Monday, 17 September 2018

Old Oak Common Lane


Post to the west Acton Main Line


Acton Wells
Acton Wells was on the site of, and to the west of Wells House Road – the sire is now intersected by the West London Line. This was three mineral springs discovered in the 17th. The water is said to have been white, sweet and bitter and was also bottled and sold in London. It became very fashionable in the 18th with people coming to stay and assembly rooms and some pubs were built. There was also a race course. By 1795 they were no longer popular and the assembly rooms were ruined.

Brassie Avenue
Along with many other road names in the area it relates to the golf course previously on the site on which the estate was built. Called the “Golf Links” estate it is on the site of the Acton Golf Club, which was here from 1909 to 1919.
Acton Golf Club. The club was founded in 1896 and laid out on land belonging to the King-Church family.  The clubhouse was "Glendun" a 17th mansion standing in what was then a village. The view would have been one of uninterrupted countryside. In 1907 the course was redesigned and enlarged. It was built on old pasture land, which included ditches and ponds.  In 1919 Acton Urban District Council made a compulsory purchase order for 59 acres of land owned by Major F W King-Church. The area was to be developed for housing.

Braybrook Street
The road faces Old Oak Common
Old Oak Common Children’s Centre and Community Centre

Brunel Road
This is a trading estate which has been used as a base by a larger number of manufacturers. Some of them are:
1-21 Farley. This is a theatrical costume and prop hire business started in 1962 by Joseph and Madalyn Farley.
2 John Broadwood and Sons. This firm of piano makers owned a small factory here under the direction of Captain Evelyn Broadwood.  It opened in 1939.
3 Durion Ltd. specialists in the deposition of hard chrome. They were here 1940s-1950s
15-17 Westway Models Ltd. were from the mid-1960s, manufacturing small-scale aircraft models. 
17 Dictaphone Co. present here 1940s
18-20 Classic Fine Foods. Food supply company dating from 2007
28-32 Eurofins. Eurofins Scientific was founded in 1987 to market a patented analytical method to verify the origin and purity of food and identify fraud. They are a leading provider of analytical services
34-40 Taiko. Supplier of Japanese food to supermarkets
35 Aston Service. This is a dealer for Aston Martin Cars
Wilkinson Sword Co
. The company moved here in 1972 where 40 craftsmen made up to 8,000 swords a year. They closed in 2005 due to loss of army contracts. They had been supplying the British Army since 1772 at various sites in West London.
36 Holman Brothers. In the 1960s this Cornwall based manufacturer of mining equipment had a service and sales centre here
London Linen Supply. This firm was on site here in the 1940s and had been started in 1935 by the Oliver family in Finsbury Park hiring out linen to a small guesthouse. They are now based in Southall and part of a larger group;
Adrema. They made addressing machines for repetitive clerical work

Du Cane Road
Estate. An ‘object lesson in how to design cottages’., Built by the London County Council Architects’ Department, A. S. Soutar was responsible for some of the cottages. This was the last of the pre 1914 LCC Estates on land bought from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and hence road names were all of previous bishops of London.
Railway Bridge. Bowstring arch bridge built for the Ealing and Shepherds Bush railway.

Erconwald Road
East Acton Station.  Opened in 1920 this lies between North Acton and White City on the Central Line. The line was built as what was originally part of a Great Western Railway scheme, the Ealing and Shepherds Bush Railway but eventually opened as part of the Ealing Broadway extension of the Central London Railway, later called the Central line. It served the new LCC Housing Estate. Two tracks were added in 1938 for Great Western Railway freight trains, these closed in 1964 but the overgrown track beds lie north of the station.  The station may originally have been planned as Erconwald Road Halt. It has a small, brick building at street level with an asymmetrical pattern of three windows and two doors.  The platforms still have their original timber waiting rooms
Old Oak Primary School. The school building dates from 1921 and was built to serve the estate.
North Hammersmith Secondary Boys School. This site was also used by this secondary school in the 1950s.

Long Drive
The name relates to the golf course on which the estate was built
John Perryn First and Middle Schools. This opened in 1931. Some of the school has recently been rebuilt.

Old Oak Common
Originally the Common was a stretch of land bordered by what became the Harrow Road, a northern tributary of Stamford Brook, and Wormwood Scrubs. It was reduced in size by the canal and the railways.  The small area of common on this square is bounded by the railway depot, Old Oak Common Lane, Braybrook Street and Wormwood Scrubs. What remains adjacent to the street is a wide area grassland screened by a belt of trees. It is now seen as part of Wormwood Scrubs.

Old Oak Common Lane
Railway Depot - the depot lies mainly in the square to the north. This square covers some sidings and the Great Western Main Line.
Railway bridges
– there are a series of railway bridges in this square crossing Old Oak Common Lane. The stretch of Old Oak Common Lane on this square runs south from the junction of Wells House Road to the junction of Du Cane Road.
Central Line and Chiltern Railway. This is the most northerly bridge crossing the road on this square and is currently carrying the Central Line for London Underground between North Acton and Kensal Green. The line was originally built by the Great Western Railway in 1903 for a line to High Wycombe and Old Oak Halt, which stood here, was opened in 1906. This was part of an agreement for a joint line with the Great Central Railway and continues now described as the Chiltern Main Line. From 1947 it also carried Central Line trains running to Greenford which continue.
Old Oak Lane Halt. 
This lay on Old Oak Common Road south of the bridge which now carries the Central Line and west of the road. It opened in 1906 on the new Great Western Line to High Wycombe for railway staff at the adjacent railway depot.  It closed 1947. A pathway led to it from the road and this, plus a gate, appears to remain but now accessing an electricity installation to the south of the site.
Railway Bridge. This is the second railway bridge running south down Old Oak Common Lane from Acton Wells. It consists of two bridges very close together. This carries the Great West Railway main line to Bristol. It also carries what was the Heathrow Connect stopping service between Paddington and Heathrow Airport. This is now run by Transport for London and will become part of the Crossrail service in due course.  It also carries the Heathrow Express.
Railway Bridge
. This crosses Old Oak Common Lane near the junction with Wulfstan Road. It carries what is now the Central Line to East Acton Station from North Acton originally the Ealing and Shepherds Bush Railway
The Six Elms Public House. This pub dated from 1895, but is now demolished. It stood a short distance from what is now the junction of
Hurricane Room – snooker club
85 Catholic Church of St Aidan of Lindisfarne. The Parish was founded in 1922. The church was built in 1961 designed by John Newton in brick and concrete with an open bell tower. A number of artworks were commissioned by then parish priest which include: Saints carved in limewood by Arthur JJ Ayres, and an altarpiece by Graham Sutherland

Railways
This square includes many railway lines, some of which are connected to the Old Oak Depot which is in the squares to the north and east. Running lines – those which are not confine to the depot – are:
Central Line. This is what was the Ealing and Shepherd’s Bush Railway not running as the Central Line between North Acton and East Acton Stations
Great West Railway – the main line from Paddington to Bristol
Chiltern Railway
– originally the Great West Railway – running from Paddington to High Wycombe.
West London Railway, running between Willesden Junction and South Acton at Acton Wells Junction it is met by the Dudding Hill Goods Line.
Dudding Hill Goods line running from Acton Wells Junction to Cricklewood
The Heathrow Express from Paddington to Heathrow Airport
Heathrow Connect
– this is now run by Transport for London and will become part of Crossrail when it opens. It runs between London Paddington and Heathrow Airport.

Taylor's Green
Name relates to the golf course on which the estate was built  - name of a famous golfer but added after the war
The Green. The houses stand round a green with trees and a playground.

Telford Way
Extension of the trading estate based in Brunel Way.

Templemead Close
This appears to have been built on the site of Tennis Courts.

The Bye
Cottages are ‘Homes for Heroes’ experimental cottages built in 1920 for the Ministry of Health. They are of concrete construction and cheap.

The Fairway
Old Oak Methodist Church. The church has been on this site since the 1940 but moved here from the Old Oak Estate where it had been since 1922. The current building was built after a fire in 1977 with the neighbouring sheltered accommodation being put on the site of the old church hall

Well House Road
This housing area is on the site of Wells House. This was the assembly rooms, which later became a school and then a farmhouse. Horse races were run at here in the second half of the 18th.

Sources
Acton Parish. Web site
Artway. Web site
British History On line. Acton Web site
Day. London’s Underground
East Acton Golf Links Residents. Web site
Field. London Place Names
Golf’s Missing Links. Web site
Greater London Council. Home Sweet Home
Hammersmith and Fulham Council. Web site
Hidden London. Web site
Jackson. London’s Local Railways
McCarthy. London North of the Thames
Nairn. Nairn’s London
Pastscape. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Walford.Village London
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Thursday, 13 September 2018

Earlsfield


Post to the west Earlsfield
Post to the east Wandsworth Common



Earlsfield Road
310 Conservative Club in the 1950s
320 United Reform Church converted to flats. This was originally a Congregational church and Sunday school.
95a St.James District church. In 1938 St James' Church, Earlsfield Road was transferred from the parish of St Andrew to the parish of St Anne. After the Second World War the church was converted into a hall and was used as a centre for parish work. It appears to have been demolished and here is now housing on the site.

Fieldview
Fieldview Estate. A garden suburb was planned here by the landowners Magdalen College Oxford, but building ended because of the Great War. In the 1930s Wandsworth Borough Council bought this area between Fieldview and Ellerton Road for the Fieldview Estate
Sports Grounds. Wandsworth Council provided playing fields between the Fieldview and Openview estates. They were seen as a recreation facility for the use of estate residents. The northern end is used partly for allotments. The playing fields are bounded by railings with ornamental gates and brick gate piers.
Spencer Lawn Tennis and Cricket Ground. The club was formed in 1872 when the local landowner, Earl Spencer, permitted the founders to drain and use part of Wandsworth Common. The club moved to Fieldview in 1903. The Spencer Club provides a wide range of sporting activity including cricket, tennis and hockey.

Garratt Lane
Earlsfield Station. This opened in 1884 and lies between Wimbledon and Clapham Junction stations on South West Rail main line. The name 'Earlsfield' originates from the name of a 19th house which was on the site of the station. When the site was sold by to the railway company one of the conditions of sale was that the station would be called 'Earlsfield.  Although it was opened as ‘Earlsfield’ it was renamed ‘Earlsfield and Summerstown’ soon after but in 1902 the name reverted to ‘Earlsfield. The line was built by the London & South Western Railway on the route from Nine Elms to Woking in 1838 - eight years before Surrey Iron Railway closed. It became part of the Southern Railway during grouping in 1923. The station then passed to the Southern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. The main entrance was rebuilt and lifts were installed. The station has had a major refurbishment complete in 2012. . The old station buildings appear to be a bae/restaurant
Surrey Iron Railway. When Earlsfield Station was built the London and South Western Railway, was required to build a bridge over the Surrey Iron Railway here at the crown of the arch and adjacent to a similar bridge over Garratt Lane. In 1884 both bridges were demolished and rebuilt as a single-span bridge over the road. This was when the railway lines were widened and Earlsfield Station was opened. The station has a tunnel under the lines just inside the entrance and parallel to the road, which must be roughly the course of the Surrey Iron Railway.
The Earlsfield. This Bar is in what appears to be the original station buildings of Earlsfield Station.  The lowest bar is in a tunnel beneath the building which could well be the tunnel referred to as being on the line of the Surrey Iron Railway
356 Tara Theatre. The building dates from 1891 and was originally a draper’s shop plus a Mission Hall from 1912. By the 1970s it was a chiropodists plus the Church of the Nazarene. Tara was founded by a group of young Wandsworth residents in response to a racist murder in Southall staging productions aimed at making imaginative connections across cultures through theatre. In 1983 Tara Arts moved in to this building and work started on renovating the building to create Britain's first multicultural theatre using reclaimed London bricks, railway sleepers & Indian wood. In 2016 the theatre was opened by Sadiq Khan,

Godley Road
Godley Gardens. This public park was designed as part of the Fieldview Estate, for Wandsworth Council in the 1930s. Originally it was a possible site for a church, but it was left as open space. It is on a gentle slope of grass fenced by half-height spear-top railings. It is a quiet sitting out area with a raised planting area and colourful shrubs while blossom trees provide colour and fruit.  Thee is a gate at each of the four corners, two on Godley Road and two on Tilehurst Road

Groom Crescent
Built as prison officers’ housing after the Second and named in memory of a Prison Office killed in the war.
37 Phoenix Members Bar Club also Greenside Social Club

Heathfield Avenue
Neal’s Nurseries. This is the largest plant centre in Central London. It has been a nursery garden since 1850. All year round there is a collection of garden plants, and a traditional glasshouse with house plants.

