Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts


Riverside west of the 'Tower, south bank. Windsor Black Potts

Post to the south Windsor sports and the castle

This posting covers a small slip of land at the northern end of the Windsor Home Park public recreation area.

Black Potts Ait
Black Potts Ait is an island in the Thames. It is a tree-covered triangle now at the mouth of the Jubilee River. It was a favourite area for fishing for in the late 17th and some sort of building was provided for Charles II to use here in this context.

River Bank
Black Potts Railway bridge. This carries the railway from Waterloo to Windsor. It is has four seventy feet spans and is supported in the middle by Black Potts Ait. Originally the bridge had ornate cast-iron ribs, but these corroded and were replaced with more wrought iron, which radically altered the bridge's appearance. Before it opened there was a race between the Great Western and South Western railway companies to be the first to complete a rail line to Windsor. The South Western had almost finished, and had announced the opening it when due to settlement on the piers. a girder snapped at Black Potts bridge. This delayed the completion by four months. So the Great Western got to Windsor first.

Romney Island
Romney Island is an island in the Thames downstream of Romney Lock. It is a long thin island with trees and scrub.  It appears to be cut from the main land by an artificial cut which turning it into an island. This is thought to have begun as the intake for the "King's Engine" invented by Sir Samuel Moreland in 1681 to pump water up to the castle.   It is a popular island for fishing

Sources
London Railway Record
Semgonline. Web site
Wikipedia. Black Potts Ait. Web site
Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle

Riverside west of the Tower, south bank. Windsor - sport and the castle


Post to the east Windsor Home Park bathing pond
Post to the north Windsor Black Potts

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers the north section including the area adjacent to the Castle– about a third of the total area.
The North Slopes. This is a series of pleasure grounds on the chalk escarpment on which the Castle is sited. Paths zigzag down the wooded hillside to the Broad Water. Albert, The Prince Consort installed various structures, walks and planting in the 1840s. A lawn is now used as a school playing field. William III planned a formal Maastricht Garden, here designed by Henry Wise in 1701.The work was stopped by George I, but some remains can be seen from the air.
Slopes Lodge. Cottage
Broad Water. This is at the bottom of the north slopes and is lined with trees. It feeds a trout stream which is crossed by several small, stone, gothic-arched bridges
Public Recreation Ground. This is the north section of the Home Park and is now a public area north of King Edward VII Avenue.
Windsor Cricket Club. Thus was set up in 1995 following a merger between Windsor Victoria and Windsor and Eton Cricket Clubs. Their home ground is at the Home Park in Windsor. They also have a lively clubhouse with a bar open all year.
Datchet Dashers. This is a running club which uses the Cricket Club Clubhouse. They organise the Windsor Great Park Dash (formerly the Datchet Dash & The Dorney Dash).
Windsor Forest Bow Men. This archery club was formed in 1951. They cater for Recurve, Compound and Longbow as well as traditional (hunter type) and bare bow and field archery. They use St Stephen's Field, in the Home Park Recreation Ground.
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. They have a clubhouse and courts next to the Rugby Club.


King Edward VII Avenue
Children’s Playground
Car Parks

Romney Lock Road
Windsor Rugby Football Club. This is an amalgamation of two clubs. There was a Windsor Rugby Football club in 1889 but thus disbanded in 1895. The current Windsor Rugby Club dates from 1922.  The future King George VI was their patron and this continued. In 1961 they opened a Clubhouse in the Home Park and in 1987-8 amalgamated with the of Old Windsorians Rugby Football Club,
Home Park Lodge

Victoria Bridge.
Victoria Bridge. Along with Albert Bridge this was built to replace demolished Datchet Bridge.It was originally built in 1851 and partly paid for by the Windsor, Staines and Richmond Railway Company to allow them access to Windsor. This bridge was damaged by tanks movements during the Second World War.  It remained in use until 1963 although subject to weight restrictions but was closed as cracks developed in the cast iron ribs. A Bailey bridge was installed by Royal Engineers above the bridge so that it could be removed. A new bridge was built in 1966 although a footbridge remained. The current bridge was opened in 1967 by Berkshire County Council, with consultants Mott, Hay and Anderson


