Tuesday, 4 June 2019

Swiss Cottage

Post to the west West Hampstead
Post to the north Frognal and Hampstead

Adelaide Road
Named after Queen Adelaide, wife of William IV. 
4a Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre. This is now managed by Better. The current centre dates from 2006 by Farrell’s. It was a Public Private Partnership between the Council, Barratt Homes and Dawnay Day. It has a fitness suite, a four-court sports hall; two squash courts; a climbing wall; two exercise studios and a café. There is a competition swimming pool and a teaching pool. A landscaped park was designed by Gustafson Porter with an all-weather football pitch and a doctors’ surgery. The previous centre was built 1963-4 by Basil Spence and intended as the part of a new Civic Centre.  It was built on the site of a previous congregational church. 
The UCL Academy. This is a secondary school, which opened in 2012 and sponsored by University College London .It is in a new purpose-built structure with rooms for cross-curricular general learning called Superstudios; science laboratories, and a science demonstration theatre, an engineering science suite, including workshops and labs.

Avenue Road
Swiss Cottage station.  The current station lies between Finchley Road and St.John’s Wood stations on the Jubilee Line. There were two stations here, the original opened in 1868 and Built by the Metropolitan and St.John's Wood Railway. It opened between Baker Street and Swiss Cottage and was thus the northern terminus, extended to West Hampstead in 1879.  In the 1920s the Metropolitan Railway demolished the street-level station building on the west side of Finchley Road, and replaced it with a shopping arcade. By the mid-1930s to ease this congestion, a new deep-level tunnel was built between Finchley Road station and the Bakerloo line tunnels at Baker Street and from 1939 some trains then transferred to the Bakerloo line. A new Bakerloo line station was then opened here, In 1940 Metropolitan line station closed. The station building was demolished in the 1960s and the current station is effectively the one built fir the Bakerloo trains now running as the Jubilee Line
School for the Blind. This was the London Society for Teaching the Blind to Read and for Training Them in Industrial Occupations. 1876-1930. it was on the corner with Eton Avenue, It originated in 1838 with Thomas Lucas established whose Lucas Type was a form of embossed text. In 1847 a purpose-built school in Swiss Cottage was completed. In the Second World War the evacuated to Buckinghamshire and in 1954 moved to Seal.
Sunnyside.  Large mansion which became St. Columba’s Hospital. The house was later demolished and it became the site of the Hampstead Theatre. The site is now an open space next to Swiss Cottage Library. 
St Columba's Hospital. This was Friedensheim Islington, in 1885.  It was to provide for dying men. In 1892 they moved to Sunnyside at a large mansion house and it was turned into a Home Hospital. In 1915its name was changed to St Columba's Hospital (Home of Peace for the Dying).  Terminally ill women were also admitted. In the Second World War the Hospital reserved a ward for casualties. It joined the NHS in 1948 and in 1954 moved to Spaniards Road.
Ye Olde Swiss Cottage. This is a chalet-style building, painted French mustard colour, with balconies, shutters and an Alpine look. There's a beer garden outside. It was built in 1840, known as the Swiss Tavern and was a coaching inn. When Finchley and Avenue Roads were built in 1926 they went around the pub. It’s a Sam Smiths house.  It is said to have originated as a toll keeper’s cottage for toll-gate which to nearby
88 Swiss Cottage Library. This had been remodelled by John McAslan & Partner on the basis of the Grade II building originally designed by Sir Basil Spence in 1962-64
Congregational church
. This was on the site of the library and called New College chapel. It was Founded 1853 and designed by J. T. Emmett, it had stained glass, by Alfred East.  It closed in 1941 and its stained glass is in a church at Hendon.
80 Swiss Cottage School. This is a maintained special school for learners with complex layered needs - Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties, Severe Learning Difficulties, Moderate Learning Difficulties, Autistic Spectrum Disorders, Communication Disorders, Sensory Needs, Physical Needs, and/or Social, Emotional Mental Health Needs. It is also a Teaching School and a research centre. Current building opened in 2012 is by Penoyre & Prasad.
Hampstead Theatre Club. This was a small studio used as a theatre from 1963 to 2002 when it became the Hampstead Theatre in Eton Avenue.
John Keats and Franklin D. Roosevelt Schools.  Built 1959 and 1955-7 by the LCC job architects A. J. Lynne and W. Kretchmer for handicapped and delicate children, The Roosevelt School closed in 1993. And seems to have been replaced by Swiss Cottage School.
The Hampstead Figure by F.E. McWilliam, 1964. Abstract sculpture commissioned by Basil Spence for the green space near the library.  May since have been moved.
St Paul’s church. This was a parish church standing opposite Swiss Cottage School and dating from 1860 It. was closed and united with the parish of St Mary the Virgin, Primrose Hill in 1956.  The site is now housing.

Baynes Mews
Grand street with garages behind. 1871, also by Willett, street front of three storeys with arched windows, coloured brickwork, and a still genuine cobbled area

Belsize Avenue
This was the carriage way leading to Belsize House from the Great Road to Hampstead – now Haverstock Hill.

Belsize Lane
Winding character indicates that it is an earlier road than the surrounding 19th developments.
Belsize Farm. This was in the area of Belsize Place and fronted Belsize Lane from the 18th. As the lane here was on private land the farm maintained a toll gate to charge those passing through.
London Parcels Delivery Co 1890s, near Belsize Place
Air shafts. Behind houses at the entrance to Belsize Lane are two airshafts for the Belsize Tunnel below
120 Tavistock Clinic Centre. The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust is a specialist mental health trust. It was originally the Tavistock institute of medical psychology founded in 1920 by Dr. Hugh Crichton-Miller. Its original location was in Tavistock Square. From the start in order to offer free treatment the clinic needed to generate income by providing training to clinical professionals.  In 1948 it became a leading clinic within the newly created NHS and remains extremely influential. In 1994 it joined with the Portman Clinic to become the Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust.
The Tavistock Centre is on the site of the Marie Curie Hospital which fronted onto Fitzjohns Avenue. This replaced a temporary wooden church which was replaced by Holy Trinity in Finchley Road.
Statue of Sigmund Freud. This is on the corner with Fitzjohns Avenue but was originally outside the Basil Spence Leisure Centre where it was unveiled 1970 by five of Freud’s grandchildren.  It was cast in plaster in Vienna by Oscar Nemon and through an international appeal to psycho analysts the money was raised for a bronze.

Belsize Park
Belsize House. Belsize was a sub manor recorded in the early 14th and Belsize House is mentioned in 1496. Means Be-assis beautifully sited The House stood at a point somewhere between the present day St Peters church and the junction of Belsize Park and Belsize Park Gardens. As an Elizabethan mansion it was owned by the Waad family who held various Crown offices, and were implicated in the Overbury scandal.  In the Civil War they were Royalists and the house was occupied by Cromwell's men.  The house was rebuilt in 1663 in the restoration style. From 1720 it became pleasure garden.  With concerts, dancing, fishing, hunting and racing but in 1722 the magistrates tried to prevent unlawful gaming and rioting.  The house was rebuilt again in 1746 and 1812. It was demolished in 1853.
69 Woodcote. The Hill Junior School. This is an upmarket ‘prep’ school. The school has been on various sites in the area but has had this building since 1916.
St.Peter’s Church. Built 1858-9 by W. Mumford in ragstone with chancel and tower-porch added by J.P. St Aubyn around 1875. It stands in a garden area and the church today runs an active musical arts programme.

Belsize Square
Belsize Square Synagogue. Built in 1958 by H. W. Reifenberg, incorporating the 1915 vicarage of the neighbouring St Peter's Church, It is an independent synagogue – neither orthodox nor reform. It derives from continental Liberal Judaism, and was founded in 1939 by refugees mainly from Germany. Services are mainly conducted in Hebrew, and its music and which are live streamed.

Belsize Terrace
This is an open space with shops surrounding tree and seating. When the estate was built developer, Willett, gave up some land to form a village green here.

Broadhurst Gardens
This area was heavily bombed in the Second World War and replacement housing, including Broadhurst Close, must reflect this.
Broadhurst Gardens Play Area. This was once called Broadhurst Copse. It appears to be a Camden Council playground on old railway land alongside the Great Central Railway line and its temporary terminus at Canfield Place.

Buckland Crescent
18 The Hall School. This upmarket ‘prep’ school originated as Belsize School, founded here in 1881.
Canfield Gardens
10a Hampstead Shtiebel. Part of the South Hampstead Synagogue
Canfield/Greencroft Open Space. This lies between Canfield and Greencroft Gardens and is an open space with trees and wildlife habitat. It includes a community allotment for vegetables and herbs.

Canfield Place
Terminus. This was the original terminus of the Great Central railway. From 1894 the Great Central Railway, originally the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincoln Railway, ran on Metropolitan tracks from Quainton Road to Canfield Road which became the terminus.
Tunnel. The railway ran through tunnels from Canfield Place in the ‘Hampstead Tunnel’ to Marylebone from 1899. This had two double track tunnels side by side, but only one was ever used. The portal of the second tunnel exists at Canfield Road but after a few yards it narrows and the end is bricked up.
Warehouses. Eleven stables were built in Canfield Place, backing on Finchley Road station, in 1884-5 by Ernest Estcourt and James Dixon,
Electric substation, this is at the end of the road on railway property
Canfield Place Signal box. This stood beyond the sub-station.