Heathfield Road
Wandsworth Prison. This was built in 1848 as Surrey House of correction, to supplement Brixton Prison. It was designed by Daniel Rawlinson Hill according to the humane separate system principle where a number of corridors radiate from a central control point. It has eight wings on two units. The smaller unit was originally designed for women. The gatehouse is constructed of stone and is now incorporated within the new gatehouse. The main prison buildings are in brick and the cell blocks are three storey with basements. Originally each prisoner had toilet facilities but these were removed to increase prison capacity and more cells were created in the 1900s by opening up basements.  There are two gyms and a sports hall. In 1951, Wandsworth was the holding prison for a national stock of implements for corporal punishment. 135 executions were carried out there and the execution room and equipment remained until 1994 and is now in a museum. The room is a tea room for officers.  An outer brick wall of the 1970s encloses the gatehouse, a mock fortress with a pair of three-storey tower. The more utilitarian prison buildings behind have wings radiating from a tall central tower. Wandsworth is the most overcrowded prison in England. There is a prison museum. By 1877 an engineer's shop had been added. There was also a pump house since demolished as well as a washhouse, a laundry and a hospital. A new reception building built in 1906-7 has since been demolished. There are facilities and chaplains for several religious groups.

Heathfield Square
Originally Prison officer housing in an area which includes the prison itself and a large grassed open space.

Kingham Close
Built on the site of the workhouse

Lyford Road
19 South London Bowling & Social Club. This was established in 1900. Its aim is to promote that game of competitive bowls. The club belongs to what was originally the White Horse League although this has been the Young’s Brewery League for the past 17 years. The original clubhouse was demolished at the end of the 2004 season, with the new facilities being built and the bowls green being resurfaced.
Lyford Road Scout Hut. This is The Romany scout hut, home of 1st Wandsworth Scouts. The site was previously The Grange Tennis and Croquet Club

Magdalen Road
Magdalen Lawn Tennis Club
Earlsfield Library.  The library originated in 1895 in a shop and supplied with books from West Hill Library. They eventually moved to a larger premises in Garratt Lane. This was financed by Alderman Sir John Lorden until the Council took over in 1907.  By the 1920s it was too small for the demands out on it and a new library opened in 1926.  It was the first library in Wandsworth on the open access system.  It is now managed by Better.
Wandsworth Cemetery. This is on sloping ground and was set up by the Wandsworth Burial Board in 1878 on land belonging to Magdalen College. It was later enlarged in 1898.  End of 19th Century. The entrance gates have red brick and stone gate piers with gabled heads supporting octagonal plinths. The layout features a gridiron pattern of paths meeting in a series of circuses around which the older monuments are grouped. The newer section of the cemetery is on raised land beyond a line of horse chestnut trees. The main entrance has a lodge and driveway leading to the chapels, with two garden areas enclosed by hedging and a stone wall. It contains five 1914-1918 War Grave Plots which are on the main path from Magdalen Road.  - A general Military Plot, and ones covering Australia, Newfoundland, New Zealand and South Africa. The Military Plot has a Screen Wall with the names of those buried in it and those in 200 unmarked graves in other parts of the cemetery.
Beatrice Potter Primary School. The school dates from 1927. Its name comes from the author’s visits to her governess who lived by Wandsworth Common and to whom she wrote, using her characters to illustrate her letters. The current school replaced older smaller buildings.
Earlsfield Baptist Church. This dates from 1900.

Mountbatten Mews
Engineer. This is on the site of an engineering works .In the 1950s this was Fallows, Wrigley & Co. Earlsfield Pattern Works.

Openview Way
This runs alongside sports field
Wandlea Bowls and Social Club
BEC Old Boys Rugby Club

Swaffield Road
Workhouse. In 1886, a large new workhouse was built here by the Wandsworth and Clapham Union in what was then open countryside. It was designed by TW Aldwinckle. There was a central administration block with dining rooms for each sex, kitchens and a chapel. There were three-storey dormitory pavilions, and on the women's side, a nursery block and also a separate children's block. The men's side was a stone-yard.  To the north was a large casual ward with sleeping and stone-breaking cells. The site was taken over by the London County Council in 1930 and became a Public Assistance Institution, renamed Brockle Bank in 1948 and continued until 1972. It has since been demolished and housing built on the site.

Sources
Bayliss. Retracing the First Public Railway
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
London Borough of Wandsworth. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens online. Web site.
London Open House. Web site
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. South London
Southwark Diocese. Web site
Workhouses. Web site

Sunday, 9 September 2018

Earls Court

Post to thr west Barons Court



Barkston Gardens
Site of the Earl’s Court Manor house, which stood on the site of the present western terrace of the road.  It was not demolished until 1886. In the 1790s it was the home of anatomist and surgeon, John Hunter when he kept animals for ‘observation and experiment’, including buffalo and eagles chained to rocks. From 1832 it was a Private Asylum for Young Ladies
Gardens. These were laid out formally and simply and originally were owned by the Gunter Estate. They were maintained and financed from of enclosure rates. Residents bought out the freehold in 1993. The gardens have a central feature with planting set into the lawn and wide gravel paths. The gardens are protected under the 1851 Garden Square Act.
1 PM Trust Hostel for young catering workers in the 1980s. A pier of the back-garden gate of Earls Court House survives to the rear.

Bolton Gardens
Before the Great War this was called Wetherby Road.
High Commission for Santa Lucia

Bramham Gardens
Gardens. This was provided for the use of residents of the street who paid a fee for upkeep. In 1928 it was surrounded by a privet hedge and laid out with lawn, flower beds, and trees. It now boasts some of the tallest plane trees in any London square. The railings were removed for the Second World War Effort and it was not until the early 1990s that they were replaced. Benches have been bequeathed.

Childs Place
Built on the site of a wax bleaching works owned by a Samuel Child.
Childs Mews was an old works site. In the 1960s-70s it was a garage, Taurus Performance Tuning, and before that the A1 Garage. In the 1980s it used by was a contact lens manufacturing company, Saufron Pharmaceuticals.

Collingham Gardens
Gardens. Laid out for Harold Peto, who developed the area. They are in a naturalistic style, featuring tall plane trees placed on lawns, as if survivors from ancient local woodland. The original layout remains intact: with wide lawns and curving gravel paths. The open central lawn is circular and framed by shrub beds, each with its own Japanese cherry tree.
1 Dominican High Commission. The Commission is the diplomatic representative of the Dominica in the.  It provides consular services to Dominican citizens, people of Dominican descent and potential visitors and investors to Dominica.
1 High Commission of Santa Lucia
4-5 Metropolitan Ear Nose and Throat Hospital. Here 1947-1953 plus a nurses' home.
9 St.John’s Lutheran Church. 1973-2008. 
23 Collingham College.
This is an independent, co-educational GCSE and Sixth Form college, founded in 1975.
23 Gibbs’ Preparatory School. They preceded Collingham College
30 Mosque of the Qatar Embassy Arabic and African Sunni mainstream
30 Qatar Medical Office                       

Collingham Road
24 St.Mellitus College. This is a Church of England theological college based in St.Jude’s Church established in 2007 by the Diocese of London and the Diocese of Chelmsford. The College runs ordination and theology courses.  In order to convert it to a college the building has been entirely rmodelled.
St.Jude’s Church. This was designed by architects George and Henry Godwin, and built 1867–70; the tower and spire were added in 1879. It was financed by John Derby Allcroft, a glove manufacturer. It is now St Mellitus College, and also used by the Earl's Court Project for the homeless. . It is one of four sites used by Holy Trinity Brompton.

Counters Creek
Counters Creek was a stream which flowed through the area on the line of the West London Railway. It originated in the Kensal Green area reaching the Thames at Chelsea Creek. It was used as the basis for the Kensington Canal and subsequently the railway.

Courtfield Gardens
Built around 1877 on site of the Great Court Field which was part of Earls Court Manor.
Gardens. This square covers Courtfield Gardens West and only the edge of Courtfield Gardens East, which is in the square to the east.  Courtfield Gardens West has a traditional garden square layout with lawns, gravel paths, circular clumps of shrubbery and trees, including a London plane has the widest girth of any other local tree. Privet hedging which once surrounded the garden was removed when replica railings were installed.

Cromwell Crescent
Warwick Mansions by Philip E. Pilditch, 1903-4, for John Barker and Co. whose repositories originally stood behind them. Built on the site of the Erard piano works and Bishop’s furniture depository.

Cromwell Road
This is a major road designated as part of the A4. Named from Cromwell House said to have been the home of Oliver Cromwell’s son. The Road was extended west from Gloucester Road to the West London railway extension line in 1869 but a bridge was needed over the line. It was not always the main traffic route and the extension from Earls Court – the section in this square – running across the West London railway line and towards Hammersmith was authorised in 1884 but only finished in 1941. So this became the A4 only after the Second World War. It is now lined with hotels.
Cromwell Hospital. Private hospital owned by BUPA. It was purpose built and opened in 1981.BUPA stands for British United Provident Association.

