Thursday, 19 May 2016

Riverside south of the river and west of the Tower. Riverside Mortlake

Riverside south of the river and west of the Tower. Riverside Mortlake


Post to the south Mortlake and east Sheen
Post to the east Barnes Bridge


Aynscombe Path
Now part of Willams Lane

Bulls Alley
The alley marks the boundary of the original brewery site. It leads to a Drawdock now barricaded to prevent flooding.
Brewery Wharf. There are rails remaining from cranes used here.

Clifford Avenue
The road was originally planned in the 1920s as a relief road from London to the South West. Construction began in 1928 and the road, with Chiswick and Twickenham Bridges, was opened in 1933.
Chiswick Bridge. The bridge replaced a ferry, which closed when it opened. It is a reinforced concrete deck arch bridge faced with Portland Stone. It was designed by architect Herbert Baker and County Engineer Alfred Dryland. It was opened in 1933 to relieve traffic congestion west of London and carries the A316 which was a new arterial road built in the early 1930s. under the same act as Twickenham Bridge as part of the Great Chertsey arterial road scheme agreed between Middlesex and Surrey County Councils, and designed to relieve pressure on Hammersmith Bridge and in Richmond. It was formally opened by the Duke of Windsor as Prince of Wales in 1933. It was built by the Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Company. When it opened the central span was the longest concrete span over the Thames.It remains a major transport route.


Pinks Farm
This farm was still extant in the 1930s. It is now the site of the crematorium


Ship Lane
An old lane now running down to the river between the walls of brewery buildings. The Manor House once stood to the east of here,


Thames Bank 
Cedars. This large house lay to the west of the site of the Bishop’s Palace and dated from at least the 18th.   It was gone by 1920 and the site had been taken into the brewery.
Bishop's Palace. This was the former Manor House. The Manor belonged to the Archbishops' of Canterbury from the 11th until 1536.  The house was use by the Archbishops and nine of them died there. At the dissolution the manor was given to Thomas Cromwell who enlarged it, and it was later given to Catherine Parr and then to Thomas Cecil. The house then beamed disused after a grander house was built in Wimbledon in 1576 and it slowly decayed. Only ruins remained to be demolished early in the 18th. The land on which it stood was leased to a market gardener and subsequently by the brewery
Ferry.  There seems to have been a ferry here although this is very unclear – as it also is slightly up river at Chiswick Bridge.  On the riverbank by the Ship Inn is a drawdock and watermen’s stairs – which might indicate a ferry site - and indeed there appears to have been something “east side of the road leading to the river by the “Ship," in the 17th. The Panorama of the Thames shows a ‘hut’ here. “a refuge for ferrymen”. Further upstream Chiswick Bridge is said to have replaced a ferry – presumably this is in the enabling legislation - But Joan Tucker says in her book on Ferries that there was no ferry here.
Riding school.  The 1893 OS shows a ‘Riding School’ on the riverside downstream of Ship Lane – the current site of the Maltings. This may account for the ornate gazebo shown in photographs on this corner up to the time the malting were built – or is this the ferryman’s hut.
Ship.  The pub dates from the early 19th but there has been a pub here since the 16th then called Hunters Horn.  In the 17th it was called the Blue Anchor.  .
Maltings building. 8 storey building on the riverside built by Watney in 1903 and unused for Malting since 1954
Thames Cottage. This house with a sharply pitched roof was called Church House in 1608 when it and given to the parish by Thomas Whitfield. The rents were to be used to maintain the parish church.  In the 18th it was the Star and Garter Pub.
Wall Post Box
Tudor Cottage. This was built in 1750 and called Tudor Lodge,
Thames Bank House   this was built in the grounds of Leyden House in 1730. The gothic front was added in about 1815
The Old Stables
Leydon House. This dates to the 15th but the facade is 18th
Boat Race End. This stone, set into the setts, marks the spot where the University Boat race ends.
Cromwell House. James Wigan, of the Mortlake Brewery, demolished old Cromwell house and built a new Cromwell House on Thames Bank. This was a brick villa with fine Tudor style chimneys. It had 14 bedrooms, a nursery and school-room, servants’ quarters, vast cellars, a billiard room and several offices and other minor rooms. James Wigan moved there in 1858. After their deaths the house became derelict but a caretaker lived in part of the property for some 20 years. In 1940 the Local Defence Volunteers built a hut in the gardens. It was demolished in 1947 when the land was bought by Watneys. The brewery developed the site apart from the area of the actual house.
Cromwell House. The brewery eventually built a third Cromwell House on this site. Employees of the brewery lived in a modern terrace of houses which was demolished in 1990. This final piece of land near to the river was sold and the present Parliament Mews was built in 1992
Parliament Mews. These are on the site of the second and third Cromwell houses and the original high boundary walls of Cromwell House still exist today as the boundary wall of Parliament Mews 
The path under the bridge now forms part of the Thames Path, the northernmost arch was used by the Tideway Scullers club for storage


Thames Street
Thames Street ran from the junction of today’s Mortlake High Street and Lower Richmond Road at Mortlake Green. It ran from there to the river but became subsumed into the brewery.
Mortlake Brewery. This was visually very prominent on the riverbank. It grew from this area to dominate the riverside and a considerable distance inland (partly covered by the square to the south).  The first brewer here war said to be a John Morgan in 1487 who is Said to have connections with the Archbishops’ Palace and hoping to supply the new royal household at Sheen.  He is not thought to have been a forerunner of two commdercial breweries recorded in 1765 on either side of Thames Street – one owned by James Weatherstone and the other by William Richmond. By 1780 Richmond’s brewery was in the ownership of John Prior while Weatherstone had a partner called Carteret John Halford. Weatherstone and Halford extended their brewery northwards to the river in 1807 and then in 1811 took over Prior’s brewery, merging them into one – which is said to have supplied the British army with India Pale Ale. Following deaths and takeovers by 1841 it was owned by Phillips and Wigan. In 1865 they bought all the properties along the river frontage, and shut the alleys and streets that ran through the brewery premises, including Thames Street and Brewhouse Lane. The brewery was then substantially rebuilt and eventually control of the brewery passed in 1877 solely to the Philips family. In 1889 the Phillips were taken over by Watney’s of the Stag brewery, Pimlico. At Mortlake they made pale ales and bitter beers, and for many years all the bitter for Watney’s London trade was brewed at Mortlake and taken down river by two barges, called Mollie and Ann. In 1898 Witney’s merged with Reid’s of Clerkenwell and Combe’s of Covent Garden, to become the largest brewing concern in London.  Mortlake brewery was then rebuilt including an eight-storey maltings by the riverside in 1903 on the eastern corner of Ship Lane.  In 1930 Watney’s bought a bulk beer pasteuriser from Germany, and began experimenting with pressurised keg beer. Two years later, in 1935, the company launched the Mortlake-brewed Watney’s Special bitter, stronger and more expensive than the “ordinary” bitter. In 1971 Watney’s began again too expand the Mortlake brewery but were taken over by Grand Metropolitan.  By the 1980s, under Grand Met, Mortlake was a massive lager brewery producing Fosters and Holsten Export as well as Watney’s Special and Watney’s Pale Ale. The brewery was renamed 'Stag' to reflect the Pimlico brewery where Watney had started – by then closed. Mortlake was leased to Anheuser-Busch to make Budweiser. An announcement that the site was to close was made in 2009, and by 20135 the site had been sold to a Singapore based developer.


Williams Lane
This part of the lane was previously Aynscombe Lane and before that Cromwell Lane
Cromwell House. Old Cromwell House was a brick mansion with land stretching from the Lower Richmond Road to the riverside path on what is now Thames Bank. It stood on a site now used by the brewery and facing onto what is now Williams Lane.  It got its name from Thomas Cromwell who had local connections, not only through his birth in Putney but through a sister with links to the brewery trade., .In the late 17th it was the home of Edward Colston of the London Mercers' Company with strong links to Bristol. Colston created a fine garden and added the gazebo with views across the Thames. The houses subsequently passed to the Aynscombe family. In 1858 it was bought by James Wigan, of the Mortlake Brewery, who demolished it built a new Cromwell House on Thames Bank. The stone and ironwork gates still exist in Williams Lane although they have been moved from their original site some 40 meters to the west.
Gate Piers of the former Cromwell House. With a niche in the street fronts. The gate is 18th wrought iron and is shown on a painting of 1790 n front of Cromwell House. In 1961 Watney's moved them west as the entrance to the Sports Club Bowling Greens.  They are now the entrance to flats.
Bowling Greens. Behind these gates are recently built flats but they were previously the site of two bowling greens. These were part of Watney's Sports & Social Club, which closed in 2000, leaving the greens derelict.


Sources
Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Web site
Brown. Barnes and Mortlake Past
History of the Parish of Mortlake. Web site
London Parks and Gardens Trust. Web site
Panorama of the Thames. Web site
SABRE Web site
Tucker. Ferries of the Lower Thames
Wikipedia. Chiswick Bridge. Web site
Zythophile. Web site

Monday, 16 May 2016

Riverside south bank, west of the Tower - Mortlake and east Sheen

Riverside south bank, west of the Tower - Mortlake and east Sheen

Post to the east Barnes Common
Post to the north Riverside Mortlake

Alder Road
Gym. The Second Mortlake Scout Group meets here. They were formed in 1919 and are attached to St. Mary the Virgin Church. The gym is a large corrugated iron building which appears to be post Second World War or to have previously been in use as a library.
Girl Guides Centre. This appears to be on the same site as the scouts but to the rear of the Gym
Sea Scouts Hall. This appears to date from 1963 and was presumably rebuilt after the fire mentioned below.  The Sea Scout group itself dated from before the Second World War. A group from Mortlake were part of the Dunkirk landings in their boat Minotaur and worked on other boats.  In August 1950 - all ten scouts on board were killed when their vessel Wangle III was lost on a return voyage from France. A memorial stone with all the names was unveiled in their building. The hall was later burnt down but the stone, was placed in St Mary’s Church in Mortlake . The hall is now used by a day nursry. The New Stepping Stones


Bull Alley
Narrow pathway leading through brewery buildings and the riverside (on the next square). It was  named for local corn chandler, Richard Bull. 

Church Avenue
This follows the line of what was Church Path, running from St. Mary’s church to the Upper Richmond Road. At both ends it becomes a path again.
Church Path
There are two parts of this path at either end of the now suburbanised Church Avenue
Plaque. This is on a wall near the church, and says, ‘This path forms part of an old track from the village of Sheen to Mortlake church. It was used for walking funerals until the 19th when the railway cut across it.


East Sheen Avenue
All Saints Church. This is built on land left by Major Shepherd-Cross MP who lived at Palewell Lodge from 1896. It was consecrated on All Saints Day 1929 .The foundation for the church having been laid by the late Queen Mother. It is by J.E. Newberry & C.W.Fowler. It was partly burnt down 1965 and rebuilt. The style of worship is modern catholic. The Suzy Lamplugh window commemorates the estate agent who disappeared and was installed in 1996. The terracotta Stations of the Cross are by local sculptor Nathan David are in memory of her parents

Forty Alley
This footpath runs from Kingsway to St. Leonard’s Road, crossing the railway by a bridge. Installed when the railway was built this was originally a crossing with stiles.

Lower Richmond Road
This road – named as Thames Street – once ran on to the riverside from the corner of Mortlake Green. This area was eventually subsumed into the Brewery.
Mortlake Hotel. Closed in 1955 this is now used as offices. It had previously been the Kings Head which offered a horse and chaise hire business.
Church. The original parish church was on the site on which the brewery was built.  Mortlake was once part of a larger Manor and the parish church was in Wimbledon. A church was built here n 1348. This was demolished after land ownerships changed and the church built on the present site in 1543.
Burial ground. The original parish burial ground was a piece of land next to the old chapel given by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1383.
Manor House. The brewery covers the area of the original manor house. It was demolished n the 18th,
Stag Brewery. This is now closing and is finally owned by Budweiser – AB InBev. Commercial brewing in Mortlake began during the 18th in a site near the river. From the 1830s this began to expand and more inland sites were acquired. In 1865 Philips and Wigan built a e new brewery including  a long, high brick wall fronting Mortlake High Street on which the initials P & W were carved into stone roundels beside the legend 'Mortlake Brewery, 1869'. These remain n the wall. By 1877 Phillips was the sole owner, and was joined by his snobs. He died in 1889 and the sobs sold out to Watneys. In 1898 Watney's became Watney, Combe, Reid and Co. In the 20th the brewery developed westward and increasingly. When Watney’s Stag Brewery in Victoria, was demolished in 1959, the name was transferred to Mortlake Brewery and there is a Stag relief on a block by the gates.  During the 1960s use of modern technology meant a steady decline in the workforce. In 1995 Anheuser Busch, the US brewing giant, leased the site and brewed Budweiser there
Jolly Gardeners. This is a Young's Pub called The Three Tuns in the 18th. The present name dates from 1796 maybe as a reference to market gardens locally. . The current building dates from 1922.
The Tapestry. This was previously called The Jolly Milkman and then the Pickled Newt. It was pub but is now primarily a restaurant.
37 Gale’s Honey.  In 1919 Richard Wesley Gale began bottling honey here in a building which seems previously to have been used as a laundry. There is a two storey brick workshop to the rear.
Memorial plaque. This is a war memorial to Watney Coombe and Reid employees in two world wars. This memorial was originally located at the Stag Place Brewery, Pimlico, and was relocated in 1959 when this closed.
Central School. This opened in 1904 and was built by 1905. This was initially a primary school with over sevens in a two storey building with boys and girls separated. In the 1920s it was known as a Junior Mixed and Infant School and in 1918 the larger building became a Central School. The school closed in 1969. Most of the area appears to be covered by Hanson Close although some buildings remain in community use. This is called the Old Bakery and is run by Mortlake Community Association.
Sports ground. This is a private playing field once owned by Watneys which comprises two football/one cricket pitch and a pavilion. This is currently used by Barnes Eagles Football Club

Milton Road
Juxon Almshouses. In 1626 John Juxon bequeathed housing for four poor widows. Almshouses built n 1746 were in Church Path and demolished in 1911. They were rebuilt to front onto Milton Road.

Model Cottages
Model Cottages. These are behind the Waitrose car park. They were set up by the Labourer’s Friendly Society 1853. There is now a plaque on the entrance to this defect.

Mortlake Green
Green. This is said to be the old village green but this had been disproved and cited as an area where brewery drays were parked. It was once called Kings Arms Field. , and was given to the residents of Mortlake by Earl Spencer in 1860 a recreation ground. It has mature trees and shrubs and a basketball practice area. With three shallow stepped terraces from the railway with low stone walls between them. Near the railway is a paved area with brick planters and seating on Sheen Lane. A seat in the upper terrace commemorates Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee. A mound was created and planted in 1985 by Mortlake Brewery, to commemorate 500 years of brewing in Mortlake.

Mortlake High Street
This is now a wide road with blocks of flats and some 18th houses and early 20th council buildings. Until the 1960s this was a narrow high street lined with shops – road widening has totally changed its character.
Electric substation
Stag Brewery. Bottling Building. This was constructed in 1869. It is no longer used for bottling but for storage. There is a rendered area on the south elevation which reads “1869 Mortlake Brewery”. The building has cast iron columns at basement, ground and first floor which hold up arched painted brick ceilings.
2-14 Royal Mail Mortlake and Barnes Delivery building. This dates from the 1950s
Sugar refinery. This was sited to the east of Bull’s Alley in 1688. It was owned by William Mucklow and in 1729 was owned by John Bentley. By the early 1740sthe site was in use as a pottery
Sanders Pottery. The Mortlake Pottery was founded by John Sanders in 1743 and it became London’s largest stoneware works.  Sanders came from Lambeth who moved into his new manufactory in about 1743 when he took over the disused sugar boilers factory.  He made blue and white tin-glazed earthenware –utilitarian pieces for daily use.   His son and then his grandson continued to run the business until 1794 but by 1823 the building was empty. 
Kishere Pottery. This was opposite the Sanders works on the south side of the road.  Joseph Kishere had worked for Sanders but a well off wife and a lottery win allowed him to set up on his own. He made salt glazed stone ware which is durable and relics tend to survive. The products were decorative with plaques showing a variety of popular scenes,
Tithe Barn, demolished 1865. This was to the east of the Kings Arms and latterly used as a corn dealer’s store.
Montpelier House. This 18th house is shown on the 1829 Panorama of the Thames and is said to have been on the site of the house and laboratory of John Dee.
John Dee’s house. Dee was the mathematician, alchemist and astrologer to Elizabeth I who lived in Mortlake from 1567 to his death in 1608.  His home here is said to have been his mother’s house, which he returned to following travel around Europe. Later it included laboratories for his experiments, a cast library as well as rooms for his family and servants.  It is said to have been sited net to the church. It is also said that in the 18th a large panelled room with red and white roses carved and coloured still remained. The tapestry works is said to have been built on the site
John Dee House. Council flats – the block is also said to be on the site of John Dee’s house.
Lower Dutch House. This was part of the Tapestry Works and said to be on the site of John Dee’s house. It became flats in 1877 but was bomb damaged in the Second World War and demolished in 1950. A partial structure and the water gate remained and the site is now a riverside garden with a granite memorial.
Tapestry Works.  The Royal Tapestry Manufactory was established under the patronage of James I in 1619.  James I awarded Sir Walter Crane a Charter a monopoly on the production and sale of some tapestries. The works had 18 looms and employed around 50 workers - many of whom were from Flanders. Commissions for tapestries were received from the King but the manufactory had financial difficulties, Charles I commissioned compositions of Italian artists such as the cartoons of Raphael. The English Civil War brought a temporary halt to new tapestries. An Act of Parliament of 1663 effectively deregulated the industry and several master weavers left the Mortlake works then setting up independent works. Under Charles II, prosperity returned under the management of Sir Sackville Crow but the works gradually declined towards the end of the 17th century and it closed in 1704
Tapestry Court. This site includes the Queens Head Pub. This was a Watney’s pub by the river. It was rebuilt in the 1890s closed in 1932 and is now flats. It was next to the Lower Dutch House.
Tapestry Alley or Queen's Head Court is a narrow opening to the river.
St. Mary the Virgin. After ownership of the Manor passed to the Crown the original chapel was demolished and this church built on a new site. The church and churchyard are thus said to have been given to the parish by Henry VIII 1543. A stone in the tower is inscribed "VIVAT RH8 1543" but may not be genuine. The current structure is mostly by Arthur Blomfield, who lived locally.  The chancel dated from 1885 and the nave is by Blomfeld’s firm built in 1905. This work replaces a rebuilding of 1840 by S. Beachcroft. There is a parish room, rector's office, and choir vestry built in 1980 by Maguire & Murray. The tower is 1543 ordered by Henry VIII to be seen from the river. In the church is a 17th tapestry panel woven at Mortlake.  John Dee the astrologer is said to be buried in the chancel and to have lived opposite the church.
Churchyard.  This was enlarged in 1725/6, in 1742 and again in 1799. It was closed to burials in 1854. It was handed to the local authority in the 1920s. It was restored as a garden in the 1980s and is maintained by the Friends of Mortlake Churchyard as a Quiet Garden. The earliest surviving tomb is that of the astrologer John Partridge, who died 1715.  There is a labyrinth erected in 2003.
Path leading into the churchyard. This marks the former boundary of the parish.
40 Charlie Butler pub. This was built in the late 1960s to replace the nearby Old George.  It was named after the recently retired head horseman at Young's brewery. It closed in 2012
The Old George. This Young’s house was built in the 1600s and demolished in 1963 for road widening
44-46 Gaiety Cinema. This was opened in 1913 by the Mortlake Cinema Company. It closed in 1930. The building was burnt down and demolished in 1961, having been used by the Flush Block Co,
Two Brewers pub. Demolished 1963.
115 Acacia House. An 18th house retaining original features. In the 1850s this was the home of the local catholic priest who ran a boys school here.
177 Afon House. An 18th house, once the home and practice of Dr Charles King
119 Suthrey House.  In 17th this was Upper Dutch house and the projecting part is the only surviving buildings of the Tapestry Works.  In the early 19th t was the home of Charles King, Vestry Clerk who preserved ancient parish documents.
Chitton Alley. In the 18th this led to a small building which may be an outbuilding or boat store belonging to Tower House.
Jubilee Gardens. This is on the site of the Barnes Council depot. It was laid out in 1977 and various names were suggested, but local opinion favoured calling it Jubilee Gardens for the Queen's Jubilee in 1977
Castelnau House. This was originally Tower House.  It belonged to the Boileaus, a Huguenot family who came to England as refugees in 1685. In 1804 Sir John Peter Boileau bought it and named it Castelnau House after his ancestral estate in France. From 1895 to 1907 it was Ashleigh College and was later demolished.
121 The Old Power Station. This is the site of the borough Electricity works. Barnes Urban District Council Electricity Undertaking had been authorised by Provisional Order 1898 and electricity was first supplied from a works built in 1901. Coal was delivered by barges and traces of rail lines remain under new riverfront pang.In 1948 the Electricity Works were situated in the High Street. The number of consumers rose from 125 in 1902 to 12,145 in 1947. At nationalisation The London Electricity Board took over the site and it went out of use. The original turbine hall now houses the local youth club and with some reminders of its past.
123 The Limes. Built in 1720, for the Countess of Strafford. This gas now been converted into flats. The facade and porch are later additions. The house's former residents include Franks, Jewish merchant bankers; Lady Byron, Quintin Hogg, and was used as the  Council House for the Municipal Borough of Barnes from 1895 until 1940, when it was bomb damaged. It originally had seven acres of grounds, now built over.
Field. The limes, after which the house opposite is was named, were in a field on the other side of the High Street.  A field here was later used by the first Barnes Football Club
123 Fire Engine Station. Opened in 1904 by Barnes Municipal Borough. It was originally built as a single-storey structure with a steamer, hose cart and wheeled escape next to Council offices. Two further storeys added shortly afterwards.
The Lord Napier. This was a Watney's pub closed in the 1980s . It his pub also had a separate building at the rear with a bar that overlooked the river.  The stables of the dray horses were next door,
Tideway Yard. This was the old council depot – in fact the depot extended up the High Street on either side of the fire station and electricity works which were no doubt built on council owned property. The Municipal Borough was set up in 1894 and this site seems to have been extant from 1895. The depot was constructed in 1901, and building which are now a restaurant and offices were the stables for the Barnes Council refuse depot. The depot was contained a de-lousing station and the borough mortuary. In the Second World War there were barracks for air raid wardens and a building on Mortlake High Street was built to house the council steamroller. In 1981 the council, by then pat of London Borough of Richmond proposed to demolish the whole site and leave it as an open space but there was public pressure to keep some of the buildings. . An iron walkway was designed for the old stable buildings using cast iron from the County Stand at Aintree racecourse. The gatehouse at the entrance to Tideway Yard was also kept.
Mullins Path
Mullins Path Open Space. Small shady area with play equipment.
Workhouse – this was opened in 1732. The building is still extant as Capel Court. The Workhouse was the building next to Mortlake Hall, now called Capel Court.
29 Capel Court. This is flats in the old workhouse. When it was converted into flats in 1984, planners required its outside appearance to remain the same. In 1819 part of its garden was used for the building of school premises. In 1843 the building was handed over for school premises.
Church of England National School. A School House was built adjacent to St Mary’s church in 1670. Lady Dorothy Capel and Edward Colston left money for a school in the 18th. In 1815 a school was built on what was then the workhouse garden. This was used for infants and then later, in 1843, the workhouse was converted into a school for older children. This was called Mortlake Church School and in 1890 a new infants' school was built through a donation from the Duke of Fife further up the road. The school closed in 1982. The infant school remains as a community centre end nursery school.
30 Mortlake Hall. This is the old Church of England Infants School. It includes Mortlake Play Centre and community spaces.
The workhouse/school was sold for housing to the Richmond Churches House Trust. The Trustees of Mortlake Church of England Educational Foundation kept the Infant School building and half an acre of land. That is Mortlake Hall and its playground.
Sleigh’s Almshouses. These had been based near Palewell Common and later used as a pesthouse (isolation hospital) until 1668. In 1712 it became an almshouse and in 1845 it was sold and half the money used to build three almshouses near the infant school in Mullins Walk.  Later the school acquired the site of the new almshouses

North Worple Way
Worple Way was a track across fields. This road on the north side of the railway was however laid out by the railway.
59 The Old Clinic. This was the site of Mortlake Liberal Club which was here at least into the 1970s from the 1890s.  The current building -- which, despite the plants growing all over it looks much younger than 1890s – is offices. It was at one time the Steeper Orthopaedic Clinic
61 St.Mary Magdalene by Gilbert Blount, 1852. There had been no Roman Catholic church in the area and Mass had been held over the stables of Portobello House, which was demolished in 1893. In 1849 Fr John Wenham, had been tasked with founding the parish and an anonymous donor provided most of the money needed to for the work. St Mary Magdalene’s was consecrated in May 1852 Mortlake was not a prosperous area at the time and the fear was that parents wanted to put their children to work as soon as possible to help the family’s income at the expense of their education. A school opened in 1853 next to the church.
Churchyard. The most interesting tomb in the churchyard is the mausoleum in the shape of an Arab tent where the coffins of Sir Richard Burton and his wife Isabel Arundell can be seen through a window at the back. There is also the grave of Sir John Marshall who chief magistrate of the Gold Coast and helped found the first Roman Catholic church in the country. It is a significant site to Ghanaian Catholics,
Wigan Hall. This was at the end of Alder Road. Originally it was the Frederick Wigan institute built in 1890 and used as a parish meeting room. Wigan was a Southwark hop merchant. This also appears to ahve had a library at the rear on the site of what is now the Guide and Scout headquarters. It appears to have been built on the site of the Conservative headquarters and is marked on maps as such in the 1890s. Demolished in 1972. 

Observatory Road
This is named for the Observatory founded at Temple Grove by William Pearson which would have been nearby the site of this road.

Palmers Road
St Leonards Court.  A red brick turret on the lawns is the entrance to a Second World War air raid shelter built in the 1940s and now listed. The only part that's visible above ground is a red-brick conical turret to the rear of the lawn, which is the shelter's entrance. Below ground are two sleeping areas: one for males and one for females, and two day rooms, It was built to hold about 48 people - approximately half the number of flats in St Leonard's Court. There is a plaque near the entrance about it.

Palmerston Road
52 site of the Edgar Memorial Hall. This was the old chapel of Temple Grove School eventually destroyed in Second World War bombing and replaced with housing.  It had been built in 1910 in memory of an earlier headmaster of Temple Grove School.

Park Avenue
Richmond Park Academy. This is a revamped version of the school built in 1926 as East Sheen School for Boys. In 1939, boys from Richmond County School were merged with this school which was renamed Richmond and East Sheen County School for Boys. Seniors were based in the original Boys' school building nearer Park Avenue, Following the Education Act 1944 the School became known as Richmond and East Sheen County (Grammar) School for Boys. In 1957 it was renamed Shene County Grammar School for Boys, using the Anglo-Saxon spelling of the name for Richmond previously adopted by the Old Boys' club. During 1957 new buildings were added.  From 1973 it was a comprehensive school as Shene College, predominately for the sixth form and in 1977, merged with the sixth form colleges. It became Shene School. In 2010 Richmond Park Academy opened on the same site. It is part of the Academies Enterprise Trust chain.

Queens Road
This was an area of cottages developed by Charles Smith in the 1860s and then known as Charlestown.
Queens Arms. This is now a private dwelling –but much of the external Charringtons tiling and signage is retained. The pub name appears in a panel on a wall in Queen's Road and Another panel, in Prince's Road

Richmond Park Road
76A Barnes Home Guard Association. After formation in 1944 the association bought the site of the tennis club called the Sheen House Hard Court Ltd.  In 1977 a new clubhouse was built.
There is a Second World War ARP shelter in the Home Geared Association grounds.

Rosemary Gardens
Bootmakers' Almshouses. The Master Boot and Shoemakers' Provident and Benevolent Institution was founded in 1836 by six master bootmakers. This was for the provision of an asylum at Mortlake for aged and infirm persons, who had been engaged in the boot and shoe trades, and their widows and these were set up in the 1850s. In 1930 they were sold by auction.  They still exist, in private use, but have lost their original frontage features.

Sheen Lane
In the middle ages this was the road which connected the Archbishop’s Manor at Mortlake and the Royal Palace at Richmond. It was part of the main route south to Kingston. The line of the road reflects its origins, which would have followed field boundaries
Manor House. The original manor house for Sheen was sited near the junction with Christchurch Road but had been superseded by the 18th.
194-198 Sheen Motors.  This has been a motor engineering works since at least the 1930s.
Temple Grove. This was built in 1611 on the site of the manor house of East Sheen and known as Sheen Grove. Sir John Temple owned it in the late 17th and may or may not have been a residence for Jonathan Swift. The Temples were the family of which the later Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston, was a member. He was to sell the house when he came of age.  In 1811 it became the Temple Grove Boys School and was acquired by the astronomer William Pearson. He established an observatory there, dedicated to the memory of the murdered Prime Minister, Spencer Percival.  He measured the the diameters of the sun and moon during the partial solar eclipse of 1820, with one of John Dolland's divided object-glass micrometers. He went on to found the Royal Astronomical Society and then to move away in 1821. The school moved to Eastbourne in 1908, having had many famous pupils, and the house was demolished.
188 Tower House Preparatory School. The building was previously a music school. This private fee paying school dates from 1931 and is a charity.
Sheen House. This was rebuilt in 1786. In the 1830s the tenant was Earl Grey while Prime Minister and in 1848 a temporary home for the French royal family. It later became a club and was demolished in 1907.
Stable building of Sheen House. In yellow brick and has 7 bays, with a little clock on top. Parts of t date from 1788.
The Cedars.  18th house demolished in 1930.
Cedar Court. These flats are on the site of Cedar House. There is a blue plaque to broadcaster Richard Dimbleby who lived here.
Odeon - Picturedrome. This was built on the site of the Larches in 11901l. It was demolished in 1929 and replaced by the Sheen Kinema.  It was designed for Joseph Theatres Ltd. By architects Leathart and Grainger with a Christie 2 Manual Organ. In 1940 it was renamed the Empire and in 1944 The Odeon. It closed in 1961 and was later demolished.
War Memorial. This is a plain obelisk with an inscription. There s a paved surround with an engraved sword and a roll of honour. It says: “In Memory of the Men of Mortlake and East Sheen who gave their Lives
Milestone Green. This area, at the junction with Upper Richmond Road is probably the original centre of East Sheen, 
Milestone. One face says we are X (10) miles from Cornhill in the City and another face gives the distance to Hyde Park Corner.
Larches. This was a big house on the corner with Upper Richmond Road. B” company of the 27th County of London Battalion Home Guard with company headquarters in The Larches in Sheen Lane, just round the corner from the present Club house
Pig and Whistle. This pub is on the site of part of the Bull but faces Sheen Lane.  It was built in 1987 but the sign on the front says “Est circa 1924”.
Sheen Lane Centre. This was built in 1979 on the site of a pub called the Wheatsheaf and an area known as Hampton Square. There is a mosaic to honour local boy Tim Berners Lee and the World Wide Web
Wheatsheaf. Closed in 1962 and demolished. A lot of Saturday night fighting went on there.
Level crossing. The level crossing gates were removed in October 1975 and the signal box, on the south east side, was dismantled later.
Railway Tavern.  The building dates from around 1800 and was converted into a pub in 1846 when the railway opened. It is no Closed
Mortlake Station.  Opened in 1846. It lies Between North Sheen and Barnes on South Western Trains. The railway deviated to the north in order to reach Mortlake – unlike earlier railways which had deviated because of physical features
Dissenters' Chapel. This was built before 1716. It was replaced by a chapel in Vernon Road in 1901 and this building was converted into shops.  It was demolished in 1992.
27 Court House. Built in the 1890s to serve Mortlake. This is now a branch of the Thomson ‘Free’ School.

South Worple Way
This is on the line of the original Worple Way path
Spur footbridge over the railway. This was once a series of stiles but replaced after an accident in 1891. The other footbridges have much the same design.
Portobello House. This was south of the road on the site of Howgate and Oaklands Roads. It was built in 1740 and demolished in 1893
British School. This opened in 1843 for the children of non-conformists. It closed in 1871.

St Leonards Road
This area at the east end of the road was once known as Littleworth Green.

Tapestry Alley
Passage way to the river from Mortlake High Street
Plaque about the Tapestry Works site

Temple Sheen Road
East Sheen Baptist Church. This opened here in 1933

Tinderbox Alley
Baths – on some maps a ‘Baths’ is marked here.

Upper Richmond Road
Since the 1920s this has been part of the South Circular Road.
Cedar Parade. Shops on the site of Cedar House Grounds
Bull..This pub stood at the crossroads with Sheen Lane and probably dated from the 17th..   It was demolished in 1937 and  rebuilt with input from by Blomfield. This was demolished in 1987.
216 Hare and Hounds. This is a Young’s pub dating from 1776. The current building is early 19th

Vernon Road
“To the Congregational Church” sign with pointing hand in ceramic tile
Thomson House School. This is a ‘free’ school apparently set in memory of a Mr. Thomson. This appears to be in the Congregational Church building.
Congregational Church. Dating from 1902. Designed by F C Howgate and originally known as the Congregational Church, East Sheen, it was noted for its Doulton terracotta work and plaques.[

Waldeck Road
Large brick factory building, presumably attached to 37 Lower Richmond Road. There is a hoist at first floor level and a painted sign abut Mortlake Bullard club

Worple Road
St.Mary Magdalene Catholic Primary school. The school dates from the 1850s and was attached to the church


Sources
Brown. Barnes and Mortlake Past
Closed Pubs, Web site
Clunn. The face of London
Field Place names
Firestations. Web site
Kingston Zodiac
London Borough of Richmond. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
Parker, North Surrey
Penguin Surrey,
Pevsner and Cherry, South London,
Pevsner. Surrey
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. Report
The Depot. Web site
Wheatley and Meulenkamp. Follies

Wednesday, 4 May 2016

Riverside - south of the river, west of the Tower, Barnes - Lonsdale Road

Riverside - south of the river, west of the Tower, Barnes - Lonsdale Road


Post to the east Castelnau
Post to the south Barnes Bridge


Ferry Lane
Ferry. There had been a ferry from Chiswick in the middle ages but this ceased to function. Unit had begun again by 1820 and was reached via Ferry Lane.

Lonsdale Road
Swedish School. This is an independent boarding school consisting of a nursery and primarily school for for pupils aged up to 16.  It was founded in 1907 in central London and moved to Barnes in 1976.
Harrodean School. This is a private fee paying school dating from 1993 when it took over the old Harrod’s Sports Club buildings – which was called the Harrodian Club.
Reservoir.  The 'Leg of Mutton', like its larger neighbour the Barn Elms Reservoirs, has only a thin strip of land dividing it from the Thames. The reservoir was built in 1838   by the West Middlesex Water Co and decommissioned in 1960. Developers wanted to build housing and a shopping centre on the site, but this was opposed by local residents. The Council bought it from the owners in 1970 and in 1990 it became a Local Nature Reserve.  Tthe dropping water level since its use as a reservoir and various stages of natural succession around the margins of the reservoir are a major feature of its wildlife interests. The sloping sides help diving species such as pochard and tufted duck to feed easily. To encourage waterfowl a number of floating rafts have been added. There is a mile-long perimeter path around the reservoir.


Sources
Harrodean School. Web site
London Borough of Richmond. Web site
Swedish School. Web site
Tucker. Ferries of the Lower Thames

Tuesday, 3 May 2016

Riverside south of the river and west of the Tower. Castelnau


Riverside south of the river and west of the Tower. Castelnau

Post to the east Harrod's Village
Post to the north St.Paul's School
Post to the south Barnes
Post to the west Lonsdale Road



Arundel Terrace
Housing built for employees of Cowan’s Soap Factory in 1858.
42-44 Vulcan Foundry. Between the wars this was an engineering works run by a Mr. Randall. It has since been used for a number of commercial applications.  Now a garage and flats


Barn Elms
West Middlesex Waterworks Co. The works was established in 1838, initially with two settlement reservoirs. Eventually much of this area became reservoirs which lay at the north end of the Castlenau peninsula and on both sides, with a stretch of farmland between them. In this square the reservoirs were those on the east side, now the wild life site, and on the western riverside stretch between St. Pauls School and Barn Elms. The reservoirs eventually took water from Hampton which it filtered here.  There was an engine house of 1891. At Barn Elms was a pilot plant for clarifying stored Thames water and for the first experiments on super chlorination. 
Wetlands Centre. Much of the reservoir area of the West Middlesex Water works was converted into a housing development and Barn Elms Nature Reserve. This was created by the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust. The Artist and naturalist Sir Peter Scott is said to have always dreamed of a sanctuary for wildfowl within London, and he founded this in 1946. It was opened in 2000 and covers 100 acres, including a main lake, a reed bed, a grazing marsh, a wader scrape and a sheltered lagoon. It is designed to attract a wide range of birds, and there are two- and three-storey hides and an observatory. There is also a visitor centre, a restaurant, cafe and shop.  It is designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest.


Barnes Avenue
Housing built as part of the Castelnau Estate in 1927 by the London County Council


Castelnau
This was a new road built in 1827 as an approach to Hammersmith Bridge. It was thus called Upper Bridge Road until 1846.  Then 20 semi detached villas were built by William Lawton for the Boileau family.  It is named from Castelnau de la Garde near Nimes in France where the Boileau family of Mortlake had their ancestral home. They were a Huguenot family who came to Mortlake to escape persecution.
204 The Bridge. Renovated from what was The Bridge Tavern
201a The Boileau Arms. Pub with a Tuscan porch and built in the same style as the houses surrounding it. It was named for the local family who developed the area. It is now closed. It has had many names - most recently The Castelnau.  In the 1980s it was The Old Rangoon. In the early 1990s it was ‘The Garden House’ and later The Porterhouse Inn, then Browns, and then back to the Boileau Arms. It closed in 2008 and is now the Bright Horizons Day Nursery
162 Holy Trinity. Built in 1868 By Thomas Allom who lived locally. It became a Parish church in 1888.
162 Vicarage in stock brick
79 St. Osmond. Roman Catholic Church built in 1958 by Ronald Hardy.
75 Castelnau Library. Built on the site of Castelnau House in the 1960s
Castlenau House. Built by Major Charles Lestock Boileau and named after his family’s former estate of Castelnau de la Garde, near NĂ®mes in France. Demolished in the 1960s.


Lonsdale Road
St.Paul's School. The school buildings lie in the square to the north. This square covers the extensive western playing fields. These were built on filter beds and a reservoir of the West Middlesex Water Works.


Stillingfleet Road
Lowther Primary School. The school dates from 1929. The Lowther family were previous landowners


Washington Road
Recreation Park. This small Recreation Ground predates the amalgamation of Barnes into Richmond Council and has some of hedging which could be older hedgerow. It is hedged to the boundaries and laid to grass, with undulating paths, shrubs and ornamental grasses, but no mature trees. There is a paddling pool and utilitarian metal gates.


Sources
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London place names,
GLC. Home sweet home
GLC. Thames Guidelines,
London Encyclopaedia
London Gardens OnLine., Web site
Metropolitan Water Board. London’s water supply
Meulenkamp. Follies.
Pevsner and Cherry. South London,
Pevsner, Surrey
Riverview Gardens. Web site
Smythe. Citywildspace
St. Paul’s School. Web site
Thames Basin Archaeology of Industry Group. Report

Friday, 29 April 2016

Riverside, south bank, west of the Tower. Barnes St Paul's School

Riverside, south bank, west of the Tower. Barnes St Paul's School

This posting covers the south side of the river in this square only – basically a small area at the northern end of Castlenau which covers only Hammersmith Bridge and the playing fields of St.Paul’s school

Post to the south Castelnau

Hammersmith Bridge
Hammersmith Bridge. This is a suspension bridge built in 1887 to the designs of Joseph Bazalgette. It replaced an earlier suspension bridge erected in 1827, and which was the first to be constructed in London on that principle. That bridge was designed by Tierney Clarke with a roadway which was sixteen feet above high-water mark suspended by eight wrought iron chains arranged in four double lines. It was a toll bridge and there were octagonal toll-houses. However it was only twenty feet wide and not strong enough to take the traffic which was using it.
The current bridge is also very narrow with elaborate designs on the ironwork.  It is built on foundations of Tierney Clark's bridge. It was built by Dixon, Appleby & Thorne to Bazalgette’s designs and opened by the Prince of Wales in 1887. At both ends there is elaborate ironwork including a motif up of seven coats of arms of the adjacent local authorities, the Riyal Arms and so on. The bridge has however long suffered structural problems and been closed for long periods. In 1973 it was given new steel trusses, new deck timbers and a number of other strengthening measures. There have however been subsequent failings. There is a plaque on the handrail of the bridge to Charles Campbell Wood who saved a drowning woman here.

Riverside Walk
The walk continues around the tip of the Peninsula past the school playing fields

St.Paul’s School
This square covers only part of the school premises – the northern area which includes the main block and some of the playing fields.
St Paul's School is an independent boys’ school, located here. Since 1881 it has its own preparatory school, Colet Court, which has also been here since 1968. St Paul's is thought to be one of the leading schools in the country. The school was founded by John Colet, Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral in 1509. He used his whole fortune to endow the school, making it the largest school in England and left it to be managed by the Worshipful Company of Mercers. He was advised in his planning by Erasmus, who wrote textbooks for the school’s use and assisted in the recruiting of staff. There were to be 153 scholars “of all countres and nacions indifferently”.  The first building was alongside St Paul’s Cathedral and was burnt down in 1666. The school has since moved four times before settling at the present riverside site in 1968.  It had previously been in Hammersmith in buildings by Waterhouse used as army headquarters during the Second World War. At Barnes the land had previously been the used for reservoirs which were filled in, apparently with earth excavated for the Victoria line. The new school buildings were constructed on the CLASP system for lightness on this made up ground.  The sports pitches took a long time to settle and competitive matches were not played regularly here until 1979. The school us   primarily a day school although there are some boarders and it was purely a boarding school during the Second World War.  The 1968 buildings include a swimming pool and sports facilities which include a fencing salle, six rugby fives courts, three squash courts and a racquets court as well as a boathouse and the more usual sports facilities. There is no school hall. The music department building for Colet Court is an old water hoard building. There are plans for rebuilding the entire school.
John Colet Memorial. Bronze group of Dean Colet and two kneeling scholars by Hamo Thomycroft, beneath an open bronze canopy, 1902.  Brought from the school's former home in West Kensington.

West Middlesex Water Works. The company's installations covered most of this site before the school was built here.  The School buildings appear to rest on the site of six filter beds plus a reservoir on the east side, west of Castlenau

Sources
GLC. Thames Guidelines,
Pevsner and Cherry. South London
Port of London Magazine
St.Paul’s School. Web site

Riverside. South bank West of the Tower. Harrods Village

Riverside. South bank West of the Tower.  Harrods Village

Post to the south Barn Elms
Post to the west Castelnau

London Wet Land Centre
Water works. The site of the Wet Land Centre was previously that of the West Middlesex Waterworks Co who opened this site in 1838 as an extension of their works across the river in Hammersmith.  The reservoirs being filled by the Thames at high tide by gravity and water then being pumped across the river to Hammersmith. This north east corner of the site appears to have been covered by half of a reservoir and a number of filter bed added in the 1890s. These were drained and covered in the early 1970s
 London Wetland Centre, This reserve is managed by the Wildfowl and Wetland Trust. The site is formed of four disused 19th reservoirs. The centre opened in 2000, and in 2002 part was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest as the Barn Elms Wetland Centre. The area of the centre covered by the square is that in the north east corner adjacent to the river. This appears to be the Reservoir Lagoon, Grazing Marsh and Waderscope

Riverside Tow Path, South Bank
Hammersmith Bridge Works - Cowan’s soap and candle factory, sugar refinery and animal charcoal works. The sugar refinery using beet rather than cane. These were on the site later used by Harrods. They were built by Lewis Cowan in 1857. It closed in 1892
Charles Harrod Court is the converted soap factory
Richard Burbidge Mansions is the converted candle factory. He was the managing director of Harrods when they opened the depository here. He lived in Barnes,
Harrods Depository. At the end of the 19th century, Harrods, decided to open a depository where people could store furniture and possessions - particularly for those going abroad. They bought the site in 1893 and it opened with a grand carnival in aid of Holy Trinity Church. It has Distinctive domes on its roof. There were three long blocks and one ground floor room where twelve cast-iron columns are all slightly different. In the other half of the block cast-iron sheets have been inserted to replace and increase the number of original floors. Containers were lifted and stored here. There is an early 'container' in the grounds, and a huge exterior furniture lift on the riverside block. There was also a gas storage area. The main building is said to have incorporated material from the old Piccadilly tube station – and the terracotta frontage was added in o1913 intended to harmonise with Harrods’ Knightsbridge store. The frontage was designed by William George Hunt, and the building which is now flats is named after him. It was converted to housing in 2000 as gated Harrods Village
Harrods Wharf with a narrow gauge railway leading to the front block.


Riverview Gardens
They are on the sitter of Cowan’s Bank or Cowan’s Field where an annual Boat Race Fair took place

Sources
GLC Thames Guidelines
GLIAS Newsletter
History of Metropolitan Water Board
London Wetlands Centre. Web site
Riverview Gardens Web site

Thursday, 28 April 2016

Riverside - south of the river, west of the Tower. Putney Boathouses

Riverside - south of the river, west of the Tower.  Putney Boathouses

Post to the north Barn Elms
Post to the east Putney High Street


Balmuir Gardens
Putney Lawn Tennis Club. The club was established in 1879 for Lawn Tennis and Archery and originally met near to Putney High Street. It claims to be the second oldest such club in the world. Originally all members were issued with shares.


Barn Elms Park
This is a landscaped path between Horne Way at the river and Lower Richmond Road. It has been laid out like this since at least the 1870s and follows the route of the back entrance to Barnes Manor House. It is lined with plane trees including one of the largest in the country

Burston Road
4 Royal Mail. Delivery and sorting office


Charlwood Road
Hotham Primary school Keepers House
Rail Bridge. Built for the London to Richmond Railway in 1845
22 The Quill. Closed and the site redeveloped with flats. This is the site of the farm and market gardens of the Charlwood family.

Chelverton Road
Putney Bus Garage.  This was originally a horse bus garage built in 1888 for LGOC. It was the last garage to operate a whole fleet of solid tyred buses which were eventually replaced in 1935. It was the first garage to operate RTs starting with RT 1 in 1939. It was rebuilt in 19376 with a new office and canteen block and a new entrance to take bigger buses. It was renamed Putney Garage in 1963. Still in use.
4 Chinese Restaurant in what was Putney and Wimbledon Affiliated Synagogue. This dated from 1956 and was closed, after 1970 and had an Ashkenazi Orthodox ritual. It was an affiliated synagogue of the United Synagogue from 1956.

Clarendon Drive
1 Our Lady of Victories Roman Catholic Primary School. This is in two converted houses plus a modern extension
Eileen Lecky Clinic. This was founded as the Putney Branch of the Mothers' Welcome, but was renamed the Putney Infant Welfare Centre by 1922 and was based Felsham Road. In 1931 they moved here and it was called the Children’s' Health Centre. In the Second World War, the buildings were used as a gas decontamination and first aid post. At the end of the War, the Health Centre re-opened here. It became part of the National Health Service in 1948 and in 1958 the Health Centre was handed over to London County Council and then back to Wandsworth Council in 1965. It was later named in memory of the long standing secretary, Eileen Lecky.
Putney Animal Hospital. This is run by the RSPCA
69a-70a This was the site of the entrance to Putney Velodrome. In 1888 John Davis, a local builder, leased land in west Putney to build the first concrete cycling track in England. It opened in 1891, for national and international competition and for 15 years was venue for cycling races and athletic meetings as well as being used by for school sports days. It also had 12 tennis courts, a bowling green and a quoits pitch. The cycle track ran from what is now 1 Landford Road, into Earldom Road then into Hotham Road. There was also a grandstand. The lease ran out in 1905 and the land was used then for building
Commondale
Putney Labourers’ Cottages. There is a plaque saying that they are “Erected on land belonging to the Pest House Charity AD 1862"
Pest House Charity. Putney's Pest Houses dated from the 17th and were on this site until demolished and replaced with these houses.
Cricketers Pub. This stood on the corner with Lower Richmond Road. It is now called Sadlers House and has been converted to flats. The pub used to stand in an open forecourt now enclosed and some perimeter trees remain.

Dryborough Road
Dryborough Hall and Baths. Designed by Powell & Moya and opened in 1968, Informal buildings of different heights around older trees. Pool, Leisure Centre and Community Centre


Embankment
The Embankment as it is now was built by J. C. Radford, the parish surveyor, in 1887-8. He laid out the slipway and the riverside path. It was laid out as a recreational area related to the Thames and focused on the rowing clubs. Residential development was inserted. It had previously been a strip of foreshore, backed by common pasture and the grounds of large houses. It was used by the local watermen until a towpath was created in the 18th .It has been a location for pubs from the Middle Ages and for commercial boatmen and boat builders from the 17th. From the 1830s it became a focal point for rowing.
Slipway with granite setts running down to the river from the area opposite the Putney Bridge Restaurant.
Stone bollard on the Embankment marked 'UBR' or University Boat Race. This marks the starting point of the race
Cast iron bollards, There are five opposite the slipway from the late 19th painted in Putney blue.
Chas.Newens Marine. This was Ayling's boat builder’s yard. It has two storeys with a first floor balcony, originally timber.  It is a key building in the history of rowing. A plaster advertising panel can still be seen on the side which advertised the E. Ayling and Sons, oar and scull manufacturers and boat builders. Ayling specialised in oars and had invented and developed several specialist varieties.
Cast iron bollards at either end of Spring Passage which e date from the period of slipway construction of the 1890s
Kings College School Boathouse. This is the school in Wimbledon who bought the boathouse in 1993. This includes, on Sundays, the Boathouse Church. The site was previously that of the Leander Boathouse.
HSBC Boat house. This was built 1955
Dulwich College Rowing Club. Encouraged and sponsored since 1991 by Thames Rowing Club, but now independent.
Crabtree Boat Club. The club is for the alumni of Cambridge University Boat Club. The core members are blues and Goldie members
Ranelagh Sailing Club. Modern building around an older core for a club was founded in 1889. It was previously called the Unity Boathouse. There had been sailing activities around Ranelagh Gardens throughout the early 19th which had lapsed. In 1889, eight sailing men met at the Star and Garter hotel, and resolved to form the Ranelagh Sailing Club. They acquired the club house and members of the Ranelagh Yacht Club joined them along with members of the 2nd South Middlesex Rifle Volunteers, which was commanded by the 7th Viscount Ranelagh. The Club has consistently encouraged dinghy sailing mad was early affiliated to the Royal Yachting Association. Members of the Club were closely involved with the development of the Merlin Rocket and National Twelve dinghies and has provided many leading helmsmen.
Westminster School Boat House.  The original building has had new doors and a side extension but is otherwise original. It has the name 'J. H. Clasper' picked out in red brick on the gable end.
Harry Clasper. Harry Clasper came from the north east and began to build boats. Having lost a race to Thames Watermen they designed a new style of boats. His eldest child was Jack who coxed at Henley Cat the age of 13 and moved to London. In 1846 he had a boat yard in Durham and one in Putney by 1868. He perfected a sliding seat and made many other design breakthroughs.
Vesta Rowing Club. This dates from 1890. The building is in brick with decorative arches and banding. The Club was founded in 1870. It is said that at the inaugural meeting it was decided to name the club after the first boat to pass under London Bridge which was steam tug Vesta. The club lost many members during the Great War, but recovered. In 1936 a fire at the clubhouse destroyed many of its records and destroyed 30 boats. During the Second World War the London Fire Brigade requisitioned the clubhouse. After the war, eventually, in 1994 women were allowed to become full members.
London Rowing Club. This was the first of the rowing clubs on this stretch and dated from 1856. The club had been inaugurated at the Craven Hotel in the Strand.  It was based at the Star and Garter until its present boathouse was built in 1871. The boathouse is in brick with tall chimneys but the original ornate balcony has been replaced with a simpler structure. It still has its original iron balustrade on the parapet roof. It was enlarged before 1906. Some original iron bollards in the forecourt of the London Rowing Club that used to mark the former boundary line of the boathouse
Fairfax Mews
This is on the site of the Atlas Building Works. This was the works of a Mr. Aries who died in 1903. The firm undertook some large scale developments.
Felsham Road
This was previously Gardners Road and Worple Road.
22 The Platt Christian Centre. Includes a number of social work and arts activities and organisations.
St. Mary's Church of England School. This was dates from 1819 although the main building here dates from 1867. The school lost some features to Second World War bombing and some contemporary looking railings have been added recently
St.Mary’s Recreation Club. Mainly frequented by river workers’ family
38 Palladium Autocar Works. Moved here from Kensington in 1919. Specialising in the Palladium chassis.  At Putney they made a cycle car powered by an air cooled engine. In 1922 they introduced a light tourer which was one of the first cars fitted with front wheel brakes. The site was taken over by Gordon England, Ltd., in 1925 and they made the Brooklands Model Austin Seven there. The site appears to have continued with manufacturers of motor parts
51 Sivananda Yoga Centre. At the end of the 1960’s the time seemed right to start a Yoga Centre in London and Swami Vishnudevananda trained yoga students who started the first official Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centre in Earls Court. The Centre moved several times and in 1990 moved to Putney. The Centre has further expanded as two neighbouring properties and the gardens of the three properties were joined together and a Peace Garden was created.
53-55 Princeton Court. Built in the 1980s on the site of the earlier Imperial Works. This was the factory of Johnson Baker Co. Who made shop fronts and fittings.

Gwendolen Avenue
Putney Methodist Church. Built 1881. The wall has railings and tall brick piers with gabled caps which were replaced in 1995 following war damage. There is also an old burial ground, set back from the street with stone tablets acting
2 Methodist Church Hall – this is now Lion House School, a private nursery.
26 plaque to Dr Edward Benes 1884-1948 which says ‘President of Czechoslovakia, lived here’.

Hotham Road
Hotham Primary School. Hotham Road School opened in 1909, managed by the London County Council. In 1948 the name was changed to Hotham School, and then, as now, to Hotham Primary School. It is managed by the London Borough of Wandsworth. In 1910 the Putney Evening School was established in the building and was later known as Putney Evening Institute, and Hotham Adult Education Centre. When the Inner London Education Authority was dissolved in 1990, adult education ended here.
Hotham Hall. This was previously known as St.Mary’s Hall and was a venue for concerts and events. It is now housing.

Howards Lane
Atlas Terrace. Housing associated with the Atlas Building Works which stood to the north of their site.


Lacy Road
8 Coat and Badge Pub. Dates from the 1880s. The name relates to the Dogget's Coat and Badge Boat Race.
63 The Jolly Gardeners. Dates from the mid 1870s.

Landford Road
1-5 The finishing line of the Velodrome was here.

Lower Common
All Saints Church The church was built 1873-74 on land donated by Earl Spence, and the foundation stone was laid by Princess Christian of Schleswig Holstein. It was designed by William Morris and Edward Burne Jones in collaboration with George Street and it has the most extensive glazing scheme by Morris and Co. of any London church six are by Morris and the rest by Burne-Jones. The church was subject to an arson attack in 1993 and following this there some major alterations.
Putney Hospital. In 1900 a local resident, Henry Chester left £75,000 to endow a general hospital for the area.  A freehold site was donated by Sir William Lancaster not to be used for anything other than a hospital for the people of Putney.  It had previously been the site of The Elms and West Lodge. Richmond, Chelsea and Wandsworth Division of the British Medical Association objected to the building of a large hospital in Putney arguing that a small cottage hospital would was all that was needed, and that there should be no out-patients and that doctors should be on the management committee. It was eventually agreed to include an Out-Patients Department. The Putney Hospital (Chester Bequest) finally opened in 1912 with 53 beds. Patients with mental illness, incurable conditions, smallpox or other infectious diseases were excluded. During the Great War the Hospital did work for Gifford House in Roehampton.  After 1926 Two wings a new operating theatre was installed and a mortuary chapel was built. In 1934 a Nurses' Home was built. In the Second World War the Hospital joined the Emergency Medical Service In 1940 the chapel was demolished in bombing and in 1944 a flying bomb hit the Nurses' Home. In 1948 the Hospital joined the NHS and by 1953 it had 106 beds. It ceased to be an acute hospital in 1980 and re-opened in 1982 for rehabilitation and convalescent patients.  By 1986 it was a geriatric hospital with some GP beds. It finally closed in 1999. The Hospital buildings most of the equipment remained in situ from the day of closure.  In 2012 Wandsworth Borough Council purchased the site. The Hospital has been demolished and building work began in 2014 on the Putney Oasis Academy, a new primary school, at the southern end of the site. Flats will be built on the northern part.

Lower Richmond Road
Kenilworth Court. This is a large block of flats facing the river built to the designs of R. C. Overton in 1902-4. There is elaborate decoration including the entrance porches with ornate door cases, stained glass fanlights and an ornate 'Kenilworth Court' name panel on each block. The central courtyard originally included tennis courts, and is now a communal lawn. The main entrance to the courtyard has two substantial brick piers (one including a Royal Mail post box) supporting an Art Nouveau name arch with two lanterns.
Star and Garter Mansions. This is another large block of flats designed by W. R. Williams and built in 1899-1900. It is in red brick and stone with a central dome on the roof. There is a great deal of decoration including ironwork brackets, balustrades and architraves, and floral motifs around oval windows. The basement originally incorporated a boat house, coach house, a billiard room, and a bicycle store. Two roof domes at the eastern end of two roof domes at the eastern end of the building were lost to bomb damage in the Second World War and were not replaced.
4 Star and Garter Hotel. This pub is part of the Mansions. It has a ballroom, a basement and a walk in cheese room.
Restaurant development next to the Star and Garter. This was designed by Paskin Kiriakides Sands in 1996-7
Sculpture 'Load'. This was the first Alan Thornhill sculpture located in Putney in the late 1980s. It is part of the Putney Sculpture Trail
Winchester House Club. Winchester House is used by Putney Constitutional Club which dates from 1892.  The oldest part of the building is around 1730 and is one of the oldest buildings in Putney. The house is set in walled grounds and appears secluded despite having an open elevation and a rear garden bordering the Embankment. There is a high brick wall running the remaining grounds which is in several different sections, and indicates the gradual loss of land over the years.
Richmond Mansions. This block of flats was built in 1889
University Mansions, this block of flats once included shops on the ground floor. It was built in 1900 to the designs of Palgrave and Company. There is an ornate entrance with a pediment which carries the date of construction in Art Nouveau lettering.
Granite setts on the pavement between Winchester House and the Duke's Head
Platt Estate.  Flats built by Diamond, Redfem & Partners, 1964-5.
8 Dukes Head Pub. This is a grand corner public house facing one end of the Star and Garter and with three street elevations. It dates from 1899-1900 and has stuccoed facades, tall chimneys and twin-arched entrance, large brass lamps hang above the pavement at ground floor level. Inside is original timber work, and ornate frosted and etched glass. The building originally incorporated boat shed, and there was a skittle alley in the basement, now covered over. The boat shed was used by Putney Town Rowing Club from the 1920s to 1986.
16 Political Cartoon Gallery
93 Half Moon. This is a music pub which has hosted live music every night since 1963. It all began with folk and blues sessions 'Folksville’, later anyone who was anyone in the emerging blues scene played here. There were also residencies and later comedy acts.
Lodge to Barn Elms Park
237 Spencer Pub. Previously called the Spencer Arms

Norroy Road
109 Norroy Hall. Norroy Hall now in use as a nursery

Nursery Close
On the site of a plant nursery

Quill Lane
This may represent an early route from the Upper Richmond Road to Putney Bridge and ferry.

Ravenna Road
Union Church. Built in 1860 by Samuel Morton Peto and originally Congregational. The church declined in the mid 20th and the congregation became part of the United Reformed Church. The building is now Putney Arts Theatre.
Putney Arts Theatre. In 1959 Maurice Copus, a teacher at Southfields School founded an after-school theatre club. A lease was obtained on the Union Church building and performances began in 1968. In the 1970s a studio weans added and in the early 1990s it expanded and was again refurbished. Following a legacy it became possible to buy the freehold.

Ruvigny Gardens
Ruvigny Gardens was developed as a residential street and laid out in 1880 on land previously part of the grounds of Winchester House.  Houses were built 1883-4 by James Childs of Stoke Newington. Ruvigny Mansions designed by Palgrave and Co
Red brick gate piers support an ornate iron gate as part of the boundary treatment of Winchester House. Thus it was probably built in the 1880s when the street was developed
The Garage and workshop in the north-western corner has now been converted into an office.

Spring Passage
There is an expanse of historic stone paving along the length of Spring Passage and three iron bollards at the junction with The Embankment.

Upper Richmond Road
This is the South Circular Road.
165-167 Fox and Hounds. Has also been known as the Fox, and also the Coach and Eight.
169-171 Globe Kinema.  This was operated by Putney Electric Cinema from around 1910. In 1929 it was re-named the Globe Kinema the operated by R.T. Davies. He closed it in 1968 and it was bought the Compton Cinemas Group opening as the CineCenta Cinema in with art house films. It later became a club and shoed uncensored films and membership. It went back to being the CineCenta Cinema in 1971 and closed in 1976 and demolished soon after.
202 Railway Pub. This is now part of the Wetherspoon chain. It was the Railway Hotel build in 1886.  For a while it was known as Drummonds.
289 The Arab Boy, Built in 1849, this pub was left by its builder, Henry Scarth, to Yussef Sirric, the Arab servant he had brought back from Turkey. Originally a Watney pub, it was run by the Magic Pub Co and then Greene King in 1996
Police Station. This is now flats.
Putney Old Burial Ground. This was opened in 1763 on land donated by Rev. Roger Pettiward. It closed to burials in 1854 and it was then maintained by the Putney Burial Board. There are a number of interesting tombs.  A small brick built mortuary remains on the site adjacent to Upper Richmond Road. It was made into a garden and opened to the public in 1886 but the tombstones were not moved. In 2008 Wandsworth Council restored several 18th tombs

Waterman Street
This was previously River Street
32 Bricklayers Pub. This two-storey public house as the only survivor of old River Street. Stone steps to the former doorways can still be seen, and the join between the tiles on the front facade where the wall has been continued. The now single entrance is central in this facade,


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