College Crescent
North court. This house had been built in 1880 for the businessman Samuel Palmer, of Huntley & Palmer Biscuits. He died in 1903, having given the house to a hospital charity.
20, Children's Hospital. The Home for Incurable Children opened in 1875 in Maida Vale. In 1904 it moved to Northcourt.  In 1919 the name changed to the Northcourt Hospital for Sick Children because more conditions were treatable. In 1928 it became the Hampstead Hospital for Children and then the Children's Hospital, Hampstead. It closed at the beginning of the Second World War and the building was requisitioned. After the War it was used as the Royal Free Hospital's Preliminary Training School for nurses and later used as a Nurses' Home. It was sold in 1995.  In 2004, it was converted into a budget hotel for back packers called Palmers Lodge
Palmer Memorial Drinking Fountain. Presented in memory of Samuel Palmer of North Court, Hampstead by his widow and family through the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association. 1904 This is Palmer of Huntley and Palmer's biscuits,
New College of Independent Dissenters. this institution trained ministers and opened in 1851 in a Tudor style building designed by J. T. Emmett, It was an amalgamation of three dissenting academies., It had a distinguished staff and students could study for London University degrees. It eventually became part of the theology department of London University and moved to a building in Finchley Road
Northways. For five years during the Second World War Northway’s, flats at the junction with Finchley Road, was requisitioned by the Government, and became the headquarters of Britain's submarine service.  I 1940 the Navy headed by Admiral Sir Max Horton, planned the offensive off the Norwegian coast and in the Mediterranean.  The basement was converted into an emergency operations centre, but tenants of the flats above remained. In 1945, the submarine service returned to Gosport

Compayne Gardens
Compayne Open Space, this lies between Compayne and Canfield Gardens. There is a hard surfaced tennis court area, an open grassed area with a few trees and a community garden. A number of trees and shrubs have been planted along with climbing species on trellises.

Crossfield Road
The Hall School. Posh ‘prep’school.  They are on three sites around the area and moved to this one before 1909.

Eton Avenue
54 Hampstead Chest Clinic. In the 1950s-60 this was a tuberculosis clinic.
Hampstead Theatre.  Glass building with environmentally ok auditorium. Built by Bennett Associates 2003. It began as the Hampstead Theatre Club’ in Holly Bush Vale. In 1962 they moved to a studio in Swiss Cottage and in 2003, the new 325-seat Hampstead Theatre was built. As well as the main auditorium there is a studio theatre
64 Embassy Theatre, The Embassy Theatre was opened as a repertory company in 1928 in what had been the Hampstead Conservatoire of Music. The theatre was sold to the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama in 1956 that remain there. It is now a branch of London University. There has been a new build project in the early 21st for rehearsal and performance spaces.
Hampstead Conservatoire of Music. This was a private college for music and the arts. The building had been the Eton Avenue Hall, rebuilt in 1890 with a large Willis pipe organ – this organ was transferred to St Peter's Church in Brighton in 1910.   In 1928 the building was converted into the Embassy Theatre.

Fairfax Place
Fairfax Yard. Fairfax National Gauge Factory. This was opened: in 1917 by the Ministry of Munitions. It was managed by the Wolsey Motor Co. and operated by German Prisoners of War
44 Stereoscopic Displays. Registered as luminising works using radium.

Fairfax Road
Britannia Pub. Dated from the 1860s but rebuilt on a slightly different site in the 1960s.  Now a supermarket.

Fairhazel Gardens
Fairhazel Open Space is between Fairhazel and Compayne Gardens. It is open space with perimeter trees.
8 Camden’s Hub for mental health well being. This is an old school building, also once used as a Civil Defence centre
All Souls Church of England School. This was founded in 1860 in a hay loft in Victoria Mews. It provided instruction for the poor and children of omnibus drivers and similar.   The site in Fairhazel Gardens was turned into a new school in 1871 but lack of space prevented expansion. It was closed by 1951 as part of London County Council’s post-war plans

Finchley Road 
This was built as an additional by-pass to the old road north through Hampstead. Built through the demesne of Frognal this was laid out as a turnpike road by Colonel Eyre, owner of the Eyre Estate. It is crossed by the Westbourne, and the Kilburn streams - Excavations prove that this was the furthest point south which ice age glaciers reached.  ..
Rail tunnel for the Midland Railway runs underneath the road, built by W.H. Barlow, 1865-7 and duplicated in the 1880s. It is a mile long.
Finchley Road Station. This opened in 1868, Built by the Midland Railway.  It was called ‘Finchley Road and St.John’s Wood’.  It closed in 1927 closed.
263 Micnora Leather goods factory. This was here in the 1940s and early 1950s.
Finchley Road Station.  Opened in 1879 it lies between Wembley Park and Baker Street on the Metropolitan Line and between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage on the Jubilee Line. It was originally built by the Metropolitan District Railway and stands on the corner of Finchley Road and Canfield Gardens. In 1884 the name was changed to ‘Finchley Road (South Hampstead)’ and in 1914 it was rebuilt with the entrance part of a parade of shops. In 1939 the Bakerloo Line was extended here from Baker Street. The station was rebuilt with two island platforms - Metropolitan trains using outer tracks and Bakerloo trains the inner.   In 1979 the Bakerloo line trains became Jubilee Line
Car Park. In 1964 an automatic barrier - the first ever - was installed in the car park here.
158 The Frognal Bijou Picture Palace. This opened in 1910 as a purpose built cinema. G is in white stone, with two bay windows on the first floor level. By 1914, it had been re-named Frognal Picture Palace. In 1920/1921, it was re-named Odette’s Picture House, then later Arcadia Cinema and by 1924, it was the Casino Picture Theatre. Around 1930 it was converted to ‘talkies’, and renamed New Frognal Kinema.  It was closed in 1931. The building is new in use as a shop.
The Lighthouse. This was Holy Trinity Church.  It was originally built in 1871, to replace a temporary wooden church in Belsize Lane and the foundation stone as laid by the philanthropist Earl of Shaftesbury. It was expensive, designed by Henry Legg with deep concrete foundations under the steeple because of the Metropolitan Railway below.  In 1968 a private parliamentary bill allowed demolition of the church and a smaller one built in its place. This was built 1978 by Biscoe & St Lon in brick. There are now plans to rebuild again as part of the Lighthouse project.
Hampstead Ice skating rink. This opened in 1880 and was refused a music and dancing licence. In 1882 it was rebuilt as a clubhouse with a rink behind and it also provided lawn tennis, since it was replaced in 1887 by the municipal baths.
199 Waitrose. This was the John Barnes department store which opened in 1900. The present building was built in the 1930s by T.P.Bennett and Son and was purchased by the John Lewis partnership in 1940.
Hampstead Baths. These replaced the skating rink. The Hampstead vestry opened its own baths in Finchley Road, opposite the North Star, in 1888 in a building designed by A. W. S. Cooper and Henry Spalding. There were two swimming baths for men, one for women, and 24 private baths; washhouses were not required in that neighbourhood.  A second bath for women was added in 1891. In 1910 a Roller Skating Pavilion was opened. After the Swiss Cottage Leisure centre was opened in 1963 The Finchley Road building was used as a warehouse was burnt down in 1972 and replaced by a new building for Woolworths. It is now an Iceland supermarket
104 The North Star. This was built in 1850 as one of the first buildings to grace the new Finchley Road. It was purpose built as a pub, with embossed stars on the pillar supports. Originally there was a stone balustrade and arch at roof level which were removed as unsafe. A cast-iron balcony remains. It was a tram terminus in the 1920's. In the 1930 the Bakerloo Line (now the Jubilee) was built and the Metropolitan line was diverted, lies three feet below the cellar floor.
New College Parade. This parade of shops lies on and to the north of the site of New College and behind the site of the Children’s Hospital. In the early 19th it was the site of Abbey Farm lodge, an ‘Elizabethan residence’, built in the 1840s.
96 Odeon Cinema. This was one of the original cinemas in the Oscar Deutsch chain of Odeon Theatres Ltd which opened in 1937. It was the only original Odeon to be equipped with a theatre organ, a Compton 3Manual/8Ranks (with Melotone & Grand Piano) and illuminated console. The exterior was plain with a series of seven tall windows. This interior was ‘modernised’ in 1960 and from 1973 the Odeon it was a triple screen cinema. It was closed in 2011, for a complete modernisation with an IMAX auditorium, new seats and screens. It now has 5 screens, 4 f these are Odeon Luxe cinemas and the IMAX screen has recliner seats.

Fitzjohns Avenue
Built through the lands of the Maryon Wilsons following what was originally a track from St. John’s Wood to Hampstead via the Shepherd’s Well.  Spencer Maryon Wilson commissioned an estate plan and named roads after their estate in Great Canfield.
1 Edinburgh House. Army Reserve Centre. Two intelligence corps are currently based here.
2 Marie Curie Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases. Founded for the "radiological treatment of women suffering from cancer and allied diseases", the hospital opened in 1929.  Funds had been raised through a public appeal to buy 2 Fitzjohn's Avenue.  The 30-bed hospital was staffed entirely by women.  Marie Curie was of course the scientist who discovered radium. An Out-Patients Department was opened and soon after bought the adjoining building, No. 4 in 1933.  In 937 a new building for research laboratories - the Helen Chambers Laboratories - and a Nurses' Home were opened here. In 1938 it was renamed the Marie Curie Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases. At the outbreak of Second World War the radium was stored in the vaults of the Middlesex Hospital and the patients were transferred to country hospitals. In 1944 the buildings, except for the new wing and the shelter, were totally destroyed by a high explosive bomb, fortunately with no casualties. Radium, stored in steel cylinders, was buried beneath the building and not recovered for almost three weeks.  The hospital had an annexe at no 66 and the hospital continued there.  In 1965 it moved to Mount Vernon and it closed in 1967.  The site is now largely taken up with the Tavistock Centre fronting onto Belsize Lane.
3 Hyme House. This was the home of society portrait painter Philip de László.  The house was built in 1886; and de Laszlo and his wife, Lucy Guinness lived there 1921 - 1937.  In 1938 the Sisters of Mercy of the Holy Cross, took over this house and also 5-7 and turned it into a girls' school, which was here until 1985. It has since been a hotel and a private house, de Lazlo House
8 Portman Clinic. This is adjacent to the Tavistock Centre. The Portman Clinic was founded in 1931 with clinical services for people with problems from delinquent, criminal, or violent behaviour. Its early vice-presidents included Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Havelock Ellis and HG Wells. The Portman and Tavistock Clinics joined forces in 1994 to become the Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust.