Earls Court Road
The road follows an old lane from the High Street to the farm at Earl's Court where a modest hamlet once stood.
St Philip Church. This dates from 1858. The first vicar was the curate at St Barnabas and he also paid £5,000 towards the cost. The clock was added in 1883 and has recently been restored to full working order. The church was damaged in Second World War bombing. In 2002 Major restoration work has been undertaken,
123 Earls Court Tavern. This dates from the 1879s. A Greene King House.
Earls Court Station.  This opened in 1871 and lies between Gloucester Road and West Kensington and also West Brompton on the District Line. It lies between Gloucester Road and Barons Court on the Piccadilly Line. It was built by the Metropolitan District Railway in 1871 when they extended to here from High Street Kensington Station. Then to in 1872 they continued on to Kensington. In 1875 the station was burnt down and rebuilt in 1878 on its present site which is on the other side of the road from the original. It was rebuilt by the Metropolitan District Railway and the train shed is of this date by John Wolfe Barry.  In 1905 it was rebuilt to a design by Harry Ford, the District Railway’s architect. In 1906 the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway began services from the station. . On the street facing fascia is inscribed `District Railway: Earl's Court Station. G N Piccadilly and Brompton Railway'. The first escalator at an underground station was installed here in 1911 between the deep platforms and the new concourse. There is some original tiling left. Shops built as part of the station retain some original glass. There is another frontage on Warwick Road
Police Phone Box. This is outside the station and said to be the last one left in London.
Earls Court Farm. The farmhouse which stood close to the railway station was demolished in 1878 having occupied 190 acres.  It was the property of William Edwards, Baron Kensington in 1776 whose family subsequently developed from 1811. Street names relate to their home county of Pembroke
Manor House.  The Manor House lay adjacent to the farm. It dated from the 1790s and replaced an older building. It was here the manor courts were held. Demolished for the station in the 1860s.
Old Manor Yard. This was laid out 1874-8 on the site of the old manor house. It is now a mews development,
161 The Prince of Teck. The pub was built in 1868 for the Child family. It was altered from 1879–81 with balustrading, stone wyverns and busts by George Edwards.
Earls Court House. This had a frontage on Earls Court Road but its site is now Barkston Gardens.
Courtfield Pub
. Dates from 1879.
209 Blackbird Pub. This was previously a branch of The Midland Bank which was converted into a Fullers Ale & Pie house in 1994.
326 The Bolton. This is on the site of the Bolton Hotel. Built in 1892

Earls Court Square
Gardens. The original communal garden was a simple rectangle with grass, paths leading to a central circular feature and tennis courts. Poor maintenance by the owners led to the formation of a Residents Garden Committee in 1974. Improvements have included new steel railings, an irrigation system, flood-lighting, a garden shed, seating around the central plane tree and children's play equipment.

Empress Approach
Empress State Building.  By Stone, Toms & Partners, completed in 1962 for the Admiralty, and was one of the first London office towers on a massive scale. It is on the site of the former Empress Hall. It was renovated in 2003 to by Wilkinson Eyre Architects. Adding three floors to its height. It was designed as a hotel but was first used by the Admiralty and GCHQ 'Composite Signal Organisation Station'. The Directorate of Naval Shore Telecommunications had their national headquarters here. It is occupied by the Metropolitan Police and Transport for London and the Metropolitan Police Historical Collection. It has now been bought by the London mayor's office for the the Earl's Court regeneration scheme,
Empress Hall. In 1894 Hungarian showman Imre Kiralfy built the Empress Theatre. It had been built by D. Charteris to the designs of Allan O. Collard. Seating was all on one level so the space could hold upwards of 5,000 people. The stage was six times the size of most stages of the time. There was also a large water tank behind the front of the stage which was used for a ‘Great Naval spectacle’ and the like. During the Great War it was to accommodate Belgian refugees. In 1935 the lease was granted to Earl’s Court Ltd, which opened an ice-rink. As the Empress Hall it was used for ice spectaculars. In the 1948 Olympic Games it was used for boxing, wrestling, gymnastics and weight lifting. The Empress State Building now stands on the site
Lillie Bridge Depot. There is an entrance here to the London Underground Depot which lies in the square to the west.
West Brompton Bus Stand.

Hogarth Place
7 Kings Head. This dates from the 1860s. It claims an Australian clientele and that part of the bar was shipped to Sydney and is in a pub there. It is now a Fullers house.

Hogarth Road
2 Health and Wellbeing Centre.  NHS Clinic. This is in what was a Royal Mail Sorting office. It was converted to a clinic in 2011.

Kensington Canal
This canal passed through this area on the line of Counters Creek and which is now the line of the West London railway line. In 1822 plans were drawn up on the instigation of Lord Kensington to build this canal. Funds were raised and Thomas Hollinsworth, appointed as surveyor.  The canal opened in 1828. The canal ran more or less straight in a south-south-easterly direction, turning east at the confluence to the River Thames at Chelsea Creek. There was a small basin and steps to street level immediately south of what is now Lillie Road. Traffic was very limited and it was a financial failure. In 1836 the canal was bought by the Bristol, Birmingham and Thames Junction Railway which became the West London Railway.  Initially they built a railway only to the canal basin but this was not successful and in 1859 the route of the canal was used for a new railway line which is still in use as the West London Railway.

Kenway Road
The stretch of road from Earls Court Road to the Kings Head was once called North Road

Lexham Gardens
Gardens (the actual gardens are in the square to the north)

Lillie Road
This was earlier called Richmond Road and re-named after Sir John Scott Lillie an investor in the
Kensington Canal.

Logan Place
MacOwen Theatre. This was built for the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art who used it while they were based in Cromwell Road. It was converted from two artists' studios, plus an unused church hall to the rear. It was named after Michael MacOwan principal of LAMDA 1958-1966. The design was the a collaboration between actor producer Michael Warre, stage designer John Terry, and architect R. W. Hurst of Humphrys Hurst. The performance space could be used either with a proscenium, long-traverse or in-the-round. In 2003 LAMDA moved to Talgarth Road but continued to own the Theatre until 2011 when they sold it to a developer. It has since been converted into flats.
Logan Studios. These were on the site later converted into a theatre. From 1911 they were used by a succession of artists. Frank Lynn Jenkin 1911, William Bateman Fagan 1926, Maurice Lambert
1932 - 1955
Garden Lodge Studio. A studio wing is attached to a house behind a brick wall built 1908–9 for painter Cecil Rea and sculptress Constance Halford. The architect was Ernest William Marshall.

Nevern Square
The square was badly bombed in August 1944. 
Gardens. The gardens were provided for the residents of Nevern Square 1880-82 who bought them in 1974. Seven plane trees may have been part of the original planting, and the garden has a wide variety of trees.

Old Brompton Road
Brompton Library. Local authority library. This is a 1970s building with the usual lending and reference sections, plus a video, DVD and music CD collection.
261 The Pembroke. The pub dates from 1866. Until 2008 this was The Coleherne Arms which was a gay pub.  In the 1970s it was a Leather bar. In 2008, it was rebranded as The Pembroke and now owned by Greene King.
Princess Beatrice Hospital.  The Hospital was founded to commemorate the Jubilee of Queen Victoria, and opened as the Queen's Jubilee Hospital in 1887. It had 14 beds for the 'sick and needy poor'.   In 1907 it became the Kensington General Hospital, and by 1921 the Kensington, Fulham and Chelsea Hospital. Initially it was in Walwyn House, previously called Brecknock Villa, and was replaced in 1930 with a new building. Queen Victoria's youngest daughter, Beatrice, laid the foundation stone and her Alexander of Battenberg was President of the Hospital, It was thus renamed the Princess Beatrice Hospital.  By the 1960s it had 100 beds but in 1971 was converted to an obstetric unit.  It closed in 1978. 
Princess Beatrice House. This is the old hospital building used as hostel accommodation for the Look Ahead Housing Association for single people on low incomes.
294 Lord Ranelagh. This pub closed in 2011 when it was called ‘Infinity’. It has since been demolished.
Brompton Cemetery. The majority of the cemetery is in the square to the south.  The cemetery frontage on Old Brompton Road includes the North Gatehouse and North Lodge. This was built to look like a triumphal arch. It was refurbished in 1856, the front and refaced in Aislaby Stone. It suffered extensive bomb damage during World War II and was subsequently restored. It now houses a café and visitor centre.
West Brompton Station. Opened in 1869 this lies between Earls Court and Fulham Broadway Stations on the District Line; between Imperial Wharf and Kensington Olympia Stations on both the West London Line and the Southern Railway. It was originally built for the West London Extension Joint Railway which had opened a link between Kensington Olympia and Clapham Junction station. It opened in 1866 and was designed by Sir John Fowler the Chief Engineer of the Metropolitan District Railway.  In 1869, the District Railway opened a station next door as the terminus of an extension from Gloucester Road and in 1880 this was extended to Putney Bridge. In 1940 the West London Line to Clapham from Willesden was closed following bomb damage and its station was demolished in the late 1940s, although the platforms remained into the 1970s.  The District Line continued to use the station. 54 years later in 1994 the West London line reopened and in 1999 a new station was opened funded by the local councils. This was designed by Robinson Kenning and Gallagher and a plaque commemorates the opening.
Counters Creek. It is said that remains of this stream and its successor, the Kensington Canal can be seen from West Brompton Station. Remains of the Creek can be seen in a ditch after heavy rainfall beside the westbound platform of the station. Remains of the original canal bridge can also be seen.
Lillie Bridge. The current road bridge over the railway dates from 1860 and is the work of Sir John Fowler.

Pembroke Road,
Barker’s Depository. This opened in 1895 and stood behind Warwick Mansions. Barkers had a department store in Kensington High Street started by John Barker in 1870. It was sold to House of Fraser in 1957 and was closed in 2006. The depository was built by Philip E. Pilditch in 1902–3 with a new five-storey building linking the western ends of two existing blocks on the site of the Erad factory. They added Warwick Mansions which Barkers sold in 1929.  In 1975 they gave up use of their depositories and sold them to Kensington and Chelsea Council.
Erard pianos.  Between Cromwell Crescent and Warwick Road, was a factory for the French piano and harp manufacturers, Messrs. S. and P. Erard. They had been founded in 1780 in Paris by Sébastien Erard and had had a branch in London since 1794. They were the leading piano manufacturer in the world by 1851 when they built this factory . They produced annually over 1,000 pianos and harps at its here factory and employed some 300 workers. The factory was enlarged in 1859 . The site was eventually sold to Barkers
Bishop and Sons. This firm of furniture removers, also used part of the the Erard site to the south west for their depositories
Kensington Council Central Depot. This is in the squares to the north and west.

Philbeach Gardens
St. Cuthbert's Church. This was built 1884–87, designed by Hugh Roumieu Gough with interior furnishings by William Bainbridge Reynolds. Its foundation stone was quarried at Lindisfarne. It has been seen as an important example of the Arts and Crafts movement. In the 1880s it was the leading High Anglican Church locally – and there were some protests at this style of worship.  The church has some relics of St.Cuthbert – bits of coffin and so on
51 Philbeach Hall. This lies north of the clergy house and was built to Gough's designs in 1894–96. It housed a library, a hall, a gymnasium and room for unmarried curates. The northern end of the building bombed  in 1940 and rebuilt in 1956–57.
Gardens. The central gardens are totally enclosed by houses and only accessible from them. They were laid out in 1875 and each house in the outer circle also has its own private garden. It is maintained by a Garden Committee consisting of those with a right of access. In the 1920 there were tennis courts and a tennis club. Today it is a leafy crescent with mature trees, shrubs and lawn.

Point West Access Road
Point West. This block of flats was the West London Air Terminal
The West London Air Terminal was a check-in facility for British European Airways customers flying from Heathrow Airport. It replaced the terminal at Waterloo and ran between 1957 to 1974. Passengers who had checked in got their boarding passes; they were taken to Heathrow by coach. It was sited on a section of disused railway called Cromwell Curve. It was designed by Sir John Burnet, Tait and Partners. In 1983 a supermarket opened in part of the building and in 1997, flats were built in the upper floors

Redcliffe Gardens
47 Redcliffe School. This is a private fee paying school for children aged 2.5 to 11. The ‘pre prep’ school is in this building. It was founded in 1948 by Lady Dorothy May Edwards but from 1973 has been managed by the Redcliffe School Trust Ltd
94 This was the Convent of St. Elizabeth, the base of the English Order of St Elizabeth of Hungary which undertook mission work among the poor. The sisters observed a fruitarian diet, and were committed to absolute poverty, owning no property or invested funds. They called themselves Sparrows and wore grey habits. They remained there until 1971. It is now used by the St.Mungo Charity

Redcliffe Square
Redcliffe School is a private fee paying school for children girls aged 2.5 to 11. The ‘pre-prep’ is here
Garden. Before 1928 the garden was owned by R G Gunter, and was managed by an Agent with voluntary subscriptions from occupiers and others. It has a square lawn, with a shrubbery and trees round the border. There is a recreation ground, which is fenced off and inside it a privet hedge and a formal path layout, with beds set in the lawn, seating and plane trees.

Warwick Road
Earls Court Station, Warwick Road frontage. The station was extended to Warwick Road in 1937 and extended in the 1960s-70s with a glass rotunda above the entrance to house the station's operation room. There is a circular booking hall to Warwick Road with an entrance of brown brick. There is a separate escalator shaft leading into the Earl's Court Exhibition Centre, with surviving bronze uplighters. The Earl's Court train crew depot is in this part of the station and includes booking-on point, mess room and canteen facilities.
Earls Court Exhibition Hall. This stood on a piece of land isolated between railway lines which was used as a show ground in the late 1880s. In 1895 Imre Kiralfy put on the 'Empire of India Exhibition' and this included the ‘Great Wheel’ – a Ferris wheel and Wild West shows were mounted. Kiralfy built Earl's Court like the 1893 Chicago White City. In the Great War more than 100,000 Belgian refugees were encamped here .In 1935 new owners decided to built a show centre bigger than Olympia designed by architect C. Howard Crane. It opened in 1937 and soon after the first Motor Show was held there. This building was later known as Earl's Court One and when built was the largest reinforced concrete building in Europe. By the Second World War it was in financial trouble but it was requisitioned by the Government. Earls Court Two was added in 1991 and demolished in 2015. Earls Court hosted both the Motor Show and the Ideal Home Exhibition. From 1950 to 1999 it was used for the Royal Tournament. There were other exhibitions like the British Industries Fair, the Dairy Show, the International Motor Exhibition, the International Commercial Motor Transport Exhibition and the Bicycle and Motorcycle Show. The building was used to house boxing and other sporting contests, as well as music and variety shows for which there is a seating capacity of approximately 20,000. In the main hall was a pool area, used for the London Boat Show. The floor was supported on hydraulic jacks so that it could be lowered and flooded. It took four days to fill and to empty. From 2000 onwards other exhibition centres opened and the owners of Earls Court and Olympia, Capco, made plans for demolition and the centre is now gone.
St Cuthbert with St.Mathias Sure Start Centre.
St Cuthbert with St.Mathias Primary school
. A small choir school for boys was open as a day school in connection with St.Mathias Church in 1874.. Two schools, infant and primary, were built.  Towards the end of the 19th as houses were built on the surrounding fields a new school building needed and opened in 1899. A new wing was added in 1977.
St. Matthias Church. This was a High Anglican Church built in 1869-72.  The church was damaged in Second World War bombing and never reopened. It was demolished in 1958 and became the site of the school caretaker’s bungalow and garden, built in 1962

Sources
British History Online. Kensington. Web site
Clarke. In our grandmother’s footsteps
Clunn. The Face of London
Courtfield Gardens. Web site
Day. London underground
Earls Court Square Residents Association. Web site
Earth Regeneration Centre. Web site
Forgotten Buildings. Web site
Friends of Brompton Cemetery. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Hasker. The place which is called Fulanhan
Hillman & Trench. London Under London
Historic England. Web site
HTB. Web Site
Library Time Machine. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
London Railway Record
London’s Lost Rivers. Website
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Mapping of Sculpture. Web site
Nairn. Nairn’s London
Open Garden Squares Weekend. Web site
Our History. Web site
Pastscape. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Pub History. Web site
Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Web site
St.Cuthbert’s Church. Web site
St.Philip, Earls Court Road. Web site
Tames. Earls Court and Brompton Past
Theatres Trust. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Monday, 3 September 2018

Ealing Common



Pott to thr west Ealing Broadway

Bloomsbury Close
Built on a site which was tennis courts.


Daniel Road
Ealing Lawn Tennis Club. In 1906 the Club moved here from St. Leonards Road bringing the clubhouse with it. It cost £540 to prepare the new site due to the need to level the ground, cut down trees and turf it.  A new clubhouse was built in 1926, and extended in 1929. They then had twenty courts. In 1964, Ealing Common Lawn Tennis Club, adjacent, closed down and the Ealing club gained 4 more grass courts. The club got ownership of its land in 1987 and investment began in 1988 with 3 asphalt courts and an air dome to enclose them. In 2008 a new clubhouse was opened,

Ealing Common
This is 47 acres of common land as designated by the 1866 Metropolitan Commons Act. Previously in the early 19th the manorial rights had been transferred from the Bishops of London to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. They had overseen the clearing of scrub, planted trees and drained the ponds. It is now mainly grassland but also has avenues of horse chestnuts planted in the 19th after the common had been bought by the Ealing Local Board.  In the north is an English oak. In the south-west corner is a small enclosed park, Warwick Dene, planted as a rose garden and a rest garden for the elderly and the blind.  In the Second World War there were underground air raid shelters here as well as search lights and anti-aircraft guns in the central area. There were allotments in the south part of the common.

Elm Avenue
This follows the line of an old path. A triple line of elms, fringing from the south side of the common dated from the late 1650s. The remaining trees were blown down in the gale of 1987.

Elm Grove Road
All Saints Church. This was built as a memorial to assassinated Prime Minister Spencer Percival and paid for by his youngest daughter, Frederica. It was built in 1905 on land donated by the Rothschilds. The name of All Saints comes from the date of Perceval’s birthday. The architect was, W. A. Pite. There is also a blue plaque to Percival on the church.
Elm Grove House. The church is roughly on the site of Elm Grove House. He later became Prime Minister. After his assassination his family continued to live there until 1860. It was then acquired by the East India Company,.
Royal Indian Asylum. The Elm Grove estate in Ealing had been purchased by the Secretary of State for India from the Perceval family in 1870. It was then converted into a lunatic asylum for patients who had been sent home from India by Matthew Digby Wyatt. It had previously been in Hackney. It closed on this site in 1892. The house was later bought and demolished by the Rothschilds

Granville Gardens
Ealing Common District Line Depot. This was built by the District Railway built on 25 acres bought from Leopold de Rothschild in 1905 when it was electrified and it is now the oldest of the main depots on the Underground. Originally the depot was used to store old steam locomotives as they were replaced by the new electric units. From 1932 some Piccadilly line trains were stored here. In 1922 Acton Works took over responsibility for major overhauls but were returned to Ealing Common in 1985.  In 1990, a heavy repair shop was built here but this building is now used as storage for items from the London Transport Museum, although this has its own separate entrance away from Granville Gardens. The depot is now used to storage of District Line trains. Two sidings at Ealing Common Station connect to the depot.

Gunnersbury Lane
This road carries the North Circular Road and is often know by that name
The London Diploma College. Private language school.
17-19 Ealing Riding School. Probably dates from the 1980s.
Ealing Common Farm. This is shown on maps of the 1890s roughly at the site of the entrance to Evelyn Grove

Hamilton Road
3 Gregg secretarial college started in 1926 but had moved by 1928
Hamilton House School. This was here 1905 - 1908 and prepared boys for the Royal Naval College, Osborn

Hangar Lane
This carries the North Circular Road.
1 - 8 Hanger Lane built before the 1870s and used as rooming houses. demolished 1972. The site has been used for a succession of hotels.
Hangar Lane farmhouse. In 1861 it was described as Mary Cotching's 'model' dairy farm with a shop in The Mall selling fresh milk, delivered twice daily. It was sold to United Dairies in 1928 who used is as their depot and finally closed in 1992. It is now housing.

Keswick Close
Built on the site of a Badminton Hall.

North Common Road
St Matthew's Church. This originated with an iron church erected on a triangle of grass in Grange Park in 1872. It was then called the St Matthew’s Mission District Church. The present church was funded by public subscription and built on land donated by the Wood family. It was designed by Alfred Jowers in 1884. There are the beginnings of a tower in the Entrance Porch, but this was never built. There is a memorial screen as a Great War memorial.  In the 1980s it was shared with Ealing's Polish Catholic community.
7 A blue plaque which commemorates Dorothea Chambers who won the Ladies' Singles at Wimbledon seven times
9-10 YMCA. Short term supported housing scheme.

The Common
19 Greystoke Court. Built in 1903 as five flats, using artificial bricks made from hard clinker of Ealing's 'fume extractor' .

The Mall
53 The Lodge. “gastro” pub. It was previously The Bell Inn but appears to be a modern rebuild.
46-47 The Sir Michael Balcon. Weatherspoon’s pub named after the owner of Ealing Studios.  Previously The Hogshead, and Slug and Lettuce.
Ealing College. This moved to the house on the corner of Hamilton Road in 1880. It was called Hermosa school after 1886 and the Proprietary school from 1894 until its closure in 1901. Girton House school for girls occupied the building from 1905 to 1923 and Acton college moved there in 1925, when it was renamed Ealing college.

Uxbridge Road
Ealing Common Station. This opened in 1879 and now lies between Acton Town and North Ealing on the Piccadilly Line and between Acton Town and Ealing Broadway on the District Line. It was originally built for the Metropolitan District Railway by J.Wolfe Barry in plain brick with a two storey stationmaster’s house and entrance. In 1886 the name was ‘Ealing Common and West Acton’.  In 1903 the District extended north of here to Park Royal and the Royal Agricultural Society's Park Royal show grounds. This extension was the first of the Underground's surface lines to be electrified. In 1910 the name was changed to ‘Ealing Common’.  In 1930 a new station building by Charles Holden was constructed in Portland stone – to cut marking and wear - with a heptagonal ticket hall but constrained because of its site on the bridge.  There was originally a blue glass band around the canopy edge intended to be illuminated. There are roof-lights in the booking hall with the London Transport logo. Some original enameled signs survive
The Granville Pub. Courage pub converted to a Harvester before demolition in 2008
Fordhook House. This was on the site of what is now Fordhook Road. Henry Fielding the 18th playwright, novelist and magistrate, leased a country house here in 1752 or 1753. It was later the home of Lady Byron, widow of the poet and mother of Ada Lovelace. She founded a school here on new principles of co-operation and training.
Metropolitan Water Fountains Association installed a drinking fountain here in 1878. It remains.

Warwick Road
The Grange Pub.  This is on the boundary of the Rothschild estate since they were opposed to licensed premises on their lands. It was built in 1871 on the site of a beer house called the Cricketers –indicating an activity on the common.

Watermans Mews
Opitcal Works.This mews off Uxbridge Road is marked on some maps as ‘optical works’.  The Ealing based telescope makers W.Ottway give as one of their addresses ‘8 Uxbridge Road’ and this could perhaps refer to them.  Their main address was Orion Works either ‘adjacent to the Town Hall’ or ‘Northfield Avenue’. They claim to have dated from the 1640s but more probably 1840s and seem to have closed in the 1950s. Their telescopes are collectors’ items.

Sources
All Saints Church. Web site
British History On line. Ealing. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Day. London's Underground
Ealing Common Society. Web site
Ealing Common Walk. Web site
Ealing Lawn Tennis club, web site
Gates and Lang. Ealing.
Hidden London. Web site
Lawrence. Bright Underground Spaces
London Pubology. Web site
Lost pubs. Web site
London Railway Record
Middlesex Churches,
Pevsner and Cherry, North West London
St.Matthew’s Church. Web site
Walford. Village London
Wikipedia. As appropriate

Sunday, 2 September 2018

Ealing Broadway


Post to the east Ealing Commom



Arden Road
This was once called Denmark Road.

Bakers Lane
This road is now covered by the Broadway Centre
8 Ealing National Spiritualist Church. Now demolished
10 Foresters Inn. This was also called the Foresters Arms. Opened in 1861 and now demolished.

Bond Street
This road was built in early 1900s to provide a link from the centre to Ealing Green.
14-16 YMCA. This is what was previously called St George’s Hall. Façade with carved foundation and memorial stones by Eric Gill. As a YMCA it included a 300-person hall, a large gym, classrooms, library, reading and games rooms. Currently under demolition.
18-22 Walpole Theatre. This originally opened in 1908 as the Walpole Hall Roller Skating Rink designed by Alfred Burr. It was converted into the Walpole Picture Theatre in 1912 by J. Stanley Beard including a new facade faced in ceramic tiles. It was initially an independent cinema but was taken over by Odeon Theatres in 1936. It was closed by the Rank Organisation in 1972. It became a carpet shop and then a rehearsal studio. It was demolished in 1981 and Walpole House replaced it, later used by Thames Valley University. This block is now also likely to be demolished.
34-42 Temperance Billiard Hall. This was built by The Temperance Billiard Hall Co Ltd, a Pendleton; Lancashire based company founded in 1906 which built temperance movement  billiard halls in London.

Craven Avenue
In the 1930s -70s a path at the east end of the road led to a small industrial estate. It included a garage, two 2 engineering works and a carpet cleaning works. The area is now largely car parking.

Craven Road
The east/west section was Craven Mews in the 1930s
3 Ealing Ex-servicemen’s Club
Bowling Green. There was a green and pavilion here before 1911 when The Ealing Conservative & Unionist Bowling Club was set up and by 1933 were owners of the site. They then built a new club house and have used the site ever since

Dane Road
Griffith Davies Hall. This was built in 1917 and sold in 1970. Connected to St.John’s Church. Griffith Davies was probably a local boy killed in 1916 in the Great War.  The site is now housing.

Disraeli Road
Sunnyside Room. This was a meeting place for Brethren. It dated from at least the 1890s and closed in 1989.

Grange Road
1 Drama Studios London. Post graduate drama school.
15 Ealing and Acton District Synagogue. In 1919, David Assersohn and Mendel Kanal decided to start a shul and the Ealing & Acton Hebrew Congregation was established. They moved to Grange Road in 1923 with an Ark and fittings acquired from Hampstead Synagogue.  In 1935 a hall was begun and a new classroom in 1962. They celebrated their 90th anniversary in 2009.

Grove Place
This street has gone and the area is part of the entrance to The Broadway Centre
Scout Hall. This has gone
St Saviour’s Church. This was built in 1885 and in 1909 a church house and church men’s room was added. It was destroyed by bombing in 1940. Nothing remains of it.

Grove Road
Buckell Hall. The site at the north end of Grove Road is marked as ‘St Saviours Church’ on 1893 maps. St.Saviour's itself was built two years later on a site to the west south of Grove Place. However on later maps in the 1950s this Grove Road site appears to be marked at ‘Buckell Hall’ which was the subject of an investigation into haunting by the BBC and is still shown in the 1960s. Fr Buckell was the first incumbent at St. Saviours.

Haven Green
This refers to a stretch of road north of Spring Bridge and the railway bridge and to a park composed of common land – this square covers only the southern section of both.
Haven Green is at an ancient crossroads where tracks to settlements to the north joined the old London road to Oxford. To the south another track ran to Brentford, the Bristol road and the Thames. The Green itself may have been a grazing used by cattle drovers on the Uxbridge Road. In 1838 Brunel’s Great Western Railway cut the Green in two.  Development then accelerated. Ealing Local Board bought it in 1878 for public open space and planted horse chestnuts around the edge and also put a walk lined with London planes on the south side.
1 Haven Green Warehouse Studio. This building was apparently originally a stable. In the 1920s it was King and Chapman’s Ealing Garage and in the 1970s Haven Stables dance and jazz venue. It is now offices and studio space.

High Street
5 Police Station. This, used in titles of Dixon of Dock Green, was demolished for the Broadway Centre.
23 The Three Pigeons. This became part of the Rat & Parrot chain then a bar called Parkview. It closed around 2010
24-25 Drapers Arms. This was previously called O’Neills and before that Photographer and Firkin. It appears previously to have been shop premises.
46 Railway Hotel. This 1860s pub closed in 1937.

Longfield Avenue
This is an old road
Victoria Hall. The Hall and its associated rooms were built as part of the Town Hall in 1893, paid for by public subscription and run as a charitable trust.  It was designed by Charles Jones.  It was named to commemorate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee and designed for use by various clubs and societies
Electricity substation. In the Second World War the main ARP Control Centre for the Borough of Ealing was located in the Borough electricity building
Plant House. Intertel (VTR Services) Ltd. was set up in 1962 to service American television networks for electronic production facilities in Europe. They were initially based at Plant House where they kept their scanners and had a small studio.  
Ray Mouldings. Plastics moulding company in Plant House. They made items for expensive cars.
Public Baths. These were built here in 1884 and enlarged by 1908. They included swimming and slipper baths.  New baths were built on a different site in the early 1980s and the original baths were demolished.  Dickens Yard flats are now on the site built in 2018. The area covered by the flats also includes amenity buildings for both the baths and the fire station.
Fire engine station. This was designed by Charles Jones. Now part of the Dickens Yard development.
Railway Bridge.
This is over the Great Western Railway main line and has pre-tensioned concrete beams on brick piers and abutments over two spans

Mattock Lane
King Edward Memorial Hospital. In 1911 this replaced a cottage hospital in Ealing Dene and was called after Edward VII who had died the year before.  In the Great War it took servicemen and was greatly enlarged. A new wing was opened in 1927 and was extended again in 1937 and 1945. It joined the NHS in 1948 and Clayponds Hospital formed Ealing Hospital in 1973. In 1979 the Accident and Emergency Department closed, followed by the rest of the Hospital.  It was demolished in the early 1980s and the site redeveloped for housing
12 Tin church founded by an excommunicated Catholic priest in 1914. He died in 1925 and it was used by the scouts.
8 Questers Theatre. In 1929, a drama group was formed calling themselves the Ealing Junior Arts Club but soon changed it to "The Questors". Their first Questors production was at the Park Theatre in Hanwell and they then moved to St Martin's Hall in Acton. They were then referred to the scout group at 12 Mattock Lane. They put on plays there from 1933 and bought the site in 1952. Following more fundraising a new theatre complex opened in 1964. It remains amateur and independent. The building includes what was the fascia of Walpole Picture Theatre which was re-erected against the side wall of a building.
Clifton Lodge School. Private ‘prep’ school
Entrance gates to Pittshanger Manor. This is a rustic, classical brick and flint archway by John Soane built in 1802 with contemporary iron gates.
Wall. This is a 10 ft high late 18th boundary wall in stock brick with stone coping

New Broadway 
Town Hall.  Ealing Town Hall. This dates from 1886 when land was bought from the Wood family for that purpose with a facade of Kentish rag. It was designed by Charles Jones using similar materials and style to the previous town hall. It also included the Victoria Hall, a public library, swimming baths and a fire station in an adjacent building.  The present structure reflects several stages of development with the original building to the west with an entrance, turrets and a clock tower. There are extensions of 1913, by Jones, and of 1931 by George Fellowes Prynne. Inside is an ornate entrance hall where an imperial stone staircase leads to a first-floor council chamber
Church – Christ the Saviour. This is the parish church. As Ealing grew in the 19th a new parish of Christ Church was set up. The church dates from 1852 and was designed by Gilbert Scott. It was paid for by Rosa Lewis, daughter of a Liverpool merchant. In 1902 additions were made by G. F. Bodley paid for by Miss Trumper.
Memorial. In the churchyard is a memorial to Revd Joseph Hilliard who was the incumbent in 1859.
Spring Bridge
Christ the Saviour Primary School. The original Christ Church School was founded in 1872 as a parish school for boys of the new parish of Christ Church Ealing. The present school hall with the buildings at each end is the original buildings. In 1886 a school for girls was opened on the same site and the two were combined in 1926. In due course this became a ‘Voluntary Aided Church of England School’ managed by the Vicar and governors. Every ten years or so since the Second World War a new block of classrooms has been added.   In 1951 the new parish of Christ the Saviour was created out of the former parishes of Christ Church and St Saviour’s. Christ Church was designated as a Middle School and St Saviour’s, in The Grove, was the Infant School.  In 1993 Christ Church became a Junior School.

St Leonard’s Road
Ealing Lawn Tennis Club. This was founded in 1882 as "Ealing Lawn Tennis & Archery Club" and sited here. The ground was shared between the archery and tennis members. The first Club Gentlemen's Singles and Ladies Singles Championship was held in 1884. The club moved to Creffield Road in 1906.

St Mary's Road
13 Red Lion. Listed from 1825 in Fuller’s Brewery record, but mentioned in early 1700s.  It is still a Fuller’s house.
University of West London. This can be traced back to 1860 when Lady Byron School was founded nearby and later Ealing College of Higher Education was on this site. A plaque on the building here describes this and Lady Byron’s enlightened approach to education. In 1990 Ealing College of Higher Education merged with other bodies to become the Polytechnic of West London which later became a university called Thames Valley University. In August 2010, it became the University of West London, with a focus on its Brentford and Ealing campuses.
Lady Byron’s School. This was in the stables of Grove House which stood on the site Ness House, Acacia House and Park House built by James Strudwick who had bought Grove House and demolished it. The stables remained standing and it was these which became the school. Lady Byron was the widow of the poet and the mother of Ada Lovelace. She founded the school in 1834 combining learning with practical skills. The first head had an Owenite background. The curriculum included drawing, carpentry, and gardening, for boys from the age of 6, mostly poor, were taken for 2d. a week and boarders from the age of 12. The school closed in 1852.
Ealing College of Higher Education. This began in the 1880s with art and science classes in Ealing Library. In 1929 they moved to the current site where there was already a school of arts and a technical institute. This became Ealing technical College and School of Art in 1937 and by 1977 was Ealing College of Higher Education.
Great Ealing School. This was once the largest private school in England. It dated from 1698.The school was then near St. Mary’s church and had a public school curriculum. The school moved to The Owls on the site of today’s Cairn Avenue. In 1874 it was a day school, with subjects including bookkeeping and physical science. It closed in 1908.
YMCA. This is a Christian charitable organisation that welcomes people of all faiths, and has an emphasis on young people and children. They also provide supported and unsupported housing, children's activities, youth work, development facilities, training and educational programmes. The building is behind an older garden wall left from an earlier vicarage which is replaced. It is in traditional brick with a corner tower built in 1982-5 by Hurley, Porte & Duell.
St Mary’s Vicarage. This was demolished in 1969.

The Broadway
Ealing Broadway Station. This is a major single-leveled interchange station. Opened in 1838 it is now the terminus of the District Line from Ealing Common and the terminus of the Central Line from West Acton.  It lies between West Ealing and Acton Main Line on the Great Western Railway and between Paddington and West Ealing on Heathrow Connect. The Great Western Railway ran its initial section through here when it opened the line into Paddington but Ealing Station did not open until some months later.  In 1879 the Metropolitan District Railway branch, now the District Line, was extended here from Turnham Green, and they built their own station on the east side of Haven Green with separate platforms north of the Great Western station. The original station was by J.Wolfe Barry in plain brick with a stationmasters’ house and a train shed. This station was replaced during the Great War. The District was electrified from 1905. In 1911 what had become the District Line Station was rebuilt by H.W.Ford with a two storey frontage in Portland Stone with shops, a steel and glass canopy and a clock. It was used as a shop in the 1960s. In 1920 Central Line services were added and a footbridge was built to link all the platforms in all the stations. The Great Western station was demolished in 1965. A new station was built on a concrete structure over a raft containing shops, a ticket hall and a high rise office building and it served all lines.
Great Western Railway freight line – this was built in 1913 as the Ealing and Shepherd's Bush Railway. It was also used by the Central Line.
42a Ealing Jazz Club is where the Rolling Stones played in 1962. Charlie Watts first met Brian Jones here and then, Alexis Korner introduced Mick Jagger and Keith Richards to Brian Jones, and the nucleus of the Rolling Stones first came together.[The site is opposite the station underneath an estate agents
Parish alms houses.  These dated from 1783 and were built with profits from enclosures of the parish waste. They stood on the south side of the road om the west side of the Windsor Road corner. They were moved to Church Gardens in 1902.
45 The North Star. Dates from the 1850s
The Town House. This used to be called The Feathers Hotel previously the Plume of Feathers. Dates from the early 18th but rebuilt in 1891 by Edwin Stephens. It is now a bank.
2-3 Central Buildings. Chandlers pub closed
22 Ealing Theatre. This opened in 1899, designed by George G. Pargeter. It was rebuilt in 1906 as the Ealing Hippodrome Theatre. It became a full-time cinema in 1908 as the Broadway Cinema. In 1910, a smaller cinema next door was bought by the owners and from 1913 the buildings shared a common entrance. The Broadway Cinema was closed and became a dance hall. The Hippodrome was reequipped and re-opened in 1914 as the Broadway Palladium Cinema. In 1927 it was taken over by the Provincial Cinematograph Theatres who were themselves taken over by the Gaumont British Theatres chain who installed a Western Electric sound system. It was closed by the Rank Organisation in 1958 and demolished. It was replaced by shops.
Ealing Broadway Centre.  Huge shopping mall owned by British Land which was designed by Keith Scott of Building Design Partnership in 1985 and opened by the Queen. It includes a public library. As a result of local pressure, the usual package of covered shops, offices, and car parks was designed to make a picturesque contribution to the town centre. The brick towers and turrets are said to evoke a continental medieval walled city.
Town Square. This is part of the Broadway Centre as a pedestrian area open to the sky. It has glass arcades on three sides and ornamental metalwork is by Giuseppe Lund as well as a grand staircase flanked by lift towers with pointed roofs. Offices – provide a backdrop.

The Green
This is an open green space crossed by paths with a number of mature trees. As common land the Green was the site of the 3-day Ealing Fair every June until 1880. It was taken over by Ealing Local Board in 1878.
War Memorial. in 1919, a war memorial was proposed and agreed to be on a site on the west side of the Green. An entrance to Walpole Park was made and the boundary wall was broken for a gateway which forms part of the memorial. A curved wall is inscribed with the names of the fallen and there are iron gates and stone piers topped with urns. It was designed by Leonard Shuffre with four urns from Elm Grove, the Ealing home of PM Spencer Perceval. The inscription read ‘In Proud and Grateful Memory of the men of this borough who laid down their lives in the Great War of 1914-1918’. It opened in 1921
1 The Grove Pub.  This was the Horse and Groom in 1839 and earlier, prior to renaming as The Queen Victoria. IN 2010 is was called Finnegan’s Wake and is now the Grove
22 Chemist's shop which dates from 1902 but re-ordered in 1924. This considered to be original and is listed
Ealing Green High School. Ealing County Boys School was opened in 1913 on the site of the Hall, as a secondary school with art and technical classes in the evenings.  It was later called Ealing Grammar School for Boys. It became Ealing Green High School in 1974 as a comprehensive. It closed in 1992 and became Ealing Tertiary College for young people over 16. In 2002 it became a branch of West London College. Ealing Green College is home to their  Institute of Media, specialises in Digital, Creative and Science courses and equipped with a TV studio, photography darkroom, computer labs art studios and science labs,
St.Mary’s Building. This is now the Telephone Exchange and is a mid-18th house.
Jehovah’s Witnesses
. They opened a Kingdom Hall in what had been, St. Mary's girls' School in 1950
St.Mary's Girls' School. This was built in 1861 as a small, gabled, group in polychrome brick, with patterned tiled roofs. It was a Church of England school funded with money left by Jane Rawlinson in 1712. The school house gave accommodation for the mistress.   In 1819, it came under the National system.  It was rebuilt here in rebuilt 1862 and extended in 1894. It Closed in 1926.
Welsh Cottage and Presbyterian Church. Margaret Lloyd George laid the foundation stone of Ealing Green Welsh Presbyterian chapel in 1908. The congregation had prviouslsy met at the YMCA on and then in Swift's Assembly Rooms. In 1952 a hall was added to for concerts, meetings and nurseries. In 1972, the Welsh chapel in Hammersmith united with Ealing Green and their war memorial plates are now on the back wall of Seion. There is also a memorial plaque for church members killed in the Blitz.  The church is hidden down an alley and has a pretty iron overthrow
Ealing Green Church and Congregational Manse. These were designed by Charles Jones in 1859 in Gothic style with rag-stone dressing. It was originally a Congregational church but is now Methodist and United Reform. Behind it was the ‘Children’s Church’ built in 1926. There is now a church hall to the rear.
The White House. Under Sir Michael Balcon from 1938 to 1955 the White House was used as the Ealing Studio’s offices. Now  Walpole Court flats.
Ealing Studios. In 1902 Will Barker bought West Lodge with four acres of grounds and The Lodge making this the oldest surviving film studios in the country. He made historical dramas, all filmed outdoors. In 1907 he built the first of three covered stages here.  In 1920 the Studios were sold to General Film Renters and bought by Union Studios in 1929 who equipped them for talkies. The actual studios were to the rear. They partly incorporate The West Lodge which pre-existed on the site. The present sound stages were built in 1929-30 to the design of R. Atkinson.  .It was then bought by Basil Dean who launched film careers for George Formby and Gracie Fields. Michael Balcon took over in 1938 and renamed the studios as Ealing Studios. Many famous films were made. A number of the original buildings have more recently been replaced by modern structures. In 1955 the BBC bought the studios and used them for TV classics. They also based engineering departments here. From 1995 the studios were hired out to various companies and sold in 1999. In 2007 The Met Film School moved there.
Blue Plaque to Michael Balcon. 
The Lawn. Early 19th house in stock brick with coach house to match.  It was acquired in the 1930s by Basil Dean who owned Associated Talking Pictures along with Michael Balcon.

The Grove
Holinser Terrace. A footpath, recently rebuilt, leads to a complex of buildings at the rear of Ealing Green Church where there is a Montessori Nursery.  There is also a hall for the 25th Ealing Scouts.
St Saviour’s School. This dates from 1864. Later St Saviour’s mission church was built on land adjacent to it and in 1895 the St Saviour’s church was added. After the church was destroyed in Second World War bombing its site was used for a new playground and school hall.  Which was opened in 1962.  A cross in the surface of the playground marks the site of the high altar . The school later became a Voluntary Aided Church of England School’ and became the parishes of Christ Church and St Saviour’s. After it had been merged the school became St Saviour’s Voluntary Aided Church of England First School sharing a Governing Body with St Christ Church, the Middle School in Springbridge.  In 1993 they were separated and it became an Infant School.  The school has been substantially remodelled with a new block for reception classes, a larger staff room and a nursery. An area was designated for staff parking and the grounds were planted with trees and shrubs along with a nature area
St Saviour's clergy House. This was once close to a now-demolished church, 1909 by G. H.  Fellowes Prynne, with coloured brickwork, and a stepped gable over the entrance
29 Grove Hall. Gospel hall used by Brethren since 1875.
55 Kings Arms Pub. Built in 1897, with a corner turret,

The Mall 
National Westminster Bank. This was  in 1874 as offices for Ealing Local Board Offices by their surveyor, Charles Jones.  It is in Kentish rag with a tower. It was used for only 12 years when the new Town Hall was built.

The Park
Ealing Parish Church Hall. This stood on the corner with Ealing Green.
Ealing Grammar School for Girls. This opened in 1926 as a Girls Central School, changing later to a Grammar School. It   moved to new premises in 1965.
Byron House School. This was opened by C.N. Atlee, ex master St. Mary's National school and of Ealing Grove. His son, Charles, continued it until 1886, when it was acquired by Dr. B. Brucesmith, who renamed it Ealing Grammar school and prepared boarders and day boys for the main public examinations. It closed in 1917

Uxbridge Road
By the middle ages Uxbridge Road had become an important drovers’ road - the route along which sheep and other livestock were driven to market in London.  This part of the road is lined with huge office blocks, which are constantly changed and rebuilt.
13-16 Perceval House. This was originally built as the Great Western Hotel in the 1980s but has been used as Council offices plus offices for NHS. It was named for assassinated Prime Minister, Spencer Percival whose daughters lived locally. This is in process of being replaced.
Filmworks. This was the Forum Theatre built for Herbert Yapp in 1934 taken over by Associated British Cinemas the next year. It was designed by J. Stanley Beard & Clare. It had a Compton 3Manual/9Ranks organ. It was renamed ABC in 1961, and has since been renamed Cannon, MGM, ABC, UGC, and Cineworld, Empire. It closed as the Empire Cinema in 2008 with plans for a new cinema which would also include the Walpole Cinema façade. The auditorium and foyer were demolished.  After four years work had not begun and Ealing council purchased the site which will include flats as well as a cinema.
45 Clarks College. A branch of the college was at this address from 1910 and then at 95 and finally, until 1965, at 83. Clarks was taught “business skills” – i.e. shorthand and typing.
51 The Blue Triangle Hall stood at the rear here pre-1980 and appears to have been used for community events including early gigs for some famous names in 1960s/1970s music.
49a Little Acorns nursery. This is on the site of the Blue Triangle Hall. It appears to be a new building. It actually stands on a side road called Barnes Pikle
83 Ealing Independent College. This is a private tutorial college set up 1992, specialising in preparing students for entry into Medicine and Dentistry.
49-61 West Language London School. Private language school
61-63 Transworld Publisher, Penguin & Random House.  Major book publishers
67-69 Police Station. This dates from 1965. I may be closed
Ealing Fire Station. This dates from 1933 and was built by Ealing Borough but later passed into Middlesex Fire Brigade.  A plaque inside records its building.
52-58 Pitman’s College. College teaching typing and shorthand (Pitman’s shorthand!).

