Friday, 18 April 2014

North London Railway - Kensal Rise

The North London Railway running from Brondesbury Park goes south westwards

Post to the north Brondesbury Park


Chamberlayne Road
Chamberlayne was a separate manor named after Richard de Camera, prebendary and rector of St.Mary, Willesden, who was given it in 1215. Later leased to the Roberts family. This area built up by developers Charles Langler and Sir Charles Pinkham, of Middlesex County Council. This road was built by All Souls College on the line of an existing footpath.
Church of the Transfiguration. This was an old Methodist chapel to which the Catholics moved in 1977. It is a red-brick building
Methodist Church. The Wesleyan Methodists had met until 1886 in a Kensal Rise house and later opened a tin chapel. In 1900 the opened a brick chapel in Gothic style with tower and spire here. It was sold to the Roman Catholics in 1977 and the Methodists met in the adjacent hall
Kensal Rise Station. This was opened in 1873 and now lies between Brondesbury Park and Willesden Junction on the North London Line. It was first called ‘Harlesden’ and replaced a station a distance to the west. In 1890 the name was changed to ‘Kensal Rise’ and in 1911 was rebuilt. It served the Royal Agricultural Show Ground.
The Chamberlayne. Pub and steakhouse
Minkies Deli – cafe in converted public toilets.


Chevening Road
Built as an approach road to the Royal Agricultural Show in 1879 by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 

Clifford Gardens
The housing was built in 1896 by Langler and Pinkham.

Harvist Road
Harvist named after Edward Harvist, a 16th brewer who left money to keep local roads in good repair.  The name was changed from Mortimer Road
ARK Franklin Primary Academy. This is what was Kensal Rise Primary School and originally Harvist Road Elementary School. It opened in 1898 as a Board School for boys and girls. It was reorganised in. 1930 and again in 1977 as a junior mixed school plus a nursery. Some problems in the early 21st led to its current privatisation. It is a large three decker London School Board building by G.E.Laurence, with battlemented turrets.

Kempe Road
Names for Kempe who was a 19th prebendary of St. Pauls Cathedral. The houses built here by Chares Langler and Charles Pinkham.
A tributary of the Kilburn stream rose here and went down to join other streams feeding into the Kilburn to the south.

Peploe Road
Named for Peploe who was a prebendary of St. Pauls

Wrentham Avenue
Originally called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.

Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Willesden History society newsletter

Thursday, 17 April 2014

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

The North London railway continues from Brondesbury Park Station to run south westwards

Post to the east Brondesbury Park
Post to the south Kensal Rise


Ayleston Avenue
Queens Park Community School. This opened in 1989 as an amalgamation of three schools – South Kilburn High School (Percy Road School), Aylestone Community School and Brondesbury and Kilburn High School (Kilburn Grammar School). The school has a new block opened by Ken Livingstone and there is a commemorative plaque. The school is a specialist business and enterprise school with a City Learning Centre and is an academy

St Laurence Close
St.Lawrence Church. Built by the Cutts Brothers and later amalgamated with St.Anne in Salusbury Road. Replaced by flats.
Church Hall adjacent. Also now site of flats


Tiverton Road
Tiverton Green. Tiverton Green is a six acre public open space owned and managed by Brent Council under covenant from the Church of England. It was originally a school sports ground and site of a rugby pitch. The tennis courts fell into disrepair in the 1980s. In 2008 paths were laid, trees and flower borders were planted and new benches installed by Brent Council. In 2010 the playground was upgraded. New facilities will provide sports like basketball, football, table tennis and horizontal climbing, and a beginners’ cycle circuit


Wrentham Avenue
Originally this was called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.
Brondesbury Park Congregational Church. This began as the Craven Hill church, Lancaster Gate who in 1910 decided to dispose of their church and school buildings and to erect a new church – and began with a temporary church here. The church closed in 1971. It was taken over by the local authority and used as a youth club and the Tiverton Centre.


Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Queens Park Community School. Web site
Willesden History society newsletter

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

North London Line
The North London Line from Brondesbury Station runs south westwards

Post to the north Brondesbury
Post to the west Brondesbury Park


Brondesbury Park Road
This is still marked as parkland on the Ordnance Survey map of 1904. The road is said to have been built as a spine road through the area but on some older maps it is called ‘Brand’s Causeway’
Brondesbury Park Station. Opened in 1908 as the ‘youngest’ station on the line it now lies between Brondesbury and Kensal Rise stations on the North London Railway.  The platforms were rebuilt in 1996.


Chevening Road
The road was built by the Church Commissioners in the mid 1880s as one of the approach roads to Queens Park
Imam Al-Khoei Islamic Centre.  This was previously Brondesbury Synagogue. It is now the Iman Al-Khoei Foundation, the premier Shia mosque in London. The centre serves a sizable community of Iranian, Iraqi and Afghani Shias, with the emphasis on Ahl al-Bayt (Ahlul Bayt) doctrine, which holds Muhammad’s immediate household members to be ‘infallible Imams’. They also use old school buildings to the north.
Brondesbury Synagogue.  This building dates from 1904-5 the land having been sold cheaply to the congregation by Solomon Barnett who became its first warden. It was destroyed by arson in 1965 and rebuilt. It was sold in 1974 with most of its members joining either the Willesden or the Cricklewood Synagogue.  It was Ashkenazi Orthodox Ritual and a constituent synagogue of the United Synagogue from 1905 until its closure.
Winkworth Hall. This was built as a hall of residence for students at the Maria Grey Teacher Training College. There is a plaque on the building – Emma Winkworth was the first woman to climb the Jungfrau and was also known as a women’s suffrage supporter. The building is now owned by London Borough of Brent and occupied by the Islamia School and by Hopscotch nursery. It was also used by Brondesbury and Kilburn School

Kimberley Road
Welbeck Works – this may originally have been a cutlery works but it was taken on by early motor enthusiast and inventor Frederick Sims who moved his Simms Manufacturing Co from Bermondsey to here in 1902. Here they made Simms-Welbeck cars, lorries and marine engines, fire engines, agricultural vehicles, military vehicles and guns, and aeronautical devices. The works was burnt down in 1920. In 1908 he works was taken over by Grosvenor, Rolls Royce and Daimler agents.  Hooper’s moved their Rolls and Daimler servicing unit to what was then called the Claborn Works in 1959.  Hoopers were long established coachbuilders working at the extreme top end of the market and based in Westminster and Park Royal.  In 1991 Hooper bought Metrocab out of receivership and repaired taxis on the site, but by 2002, when Metrocab moved out, were no longer involved.  The site is now flats named after Hoopers.
Magneto Works – shown on a map as a different site to Welbeck Works, the magneto was another of Simms’ enterprises
Albion Works. Various companies making specialist art papers.
Legion Works. Marwick and Pauling paper board
Kingswood Avenue
One of the roads around the park which was built up with houses as part of the deal when Queen’s Park was opened.
Queens Park
This square includes only the extreme north east corner of the park and the area adjacent to Chevening Road.  The park opened in 1887. It was initially called Kilburn Recreation Ground, and has been known as Queen’s Park since the Jubilee year of 1887. It comprises 30 acres of the site of the Royal Agricultural Show held in 1879 and was acquired in 1886 by the Corporation of London from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. In 1940 a bomb fell in the middle of the north field and another by temporary wooden fencing along Chevening Road.
Bandstand, The Bandstand was erected in 1889. It is in cast iron by Macfarlane and Co. of Glasgow. It remains in the park despite some wartime alterations.
A line of trees running north west from the bandstand are likely to be remnants from a field boundary
Woodland walk
Petanique rink
Trim trail