Goldhurst Terrace
Maryon Wilson Green Triangle and Goldhurst Open Space lie to the rear of Fairhazel Gardens and Goldhurst Terrace. It is a community garden with sycamore woodland and ivy ground cover. There is an amenity area, an herb garden beds and a shrubbery. There is a pond has and the hedging uses native species.

Harben Road
Playground. On the north east side of the road on the estate
Air shaft. This is for the railway below and is sited on the edge of the play area.  The railway is the line into Marylebone from Canfield Place.
Hampstead School of Golf, had a sports ground on the north east side of the road in the 1930s.

Hillgrove Road
St John's Wood Fire Station. This was on part of the site of Regency Lodge. 1890s-1900s.

Loudon Road
South Hampstead Station. Opened in 1879 this lies Between Kilburn High Road and Euston on the London Overground Line to Euston . It was built by the London North West Railway and called Loudon Road station" the name changing in 1922. The original LNWR street building was replaced by one in the 1960s and a new station footbridge was constructed.

Maresfield Gardens
St. Thomas More, Roman Catholic Church built 1968-9 by Gerard Goalen. It has an elliptical plan. It is the third church on this site since 1938 when a temporary church was installed here. This was replaced in 1953 and again in 1968
20 Freud Museum.  Plaque to Sigmund Freud.  Freud only lived here a short while having fled from Vienna in 1938, his daughter Anna stay here until her death in 1982. It was her wish that the house be converted to a museum. It was opened in 1986.
South Hampstead Girls High School. The school was founded in 1876, the ninth school established by the Girls' Public Day School Trust, as the St John's Wood School. In 1887 the name changed to South Hampstead High School; and moved to a purpose-built site in Maresfield Gardens. Since the the school has expanded and new buildings added.
Holy Trinity school. This was built for Trinity Church on a site donated by the Maryon Wilsons. The school continues as a local primary school

Netherhall Gardens
4 this was once the Vicarage for Holy Trinity Church
6 British College of Osteopathic Medicine. This was founded as the British College of Naturopathy in 1936 by Stanley Leif. It has been here since 1953. It is named after Hector Frazer, who gave it to the British Naturopathic & Osteopathic Association. It housed lecture rooms, accommodation and a Clinic with treatment rooms. The House dated from 1883, designed by Batterbury and Huxley and commissioned by Thomas Davidson, whose paintings are in the Greenwich Maritime Museum. Since 1954 there have been three extensions.
8 North Bridge House. Private nursery.
10 Beatrice & Sydney Webb - home of the social scientists and political reformers with blue plaques.
5 & 12 South Hampstead High School.  Junior Department.

Winchester Road
21 The Winchester hotel. Dating from the 1890s it closed around 1970 to become the Winchester Project, for local youth.
St. Paul Church of England. Primary School, They moved to a purpose build school on a sire leased by Eton Coll. It became voluntary aided Church of England primary school in 1951. The building closed in 1972 and the school moved elsewhere.
St. John's Wood High School was opened by Girls' Public Day School Trust in 1876 in a house here, in 1882, they moved to a new building in Maresfield Gardens.

Acorn Archive, Web site
AIM. Web site
Barton, Lost Rivers of London
Better. Web site
Blue Plaque Guide
British History Online. Camden. Web site
Camden History Review
Clarke. In our Grandmother’s Footsteps
Clunn. The Face of London
Darke. The Monument Guide
Day. London Underground
Field. London Place names
GLC home sweet home
Hampstead Synagogue. Web site
Headley & Meulenkamp. Follies
Lighthouse. Web site
London Borough of Camden. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Lucas. London
O’Connor. Forgotten Stations
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Portman and Tavistock NHS Trust. Web site
Records of the Chelsea Speleological Society
Robbins. North London Railway
Summerson. Georgian London
Symonds. Behind Blue Plaques
Tavistock Centre. Web site
The Underground Map. Web site
Trench & Hillman. London Under London
Walford.  Hampstead to the Lea

Thursday, 30 May 2019

Finchley Church End

Post to the north Dollis Brook West Finchley
Post to the west Dollis Brook, Finchley Church End

Albert Place
This turning is a late 19th back street to Ballard’s Lane. Now modern office blocks.
3 in 1892 this was Henry Hilsdon, job master

Arcadia Avenue
Site on the south side of The Limes. 
Arcadia Skating Rink which featured Glider skating. This remained until after the Second World War
North Thames Gas Board offices. These have since been replaced by modern office blocks.
22-23 Arcadia Works Machine Technology. Plastic product machines.  In the 1950s this was Finchley General Engineering.
Finchley Works, engineering 1970s
24-26 Depna House. Offices and storage facility
Hall’s Motors, Triumph specialists 1950s

Ballards Lane
Ancient road name, but the road was built in the mid-18th
Finchley House. This stood on the east side first site north of the station
5 Central Restaurant. This is on the site of what was originally the Railway Hotel. It was first built in 1868 and rebuilt in 1962.  Since then it has been 'Minstrel', 'Ferret & Trouser leg' and 'The Central'  it became an Indian restaurant/bar 'Coconut Tree' in 2008 and then 'Sun and Sea'. It reopened in 2010 under La Gogu as a pub-cum Romanian restaurant but a license review forcing table only service.
1 Central House. Office block.
Grove House. This was roughly on the site of Tesco. Dr.Henry Stephens bought the house in 1846. This became Stephens Ink. Ink production remained in Stamford Street but research and experiments on ink and wood stains were continued in outbuildings here.
St Margaret’s Presbyterian Church. This stood on the corner of Redbourne Avenue. The Presbyterian Church of England bought the land at the corner of Ballards Lane in 1891 and a hall was opened in 1893. A church was registered in 1895 and called Saint Margaret's from 1932. It joined Church End Congregational Church, in 1969 to form Union Church and it was then called Saint Margaret's United Reformed Church. The church hall was demolished in 1977. The site is now a bank.
Pillar box by A. Handyside & Co. Ltd. Derby & London.  The Foundry is 'Britannia and it has a later 'E VII R' cypher. It is a large box from 1901 – 1904 and stands on the corner with Redbourne Avenue
51 Joiners. This was the Joiners Arms. Dates to the 1870s.
64 this was Alcazar Gardens which had a Winter Garden Hall. From 1913 it was the Alcazar Picture Palace, operated by Alcazar Picture Theatres Ltd. and from 1914 it was called the Bohemia Cinema. In the Great War it was used as a factory making observation balloons. Shops and housing were built on the site in the 1920’s.
Kiwi Boot polish works. This firm took over the Alcazar hall.  In 1906 in Australia a Scottish ex-pat William Ramsay launched his shoe polish. By 1908, Ramsay began to export to Europe and then to manufacture in England, where a large factory was built in 1924. It is said that the first automatic filling line for polish tins was installed there.
Derwent Radio, this became Newton Wright and the Vacuum Interrupters, which is now part of GEC, took over the Alcazar site. A metalwork sign for Newton Wright now stands over the entrance to the site which is now housing.

Briar Close
This was once called Philipe Lane, or Green Lane, also Workhouse Lane. It is the remains of what was the main road before the North Circular was built.

Briarfield Avenue
Built in 1911 on part of the Manor Farm site.

Original railway station building and the station’s main entrance
Finchley Central Station.  Opened in 1867 this now lies between West Finchley and Mill Hill East and also East Finchley on the Northern Line.  It was opened by the Great Northern Railway as ‘Finchley and Hendon’, but named at first as ‘Finchley’.  It had originally been planned by the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway on its line from Finsbury Park to Edgware but before it opened it was sold to the Great Northern Railway. The station was an intermediate terminus and had an island platform. Trains went from here to Mill Hill East on the old London North East Railway line and also to Totteridge and Barnet on a branch line built by the GNR in 1872. Finchley Junction lies just west of the station bridge. In 1894 the station was renamed as ‘Finchley (Church End)’. It was never upgraded for the non-existent Northern Heights extension but Northern line trains started serving the station in 1940. Main line steam passenger services ended in 1941 and was renamed ‘Finchley Central’.   The station still retains much of its original Victorian architectural character. There is a commemorative plaque on Platform 3 to Harry Beck designer of the London tube map, together with a facsimile enamel panel of his iconic 1933 design
Goods yard closed in 1962. It lay to the east of the station on the north side of the line. It is now in use as a car park. A building for the signals and permanent way department was built near the south end of the South bound platform in 1985. Land south of the car park once part of the yard was unused next to the main lines and bordered by 1930's concrete retaining walls.

Claigmar Gardens
Craigmar Vineyard.

Claverley Grove
Site of Claverley House. Demolished,

Claigmar Avenue
. The road covers the northern part of the Claigmar Vineyard opened by the Kay family in 1874. In 1845 Peter Kay leased an acre in Ballards Lane for flowers and fruit and a second nursery in 1874 in Long Lane . In the 1890s this was extended. There was another nursery in Squires Lane. They produced 100 tons of grapes per year with 161 greenhouses in the 1890s. IN the 1920s it was converted to housing.

Dollis Park
2 Winston House.  In 2016 this was converted to a Travel Lodge Hotel. It was originally built by Terson’s building and construction contractors for their own occupation,
Clementine Court. Site of Terson’s Civil Engineering depot 1960s. Used as a depot by the post Office, now housing.
Royal Mail. Sorting and delivery office
Telephone exchange. This has an Edward VIII inscription above the main door.

Dudley Road
6a West Finchley Bowling Club. Lawn bowls with four rinks. They are under constant pressure to lose their site for housing.