Walpole Park
The park consists of the grounds of the 18th Pittshanger Manor which passed into public ownership in the early 20th along with the mansion. It is all currently being restored again.
Pittshanger Manor. There was a building here in the mid 17th.  In 1711, it was owned by Jonathan Gurnell, a merchant.  His son employed George Dance the Younger to alter the house. It was bought in 1800 by John Soane who demolished the building except for an extension and replaced it with his own design. He also had the grounds remodelled by John Haverfield. The mansion was used for Soane’s art collection until he sold the house in 1809 . In 1843 it was sold to politician Spencer Walpole and used as the home of the daughters of the assassinated Spencer Perceval. In 1900 it was sold to Ealing District Council following the last Miss Perceval's death. It was altered by the Borough Surveyor, Charles Jones, and in 1902 became a public library. The name Walpole Park was adopted in 1900. In 1984, the Library was moved and the manor house was reopened as a museum and cultural centre. Pittshanger Manor house has a three-bay façade from the Soane designed house. The southern wing was designed by George Dance the Younger. Borough Surveyor, Charles Jones, also built an extension as well as demolishing outbuildings and the servants' wing to the east. A new lending library was built which was replaced in 1940 by a larger one.
Art Gallery. Shows contemporary art and includes an exhibition of Martinware. Ealing Council owns the largest public collection of this in the country. It was produced by the Martin brothers in Southall
Rickyard Building. This is on the site of old cow sheds here in the 1800s. In 2014 t became an education centre and events space. It has a café, public toilets, as well as thee Park Manager's office and gardening equipment storage space. Children’s' play area is nearby
Windrush Garden, an oval bed is dedicated to passengers from the Caribbean who in 1948 arrived on the SS Windrush to work in England.
Memorial to Diana Spencer in a circular flower bed set in the lawn.  Plus a silver birch planted in 1998.
Portland stone seat from the 19th decorated with a carved grotesque mask.
Bridge of rubble with flint and dressed-stone features on the southern parapet and in the three arches, the centre arch being the larger. Designed by Soane  to look old to match faux Roman ruins which he built north of the  house, the bridge crosses a small stream coming from a cascade to the west. The stream was part of a serpentine lake designed in 1800.
A monument to Charles Jones who was responsible for turning the private into a public park. It is a bronze portrait bust by Frank Bowcher.
Path planted with trees, each of which commemorates a past mayor of the borough.
Path planted with trees donated as memorials by members of the public
Wooden tennis pavilion
Lake. This is a stone-edged, elongated oval lake with a serpentine western edge and a small fountain between two islands with shrubs and trees. This dates from 1904 by Ealing Council and has been used as a model boating lake. The site matches that of an old field boundary and it may have been a drainage ditch. In 1865 there was a fishpond here.
Open-air theatre. This has now been demolished
Percival Lodge. Listed lodge house
Pittshanger Pantry. Cafe which replaced an earlier facility.
Kitchen garden. This is walled and entered by a classical doorway. There is a wooden pergola and it was reopened as a rose garden in 1920. Includes Soane's Kitchen café.

Western Road
This road once ran from Grove Road to The Mall. It now runs only half that distance with the northern end essentially a footpath,

Windsor Road
Methodist Church
. This was built in 1869 By John Tarring. Since 1986 is has been the Polish Roman Catholic Church of 'Our Lady Mother of the Church'. It is in Kentish rag with a high tower and a spire.
Memorial Hall. Built 1925 in Art Nouveau Gothic.

Sources
British History On line. Web site
Broadway Centre. Web site
Campaign for Real Ale West Middlesex Branch. Web site
Capel Sion. Web site
Central Ealing Residents’ Association. Web site
Christ the Saviour School. Web site
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clifton House School. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London,
Day. London Underground
Drama Studios. Web site
Ealing Central United Bowls Club. Web site
Ealing Civic Society. Web site
Ealing Synagogue. Web site
Educating Ealing. Web site
Field. London Place Names
Friends of Haven Green. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Historic England. Web site
History of TV Studios in London. Web site
Kingston Zodiac
London Borough of Ealing. Web site
London Encyclopoedia
London Gardens online. Web site
London Pubology. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Middlesex Churches,
Nairn. Nairn’s London
Pevsner and Cherry., North West London
Pub History. Web site
Questors Theatre. Web site
Stevenson. Middlesex
Subterranea Britannica. Web site
Taking Stock. Web site
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. Report
Walford. Village London
West London College. Web site

Sunday, 26 August 2018

Wimbledon




Alexandra Road
Wimbledon Traincare depot is a traction maintenance depot servicing primarily South Western Railway, on the South Western Main Line. It is of the busiest train maintenance depots in the country with an average of 250 train carriages being dealt with every night, and the team of around 170 depot staff.
Wimbledon Magistrates Court and Youth Courts. Dates from 1985.

Alternate Grove
Footbridge. A footbridge goes from here at Dundonald Road. This goes along a section of what was the original Wimbledon and Croydon Railway. A building there was originally an aircraft hangar. It dates from 1918 when it stood at Newhaven Royal Naval Air Service station. I was re-erected here around 1923.

Alwyne Road
Christ Church. This was a Congregational church built in 1910. It was demolished in 1978.  It appeared to originate with a group who had left the Worple Road Church.
Art College for Ladies. This was a Church of England College, established here in 1904.

Beulah Road
Back road with many small workshops, mainly motor related but there are others – recording studios, arts workshops, etc.
Mission Room. Since 2014 this is in use as a private childcare facility. Butterflies. Private nursery

Compton Road
St Marks Church Hall. The Church is behind in St.Mark’s Place
Telephone Exchange. No longer in use as an exchange. It is a classical 18th building dating from 1910
Marlborough Hall. This was built in 1899 as a church house and was home to St Mark’s Sunday School. In 1950 it was sold to the Sydney Black Charitable Trust to be used for youth work. It was then re-named Marlborough Hall.  It was used for community performances, and the proscenium arch remains. As the back section of the library it has become a performance and arts space plus more study space during the day. This is because of an Arts Council England grant.
Compton Hall. Hall which appears to be connected to Christ Church in Alwyne Road to the rear.  Demolished in 1978 and replaced by offices.
1 former Post Office. This dates from around 1900

Cranbrook Road
3 Wimbledon College started its life in the parlour of the presbytery here. The house itself was demolished in the 1990s.
Royal Mail Delivery Office. This large office block replaced an earlier building which had been here since the early 1950s.
Wimbledon Sanitary Laundry. This dated from at least 1882 and  had a deep well. They washed in a “clean, and wholesome manner without the use of Chemicals”. It was on the site of the Royal Mail office. It had gone by the Second World War
Glass painting Works. This replaced the laundry and was itself replaced by the Royal Mail Sorting Office.
Wimbledon Racquets and Fitness Club. Originally Wimbledon Squash & Badminton Club, this was built on its current site in 1936. In 1995 the new gymnasium, dance studio, reception area and shop were added and in 2000 changed its name to Wimbledon Racquets and Fitness Club.

Dundonald Road
Once known at Lower Worple Road until developed in the 1880s. Various members of the Cochrane family, Earls of Dundonald, lived in Wimbledon – but probably not the very famous Thomas.
Dundonald Road Tramstop. This opened in 1998. Trams run Between Merton Park and Wimbledon on Croydon Tramlink.
Railway. The tram line is on the line of the Wimbledon and Croydon Railway. This was designed by George Parker Bidder and was opened in 1855. From 1856 it was managed by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway who owned it from 1866. In 1868 they opened their new Tooting line which meant the approach to Wimbledon Station had to be altered. The original single line was abandoned and replaced by a double line further east – because of changes to the platforms at Wimbledon Station. The line was electrified from 1930 and reconstructed as the Croydon Tramlink in the 1990s.
Dundonald Road Crossing Signal box. This dated from 1884 and was called Worple Road Signal Box until 1909. In use until 26th May 1983. This stood on the site of the current tram stop.
Second Railway crossing.  There was also a level crossing protected by traditional gates and a footbridge over the railway. These were installed when the original single line was replaced by a double line from Wimbledon Station.   They were removed in 1975, and replaced by lifting barriers. 
First Railway Crossing. The length of the original line remained in place until at least the 1890s and was replace by a footpath from the original road crossing to the new rail line. This footpath now originates in a footbridge over the main line railway from the bottom of Alternate Grove which eventually joins the line of the old railway. It crosses Dundonald Road at the site of what was an earlier level crossing.
Amec Industrial Estate. This was the Wimbledon West Goods Yard -  Network Rail. Part of a large and complex site with several users – including the British Railways' Civil Engineering and Signal Telegraph Depot.
Firecracker works. Set designers.  They are in the Old Aircraft Hangar - A large and high metal-framed structure stands out among the other buildings. It was originally an aircraft hangar, of the Admiralty's 'Type G', but it has been modified by the Railway. In 1917 at Newhaven a sea-plane base was set up and a wooden hangar was built, and in 1918 it was extended to accommodate a larger number of planes and a new steel-framed hangar was built. The station was closed in the autumn of 1919, and the buildings were auctioned early in 1920.
Dundonald Recreation Ground. This had been land from Merton Hall or Merton Hall Farm. The Park dates from the 1890s.
Dundonald Road Schools. Built in 1904 and designed by a local architect, R.J. Thomson. It is currently a Primary School

Elm Grove
Footpath. This crosses the railway to reach Merton Hall Road
Essex Plating Co., Sycamore works. Electro plating works. “Electroplating, stoving and all forms of enamelling”. The works is on site here from at least the 1890s
Elmgrove Industrial Estate - Avebury Foundry, Crownall Works. The trading estate and buildings here appear to have been called “Crownall”  while a number of different industrial units have been located here. It appears to derive from Tube Patents Ltd. Who were here in the late 1930s and who used Crownall as the trade name for their couplings. They also had an address in The Broadway.  It also includes Ronian Works. Watson Diesel. On site since the 1950s these have now closed
6-7 Arrow Works. Bettix 1950s. This was a plastics factory. ‘Arrow’ may relate to Arrow Plastics, located elsewhere in Wimbledon.
6-7 Prototype Automobile Factory. This followed the plastics factory in the 1950s

Fairlawn Road
Congregational Church. The church appears to date from the early 1950s and to include 19th Dundonald Hall to the rear which is now in use by Building Blocks Nursery. This is a Congregational Church – clearly not part of URC.  Dundonald Hall appears to have been a mission building from the church in Worple Road.

Francis Grove
Old tram pole used as a lamp standard – this has now gone. Francis Grove is now entirely office blocks built since the 1970s.

Herbert Road
The road is divided in two by a green
St. Andrew. This was a daughter church of Holy Trinity Church, itself a daughter of St Mary's.  As a Mission Church it opened in 1883. The church was built in 1908-9 designed by William Henry Lowell.

Hartfield Road
1 Wimbledon Bridge House. Large office block
2 Prince of Wales. Greene King House. This dates from the 1870s and has an impressive tiled façade
14 Liberty Hall was here. Used for a variety of causes, including the local Labour Party, and the Quakers. Building is long gone.
17 The Slug Pub. Pub in old office block
18 Garratt and Gauge Pub
41-47 Hartfield House. Large office block
Wimbledon Picture Playhouse. This was closed before the outbreak of the Great War

Lingfield Road
Village Club. In 1857 a General Meeting of Subscribers agreed to build Village Club with funding from local donations. Use of the Reading Room and the Refreshment Room was available to subscribing members. A Lecture Hall was used for lectures, fencing classes, boxing, Penny Readings and scripture classes for servants. The John Evelyn Society Museum was included from 1916. In 1918 it was requisitioned by the Army for six months. In the Second World War the Lecture Hall was used for bombed-out families, and the charity law required a change in the class basis of the membership. In 1988 the Lecture Hall was restored and is now used by a Montessori School among others. More changes were instituted in 2002 under the charity laws and a trust was set up.
Village Hall. This is a multi-purpose 19th Gothic hall and community centre. It was designed by Samuel Teulon in 1858 and  Sir Thomas Jackson in 1895. It is run by a Trust initiated in 1858.  The hall itself has a stage and a balcony. It is part of a complex which includes the Museum and the Norman Plastow Gallery, exhibition space and is volunteer run.