Salusbury Road
Built as an extension to Brondesbury Park as a spine road.
St Anne. The church began as a mission church established by the London Diocesan Home Mission in 1899. A parish was formed in 1905 and Bishop of London was patron. The church building, by the Cutts Brothers was in brick with stone dressings, was completed in 1905.  It was rebuilt in 1998 and is linked with St. Andrew’s United Reform Church
Queens Studios
Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls opened in 1892 and was a private school until the county council took it over in 1938. It merged with Kilburn Grammar in 1972 and closed in 1987. The school was damaged in 1944 by a flying bomb. It also served as a Synagogue for a time, during the construction of the Synagogue in Chevening Road. It was later sold to the Islamia Trust.
Islamia Primary School was founded by Yusuf Islam, singer/songwriter, 'Cat Stevens'. The School opened in 1983 in Brondesbury Park bur has since moved to what was the Kilburn & Brondesbury Secondary School. In 1998, the government granted it state funding.
Maria Grey Training College for Women Teachers.  Came here in 1892 and shared premises with the girls grammar school but later moved to Twickenham
Kilburn Grammar School founded by Dr.Bonavia Hunt in 1898 as a choir school. At first it was on Willesden Lane but moved in 1900 to Salusbury Road, opposite the Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls as a became a grammar school for boys. It was taken over by Middlesex County Council in 1908 and enlarged in 1927. It was damaged in the Second World War and rebuilt in 1951-1952. It amalgamated with Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls in 1967 as Brondesbury and Kilburn High. It is now used by the Islamia School.
131 Willesden Borough Electricity Offices. The council had their own generating station in Taylors Lane and this was the payment office. The showroom was next door on the two storey single gabled building and there was a depot beyond that in the building now used by the Yoga Centre.


Sources
Brondesbury Synagogue. Web site
City Corporation. London City and People
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Frederick Simms. Wikipedia. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Grace’s Guide
London Encyclopaedia
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Snow. Queens Park
Stevenson.  Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Wednesday, 16 April 2014

North London Line - Brondesbury

The North London line from Brondesbury Station runs south westwards


Post to the east Brondesbury
Post to the south Brondesbury Park

Brondesbury Park
Brondesbury College. This is an Independent (private fee paying) Secondary School for boys. It has a traditional English curriculum with selected Islamic subjects. The main building was originally a house and was used to set up Islamia Primary School as a kindergarden in 1983. This then relocated and the College opened here in 1996.
Mission House. The house was originally called Restormel. In the early 1900s this was the home of Solomon Barnett, a Polish born lead and glass merchant, who became a local developer and political activist. It was later renamed The Mission House and belonged to Revd Dr Herbert Vaughan and was the Headquarters of the Catholic Missionary Society. It had a large entrance hall and an oak staircase plus a large conservatory at the back. It was lent it to the War Office in the Great War and became the Brondesbury Park Military Hospital 1915 – 1919. The garden was over 2 acres with tennis, croquet and a kitchen garden.  A Recreation Hut was built with sofas, billiards and bagatelle. It has a stage for performances.  There was a Hospital's magazine ‘With the Wounded’. In 1917 took over neighbouring - Beversbrook to make a total of 120 beds. The hospital closed in 1919 and the house has since been demolished long ago, but gate posts and boundary wall remain. The site is part of what was Avenue Primary School grounds

Christchurch Avenue
Malorees School.  Malorees Primary – Junior School and Infant School. , Opened in 1953 as a council school to cope with ‘the bulge’. 
Lady Adelaide  Home. This was one of several institutions belonging to the Community of the Sisters of the Church which began as the Church Extension Association, a missionary society begun in 1863 by Miss Emily Ayckbowm.  Much of their work had been in the parish of  St. Augustine, Kilburn.  The Lady Adelaide Home for Boys was built and presented to the Community by the Rev. Henry Law, in memory of his wife as a home for destitute boys.
Beversbrook. This was a big house on the corner with Brondesbury Park. In the Great War it was lent to the War Office by its owner, Mr Stanley Gibbs, and became an annexe to hospital in The Mission House across the road. It has 4 acres of grounds, could provide 50 beds and opened in July 1917.  The site is now Moatfield, block of flats

The Avenue
Primary School.. The site was a demonstration kindergarten for the Maria Grey College – the teacher training institution which had a main site slightly to the south of here until the 1940s although the school remained here. From 1970 it housed the Manor Primary school for educationally sub-moved to this site in 1970 from Kingsbury. It subsequently became The Avenue Primary School. This closed in 2007 and it has since housed a relocated school from Swiss Cottage.

