Wales and Scotland. It is one of the busiest railway routes in Europe carrying both intercity and suburban passengers and freight.  It is the main rail freight corridor linking to the Channel Tunnel and is thus a strategic European route
London and North Western Railway. This line opened here in 1912. It is currently managed by the Bakerloo Line on London Underground. Originally new electrified tracks were built alongside its existing main line between Watford and Kilburn by what was by then the London and North West Railway. The lines between Willesden Junction and Watford opened 1912 - 1913, together with new stations including Harlesden. Bakerloo Tube services were extended there to Willesden in 1915 and from 1917; the tube service was extended to Watford Junction using these lines.
Princess Royal distribution Centre on long central sidings
Willesden Brent sidings are a marshalling yard and stabling on the eastern side of the West Coast Main Line between Stonebridge Park and Harlesden Stations on the Watford and Bakerloo Lines. London and North Western Railway sidings, built between 1873 and 1894. Willesden F sidings to the south
Siding to McVities factory off to the south and a siding to what was Acton Power Station.
Dudding Hill Line.  This runs north/south on the eastern edge of this square and is not connected to the through east/west lines or to Harlesden Station. A previous Harlesden Station on the line is ling closed. The line runs between Acton and Cricklewood. It has no scheduled passenger service, no stations, and is not electrified. It is used for freight only. It opened in 1868 as the Midland and South Western Junction Railway. There was a sidings to Acton power station

Shakespeare Avenue
Stonebridge Primary School, this is an early 20th board school, in a Queen Anne style.  There have been some additions since and there are also small workshop outbuildings.  It was also once known as Stonebridge County Primary School. It opened in 1900 as a board school for boys, girls and infants. It was reorganised in 1932 and again in. 1955. The building were modernised and extended in 1978.
Day Centre to the main school
London Welsh School. Ysgol Gymraeg Llundain. The London Welsh School's origins were language classes in 1955 for which a dedicated school was set up two years later. In 2000 the London Welsh School was to leave the Welsh Chapel in Willesden but were relocated in the annex of a primary school. In 2015 the school moved to Hanwell.

Stonebridge Park Estate
Developed by the architect H.E. Kendall Jr. between 1872 and 1876, to provide “smart new villas for City men”.  About sixty villas were built around the nearby station n Craven Park, on the Midland and South-Western Junction railway, which opened in 1875.

Steele Road
At the northern end of the road it joins the canal towpath.
Lower Place Business Centre
Children’s home built c.1915

Stonebridge Park,
Canal side Industrial Estate.  Many of the factories bordering on the canal have canal side terraces.

Waxlow Road
Mcvities. McVitie's is owned by United Biscuits. The name derives from the original Scottish biscuit maker, McVitie & Price, established in 1830 in Edinburgh. They later developed large manufacturing plants south of the border, including Harlesden opened in 1902 and originally called the Edinburgh Biscuit Works. McVitie's produces chocolate digestives, Hobnobs, Rich tea.  All three were originally created in 1925 in McVitie’s Harlesden factory. In 2014, United Biscuits became owned by Turkish company Yildiz. Harlesden works is the biggest biscuit factory in Europe – bakes 125,000 tonnes of biscuit and snacks every year, and around one sixth is exported. a single storey brick fronted unit with saw tooth north lights in the roof survives from the 1930s as does also as brick building parallel to the canal.
Heinz. Henry John Heinz sold horseradish sauce in Pittsburgh from 1869. A British subsidiary was established to manage Heinz imports from America in 1886. In 1914 Salad Cream was introduced the first product that Heinz created for the UK market. Heinz UK sales quadrupled between 1919 and 1927. And a 22 acre Greenfield site was opened in Harlesden, London in 1925. The works was on the canal side with private rail sidings. In the first year, 125 workers produced 100,000 tons of food and it became one of the largest employers in the area. In 1924 they used 8 railway wagons of Welsh coal every day for the boilers and converted 8,000 gallons of water to steam every hour. There was a unit converting Welsh plate into tins. In the 1920s tinplate came by rail and they distributed soup from the sidings.  The factory had a long water frontage and sported the number '57'. They used the canal as a supply route to bring in beans and raw materials from the London Docks and for the transport of canned products until the 1960's. Closed in 2000 it is now the Premier Park Trading Estate
Townsend Industrial Estate
Canal feeder. This passes across the road slightly to the west of the fire station
Park Royal Fire Station. Built in 1958 to the 'Middlesex' design, this is a 2-storey fire station with bays for two fire appliances. It has a 4-storey drill tower in the yard, which is a landmark through much of the area,
Gormley House. This belonged to Gormley Stone Marble Granite Ltd. It is now a general office block

Wesley Road
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Primary School. This opened in 1973 as a voluntary aided Roma Catholic school for boys and girls. They were inn part of the building formerly occupied by Wesley Road School
Wesley Road School. Opened in 1910 as local authority school for boys and girls. Reorganised in 1932. After the 1944 Act it became a secondary modern and new buildings where provided in 1956.  It closed in 1969.

Winchelsea Road
Taylor and Tucker, art metal works. They made ornate metal work domestic item – grates, bath taps, light fittings, etc. in the 1890s. They had a Soho office and showrooms.  Following a fire they went out of business

Sources
Acton electricity
British History online. Willesden. Website
Canal Plan. Web site
Canal walks
Connor. Forgotten Stations
Disused Stations. Web site
Field. London place names, 
Firth, Bill notes 
GLIAS Newsletter
Grace’s Guide, Web site
Greater London Authority. Web site
London Borough of Brent. Website
London Encyclopaedia
McCarthy.  Railways. London North of the Thames 
McVtie. Web site
Middlesex Churches, 
National Grid. Website
NW10 Moonies. Web site
Open House. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
Walford.  Village London 
Wikipedia. Web site. As appropriate