East End Road
East Finchley was earlier 'East End' and the name is preserved in 'East End Road'. North Finchley was developed mainly in the late 19th. 
Hertford Lodge. Built around 1869 in Italianate style. Second floor panel engraved "HERTFORD HOUSE". In the basement retained wine bins and the electric bells. In 1892 home of John Heal, of the furniture store. Then from 1937 Miss McDonald’s boarding school.   Used for a while as council offices.Now flats
Avenue House.  Part of Stephens House and Gardens., This was built in 1859 on Templecroft field named after the Templars but reconstructed and extended after 1870 by H. C. Stephens, son of Dr Henry Stephens, inventor of Stephens’ Ink. He left it all to the Borough in 1918. It has an Italianate stucco front and an L-shaped with a turret. It is now used as a community base. It was one of the earliest houses to be lit by electricity.  In the Great War it was a hospital for airmen and kept by the Ministry of Health until 1925. It then became a public library and civil defence in 1939.  It later became council offices and council chamber. It now has a museum and archive.
R.A.F. Central Hospital. This was in  Avenue House. 1919 – 1925.In 1919 the R.A.F. Central Hospital, Hampstead, moved from Mount Vernon to Avenue House, and became R.A.F. Central Hospital, Finchley. It closed in June 1925
Lodge and Stable. Built in 1880 this is a courtyard complex with a stable range, a coach house and a coachman's house and tower. There is a dovecote attached to the stables
The Bothy. This is a castellated folly and eye catcher. It is an enclosure with a garden with buildings which are an early surviving example of reinforced concrete. It contained glasshouses, fish ponds and forcing pits a dairy, an abattoir, room for farriers, and housing for the principal estate workers.  The Estate had a herd of highland cattle, a flock of sheep and a stable of Cleveland Bay Horses. The glasshouses were supplied by William Temple and laid out in a symmetrical arrangement on the north wall and within the garden. There was a tropical house with palms, vineries, greenhouses, cucumber, melon and tomato pits and an orchard house for some vegetables and strawberry growing. There was a well and a sunken forcing house, and there were brick cold frames which remained until the 1960s.
The Gardens provide a mixed landscape and include an arboretum, a rockery, a bog garden, large park areas to play in and wooded areas to wall. Designed by Robert Marnock with a focus on trees and water features. The Dell was once a Bog Garden and was fed from the water harvesting system. This is supported by the presence of the Swamp. The Grounds.   Planted by Stephens with specimen trees. There are mounds to shut out the surroundings and create the illusion of greater size.                                  
Statue of Spike Milligan. Sitting on a bench encouraging a 'Conversation with Spike was installed by The Finchley Society of which Spike was president.
Pillar Box G.R. cypher, type 'D'. Oval 1932
Water Tower. This is by the road and swathed in ivy. It once served a now demolished laundry. Built around 1880 of massed concrete.
The Stephens Collection, thus aims to show, the development of the famous blue-black writing fluid and the growth of the Company and the life and work of Henry 'Inky' Stephens MP for Hornsey and Finchley
Manor House. Built forThomas Allen in 1723 on an older site. A House and moat were here in 1504. It is in a 18th house which replaced the medieval moated house of the Finchley sub manor of Bibbesworth, once owned by the Bishop of London and occupied by a succession of wealthy London merchants throughout the Middle Ages. In 1622 it was acquired from the family of Alexander Kinge by Edward Allen, whose descendant, Thomas Allen, rebuilt it on a new site – note the rainwater head dated 1723.  It is a large, plain and dignified Early Georgian house with an attic floor and extension added for the convent. It was a private school 1838-1862 and then home of George Plunkett. In 1882 it was sold, much of the land going for housing. The house was bought by Gamage of the store and then used as a convalescent centre in the Great War. 1918 it was sold to the Sisters of the Society of Marie Auxilatrice. They were there until 1981.    It is now the Sternberg Centre, base for the Reform synagogues
Gardens, There is a Biblical garden in the grounds. Original garden features included statues, a grotto and an Italianate garden temple built c.1732 and known as The Folly. This was removed in 1965
Moat.  Part of the moat survives here. Until the late c19 there was a long formal canal around an island, which ran across the road on an axis with the house. There were fishponds here by 1692, the date when it was first dug is not known but it is likely to be 13th. All that is visible now is a dry L-shaped ditch at the far end of the grounds, The remains of an earth causeway leading to the manor house is also visible halfway.
Sisters of the Society of Marie Auxilatrice., they opened the Manor House School here in 1921. The Sisters were formed through the vision of Blessed Marie Thérèse de Soubiran, in 1864 in Castelnaudary. After the Great War the Archbishop of Westminster asked them to open a Grammar School in Finchley. Manor House School was opened. This was a small day and boarding school for girls of all ages, and was extended in 1932. It was merged into Bishop Douglass School in 1969. There was also a private junior school. Later the Sisters were asked to build a Primary School. But to provide the funds the Manor House was mortgaged. In 1981 the building debt on the school was finally cleared when the Manor House Convent was sold
Sternberg Centre for Judaism. This is in the Manor House.  It was established here in 1981 it includes a synagogue, primary school, museum and much else.It was opened the Manor House Trust and is named after Sigmund Sternberg. The Movement for Reform Judaism has its headquarters at here. It is the national umbrella organisation of 42 autonomous synagogues and regular events are organised
Akiva School.  This was established in 1981 and moved into a new purpose-built building in 2008. It is the only voluntary-aided Progressive Jewish primary school in North West London.
New North London Reform Synagogue. This is affiliated to the Masorti movement. The congregation has about 2,400 members and a new building was opened in 2011.  It was designed by van Heyningen and Haward Architects, with three prayer venues, a nursery and teenager’s room, as well as social and administrative spaces.
Leo Baeck Centre. Named in honour of the inspirational 20th-century German Reform rabbi, The College was founded in 1956 as a rabbinical school for training Liberal and Reform rabbis. 1959 by Emm Katona.  Extensions of 1971 by G. Rottenberg Associates
Museum. This was in a single storey outbuilding which was extended and converted in 1991. It had been the Museum of the Jewish East End, founded by David Jacobs in 1983.  Renamed the London Museum of Jewish Life in 1990. It diversified to include the history of other Jewish communities in London. It closed in 2007 and moved in 2009 to an enlarged building on the Camden site.
Sculpture in the forecourt – ‘Renew our Days’ - by Naomi Blake. This dates from 1986 and is of fibreglass
Brick boundary wall around the building.  There is said to be a 19th letterbox on the wall
Pond. Until the beginning of the 20th an oblong pond with a central island was on the other side of the road to the manor and was known locally as the “moat”.  It was probably a fish pond or a pit for the extraction of clay for bricks.
St Theresa Catholic Primary School’.  This Voluntary Aided School for juniors and infants was built by the Sisters of Marie Auxiliatrice in the grounds of Manor convent to replace their independent school in 1966. Although there was a private primary school attached to the Manor House School the Sisters were asked to build a Primary School. They entered into negotiations with the Church and the Local Education Authority BT to provide funding the Manor House was mortgaged. The kitchen garden and tennis courts were used as the site. The school opened in 1966.  After the Manor House School closed St Theresa’s continued as a one-form entry school. In 2011 the Sisters handed over the Trusteeship to the Diocese of Westminster.
Wilf Slack Sports Ground. The former Barnet Council ground in East End Road was, in 1995, renamed the "Wilf Slack Ground, Finchley. Slack was a Middlesex County cricketer who died very young in 1976. It now appears to belong to the private Hall School as their sports ground.
Manor Farm.   Used by Sanger’s Circus for fodder and winter quarters. 1879-1897 owned by William Whitely of the Bayswater store. Later used by Deard’s Haulage.
Finchley Cricket club, they are on Arden Field and date from 1832.  They were founder members of Middlesex Cricket Club.
Two Finches Micro Brewery. Also at Arden Field. Aiming to brew amazing beer for the cricket club
Middlesex Academy. County Cricket School. This is on the site of Manor Farm.
Pure gym
57 Old Manor Cottage Tavern. Closed and demolished around 1998 for the construction of the North Circular. It was then part of the Hungry Horse chain. It was on a roundabout named for it, and also was a bus terminus.

Glenhill Close
Conservation area. Flats first built in 1936 when 46 flats were constructed.
Cymric Tennis Club. This dated from the 1920s, they left in the late 1950s and in 1961 more flats were built.

Lichfield Grove
Pillar box by A. Handyside & Co. Ltd. Derby & London.  Foundry was 'Britannia' Early 'E VII R' cypher. Small slot at 15" diameter. 1901 - 1904

Long Lane
St.Paul’s. The intended tower was not built. In the early 1880s a new church was needed because of rapid population growth. Land was purchased for £700. It opened in 1886. The new church building was designed by J. Ladds in ragstone but the intended tower was never built. A bell cast in 1380 by John Langhorne was bought from the parish church of Hatford in Berkshire. In 1920 war memorial commemorative window, was installed with a brass plaque. The church was bombed in 1941. It was restored by 1955,
Hall and Sunday School buildings. In the 1920s a hall and Sunday School building were built next to the church. These were demolished and leased to developers who built Marlex Lodge flats.
The St Paul’s Centre. This was paid for from the sale of St Luke’s church hall in 2006.
Three Pillar boxes by A. Handyside & Co. Ltd. Derby & London.  Foundry; Britannia Foundry and Engineering Works. Anonymous with a high posting aperture. Large box of 19" diameter.  1879 1884
Victoria Park. Built on the site of some of Colby's Farm. In 1887 Henry Stephens proposed converting the area to a park to commemorate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, but it was not opened until 1902. It was the only public park in the old Borough of Finchley until 1914. The park is grassland, with playgrounds, trees and ornamental gardens, playing fields, six public tennis courts and a café.  The bowling green is on the site of a rifle range used to train recruits in the Great War.
Finchley Victoria Bowling Club. This dates from 1925. There used to be a separate women’s club and men’s club. They have two lawns and a clubhouse.