Willesden Lane
Christ Church. This was a first daughter church of St.Mary, Willesden. It was consecrated in 1866. It was combined with the Parish of St Laurence in the early 1970s and in the 1980s, most of the of the church was converted into flats. The church now meets in what were the transept, choir and sanctuary.
163 Trojan Court Flats.  The site was that of Vernon House.  IN 1960s this was Willesden Education Department and then a special school.
180 North West London Jewish Primary School. This originally opened in 1945 in Hampstead and moved here in 1958.


Sources
British History Online, Middlesex. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Brondesbury College. Web site
Christ Church. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Maria Grey. Web site
Mitchell and Smith. The North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Tuesday, 15 April 2014

North London Line - Brondesbury

North London Line.
The North London Line, coming from West Hampstead Station runs south westwards

Post to the north Kilburn
Post to the west Brondesbury

Dyne Road
Willesden Town Hall. The offices of the Willesden local board were established here in 1891amd later were enlarged as Willesden Town Hall. When the area became part of the London Borough of Brent, all administration was transferred to Wimble, and the town hall was demolished in 1972. There are now flats on the site.  There were also a number of works departments and yards associated with the local authority – opposite and adjacent to the town hall. All these are now the site of flats and offices.
1a Foundation House. Institute of Contemporary Musical Performance. Founded in the mid 1980s and provides courses relevant to modern music
Kingdom Hall. Jehovah’s Witnesses rear of 1a
1b Hamilton House. Offices of Brent Mind, Mencap, etc.

Kilburn High Road
Brondesbury Station.  Opened in 1860 it now lies between West Hampstead and Brondesbury Park on the North London Line. It was built on the Hampstead Junction Railway line from old Oak Common to Camden Road and originally called Edgeware Road (Kilburn). It was rebuilt by the London North West Railway and the booking office remains. It has been renamed several times: Edgware Road in 1865, Edgware Road and Brondesbury in 1872 Brondesbury (Edgware Road) in 1873 Brondesbury in 1883. The station was still gas lit in the 1960s.  The station was refurbished and new platform buildings erected in 1996, as part of the ungrading for Eurostar.
234 Kilburn Grange Cinema. This on the site of The Grange with public park behind. It opened in 1914 and was cited as ‘the largest purpose built cinema in Great Britain owned by the North Metropolitan Circuit. It takes up a whole block and the cinema’s name and date are on the facade. It has a corner entrance with a copper dome. Inside a galleried oval area leads to what were the tea room and the circle. It had a Nicholson & Lord 3Manual/38 speaking stops straight organ, replaced by a Wurlitzer 2Manual/8Ranks model ‘F’ theatre organ in 1927. In 1929 it was taken over by Gaumont British Theatres who became part of the Rank Organisation. It closed in 1975 and was converted into Butty’s Nightclub which later became the National Ballroom, and then the National Club for the local Irish community. The Club closed in 1999 and the building was left empty. It is now used by the Brazilian based ‘United Church of the Kingdom of God’.
The Grange. The cinema was on the site of The Grange a large house built in 1831, and the home of a successful coach builder, Peters.
236 Speedy Noodles. This was the Biograph Theatre converted from shops which opened in 1910 for Biograph Theatres Ltd. chain. It closed in 1917, and went back to being a shop.
244-266 Sir Colin Campbell Pub. Pub with Irish music and Guinness
269 The Tricycle Theatre. Converted from a converted Forester's Hall, the Tricycle opened in 1980 as the home of the Wakefield Tricycle Company – a touring theatre company which never played Wakefield.  The theatre used the hall while the Foresters themselves maintain a decorative street frontage and shop. The Theatre was almost burnt down in 1987 from a fire started in an adjacent timber yard. It was rebuilt and expanded. In 1998 the Cinema was added and there is now also a Visual Arts Studio called the Paintbox, the James Baldwin Studio Theatre, an Art Gallery, Cafe, and rehearsal rooms.
The Tricycle Cinema shares an entrance with the Theatre. It also has an entrance in Buckley Road. It is designed by Tim Foster with an auditorium basement level. There is also a street level private box next to the projection box. The design on the screen curtain is in the form of a tricycle which is made up of names of sponsors, and patrons. It opened in 1998
274 Black Lion. Guest house and pub. Built 1898 By RA Lewcock with interior carved panels by F.T .Callcott. It is in red brick with a Pink & grey granite frontage.  Etched glass in the windows and doors. There is a projecting cornice with an arcaded balustrade with decoration, cupola and weathervane finial and a lion mask and plaque inscribed "The Black Lion rebuilt 1898".  Inside plasterwork, and gilded plaques by Callcott.
289 The Good Ship. Music pub which opened in 2005.
289-291 Mitchell and Phillips, Kilburn Brewery. This was run in the mid 19th by William Verey, a Hampstead resident.  It was taken over by Truemans in 1920.
307-311 The Kings Head.  This was previously called McGovern's and as the Kings Head had Elvis's head as their sign. Upstairs was the Luminaire, a music venue, and downstairs a 'dive bar' with a mirrored bar back from its days as an Irish pub., both venues closed at the end of 2010. The building may have been offices for the local gas company in the 1930s – and Drakes Courtyard behind was the gas works depot.
308 Nandos. Was the Lord Palmerston Pub and later called Roman Way.
332 Powers Bar Pub. May be closed