Windsor Castle
The Castle is a large and complex structure. This square covers only the north east section. Other parts are in squares to the west and the south.
Windsor Castle. The castle was first built in the 11th by William the Conqueror to consolidate Norman dominance to the west of London and over the Thames. It is built on a steep chalk cliff which rises abruptly from the bank of the Thames and is protected by easily defended slopes on the east, south, and west. It has been used by English Monarchs since the reign of Henry I and is the largest and longest occupied castle in Europe. It was built as a standard motte-and-bailey, around a central mound with timber palisades which over time were replaced with stone fortifications.   It withstood a siege during the 13th First Barons' War. Subsequently Henry III built a luxurious royal palace here and this was amplified by Edward III. In the Civil War it was used as a military headquarters for the Parliament forces. After the Restoration much of it was rebuilt with architect Hugh May. George II and IV rebuilt this at colossal expense. It became the centre for royal entertainment under Victoria and a refuge for the royal family during Second World War bombing campaigns. There was a bad fire in 1992.
Upper Ward. Thus includes a number of major buildings inside the upper bailey wall.  The State Apartments are to the north with the private royal apartments and the King George IV Gate to the south, with the Edward III Tower in the south-west corner and the Round Tower to the west edge of the ward. It has been seen as a 19th creation by Jeffry Wyattville. The walls are of Bagshot stone characterised by the use of small bits of flint in the mortar to give stonework from many periods a similar appearance. The skyline is designed to be dramatic from a distance or in silhouette
The Round Tower. This is the oldest part of the castle , perched on a mound of earth made of spoil from its surrounding ditch. It was bult by Henry II in 1170 with Bagshot stone replacing a wooden keep. It had a number of major refurbishments in the intervening centuries. It is slightly oval in shape and lightly built compared to similar structures elsewhere – and there has subsequently been subsidence which there have been several efforts to control including major work on foundations as revealed by archaeologists.  There is a 160ft well in a lower side room. Its current appearance is down Jeffry Wyatville for George IV and his ideas of what a castle ought to look like – this includes the gothic battlements.  It was previously used as the Constable’s residence but it needed to fulfill  people’s ideas of what the Royal Castle should look like – and is usually shown in art works as taller than it actually is.  Today at its base is an external 'gallery'.  If the castle was under attack and through the walls bowmen would be stationed here to supplement those in the keep. It is now called the 'cannonade' and has 16 18th bronze field guns. The castle's 15-metre flagpole stands above the tower and when first raised in 1892 coins were buried under it. In the 1970s the building was underpinned because of subsidence and then converted into space for the Royal Archives.
North Terrace with views, of the playing fields of Eton. It was constructed by Hugh May in the 17th
Statue. A bronze statue of Charles II on horseback sits beneath the Round Tower. It was cast by Josias Ibach in 1679, with the marble plinth featuring carvings by Grinling Gibbons.  19th accounts of the castle say that beneath this statue was a device from the 17th by Sir Samuel Moreland for raising water to the buildings.
State Apartments. These lie on the the north side of the quadrangle and follow the medieval foundations laid down by Edward III with services on the ground floor. To the west the layout is primarily the work of architect Hugh May but the east was done by Jeffry Wyatville who wanted each room to illustrate an architectural style. These have largely been remodelled following the 1992 fire and are less decorative to follow modern tastes
Private Apartments


Sources
British History Online. Web site
Castle Studies Group. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Datchet Dashers. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Lasdun. The English Park
London Transport. Country Walks
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Thamesweb. Web site
Wikipedia. Windsor Castle. Web site
Windsor Cricket Club. Web site
Windsor Forest Bowmen. Web site
Windsor Home Park Lawn Tennis Club. Web site
Windsor Rugby Football Club. Web site

Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Windsor Home Park Bathing Pond

Post to the south Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside
Post to the west Windsor Sport and the Castle

Home Park
This square covers only a tiny section of the riverside at Home Park.
Bathing Pond. This results from the layout of the Park by Thomas Page in the 1840s. It appears to be an attempt – as with the other water features of the park – to use old gravel workings.
Albert Cottage and Boathouse. These date from 1861. They are brick, with a timber framed gabled projection the boathouse is on edge of the pool linked to the cottage by a pierced balustrade which is returned over the cut to the river. Said to be designed by Teulon.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscapes

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Riverside west of the Tower and on the south bank Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Post to the south Windsor Albert Bridge
Post to the north Windsor Home Park bathing pond

Datchet Bridge
Datchet Bridge. This replaced a ferry service and was initially a wooden bridge commissioned by Queen Anne. The crossing was much used by royalty and they were often concerned for its reliability. The bridge was not tolled and therefore was popular. Responsibility for the maintenance was initially with the Crown but then passed to the counties of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire and there were decades of dispute between the two over who should pay for what. In 1836 the two counties each decided to build their own half, in different materials and not touching in the middle - Buckinghamshire's in wood and Berkshire's in iron. This was demolished in 1848 and the dispute resolved by building two new bridges
Datchet Ferry.  This had operated since at least the middle of the 13th and was replaced by the bridge.

Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers part of the eastern section– about a quarter of the total area
Adelaide Lodge. This is known as Adelaide Cottage, it was the service wing to the current Adelaide Cottage. It stands in a picturesque dell and is a brick two-storied building in the 'cottage-ornée' style of the early 20th. Over the years there appears to have been some confusion over the two buildings and their names
Adelaide Cottage. Built on the site of the Keepers Lodge, it is a painted, stuccoed two-storied building also in the 'cottage-ornée' style. There is an inscription with the initials ‘AR’ for Adelaide Regina and the date of 1831. It is however thought to be older, possibly 17th. It appears to have been used by the Park Bailiff in the early 19th but then maybe rebuilt as a retreat for royal ladies wanting picnics and privacy. It was named for William IV’s wife Adelaide.
Double Cottages. These are by the riverside near the site of Old Datchet Bridge. They were built 1840-50 amend were designed as one. They appear to stand on the site of the Crown and Angel Pub – once in Datchet High Street which continued across the bridge but demolished along with the bridge in 1848

Sources
Crown Estate. Web site.
Datchet History. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Roberts. Royal Landscape
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside. south bank west of the Tower Windsor Albert Bridge

Riverside. south bank west of the Tower Windsor Albert Bridge

Post to the west Ham Island
Post to the north Windsor Home Park Eastern riverside

Albert Bridge
Albert Bridge was built in 1850-51. It was one of two bridges in Datchet built to replace the old Datchet Bridge as part of the rerouting of the Datchet to Windsor roads following the expansion of the grounds of Windsor Castle. Prince Albert is said to have had a part in the design which was originally in cast iron.
Lodge. On the west side of the road. It is said to have been designed either by Jeffry Wyatville, or by Edward Blore. It has a crenulated parapet and arrow slits flanking the windows.


Battle Bourne
This is a stream which enters this area from the west and runs along the southern boundary of some of the Home Park. It enters the Thames slightly down river of Albert Bridge


Datchet Road
Moran Lodge. A 19th posh house evolving from a farm cottage. This was called the Elms and divided into flats in the 1950s.
Windsor Farm Shop. This was opened in 2001 as the result of the Duke of Edinburgh suggesting selling goods from the Royal Estates and small local suppliers
4 Lord Nelson Pub. This pub dated from the 1840s.  Now in other use – in 2004 it became an Indian restaurant and has also been in use as a nursery.


Home Park
Home Park is a private park in the Crown Estate and attached to Windsor Castle.  This square covers the south east corner – about an eighth of the total area.


Lion Island
This is a small uninhabited island above Old Windsor Weir. It is a thin wooded strip separated by a narrow channel on the north bank. There were once three long parallel islands here before the lock and the cut were built.


Old Windsor Weir
This is at the northern end of the New Cut but relates to the Old Windsor Lock at the southern end.
Fisher. This was on the site of what is now Old Windsor Weir.  It was called Horned-ore and belonged to the Crown. It was on the boundary-line between three parishes.


Southlea Road
Royal Gardens Lodge.  At the entrance to the Home Park. Designed Jeffry Wyatville in 1820-30. A castellated single storey building with central tower with a parapet. Extraordinary.

Manor Farm
Livery Stables.

Sources
British Listed Buildings., Web site
Crown Estate. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Pub History. Web site
The Royal Windsor Web site
Wikipedia Albert Bridge, Lion Island. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site
Windsor Pubs. Info. Web site

Riverside, south bank west of the Tower. Ham Island


Riverside, south bank west of the Tower. Ham Island

Post to the south Old Windsor Saxon Town
Post to the west Windsor Albert Bridge

Ham Island
Ham Island is only an island by virtue of being separated from Old Windsor by the construction of the New Cut in 1822 cutting the distance in navigation to around one third.  It was once a peninsula partly surrounded by a meander of the Thames.
Housing – there is some housing on the island mainly along the bank of the Cut.
Blueacre Horse Rescue centre. This centre opened in 2002 and is named after their first horse.
Sewage Works. This was opened by the Borough of Windsor in 1878 having previously been used as soakage beds by the Castle works across the Cut. The two works eventually combined.  It drains parts of villages to the south-west, Datchet and Eton which on the whole have separate surface and foul drainage. The plant uses its isolation and flood meadow land to allow for water-quality oriented sludge sedimentation beds. It is now part of Thames Water


Ham Lane
Ham Lane is a private road to access the sewage work


Sources
Blue Acre. Web site
Royal Windsor Forum
Wikipedia. Ham Island. Web site
Windsor and Maidenhead Council. Web site