Nether Street
294 used tyres/car wash/ estate agents. The building may be the old parcels and goods depot for the station
401-405 this site is under redevelopment. It was previously Adastra House apparently built in 1974 for NAD Electronics, who made and sold Hi-fi equipment. It was previously an engineering works, probably E.W.Engineering, general metal work, display equipment, capstans, and aircraft parts.
Power station. A building on the area between the two branches of the railway west bound is marked as a power station. It has an entrance from Nether Street. It appears to date from around 1940 and may, or may not, be something built for the abandoned Elstree extension. Looks very much like a Holden design.
Stink pipe. This is on the eastern approach to the railway bridge and one of several in the area

Pope’s Drive
Road at the back of shops covering an area previously industrial and now offices. It is named for Pope’s Alley and Pope’s Garage which were on site here
Pope’s Garage. Run by George Pope
Radio component works

Redbourne Avenue
WOHL Enterprise Hub.Jewish business incubator
Finchley Central Synagogue. This was a constituent of the Federation of Synagogues, which first met in 1956 at the Congregational hall in Victoria Avenue. A synagogue to hold 325 was opened here in 1961   It appears to have been sold around 2004 and the congregation moved to Victoria Avenue because of issues about  the adjacent eruv.

Regents Park Road
This Junction dates from 1829. Regents Park Road is an extension of Finchley Road from west London and here it meets Hendon Lane and connects on to the Great North Road. 
The Limes, This house was demolished around 1912 and became the site of the Cinema, and subsequently Gateway House
New Bohemia Cinema. This was built as a replacement for the Bohemia Cinema and opened in 1920. It was taken over by the National Electric circuit in 1926.and by Denman/Gaumont Theatres chain in 1928.  It was closed by the Rank Organisation in 1959 and demolished. Gateway House was built on the site and itself demolished in 2016.
322 Gateway House. This has now been rebuilt
Finchley Church End Library. This is in Gateway House
St Mary's Primary School. St. Mary's or Finchley National school opened in 1813 in an old building in Hendon Lane leased from the charity estates, This on the corner of Hendon Lane and Victoria Avenue, building was extended in 1824. In 1816 it had become a National School and was awarded a grant by the National Society. In 1848 a new rector gave glebe land where a school-house was opened in 1853. Overcrowding continued as a result of suburban growth and in 1905 an infants' school was built on adjoining glebe land. More classrooms were added in 1949 and 1967. In 1990 the school moved to a new site in Dollis Park
St.Mary’s Court. Barnet Civil and County Court .Built in 1990 on the site of St.Mary’s School
Ye Olde King of Prussia. This pub stood on the site of what is now Winston House. It was demolished in the 1960s and replaced .as 0art of the new office block. It had also been called Taylor's of Finchley; and had been a Taylor Walker house and then Mitchell and Butler's. The new pub was called Dignity.   It is now a restaurant called Chicken Society

Squires Lane
This was previously called Place Lane and much of it was covered by the Claigmar vineyard and nursery.
Pentland Centre. This complex is the global headquarters of  Pentland Brands Ltd, part of a family business selling and owning a wide range of footwear brands. It dates from 2003 and was designed by GHM Rock Townsend with contractor design by TP Bennett. It is a deliberate departure from the traditional UK office building overlooking a lake and conservation area. The building incorporates materials such as naturally occurring brick, slate, and timber as well as expressed steel, glass and aluminium. The extensive use of glass allows a high level of natural light deep into the building.  It is on the site of the Finchley Corporations’ power station and depot.
Power Station. Finchley Corporation Electricity Works was opened in 1903 to supply direct current. It converted to alternating current in 1936 and was run by arrangement with the Central Electricity Generating Board. In the  1930s electric street lights replaced gas.
Ponds. The power station had two ponds for cooling purposes with water from a deep well.  In them were large goldfish put there to eat the mosquitoes..These ponds are now the nature reserve
Lakeside Nature Reserve is a small Site of Local Importance for Nature Conservation. It    was designed as landscaping for an office complex, and its main feature is a lake with a fountain. Plants fringe the shore, Waterfowl nest on a small island and there are dragonflies in summer
Council depot, this was north of the power station
Miniature rifle range
.  This was in the western part of the council depot.
Baths. This was a swimming pool and slipper baths opened in 1915. They were demolished in 2000 and replaced with housing,
Allotments. These are behind the site of the baths and are on the  site of Finchley Common, Long Thistley Field, and Little Burr Field. They are The Pointalls District Allotments named for the Pointalls Charity which provides relief for the residents of Finchley. They were also once called Kay’s Fields, after the owner of Claigmar Vineyards nearby. They were used as allotments from 1924.

Stanhope Avenue
1 Church End Baptist Church

Station Road
Entrance to Finchley Central Station
Pillar box by A. Handyside & Co. Ltd. Derby & London.  Foundry; Britannia Foundry and Engineering Works. Anonymous with a Lower posting aperture. Large box from 1884 
Furniture works

Strathmore Gardens
A path leads down to the lake at the Pentland Centre

Tangle Tree Close
This appears to be the old North Circular before it was upgraded to Mway standards

The Avenue
This is essentially a footpath going along the boundary of the Stephens Estate and sports fields. It was laid out in 1604 to give the lady of the Manor a nice walk to church.
The Avenue Tennis Club. Tennis club with a new pavilion and facilties

Victoria Avenue
St Margaret’s United Reform Church. This was Church End Congregational Church, a church hall was opened here in 1907. A memorial hall was built in 1919 but in 1924 it was decided not to build the intended large church but to adapt the church hall. In 1929 the memorial hall was sold, and in 1970 a new hall was opened next to the church. From 1935 until 1955 and again in 1965 services were held jointly with St. Margaret's Presbyterian Church and in 1969 the two bodies united as Union church, Finchley Central, from 1972 called St. Margaret's United Reformed church.
Victoria Hall. St, Margaret’s church hall
Old School House. Infants school building to St. Mary’s School. Plans to build flats here.

AIM. Web site,
Blake and James, Northern Wastes
British History on line. Barnet, Web site
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures.. Web site
Day, London underground
Field. `Place names of London
GLIAS. Newsletter
HADAS web site
Heathfield. Finchley and Whetstone Past
London Borough of Barnet. Web sit
London Encyclopedia
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Middlesex Churches
Middlesex County Council. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Stephens’ House and Garden Web site
Sternberg Centre. Web site
Stevenson. Middlesex
St. Theresa School. Web site
Walford. Village London
Webster. Great North Road,

Saturday, 25 May 2019


Post to the north North Feltham
Post to the east Feltham

Ashmead Road
Ashmead Road Depot. Council Yard. Deals with building repairs, etc.

Bedfont Lane
Level Crossing. This originally built by the London and South Western Railway is said to be unusual in that it crosses a one way street. It has recently been permanently closed.

Bleinhem Park
Blenheim Park is largely open grassland with football pitches. It was once fields. It is bounded by the Longford River

Cardinal Road
Harle House Day Centre. This is used by West Hounslow Mencap.
Cardinal Centre. NHS Health Centre. Mental Health Recovery team
The Former School. Flats in what appears to be an early 20th school building.
Cardinal Road School. This is now a nursery and infant school but opened in 1902 as a boy’s school. In 1993 the school moved into a renovated and extended building. A new Nursery building was opened in 1994, the grounds were landscaped and the re-building was complete. (Edith is very confused by this. It looks as if Cardinal Road School buildings are now ‘The former school’ flats and the present school is in the buildings of Hanworth Road School.

Fern Grove
Coniston Lodge. Care Home
Derwent Lodge. Care Home
Stevens Yard. Light industry
Fern House. E. Moss, pharmaceutical company with chain of chemists shops starting in 1915 48 High Street. By the mid 1930s Moss had ten Chemist branches the company moved to Fern Grove with a head office of and a central warehouse.  In 1965 they were operating 36 modern pharmacies, and 3 specialist photographic shops. In 1969 the company set up an industrial sales division to supply medical and surgical items to local factories. Since rebranded as part of Boots. The two care homes appear to be on the site.

Large park and playing field. Said to be a nature conservation area

Hanworth Road
This was once called Teddington Road, but changed following the building of the railway
Bridge House Pond. Public gardens including a 19th duck pond was created when the railway was built in 1849, and soil was dug out to create an embankment for a new railway bridge. The pond is surrounded by trees, and has an area of open space next to it. Bridge House Gardens, were once known as Crendon Court Gardens,
Bridge House.  The original Bridge House was built around 1860 with the first owner Edmund Hill owner of the local Gunpowder Powder Mill. It was used by Feltham Urban District Council as offices from 1931.  Following a fire it was rebuilt in 1980. It has recently been used as a temporary home for a new ‘academy’ and now appears to be for sale.
Fire engine station. The original Feltham Fire Station stood immediately south and adjacent to the railway line on the east side of the road. It dated from some time in the late 1920s and was replaced before 1965 by the current station in Faggs Road.   When built it was administered by the local authority and then as part of the Middlesex Fire Brigade.
Air Raid shelters. These were unearthed during recent road works. The shelter provided a temporary sanctuary for staff and councillors of the then Feltham Urban District Council, firemen from the nearby fire station and residents.
1-3 Open Door Centre. Psycho therapy centre. Closed in 2012
St Catherine’s church. The church was designed by Carpenter and Ingelow and built in 1878-80 but the tower was only added in 1898. The church closed in 1975 and all that remains is the tower and spire attached to a building called St Catherine’s House. In 1981 the Church of England parish of St Catherine merged with the United Free Church, which became Christ Church.
Public Toilets. These gave decorative iron work fences. Used as a craft workshop by Open Door Centre now in other use
10 Ambassador Hotel. Plus monkey puzzle tree.
12 Clifford House Medical Centre. GP practice
11-13 this was previously the Hounslow Social Services offices, closed 2011
Christ Church. Hanworth road Methodist church. This dates form 1909 as the Feltham Wesleyan Church and later became Hanworth Road Methodist Church. In 1976 the Victoria Road United Reformed congregation sold its church and merged with Hanworth Road Methodist Church, which became the United Free Church (Methodist/United Reformed). In 1981 the Church of England parish of St Catherine also merged them to become Christ Church. It Reopened 2019
Magistrates Court
. This is no longer in use as a court. It was originally built in 1902, and extended in the late 1950s with office space and a conference room.
30 Feltham Constitutional Club. Private members club
Telephone Exchange
34 Police Station. Site of Auckland House. 1950s let to War Department for use of Home Guard; used as married quarters