Palmerston Road
The road now intersects the Web Heath Estate

Railway
A signal box was in use at Brondesbury Station until 1962.

Sources
British History Online, Middlesex. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Mitchell and Smith. The North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Tricycle Theatre. Web site
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Monday, 14 April 2014

North London Line Kilburn

The North London Line
The North London Line from West Hampstead Station turns south westwards

Post to the east West Hampstead
Post to the south Brondesbury


Barlow Road
Built on the site of the Midland Railway’s West End Sidings – a marshalling yard and goods distribution centre. William Barlow was the Midland Railway’s engineer who built much of St.Pancras Station.
Lauriston Lodge, sheltered housing

Brassey Road
Built on the site of the Midland Railway’s West End Sidings – a marshalling yard and goods distribution centre. Thomas Brassey was the civil engineer and contractor for the Midland Railway London extension into St Pancras in 1860 and was responsible for 1 in 3 miles of all railway track that was laid during his lifetime.
Sidings Community Centre. Opened in 1983 and named for the Wrest End Sidings and it stands on a small part of the siding site.

Christchurch Avenue
Railway Bridge carrying the Chiltern Line from St, Marylebone
Metropolitan Railway bridge. This was built in 1914 – the date is shown on the bridge - and carries the Metropolitan and Jubilee line tracks over the A5.   It still carries Metropolitan Railway insignia and signage.
Murals – under the railway bridge and relates to the building of the railway.
The Bijou Cinema in the film the Smallest Show on Earth was constructed as a set between the two railways bridges


Fordwych Road
St. Cuthbert. The parish was formed in 1888 and met in an iron church originally founded by Holy Trinity, Finchley Road which had been replaced in 1882 by a brick mission church designed by W. C. Street. A church was later built at right angles to the mission church in red brick style by Street in 1886. The mission church became the church hall but was demolished in 1902 by the Midland Railway who rebuilt it nearer to the church in 1903. In 1979 it was to sell the site of the church for housing. A new church was built in 1987-8 by Jeremy A. Allen. As a low, polygonal brick building set back. In front of the church is a bell of 1906 from Street's church whose site is occupied by a block of flats

Garlinge Road
Chevington Estate. Housing project built by the London Borough of Camden when Sydney Cook was borough architect 1965-73.

Iverson Road
9-11 Brondesbury Christian Centre. This was built in 1989 to replace the Baptist church on the corner with Shoot Up Hill and on the site of the church Sunday School and hall.  Brondesbury hall dated from 1884 and used as a mission chord and Sunday School.
Railway Bridge

Kilburn High Road
This is the A5, a Roman Road and still a major road out of London north. It is a section of the ancient Watling Street and the western boundary of the London borough of Camden.
Brondesbury Baptist Church,., was built on site given by Jas. Harvey and opened in 1878 on the Corner with Iverson Road. It was an ornate building by W. A. Dixon with a church hall. It closed in 1980, demolished and was replaced by flats.
375 North London Tavern Pub
The Envoy Cinema opened in 1937 as a news and cartoon cinema decorated in an Art Deco style.  The Entrance was via a long corridor along the side of the auditorium and patrons entered from the rear with the screen behind the front facade. Seating was on one level only.  It was taken over by the Classic Repertory Cinemas chain and re-named Classic Cinema from 1955. It closed in 1984. The building lay empty and derelict but the site is now housing. The premier of the first West Indian made film was shown here.
Kilburn Station.  Opened in 1879 by the Metropolitan Railway it now lies between Willesden Green and West Hampstead on the Jubilee Line.  It was first called as ‘Kilburn and Brondesbury’ as part of the Metropolitan and St. John's Wood Railway. In 1939 it became part of the Bakerloo Line and at which time the station was extensively rebuilt and in 1950 name was changed to ‘Kilburn’.  In 1979 it became art of the Jubilee Line and in 2005, underwent major refurbishing which involved the station being repainted, receiving a new CCTV system, better lighting, new toilets, and new train indicator boards


Kingscroft Street
In 1911 work began on this road on the site of Shoot Up Hill Farm and the Elms; 7 houses were built there before 1914


Loveridge Road
Built by British Land Company 1879


Maygrove Road
The Kilburn stream is said to have run between this and Iverson Road. The road was built up mainly by the British Land Company from 1879.  
Maygrove Peace Park is situated on the site of part of je former West End railway sidings. In 1983, Camden Council agreed to designate Maygrove a peace park as a reminder of the council’s commitment to peace.  The opening of the park was on the 39th Nagasaki Day and a telegram from the Mayor of Nagasaki, Hitoshi Motoshima, said "We hope your Peace Park will be remembered long as a symbol of Peace”’. There are various works of art relevant to peace in the park -The Peace Crane by Hamish Black represents the Japanese origami peace crane made by children all over the world. On the plinth a plaque tells the story of the little girl called Sadako and the origin of the crane as the Japanese symbol of peace. along Peace Walk are 7 stones inscribed with messages of peace, one of which is from the Mayor of Hiroshima, Takeshi Araki  “We the citizens of Hiroshima ever mindful of the cruel experience clearly foresee the extinction of mankind and an end to civilisation should the world drift into nuclear war. Therefore we have vowed to set aside our griefs and grudges and continuously pleaded before the peoples of the world to abolish weapons and renounce war so that we may never again repeat the tragedy of Hiroshima” - Antony Gormley’s “untitled (listening)” statue, with a granite block symbolising “part of the old deep history of the planet… sculpted by time – a cherry tree marking the cherry tree which continued to bloom throughout the holocaust of Hiroshima.
128 Done Our Bit Club. A private club for veterans, working men and ex-army men. There is a lounge and a bar.
67 Maygrove House offices and other uses in refurbished building
65 conversion to flats of site used by Dexion, metal shelving and construction specialists as their west London headquarters
59 Garage Maygrove Motors
Mission Hall
Railway Bridge

Netherwood Street
Netherwood Day Centre. This was set up for dementia sufferers and was opened in 1988 by Jonathan Miller whose mother, the writer Betty Miller, suffered early onset Alzheimer’s. 


Railway
The Midland Railway which connects West Hampstead Thames link station to St Pancras and Europe through the Eurostar International line. The first train to use this line left St Pancras en route to Manchester at in 1868.


Sources
British History on Line, Middlesex. Web site
Camden History Review
Cinema Theatres Association. Newsletter
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Dexion. Wikipedia. Web site
Field. London Place Names
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Camden web site
London Encyclopaedia
Pevsner and Cherry...  North West London
Stevenson, Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter

Saturday, 12 April 2014

North London Railway - West Hampstead


The North London Railway (Hampstead Junction Railway) leaves West Hampstead Station and runs south westwards.

Post to the east West Hampstead
Post to the west Kilburn


Iverson Road
The part of the road from West End Lane to Maygrove Road was built by Midland Railway. The rest was built by the British Land Company
202-220 These are probably Heysham Cottages built in the site of West End House for railway workers.
West End House. The big house around which the hamlet of West End grew. In the 1ate 18th it was owned by the Beckford family - although it is not thought that either Alderman Beckford or his scandalous son William lived there.  The house was bought by the Midland Railway in 1866 and let to the railway contractors, it was later used as accommodation for railway workers. Some of it - called the Old Mansion - became the station master's house for what was then West End Station. The rest was bought by the British Land Company and demolished.
West Hampstead power signal box.  1977. An early example of a new type by. S. Wyatt, British Rail Regional Architect.  Very large; red brick and steel cladding.
190 Innisfree Housing Association
Garden Centre alongside the railway, now closed
128 Mural – abstract on the wall facing the park


Liddell Road
Trading and light industrial units on the site of part of the West End railway sidings. This was a large area – mainly to the west of Liddell Road used by the Midland Railway for marshalling goods traffic and distribution – mainly dealing in coal.

Linstead Street
Harben School. This was opened in 1881 by the School Board for London as Netherwood Street Board School. A Cookery centre was added by 1895. In the 1920s it was reorganised as The Harben School and in 1951 became Harben Secondary Modern and Harben Primary Junior and Infants – which closed in 1955. The Secondary school closed in 1961, and it became the lower school of St. George’s Roman Catholic Secondary school.  It is now flats.
Kilburn Grange Children’s Centre.  tange of children’s spaces - Outdoor play areas, etc. Designed by Meadowcroft Griffin 2006.

Pandora Road
21 plaque to Alfred Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe 1865-1922. 'Journalist and newspaper proprietor, lived here'. Harmsworth lived here, from 1888, for three years, published "Comic Cuts" and "Answers to Correspondents" and planned his future newspaper empire. The plaque was erected in 1979.


Railways
The three railway noted in the previous square continue across this area.
The Midland, Thameslink line continues westwards turning towards the north. It had a large marshalling yard and distribution centre to the south of the line, noted above.
The North London Line, Hampstead Junction Railway, continues in a south westerly direction
The Metropolitan Line, now London Underground and including the Jubilee Line continues westward, crossing the North London Line

Sherriff Road
Alexander Sherriff was a director of the Metropolitan Railway and of the London Permanent Building Society.
St.James. Built in 1885-8 by A. W. Blomfield. In red brick inside and out.
West Hampstead Studios. Artists’ accommodation built in 1884 by Messrs Pincham and Owers with an imposing frontage.

West End Lane.
It was a pleasant country drive for Queen Victoria. . In 1879 was still a semi-rural place
West Hampstead Station. This opened in 1888 and now lies between Finchley Road and Frognal and Brondesbury on the North London Line. It was originally West End Lane Station on the line from Hampstead to Willesden. The name was changed in 1975. The station received a major refurbishment towards the end of 2007 as part of the London Overground takeover.
West Hampstead Thameslink Station. Built in 1871 it now lies between Kentish Town and Cricklewood on the Thameslink Line. Initially in 1871 this was just a halt in the area at the end of what was a stretch of cobbles running from Iverson Road. For a short period from 1878 the station formed part of the Super Outer Circle in which Midland trains ran from St.Pancras to Earls Court via Acton and Turnham Green. The Midland Railway originally opened it as ‘West End’ with long platforms to allow main line trains to stop and some trains ran to Kings Cross rather than St. Pancras.
In 1904 it was renamed ‘West End and Brondesbury’. In 1905 it became just ‘West Hampstead’.  By 1945 it was on the London Midland and Scottish Railway and built as a prototype with wall panels clipped to prefabricated sections and designed by L. Martin and R. Llewellyn-Davies under W.H. Hamlyn. Rebuilt 2012 by Landolt and Brown with special measures over a line of lime trees

Sources
Day. London Underground
Field, London Place Names,
Hillman. London Under London
London Borough of Camden. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Railway Record
National Archives Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Robins.  North London Railway
St. James. Web site
Willesden History Society, Newsletter