Mansel Road
High School for Girls. The Girls Public Day School Trust founded Wimbledon High School in 1880, in Wimbledon Hill Road. Within ten years they had expanded into Mansel Road. In 1917 the school was subject to a fire and a new building was opened in with gymnasium and two new laboratories. They also bought a sports field from the All England Tennis Club. In the 1920s the school campaigned for the same tax relief as boys' public schools winning a judgement in the House of Lords. After the Second World War the school became a direct grant school. When the direct grant scheme ended the school became completely independent. . In 2000 a Junior School was opened with increased capacity; 2005 a Design and Technology Centre opened and in 2007 the Rutherford Centre for the Performing Arts. In 2017 there was increased provision for Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Maths
Trinity Church. In 1883 a group of local people decided to form a ‘Scotch Church’ here. A ‘Preaching Station’ named ‘Trinity Presbyterian Church’ was set up and many members were ‘exiled Scots’ and many of the ministers was appointed from Scotland. In 1886 a hall was built - now the ‘Old Hall’ –and 1891 a new church building was dedicated. In the Great War the Hall open nightly to soldiers providing refreshments and entertainment. A memorial was later set up to those killed. In 1944 the church was damaged by a V1. After the war the church became involved in the evangelical movement and membership grew rapidly. Youth groups flourished and a new hall was built. In 1972 the church became part of the ‘United Reformed Church’. The church currently has a Chinese congregation

Nursery Road
Named for a nursery which was on the south side of the road until the 1920s
Wimbledon Ambulance Station. This replaced a Territorial Army centre here in the 1950s
Wimbledon High School Playing Field. The school bought this site from the All England Club in 1923. They have recently renewed the Pavilion – which had survived from the All England Club. 
All England Club Playing Field. The All England Croquet Club was started in 1868 here and 12 croquet lawns were laid out.  They held croquet championships here. In 1875 the new game of Lawn Tennis was added. In 1877 it was renamed the All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club and began to hold tennis meetings open to all amateurs with prizes.  In 1922 they moved to their current site as the tournament outgrew Nursery Road. Gate posts on the site commemorate this past use.
Kodak Photographic works. In the 1930s this was the Roll Film Company. Kodak had a film processing laboratory here which appears to have closed in the early 1970s. However Kodak did not finally leave Wimbledon until 2002.

Queen's Road
Only buildings at the southern tip of the road are in this square.
Queens Hall. To the rear of the Town Hall and part of the Baptist Church. This is now part of the shopping centre. It appears to be a branch of Boots
4 Queens Road Baptist Church opened in 1897 and extended since.  Baptists have now become the Everyday Church which is further north in Queens Road. The original church appears to be part of the shopping centre.
Court house. Magistrates' Court built 1895. This moved to a new building in Alexandra Road in the 1980s. It appears to be part of the shopping centre.
Fire Station 1907. Wimbledon had had a volunteer force for many years. This was established for its professional service in 1907. The building is now part of the shopping centre, like everything else
15-23 Police Station. Opened in 1900, apparently recently under threat of closure.

Ridgeway
An old road, which runs from the junction of Wimbledon Hill Road and the High Street.
Emmanuel Church. This is a propriety chapel under the Church of England where the living is a perpetual curacy in the gift of trustees. It originated in 1876 following a split from the parish church of St.Mary. The current red brick building dates from 1888. It includes a Japanese ministry.
22 John Evelyn Society Museum.  Local history museum. This derives from collections made in the 19th by Richardson Evans who started The John Evelyn Club in 1903. His collection was installed on the top floor of the Village Hall in 1916. The Museum is volunteer run and open every weekend.

Spencer Hill
St.John the Baptist. This church dates from 1875. It was built following expansion of Wimbledon south of the Ridgway. Land was acquired in 1867 but shortage of funds led to the purchase of an ‘iron Church’ from St John’s, Battersea. In 1873 Thomas Jackson was appointed as architect for the present building on a site made   difficult by underground streams. A tower and spire were never added because of this. The north porch was donated by the daughter of General Sir Henry Murray, who led the final charge at the Battle of Waterloo. In the Lady Chapel is a reredos designed by Martin Travers donated by the Bloxham family as a Great War memorial to their son. Some stained glass windows came from the famous William Morris works at Merton. The Church has a crypt used for meetings, and a Church Hall used for community activities. 

Spencer Hill Road
58 Electric lamp factory. Bell lighting – British Electric Lamps Ltd - dates from 1920 when E R Grote, established an incandescent lamp factory in Wimbledon, although a works appears to be on the site from the 1890s. They are now based at Merton Abbey Mills with a distribution centre in West Yorkshire, the Grote family still being involved – Trevor Grote is the current Managing Director.
40 Friends Meeting House. This is an ordinary suburban house.

St. Mark’s Place.
St Mark’s. This is an Anglican church. The original 19th church was burnt down in 1966.  The new church was built in 1968-9 by Humphrys & Hurst to an unusual pentagonal design. There is a large cross on the roof, taken down in 1987 for safety reasons, it is now reinstalled and floodlit. The site includes a large garden funded by Haig Galustian in 1959 in memory of his mother. The church hall also opens onto the garden.

The Broadway
Town hall. Wimbledon Public Offices was a modest building OF 1878 by Thomas Goodchild for the local Board. It was demolished in 1929 for a new town hall. This was built in 1928-31 by Arthur John Hope, of Bradshaw Gass and Hope. It comprised a D-shaped civic range, fronting the Broadway with a rear assembly hall. It became functionally obsolete in 1985 when the London Borough of Merton, moved to Crown House on London Road. After three public enquiries, most of the town hall and civic and religious buildings to the rear were demolished in 1990 for a shopping complex by the Building Design Partnership. Only the front was kept.
Odeon. New cinema in a supermarket development. This is on a site some distance from the original Odeon cinema in the Broadway.
23 Curzon Cinema. This is built on top of a store in a storage area, and opened in 2009.

Wimbledon Bridge
Wimbledon Bridge is a bridge over the railway lines – as distinct from everywhere else where it is over a river.
Wimbledon Station. Opened in 1838 this is now the terminus of the District Line from Wimbledon Park and also the terminus of Croydon Tramlink from Dundonald Road. It lies between Earlsfield and Raynes Park on South Western Trains and between Haydons Road on Wimbledon Chase on Thameslink and Southern Trains.
1838 . The Station was originally opened by the London and Southampton Railway on its new line from Nine Elms to Woking. It was originally called ‘Wimbledon and Merton Station and was south of the current site on the south side of Wimbledon Bridge. Some remains of the station, a wall, into the late 20th.  It is thus a half mile from what was then the town centre and was not initially designed for suburban traffic. It had two platforms.
1855. The Wimbledon and Croydon railway opened. It used a new purpose built bay platform. This is the line which has been converted to Croydon Tramlink.
1859. The Raynes Park to Epsom railway began to use the station.
1868. The Tooting Merton and Wimbledon railway was opened by G.P.Bidder. This joined the Wimbledon and Croydon Railway at Tooting Junction. 
1869. The line New Malden and Kingston began to come to Wimbledon.
1881 The name of the station changed to ‘Wimbledon’.
1889.  The South Western Railway opened the line from East Putney to District Line trains. These ran into the ‘North’ station which had been built on the site of the coal yard where two new platforms and been were built for it together with a separate booking office. It was the first line to be electrified in 1915.
1910 The Wimbledon and Sutton Railway was promoted by local landowners who wanted a railway from Wimbledon to Sutton. It was originally intended as part of the Distract Line but delays because of the Great War did not open until 1930. The service was provided by the Southern Railway. The line leaves Wimbledon station running between the main lines, the old goods yards and the signal works. It is now called the St Helier Line, and forms part of the Sutton Loop, served by Thameslink and Southern.
1920s. the station was rebuilt with its Portland stone entrance by the Southern Railway as part of the rebuilding for the line to Sutton,
1997 the line to Croydon was closed for conversion to Tramlink.
Stag sculpture by Isabelle Southward installed 2012.

Wimbledon Hill Road
33 The Alexandra. Young’s pub
Library. This opened in 1887. There is ornamentation over the door and busts of Shakespeare and Milton on the façade.
All Bar One.  Pub in old bank buildings

Worple Road
Wimbledon and Merton swimming baths. These were extant in the 1890s. These appear to have been run by a private company and closed before 1914. It appears to be on the site which became Worple Hall
Worple Hall. This appears to have replaced the swimming baths. Early projections here were by Ruffles' Imperial Bioscope and it later became Worple Hall Electric Cinema but was also used for civic events and election meetings (featuring Bertrand Russell). It was later planned to become the Wimbledon Hippodrome. This included a skating rink n was opened by Harry Lauder. The project lasted five months.
19 The Queens Picture Theatre was opened in 1914, renamed New Queens cinema in 1925, Phoenix Cinema in 1931, and Savoy Cinema in 1932. It was closed in 1935 and demolished. A new Odeon Theatre was built on the site and opened in 1936.  It was demolished in 1960 and offices and a supermarket are on the site.
21-33 Telecom House.  By W. S. Frost of the Ministry of Public Build1ng and Works, 1958-62. Telephone exchange
28 British Red Cross. Offices
Congregational church
.  In 1871 it was felt that a Congregational church was needed and a pastor was appointed to undertake this. At first they had to meet in a pub. The money was offered and with some difficulty a site secured ad an iron church was put up. A congregation was then set up along with a Sunday school. In 1876 a lecture hall and vestry added. A new pastor was appointed to undertake the building of a permanent church. Money was raised and a church opened in 1884 which prospered. It a since been demolished
37 Hillside Church. Evangelical but not very forthcoming about it. It appears to be on the same site as the earlier Plymouth Brethren central hall
41 Wimbledon School of English. This dates from 1964, and claims to be one of the oldest English language schools in the UK. It was founded in Wimbledon Village and moved to Worple Road in the mid-1970s.
44-46 Wimbledon District Synagogue. This closed in 1997 and converted to housing. The community moved to a larger site.
56a Kenneth Black Memorial Hall. Wimbledon Bridge Club. This was originally a scout headquarters set up with a bequest from a member of the Black family, closely involved in the Free Church Movement. The Bridge Club eventually took it over and opened a bar there.
59 Christian Science Church. The church bought this building in 1924,
61 Spencer Hall.  This also appears to have been used by the Synagogue.
Wesleyan Methodist Church. This was built in 1886 and demolished in 1971.
66 TS Trafalgar sea cadets. This was used as their headquarters from 1950 until 2002 when the site was sold and a new building provided elsewhere for the scouts.

Sources
Cinema Theatre Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Cleal. The Story of Congregationalism in Surrey
Clunn. The Face of London
Emmanuel Church. Web site
Faded London. Web site
Field. London Place Names.
Girls High School. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
John Evelyn Museum. Web site
John Evelyn Society. Web site
London Borough of Merton. Web site
London Railway Record
Milward.  Wimbledon Past
Moore. Portrait of Wimbledon
Penguin. Surrey
Pevsner.  Surrey
Pevsner and Cherry. South London
St.Andrew’s Church, Wimbledon. Web site
St.John the Baptist. Web site
St.Mark’s Church. Web site
Time and Leisure, SW19. Web site
Trinity Church, Wimbledon. Web site
TS Trafalgar. Web site
Wikipedia.  Web site.  As appropriate
Wimbledon Bridge Club. Web site
Wimbledon Girls High School. Web site
Wimbledon School of English. Web site
Wimbledon Society. Web site
Wimbledon Squash & Badminton Club. Web site
Wimbledon Village Hall. Web site