High Street
The Feltham pub. This had been the Railway Hotel built 1850 demolished 1935. The Feltham was later known as The Feltham Feast and later became The People’s Centre. This was then replaced by a Skills Centre. It has now been demolished
3 The Centre. The Moon on the Square. 103 comments on Beer in the Evening, several describing nightly fights etc etc. Wetherspoons. Pictures and history panels on the walls depict the changing Feltham landscape over 90 years.
64 Cricketers. Built 1925 preceded by a beer house also called the Cricketers built in 1861. Closed and demolished.
Feltham Library. The Centre. Includes the local history department

Highfield Road
This road is now solely in the square to the south as a side road from the High street.  In the early 1960s it was built to run parallel to the High Street from Bedfont Lane at the rear of what was then The Centre. This has since been changed and its area is now used for major chain businesses, flats and office blocks in a pedestrianised shopping area,

Hounslow Road
Feltham Station.  This was opened in 1848 by the Windsor Staines and South Western Railway, later the London and South Western Railway. It lies between Ashford and Whitton and also Hounslow on South Western Trains. A line from Barnes dates from 1850. The original station house still stands. In the 1930s a main station entrance was built on the road bridge in Hounslow Road but was demolished in the early 1990s. To the south west of the station was a siding and rail link going to the Royal Army Supply Corps depot to the south.  A new station was built in the 1990s.There is a small bus station for services to London Heathrow Airport, and a taxi rank/car park
Feltham Signal and Maintenance Depot.  This is on the site of sidings on the east side of Hounslow Road. They are on the site of goods shed and coal yard. Before the railway was built this was a gravel pit
Saw mills.  These stood on the east side of Hounslow Road from the 1880s until the Second World War. The site now appears to be a hotel.
Hotel St Giles. This was built as offices in the late 1960s as Astronaut House by Harry Hyams and occupied by Hamlyn books. It was converted to a hotel in 1998 by a Malayan company
Feltham Park.
Feltham Park is situated in Feltham, Middlesex and is well equipped with an integrated playground, 3 tennis courts and a small pond.
Assembly Hall.  This was opened in 1965 and provides a venue for community events.

Longford River
This is an artificial cut built for Charles I in 1639 to supply water to Bushy Park and Hampton Court Palace from the Colne. It flows south east through Feltham, passing through Blenheim Park and Feltham Arena. The river passes under Hounslow Road.

Manor Place
Feltham Labour Club.  Social club and Constituency Labour Party Offices.

New Road
New Road appears originally to have gone round the rear of railway sidings and coal yard. Later allotments were provided on the west side. It now has the Station Car park and bus station
Lidl supermarket with car park

Proctors Close
Bedfont Lane Community Centre

Railway Terrace
A terrace of cottages here were demolished in the 1960s
Home Court. Tower block 16 stories built 1969 demolished 2004.
Hexamic Ltd. Chemical Works 1930s
Compo Works. This was on the site of the Ivory works,
Belvedere Works, agricultural equipment. Companies here included Autos Precision Products. Bankrupt 1971. Also Phillips and Bonson 1960s who made tape recorders; Elco Heating 1960s
Electrical accumulator works
Ivory works. This was here in the 19th,

Shakespeare Avenue
Feltham Arena, this was an early 20th gravel site followed by landfill before becoming an open space. The Arena was built in the 1960's for Feltham Football Club, and it included an athletics track as well as other sports facilities. It was also used for open air concerts.s The Football club left in 2004 and it fell into disrepair, and the grandstand was demolished in 2008. Plans to rebuild the stadium were abandoned in 2012, following the dumping of construction waste and the raising of the land on the site. It has since been remediated and is in public use.

Station Estate Road
The road is mainly privately owned by travelling showmen who use it as their base, while travelling around fairgrounds.

Victoria Road
Victoria Junior School. The school appears to date from the early 1980s on this site which appears to have been previously housing.
Feltham Congregational Church. This became Victoria Road United Reformed Church which sold its site in 1976,

Christ Church, Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
London Borough of Hounslow. Web site
Middlesex Churches
Parks and Gardens Web site
Pevsner & Cherry. North West London
Stevenson. Middlesex
The Kingston Zodiac,
Walford. Village London

Wednesday, 23 January 2019


Post to the south Avery Hill

Crown Woods Way
Eltham Cemetery and Eltham Cematorium: The cemetery was opened in 1935 and laid out by the Borough Engineer. It was flat site with a grid of plots with trees. Trees were planted along the paths, very densely along the boundary with Rochester Way.
The Crematorium was added in 1956. It has two chapels said to be like Liverpool's Roman Catholic Cathedral. Three is a Garden of Remembrance, a pergola walk and lake with small waterfall. There is a more recent series of Memorial Courts.

Eastcote Road
Eastcote Primary School. This Primary School is now an ‘academy’ in the Leigh Academies Trust business.  The school was rebuilt in 2008 replacing a building from 1935
Wimpey, Wates and Ideal Homesteads laid out the area in the, 1930s, for the cheaper end of the market. It was thought people would work in London but would not be able to afford a car. Tit was built on the site of West Wood.

Falconwood Field
Green open space bordered by a running track

Lingfield Crescent
The Falcon. This is a large roadside pub next to Falconwood station.  It is now one of the Harvester chain.
Falconwood Station. Opened in 1936 to lies between Welling and Eltham on South Eastern Trains, Bexleyheath Line.  New Ideal Homesteads gave South Eastern Railway the money to build it plus a lump sum for development.  A ‘Cinema style’ passimeter booking hall faces the road and leads to a covered footbridge across both tracks with covered stairways to canopied platforms in a cutting.   The signage ‘Falconwood’ over the street entrance covers the Southern Railway sign. In 1953 and 1972 the Platforms were extended and in 1978 the booking hall was renewed
The railway line from Blackheath to Falconwood is a green corridor with cuttings and embankments with sycamore and oak woodland.  Hawthorn and bramble providing habitat for birds and animals.

Oxleas Wood
From 1311 the wood were part of the Royal manor of Eltham and leased to Sir John Shaw from 1679 to 1811, when they were taken over by the War Department. They were acquired by the London County Council and opened to the public in the early 1930s and passed to the London Borough of Greenwich in 1986. The wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and parts are regarded as being Ancient Woodland, Most of Oxleas Wood itself is on the southern slope of the hill itself which at it is a significant London landmark. The hill is formed of London Clay with exposed gravel terraces, and the soil is mainly acidic.  Thus there are many mature oak trees, but also sweet chestnut, hazel, ash, aspen, wild cherry, alder, birch and wild service trees as well as abundant holly.  Sycamore and rhododendron are also present. In the understorey bramble predominates in plus bracken but the ground cover also contains some Ancient Woodland indicator species, like butchers broom and southern wood-rush. The woods are home to a wide range of wildlife including spotted and green woodpeckers, as well as ring-necked parakeets. bats can be seen hunting along the fringes of the meadows and wood warblers and firecrests have been seen. foxes are common and there is a population of hedgehogs. There is an apiary in the woods and there is a Friends group

Rochester Way
This is a rebuild of the A2 which follows a similar route to that of an ancient trackway, then a Roman road and Watling Street and eventually this scheme as Rochester Way. At Shooter's Hill, Watling Street and the A2 part company, and Watling Street continues along up Shooters Hill Road. From the 1920s a bypass road called Rochester Way diverged from this road at the Sun in the Sands Pub. This section has now been upgraded and the old Rochester Way remains between Kidbrooke and Falconwood. This was built as a bypass to the main Dover Road which went over Shooters Hill in and was thus until 1988 the A2 London-Dover Road. The final allocation of the route was in 1923, when construction began and the road was given the reference A2 within the Great Britain road numbering scheme in the 1920s. Like all these early improvements it was a wide single carriageway road. But the section of road in this square starts some distance east of the Well Hall Roundabout and goes to the Falconwood Junction.
737 Falconwood Depot. UK Power Networks.  Eltham Grid Sub Station
Falconwood Model railway. They are based in the field to the rear of the Sub-Station, The Welling and District Model Engineering Society was founded in 1945. They have a 1268 feet 3.5" and 5" gauge raised steel track which is electronically signalled, and features a full anti-tip rail, level crossing, footbridges, mini-viaduct, signal box and tunnel. The 9 bay steaming bay is equipped with power and has a water tower and coal bunker.

Rochester Way Relief Road
This the latest rebuild of the A2 which follows a similar route to that of an ancient trackway, then a Roman road and Watling Street and eventually this section as Rochester Way also on this square. This new section of Rochester Way Relief Road, by-passing Kidbrooke and Eltham, was opened in 1988 starting at the Sun in the Sands pub in Shooters Hill Road. On this square the section of road shown runs from near Eltham Park North to the eastern end of the Crematorium going through the Falconwood Junction. At Falconwood, the road becomes the East Rochester Way and this point was once the westbound terminus of the dual carriageway.
Falconwood Junction.  Falconwood is the junction on the A2 where the 1988 Rochester Way Relief Road has its eastern end onto Rochester Way. The junction is a half diamond and is a congestion blackspot. This was to be where the link road from the East London River Crossing was to end which explains the design.
Welling Way
This was built as part of the Rochester Way scheme in the 1920s to connect the new Shooters Hill by pass with the old road on the east side of Shooters Hill.

Barr-Hamilton & Reilly. Country to Suburb
Course. The Bexleyheath Line
Field. London Place Names
Friends of Oxleas Woodlands. Web site
Eastcote Primary Academy. Web site
London Borough of Greenwich, Web site
London Railway Record
Lyne. Military Railways in Kent
Nature Conservation in Greenwich
News Shopper. Web site
Parks and Gardens, Web site
SABRE.  Web sit
Spurgeon. Eltham
Spurgeon. Woolwich, 

Monday, 21 January 2019

Fulwell Cross

Post to the north Hainault
Post to the south Barkingside

Colvin Gardens
Fairlop Primary School. The school opened in temporary huts on the field in 1929. The foundation tablet for the present school was unveiled in 31st 1933. The school was designed by L.E.J. Reynolds, Architect to the Ilford Education Committee, and J.F.A Cavanagh, Senior Architectural Assistant for Schools. It is of the type which was practised consistently for interwar suburban schools

Fairlop Oak
Fairlop is named after the Fairlop Oak – which probably stood near Fairlop Waters in the square to the east. In 1951 a tree, called the 'new Fairlop Oak' was planted on the green at Fulwell Cross.

Fairlop Road
State Cinema. This was opened by Cumberland Cinemas Ltd. in 1938. It had entrances on both Fairlop and Fullwell roads; there was a cafe/ballroom and two car-parks. It was designed by George Coles with sweeping corners and concealed lighting. It has a tall, streamlined rectangular tower, a lower drum and with the sides of the auditorium exposed to the street. Inside was a circular foyer with ironwork balustrades and in the auditorium, a coved ceiling and half columns along the wall.  By 1940, it had been taken over by Kessex Cinemas, but in 1940 it was bomb damaged, closed and then requisitioned by the War Office for a store. In 1948 Associated British Cinemas re-opened it as the ABC State but without the cafe/ballroom. In 1964 it was renamed the ABC Barkingside and closed in 1972 to be converted into part bingo use. A cinema opened in the balcony area and the stalls were used for bingo. The cinema closed in 1976 but re-opened as the Ace-State Cinema in 1978 with a second screen in the old ballroom.  This closed in 1984 and the area has never been used since.  The bingo continues.
Mossford Green Primary School. The school was founded in 1952.

Fencepiece Road
Fairlop Junior and Infants schools were set up here in 1929. Fairlop Council School was then built and opened in 1933. It comprised Fairlop Infants School, Fairlop Junior School, Fairlop Secondary School Girls, Fairlop Secondary School, Boys. A new building was provided for the seniors in 1935. In 1945 the school was re-organized, the seniors being formed into secondary schools and Fairlop County Secondary School for Girls was on this site by 1961, while the boys had moved elsewhere.
New Rush Hall School. ThIs is in the building previously used as the Girls Secondary School. The New Rush Hall School is a day special school for children and young people aged 5 to 16 years who have behavioural, emotional and social difficulties. This is in part of the Fairlop Schools
Redbridge Music Service. This is based in the John Savage centre, and is a lead partner within the North East London Music Education Hub. Redbridge Music Service has nurtured many talented young musicians, some of whom have gone on to become professional musicians. It is in part of the Fairlop Schools
Fairlop Evangelical Church, in the old church hall of S. Francis of Assisi.  It was originally Fairlop Gospel Hall which opened in 1934.
St Francis of Assisi. This is a Church of England church in the Catholic tradition. Services have been held in the Parish since February 1934 and rhea the first service was held in the waiting room of Hainault Station. In 1938, two halls were built in Fencepiece Road. In 1956, the current church opened as a brick building designed by J. J. Crowe.
Oakfield Playing Field. The 24 hectare site comprises four cricket squares and eleven football pitches. It includes the Jack Carter Pavilion. Frenford Clubs had been founded in 1928 founded by Jack Carter and by 1930, was sports and social club meeting in Ilford. Having moved several times in 1995 Jack Carter signed an agreement with the London Borough of Redbridge to lease a 19-acre sports ground at Oakfield, Barkingside. This site opened in 1998 as the Jack Carter Pavilion.
The Maypole. The original Maypole pub stood on the site which is now Fullwell Cross Medical Centre. It moved to its present site to the north in Fencepiece Road in the early 1930's
New Fairlop Oak. Wetherspoons pub in what was the former post office.  Named after the oak tree planted on the green at Fullwell Cross, in 1951,

Forest Road
Redbridge Sports Centre. This opened in 1972.  There are various others on site including the Old Parkonians
Fairlop Station. This opened in 1903 and lies between Barkingside and Hainault on the Central Line. It was built as a main line railway station by the Great Eastern Railway. Because of Ilford’s growth Great Eastern built the Fairlop Loop between Seven Kings and main line to Ongar.  Plans were made in the 1930s to turn this into an underground station and in 1948 it was taken over by London Transport to become a station on the Central Line. It remains a fine Edwardian station with lavish passenger accommodation and toilets. It has canopies that still bear the "GER" symbol in the bracketry.
Goods Yard with a cattle dock and a sidings.
Railway Cottages for the staff. Semi detached garden city style and opposite the station.
Station master's house – detached villa with a pillared porch and large garden. Opposite the station
Kantor King Solomon High School. This is is a Modern Orthodox Judaism comprehensive school. It was opened in 1993. In November 2016, the school was formally renamed Kantor King Solomon High School after donations from Dr Moshe Kantor, the president of the European Jewish Congress.

Fremantle Road
Barkingside Methodist Church. Built in 1958 by Francis Lumley. With a red brick tower. It has recently been reordered.

Fulwell Cross
A roundabout which may have been the site of a field owned by Barking Abbey which became known as ‘Fulwell Hatch’.  Middle English hache means the gate' once giving access to Hainault Forest.
New Fairlop Oak was planted in The Green in 1951 and stands in the centre of the roundabout.  Part of the Festival of Britain celebrations.

Fulwell Avenue
Clore Tikva School. This is a Jewish voluntary aided nursery, infant and junior school. It is in modern premises, completed in 2000,

High Street
140 Fulwell Cross Library.  This was opeme in 1968 and designed by Frederick Gibberd, Coombes & Partners in association with H.C. Connell, Borough Architect. It is sixteen sided and circular with a raised centre dome,
140 Fulwell Cross Leisure Centre and Swimming Pool. This was opened in 1968 and designed by Frederick Gibberd, Coombes & Partners in association with H.C. Connell, Borough Architect. Sports complex offering a 25m swimming pool with diving boards, modern gym and aerobics classes.

Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clore Tikva School. Website
Fairlop Evangelical Church. Web site
Fairlop Primary School. Web site
Field. London Place Names
Frenford Clubs. Web site
Hainault History. Web site
Ilford Recorder. Web site
Kantor King Solomon High School. Web site
London Borough of Redbridge. Web site
New Rush Hall. Web site
Redbridge Music Service. Web site
Redbridge Sports Centre. Web site
St. Francis of Assisi Church. Web site
Victoria County History
Walford. Village London

Sunday, 20 January 2019

Islington Essex Road

Post to the north Canonbury

Alwyne Road
Especially grand Italianate examples where the gardens back on to the New River.
I7 Alongside the house is part of a late 16th octagonal garden house from Old Canonbury House. The brickwork is covered with stucco.

Arran Walk
This was Marquess Road until the 1960s.
80 The Bridge.  Built as a Council Neighbourhood Centre, this is now New River Baptist Church providing community service for the area

Asteys Row
This is a footpath parallel to the New River, originally built in the mid-18th by a John Astey. The area suffered considerable bomb damage in the Second World War It is now a narrow space with rockwork; some called 'Islington's Cheddar Gorge'.
New River.  This section of the New River was enclosed in pipes in 1892/3 and became a stretch of derelict land. Later the pipes were removed and gardens laid out here.  There have been re-landscaping works since as Asteys Row Rock Gardens.
Children’s playground. Recently remodelled.

Canonbury Crescent
Walter Sickert Community Centre. The refurbished centre was re-opened in 2009 by the Mayor of Islington

Canonbury Grove
Road overlooking the New River. The road dates from 1823, and was once called Willow Cottages and Willow Terrace;
New River. There was a loop here in the original course of the river, some of which can still be seen.  This was once open fields and the river took this, its last loop, called the "Horse Shoe". It was straightened in 1823 when the streets were laid out in Canonbury Fields. Almost half a mile of the New River remained an open r-channel until 1946 when it was terminated at Stoke Newington. It was then converted into a park and is now the only section in Islington with a continuous stretch of water.
Brick building. Within the remaining curve of the New River is a small circular brick building which is likely to be late 18th. It may have been used by a linesman working on the New Rivera

Canonbury Road
The road was built as part of the New North Road built in the early 19th linking the start of the Old North Road at Shoreditch with the Great North Road at Highbury Corner.  It was a ‘propriety road – a turnpike road built as a private road by a group of proprietors. By Act of Parliament it was managed by the Metropolitan Turnpike Trust from 1849.
Canonbury Bridge – where the New River ran under the road
52 Myddleton Arms. Dates from at least 1839. It was once a Courage House but has now got posher. There are old features in the bar back, windows and cellar opening. The tables are converted oak barrels. It is named after Sir Hugh Myddleton, who built the New River. It is listed.
St Stephen’s Church.  This was a new church in 1839 taking on some of the parish of St. Mary, the Islington parish church. It is a pale brick Gothic building by W. and H. W. Inwood & E. N. Clifton and laree lengthened by A. D. Gough. I was bombed and burnt out in 1940; then reconstructed by A. Llewellyn Smith & A. W. Waters in 1957.
New River Walk and Canonbury Gardens. This continues the riverside walk, although this stretch was historically in pipes until this section of the river closed and it was turned into park land and amenity space.  Canonbury Gardens is also used by the Manna Project which is growing an edible forest together with St.Paul’s Church working with homeless people.

Canonbury Street
32 Marquess Tavern. This was developed around 1854 by James Wagstaffe. It is in brick with a roof obscured by parapets on a corner site with the main front to flat on Canonbury Street flat, and the sides to Douglas Road and Arran Walk. The words 'MARQUESS TAVERN' is on the cornice in sunk lettering. Inside is a horseshoe bar counter and deal panelling from the late 19th. It is now a Young’s pub.

Douglas Road
Beyond Canonbury Grove there were fields until in the 1850s Douglas Road was built. It overlooks a stretch of the New River.
40 between the Marquess pub and the terraced houses, is a glass house by Future Systems - Jan Kaplicky and Amanda Levete built in 1993-4 with engineering by Arup.  It is like a glass version of the three-storey houses nearby. At the back – seen from Arran Road - is a slope of plate glass. The front wall is predominantly of glass bricks.  Inside, are metal staircases to three decks and a freestanding service core.

Ecclesbourne Road
Ecclesbourne Road Primary School. This was opened by the London School Board in 1886 as Eccelesbourne Road Board School.  This school closed in 2004 and is now flats.

Elizabeth Avenue
This was previously William Street and Oxford Street.

Elmore Street
Only a short distance of the Essex Road end of the street is in this square –but this was once James Street.  Up to the 19th much of the area was brick-fields.
77 The Children’s House. This a nursery in what was a church mission and subsequently a Hindu Temple,
BAPS Swamiarayan Hindu Mission. In 1950 devotees began to meet in a house near Baker Street. In 1970 they began to look for somewhere to open a mandir and came upon this site in Islington and purchased it. It was refurbished it and it became the first Swaminarayan mandir in the western world. Sacred images were brought from Kampala and a Vedic ceremony was performed with thousands witnessing the procession. In 1972 thousands of Indians expelled from Uganda came here and the Islington mandir became too small although in 1974 large painted murtis retrieved from the Tororo mandir were installed. In 1980 they began work on the Neasden Mandir and eventually moved there
St.John the Baptist Church Hall and Mission.  This church was in Cleveland Road, was bombed in the Second World War and eventually demolished.

Essex Road
Essex Road was originally ‘Lower Road’. It may have had Roman origins and was part of route out of north London which led to Ermine Street. From 1735 it was part of the Islington Turnpike Trust.
144a The Green Man. Mid-19th pub sometimes called ‘The Old Green Man’. It is on the corner of Greenman Street which might indicate that it is older than it appears. This had some Courage signage outside which has now gone since 2016. The dodgy geezers remain as does a Courage sign on the corner high above the door.
161 Carlton Cinema. This opened in 1930 as a cine-variety theatre for the Clavering and Rose circuit. The architect was George Coles and it was a lavish building with an Egyptian style facade in multi-coloured Hathernware tiles. Inside the style is Empire style - Egyptian in the foyer and French Renaissance in the auditorium. There was a cafe for patrons. And a Compton 3Manual/6Rank theatre organ plus Full stage facilities with a 26 feet deep stage and four dressing rooms. It was taken over by Associated British Cinemas Ltd. In 1935 and re-named ABC in 1962. It closed in 1972 and was converted into a bingo hall as the Mecca Bingo Club, but closed in 2007. Resurrection Manifestations purchased the building and set about refurbishing the building for Church, community use and private hire. Church use began in late-summer 2013 and the building is now Gracepoint, avenue for arts, educational shows, family performances, theatre, corporate meetings and events.
River Place Health Centre
181 Essex Road Station. Opened 1904 it lies between Highbury and Islington and Old Street on the Great Northern Railway. It was built by the Great Northern and City Railway on its underground route between Finsbury Park and Moorgate.   It had 16’ diameter tunnels to take main line stock and Great Northern Line trains to the City. In 1913 it was taken over by the Metropolitan Railway and thus became part of the underground as the Northern Line. In 1922 the name was changed to ‘Canonbury and Essex Road’. In 1939 work which had been done as part of the Northern Heights scheme was abandoned. It became underused and neglected. In 1975 the Northern Line closed it and the station transferred to British Rail and in 1976 it reopened for main line trains from Finsbury Park to Moorgate. It was never modernised and access to the platforms is by a dimly lit spiral staircase.
207-229 works 1960s. 1970s North London Polytechnic School of Librarianship, The Polytechnic of North London was founded following a merger in 1971 of the Northern and North-Western polytechnics. The North-Western Polytechnic had acquired premises here in the 1960s. The site later became council offices for Islington planners, and is now flats.
229 This building – at the north end of the complex later owned by the Polytechnic, is shown as mainly in Canonbury Street. In 1915 the whole block was in use by Danneman whose piano works fronted on Northampton Street round the corner. Later maps show this building marked as a print factory.  In the 1950s it was an address used by Carnegie Brothers, founded in London in 1911 who from the 1930s were Carnegie Chemicals Ltd of Welwyn Garden City. They produced a range of pharmaceutical products.  It was also an address used by the Cellusan Co., who made items like tampons and maternity pads – however company directors were all called Carnegie.  .
196 Akari. This Japanese restaurant is in an old pub.  This was The Three Brewers from the early 19th owned by Ind Coope.  It has also been called Bloom's, Leopold Bloom; Speculator (owned by Stella’s Irish cousin) Nubar, Le Montmarte and Jersey.
St. Matthew’s church. This began as a temporary chapel, founded in 1836 in what had previously been a Wesleyan Methodist chapel. A church was built in 1850, designed by A.D. Gough. In 1966 it was demolished. It was asymmetrically placed with a thin spire.
246-90 Annett’s Crescent built 1822-6.  Architect was William Burnell Hue, In the 1970s the Council restored the houses, and the strip of garden in front.  It is the only early crescent in the parish.
279 Northampton Arms pub. This dated from the 1830s. Long since demolished it is now flats.
292 /Council Odffices. This  was built in 1812 for W. Weaver, and in 1819 was bought by Ridley as a floor-cloth factory whose firm held it until 1893.  It was then acquired by A. Probyn, a beer bottler, whose firm, founded in 1791 remained here until 1958 as Foster Probyn Ltd.  In 1962 Young’s Brewers moved in, leaving in 1972. Islington Council restored the exterior and converted it as council offices removing colourful advertising in the process.  It is a four-storey Palladian building with Georgian-style windows; the classical porch has been removed although a balustrade with stone balls has survived.

Greenman Street
Was Greenman Lane, named after an old alehouse.  This square covers some of the north site of the street – i.e. excludes the Peabody Estate.
Tibby Place. This small park was once the location of Tibberton Baths. Part of the structure remains as a memorial
Tibberton Street Baths. This opened in 1895 had a mixed bathing pool with spectator gallery and changing cubicles and a stepped diving stage. There was also a dedicated men only pool and a Ladies only pool. There were ladies and men’s slipper baths, a remedial pool and a public laundry.
The Baths were built on the site of hat manufacturer, Thomas Wontner’s mansion

Morton road
Morton Road Park. Local park with a children’s playground, a tarmac ball court with basketball hoops and football goals and shrub beds. It is on the site of 19th housing.

New North  Road
The road was built in the early 19th linking the start of the Old North Road at Shoreditch with the Great North Road at Highbury Corner.  It was a ‘propriety road – a turnpike road built as a private road by a group of proprietors. By Act of Parliament it was managed by the Metropolitan Turnpike Trust from 1849.
Victoria Cinema. This was at the corner of and Ecclesbourne Road and opened in 1912. It was designed by architects Lovegrove & Papworth, and always operated as an Independent cinema. It closed in 1957 and became a warehouse. It was demolished in 2001 and there are now flats on site.
286 Corley’s Tavern. Originally called the Kenilworth Castle.  The pub dated from least the 1840s and may have been earlier. It was later rebuilt following bomb damage as a modern estate pub in 1953.  Demolished 2011.

Northampton Street
Street-names in the vicinity of Canonbury House recall the former manor 20 and its owners the Spencer Compton family. Marquesses of Northampton
6-18 The Ivories.  The Daneman piano company’s art deco factory now converted to office use.
2 Daneman, piano manufacturers.  The firm dated from 1893 and were still making pianos in 1980.  William Danemann established the firm here and from the 1950s they were one of the largest London manufacturers of grand pianos. They also made school uprights in their hundreds for education authorities. In 1982 Broadwood purchased Danemann Pianos and the factory and manufacture of pianos ended in 1983. the Danemann name is carried on in the piano business and since 2017 Danemann Pianos are manufactured in China.

River Place
National School. This was attached to St. Stephen’s church. It was built in 1842 with a National Society grant and also financed by subscriptions. It closed in the 1880s and was sold in1882.
Urban Hope. This is a youth and community project to the rear of St.Stephen’s church and using the space which was once their church hall.
Congregational chapel.  This was registered from 1864 and a Lecture room added by 1872.  It closed 1909.
14 Toy Factory – this appears to have been on the site of the congregational chapel until replaced by the rear of the health centre, fronting in Essex Road.

Rotherfield Street
St. Matthew's School. this had opened in 1837 in Essex Road. As a National school in 1862 it moved to Queens Place which then ran across the area which is now the Bentham estate. The new building was used for Girls and infants.  The school closed in 1901
140 Duke of Cleveland. Pub. This closed in 2006 and is now flats.  Until recently the pubs name was displayed on a poster at the top of the north facing wall – and above it the same can still partly be made out in concrete lettering.

Willow Bridge Road
Part of Frog Lane – the old road from London to Highbury. Laid out in the 19th. Crosses over an old line of the New River;

AIM. Web site
Brewery History. Web site
British History online. Islington.  Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Clunn. Face of London
Cosh.  New River 
Cosh. Squares of Islington
Essex-Lopresti. New River 
Historic England. Web site
Islington History and Archaeology Society. Web site
London Borough of Islington. Web site 
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
London Mandir Baps. Web sit
Manna Project.  Web site.
Pevsner and Cherry. London North
Pubology. Web site
Pubs Galore. Web site
Sugden. Highbury,
Thames Basin Industrial Archaeology Group. Report
Wild Swimming News.  Web site
Willatts. Streets of Islington