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor. Saxon town

Riverside south bank west of the Tower. Old Windsor. Saxon town

Post to the south Old Windsor Beaumont
Post to the north Ham Island

Church Road
An old highway once followed the line of Church Road from its junction with Ham Lane, the old road then turned sharply across the churchyard. In 1225 it was diverted round the north of the church. The rector was then required to build the current road which remains as a footpath to the river bank
St Peter and St Andrew. This church was probably built on the site of a chapel attached to Edward the Confessor’s hunting lodge. Its joint dedication to St. Peter and St. Andrew is unique and it is thought that a new St. Peter's might have had been built on the site of an earlier St. Andrew's under the Confessor. Several synods took place here.  In 1184 it became a possession of Waltham Abbey who held it until the dissolution.  After Magna Carta in 1215, French soldiers destroyed the church during a siege of Windsor Castle. It was rebuilt in 1218. In the 18th an avenue of larches - some stumps remain - led to the north door. It also had a stone porch and a cupola on the tower which was removed by Giles Gilbert Scott in 1865. He installed new pews and a choir vestry. A spire replaced the cupola and extra bells were added to make the ring up to eight.
The Priory.  This was a small house around 1700 which is said to have been an inn. In 1730 it was leased by Richard Bateman, who made improvements and the house became a showplace. It has had a number of owners since. There was no priory here and the name is purely fanciful.
The Hermitage. This house, which is next to the churchyard, sits on top of what may have been the Norman palace. It was built in 1740 by Richard Bateman
The Manor Cottage. This now a Care home in an 18th house which is on the site of the original manor house. Following Domesday it became the Rectorial Manor of Old Windsor and the Rector's official residence became Manor Cottage. There was a moat, part of which still exists as a backwater used for mooring boats. In the 1950's Middlesex County Council took it over as an old people's home, the administration of which was later transferred to Surrey County Council
Windsor Great Park Water Works. This dated from the early 1870s and was built specifically to deal with sewage from the Castle.  It followed a notice from the City of London Conservators to cease putting raw sewage into the Thames. The system was built by Easton and Anderson and was south of the cut and a quarter of a mile about the lock.   This long closed although rectangular outlines can be seen from the air.


Friday Island
Friday Island is an island in the Thames just short of Old Windsor Lock. The shape is said to resemble the footprint of Man Friday in Robinson Crusoe,


Ham Lane
St. George’s Farm.  Recently rebuilt.


New Cut
The New Cut was made in 1821-22 and is now the navigation channel.
Ham Island. This is what was Ham Fields turned into an island by the New Cut


Old Windsor
Old Windsor was a Saxon settlement at least as early as the 7th. It is thought that it was used as a royal residence from the 9th and  Edward the Confessor is known to have spent time here as did William the Conqueror and his sons William Rufus and Henry I.  But the Normans built their fortress two miles away and thus the court deserted the old town. Eventually all traces of its palace, and the surrounding settlement, disappeared. It was suggested that the area around the church was the site of the old town centre in the 1950s and this has since been confirmed by archaeologists. It is thought that it began as a farm on a site here near the current church. In Domesday the settlement was owned by the Crown with a population of 100 families – making it the third largest town in Berkshire,
Mill. There was a large watermill made of wood, dated to 800. The mill wheels were driven by the water from a leat which was nearly three quarters of a mile long and 20 feet wide. It was dug across the loop of the Thames and was thus a predecessor of the New Cut. It had however completely disappeared.
Palace. A possible palace building – or hunting lodge - lay east of the mill leat and apparently had glass windows

Old Windsor Ferry
A ferry was operated from Wraysbury to a point between Old Windsor Church and the Priory. This dated from at least the middle ages.


Old Windsor Lock
Old Windsor Lock. The old name for the site of the lock was "Top of Caps" and it was suggested there should be a lock here in 1770. The lock was built along with the New Cut in 1822.  A weir was built in 1838, replacing an earlier one which may have dated from the 13th.  There is a small weir beside the lock, but the main weir is considerably upstream. In 1868 the lock was extended and a tumbling bay added. It was rebuilt in 1957.
Newmans Bucks. This was an eel fishery sited at the head of the present weir.


The Friary
The Friary. This is a 19th house built on the site of an earlier house called Princess Elizabeth's Cottage, or the Garden House.  Elizabeth was the daughter of George III and the Garden House had been built by Bateman who had converted it from a cowshed. The later Friary was built in 1873 by Francis Ricardo.   There was no religious organisation here and the name is purely fanciful.

Sources
Archaeology. On line. Web site
British History Online. Web site
Engineering 1874
St.Peter’s Church. Web site
O3have.uwclub. Web site
Sweet Thames Run Softly. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate