Friday, 17 October 2014

Great Eastern Railway Liverpool Street to Chingford. Walthamstow


The Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Chingford
The rail line running north from Walthamstow Central Station continues to run north westwards

Post to the south Walthamstow Hoe Street
Post to the east Walthamstow

Atlee Terrace
A road named after a Labour Prime Minister – rarely found.

Aubrey Road
This road was previously called Cut-throat Lane. It is now said to be part of ‘Poets Corner’ with road names all after famous poets.  It is basically a back road to houses in Howard Road, which it predates. It has a ‘little free library’ outside one of the houses.
4a The Sclerine Crystal Company. This is a company making parts for crystal wireless sets in 1925
Badlis Road
Built by Warner Estates in 1900 and named after an Essex farm owned by the family

Bedford Road
2-4 Walthamstow Sri Katpaga Vinayagar Temple. This was Foresters Hall. The elephant-headed figure on the front of the Temple is Ganesha regarded as the remover of obstacles, the patron of education, knowledge and wisdom in both science and the fine arts.

Bishop’s Close
The area now built up was the site of the gardens of the house called The Chestnuts now in the centre of the road. It may have been built as a boys' school in 1820
Chestnuts. This house was built in the early 19th.  It was apparently built as a pair of houses perhaps by the Monoux school headmaster as home for himself plus accommodation for boarders

Cairo Road
Church Hill Baptist church. This is a church which is part of a modern block of flats. Church Hill Baptist church, also called Cairo Road church, was formed though a union of Zion, Maynard Road, and Commercial Street church. This was effected when the Particular Baptists of commercial Street, Wapping, sold their premises and in 1911 invited Zion to join them in building a new church here. The new church was opened as Commercial Street Memorial church. The current building of flats and church is called Kevan House after a previous minister.

Chingford Road
31 a double fronted building used as a dentist. On the gable are terracotta heads with oak and thistle motifs

Church Hill
Flats with a pattern of angled balconies and decorative wall panels. This appears to be an extension to the Central Parade and clock tower in Hoe Street built in 1958-64.  The site replaced shops and Hitchman's Dairy Depot which were wiped out by a V2 in 1944
1 Ross Wyld Hall. Ross Wyld was a Walthamstow Councillor during the Second World War. A hall was incorporated in the new development on the site which had had the rocket attack and named after him.  It is currently in use by a day nursery.
6-10 Churchill Business Centre. This was built to compliment the Central Parade opposite in the early 1960s and was used by the Inland Revenue.  It has leaf designs on the facade of the upper storeys.
Methodist Church. This began in a as a church at Prospect Hill in 1872.  In 1898 a new church was opened on Church Hill.  In 1941 its manse was demolished by bombing. In 1944 the church itself was destroyed by bombing.  The site was later sold for offices and is now under the business centre.
A mission was built on the south side of the road by a Mrs. Carter of the Limes, Shernhall Street, before 1882 and later taken over by Trinity Congregational Church.  In 1925 it was passed to the London City Mission and they rebuilt it in 1951.  It closed in 1970.
12 House dating from 1892.  This has housed a series of government and local government bodies – currently Waltham Forest Music Service which provides support to schools for tuition and loan of instruments.   There are also the offices of Barnardos adoption and fostering service, and Waltham Forest Children’s Rights undertaken with Barnardos. In the past the building has housed the National Assistance Board among other bodies.
27 Royal Mail Sorting Office. Built in 1965 by the Ministry of Public Buildings and Works
29 Energy House. This was built as the local authority's electricity showrooms in 1937 by T.F.Cunningham, Borough Engineer and Surveyor.  It was then called “Electricity House” and on nationalisation passed to the London Electricity Board.  It is a plain building in a grand manner and now used as offices. Drill hall.  This was in a house called Walthamstow Lodge. It was the Head Quarters of the 7th battalion Essex Territorials. Dating from at least the 1890s having moved from what is now the Vestry Museum.  The drill hall closed in the 1950s and a war memorial which had been outside it commemorating the dead is now at Whipps Cross. 
Church Hill House. Built in 1794 this was on the north side of Church Hill.  The house was bought by Mr. Thomas Vigne in 1830 followed by other wealthy families. In 1890 became the home of the Walthamstow High School for Girls. In 1918 it became the home of the local branch of the Y.M.C.A. set up as a memorial to the dead of the Great War. It provided gymnastics, football, harriers, swimming and other clubs, as well as concerts and lectures in a large hut which was specially built. Its status as a war memorial was displayed in gilt lettering along the top of the building. Church House was demolished in 1933 and the YMCA is now elsewhere in the borough.
Walthamstow School for Girls.  Built 1911-13 by C.J. Dawson with a brick English Baroque front. The girls wear green uniforms and thus it is known as the ‘green school’.  The school began as a private school in 1890 with a committee of subscribers. It but moved to Church Hill House a few months after its start.  The school was taken over by the county council in 1911, and in 1913 moved to new buildings on the old vicarage glebe. It was enlarged in 1918, 1928–9, and 1962 and recently refurbished.
The Greek Theatre is in the gardens of The Girls' High School. It was built in the 1920s by unemployed local labour and in 1925 featured Sybil Thorndike in the role of Medea. It consists of a circular arena with steps up to a stage on one side and a pillared portico on the other.
50 Church of the Nazarene. This was Moreia Church which began in the area in 1901, when Welsh residents met began to meet and used various buildings in the area including in the late 1920s the Y.M.C.A. hall on Church Hill until it was sold in 1932.  D. A. Davies bought Church Hill House, demolished it, and converted the stable in 1933 into the Moreia church.  In 1958 a new church was built in Leytonstone and the Moreia church was taken over by the Church of the Nazarene.
Monoux Almshouses. A row of cottages with a higher building in the centre originating in 1527 but later rebuilt. They were founded by local benefactor, George Monoux, City merchant and Lord Mayor in 1544. There were fourteen houses plus a Grammar School for Boys. The long timber framed range was intended as residences for a schoolmaster, parish clerk and alms priest. It was planned as six single-room dwellings with a schoolroom above. Other upper rooms were to be available for local events. In 1782 Walthamstow Parish took over the charities and the building was thereafter maintained. The range with a classical entrance now appears to be the earliest part, but it is a reconstruction after war damage, done in 1955 by Braddell & Laurence; the rendered part was rebuilt in c. 1730.  The school moved elsewhere in 1819.  The almshouses have been managed since 1957 are now managed by the Walthamstow and Chingford Almshouse Charity which is based in the buildings. The surrounding garden has lawns and borders although in the 19th residents were responsible for their own gardens with a privy at the end of the plot. The boundary with the churchyard is now poorly defined but the gardens have mown grass while the graveyard is left unmown for wildlife. There are also planted commemorative trees and benches. A plaque on the building describes their history and shows a bearded man holding shovel in one hand and a shepherd's crook in the other and has a dog at his feet. A woman has a goose at her feet.
Parsonage of St Mary's church.  This dates from 1903 but is the successor to several others.  It is a substantial Edwardian property now part of the school.
115 Fairmount. 19th house built as the home of Francis Wragg in 1870s. Would have had amazing views when built

Church Lane
St Mary’s Church. This was once the centre of the village. It is a 12th church on a Saxon site and is likely to have been a substantial building by the 13th.  It was founded in the early 12th by Ralph de Toni, Lord of Walthamstow’s Toni Manor. The 15th tower is of the late medieval Thames Valley type, with a 15th carved roundel with lamb and flag.  The tower was rebuilt in 1535 with funding from George Monoux. In the 18th galleries were built for an enlarged congregation and the current windows were inserted. Much of the church was increased in height at the same time. The church itself is covered by rendering and yellow brick refacing done in 1817-18 by Charles Bacon. In 1876, Georgian box pews and ceilings were removed.  There are two 16th chapels built for Sir George Monoux and Robert Thorne.  Oak panelling was installed as a Great War memorial. The chancel extension and vestry date from 1938 and choir stalls were given by Sir William Mallinson in 1939 as a memorial to his father.  There was serious damage during the Second World War when, in 1940 the south aisle roof was destroyed and a gallery was subsequently demolished to provide timber for the repair. In 1944 a bomb damaged the church tower. . There s a brass to Sir George Monoux, of 1543 and his wife with two small kneeling figures and some other brasses and monuments. In 1995 extensive refurbishment took place, which included reflooring and creating a larger entrance area. Some oak beams discovered during the work would be refurbished and left exposed.
Churchyard. Railed and crowded - rails were removed in 1942 to provide scrap for the war effort but replaced in 1955. There are some 1300 visible monuments with probably 26,000 burials and there are four listed tombs. It is divided into four railed areas with public access to only two but it is bisected by paths. There are the war graves of three dead in the Great War and nine of the Second World War.  There are some interesting tombs - for example that of the sugar merchants Dobree has carvings of sugar lumps. There are two mass graves, one of them was for victims of the Black Death in the 14h and the other for those of The Great Plague of 1665
2-8 The Ancient House. This 15th house was built on the site of the manor house of Toni on Berry Field. It was divided up in the 18th and restored 1934 having been used as a bicycle shop and a tea room. It is a complete timber-framed hall house of the 15th with crown-post roof, and jettied and gabled wings. The three-bay wing fates from the 16th.  In 1934 the work was done by C.J. Brewin with advice from SPAB; the work done by Fullers the builders in 1934 as a memorial to W G Fuller after his death. Weatherboarding was removed from the exterior, to reveal the medieval timber frame, which was strengthened by steel ties. More repairs were done in 2001-2 by Butler & Hegarty. Beside the later addition bow window a section of the old wattle and daub is shown behind glass. The pavement in front of the building has been cut away and replaced by glass to show the original ground level which has risen over six centuries. It is now used as housing.
Welcome Centre. St Mary's Infants School. This was originally held in a barn in 1824 by the vicar. In 1828 a school was built in the churchyard and was a preparatory school for poor children, who went on to the National school. By 1882 the school was known as the Central Infants School. It became a voluntary controlled school in 1951. The building of 1828 has a front of yellow brick. In 1928 the building was restored and later extended. Now in use as a community centre.
National Spiritualist church. Frugal buildings for St Mary's National Boys' school, with plaque dated 1819. St. Mary's National school was built in 1819 to replace the girls Blue school, which since 1782 had been run by the vestry along with the Monoux school foundations. The new school took children several local schools. It had teachers' houses attached, and was enlarged in 1825 and subsequently. In 1866 the boys were transferred to a new building while the girls remained here, and changed round in 1904. The school closed in 1906 and the building was sold in 1920.
Diamond Jubilee Meadow. Green area next to the ancient house – planted out for the Diamond Jubilee.
Pillar Box. Penfold style pillar box, octagonal and probably from 1865.

Church Passage
This was a main road in the middle ages as the extension Church Lane to what is now St Marys Road.
House which is 2.5s metres wide on the outside. The interior is less.

East Avenue
12 International Muslim Movement. Cultural Centre. This is in what seems to have been part of a clothing factory in St. Mary Road.

Folkestone Road
Potters House Christian Centre.  This began when a missionary couple came to London in the 1980s from Australia. Folkestone Road hall previously belong to the Brethren and may have originated in missions held at the town hall in 1884. The hall was enlarged in 1887 and a new hall opened in 1889. It was rebuilt in 1963.

Forest Road
Lloyd Park  (the majority of the park is in the square to the north, - this square only covers the area of the gallery southwards.
Lloyd Park is named after newspaper publisher Edward Lloyd, whose son Frank gave the estate to the council in 1898. It had been previously known as Winns, from a family who once lived there.  It was opened by Sam Woods MP, in 1900.
William Morris Gallery. The gallery is devoted to the life and legacy of William Morris: designer, craftsman, and socialist. This large house was called the Water House, from the square moat in the grounds to the north. The house is probably dates from 1750 with a remodeled front. It is shown on a map of 1758 and a brick dated 1740 has been found in an upper wall. William Morris’s family lived here from 1847 followed by publisher, Edward Lloyd. It was then owned by the Council and between 1911-1943 it was called Lloyd Park Mansion and was used for a children’s clinic. Morris had died in 1896 and proposals for a museum were made in 1900 and definite plans were made in 1934. It was opened by Prime Minister Clement Attlee in 1950. In 2011 the Gallery had a major redevelopment and now includes a tea room.
The parts of the park nearest the house. When the area became a public park the grounds immediately surrounding the Water House were caned and land to the east was built over. A bowling green was laid out north-west of the house, used by the Walthamstow Ladies Bowls Club. A small 'scented garden for the visually impaired' was located nearby.  Behind the house balustraded terraces were laid out by the Council in 1899, with municipal-style bedding and coniferous trees and beyond that were a modern wooden aviary, since removed. There is a Judas tree at the eastern side of the house, and at the back are some golden cypresses the largest of that variety in Britain. To commemorate the centenary of the park a time capsule was buried in the lawn outside the Gallery in 2000.
434 Lloyd Park Methodist Church Central Hall was built in 1914 following use of an iron church, Lloyd Park Hall, in 1903.  The new Central Hall had with shops for letting plus an institute added in 1923. It was Bombed in the Second World War and closed although services were held in the institute because of debt.  It was eventually sold to the Salvation Army
434 Salvation Army. The Walthamstow Citadel originated in a tent mission. A Citadel, with shops below was designed by W. Gilbee Scott and built in 1891–2 on the site of Ball's boxing booths. In 1958 the Army bought the former Lloyd Park Methodist church, and it was registered as the Citadel in 1961.  This now forms a block in Forest Road with shops on the grand floor and a shop for the Army itself at one end.
590 Brookscroft. House from the mid 18th 1760 in brick. The house was originally built between 1554 and 1568 and belonged to the Bonnell family from 1686 until the mid 18th, when it was rebuilt.  It was the home of one of the numerous sons of Robert Wigram the shipbuilder.  It is now divided into flats but was previously used as a welfare centre.
617 Bell Pub. This provides a focal point for the area, and the licence dates from at least 1860. It is a decorative 19th pub by Lewcock & Collcott with stucco, faience & polished granite decoration. It replaced an earlier beer house of the same name.
642 YMCA building. Complex built in 1969 designed by Kenneth Lindy. They provide homeless accommodation for young people, sports facilities and other services.
644 Guardian House. The Walthamstow Press Ltd. was formed in 1923 to print the Walthamstow Guardian, founded in 1876. It was initially based in a print works in the High Street empty because the printer had died. In 1935 it moved to Guardian House, where a new foundry and rotary plant were installed. The site is now Hallingbury Court flats.
656 Hookways built a factory in 1899 and moved to Hoe Street from Aldersgate Street.  They made collars, braces, and umbrellas and by 1849 made poplin shirts.  By 1949 making better class poplin shirts
Chestnut Farm. This became the site of the civic centre. The farm was latterly owned by Hitchmans Dairy and used for grazing. It was previously known as Clay Hall.
Civic Centre.  An art deco group with the Town Hall, Assembly Hall built 1937-43 and Courts built 1972-3. A competition to build the centre was won in 1932 by P.D. Hepworth with this Swedish influenced design and on a scale larger than the government buildings of many nation states.  Only two of the intended buildings were begun and the work was limited by wartime restrictions.
Town Hall.  This was built in 1941 by P. Hepworth. Only the carcasses of offices and hall block had been finished by 1939 and they were completed under wartime conditions. It is in a landscaped setting, behind a formal forecourt with circular fountain which was renewed in 1999.  The offices are in the main block with a copper faced clock tower – itself simpler than intended with fibreglass uplighters painted to imitate metal. Sculpted figures on the outside of the council chamber are by John F. Kavanagh - the head of Fellowship modelled on William Morris and they also represent Motherhood, Work, Recreation and Education. Panels In the committee rooms are of locally made plywood and in the council chamber wartime economy led to the reuse of Victorian furnishings from the old town hall in Orford Road. The centre itself was used by the ARP during the war and this fortified basement later became a Cold War shelter.
War Memorial in front of the town hall is a mourning figure in granite standing beside a structure. In 1922 this was originally sited in Lloyd Park and moved here in 1961. The nose is broken off the statue. Later inscriptions commemorate the Second World War and subsequent conflicts. There is an inscription ‘OUR GLORIOUS DEAD “LEST WE FORGET” 1914-1918 1939-1945' and ' IN MEMORY OF THE FALLEN OF WALTHAMSTOW 1945 TO THE PRESENT DAY'
Assembly Hall. This is also by P. Hepworth opened in 1943 in the same Swedish influence design. Inside is a full-height foyer with a high star-shaped window. The hall also has large windows, a stage.  Outside are sculptures of Comedy and Tragedy by Irish sculptor John Francis Kavanagh
Court House. Built 1972-3 by the Greater London Council’s Special Works Department under Geoffrey E. Horsfall. It is in reinforced concrete faced with Portland stone. This was the first scheme to carry out the 1969 recommendations for new Magistrates Courts in London.  There are five informal, flexibly planned courts on the first floor, with lighting through the roof and a Juvenile court on the ground floor. The various court entrances and car parks are tucked away as Hepworth had envisaged
Beacon in front of the Magistrate's Court. This gas-burning structure was set up to celebrate the new "millennium" on December 31st 1999.
707 Waltham Forest College.  This was built as South West Essex Technical College and School of Art in 1938 by John Stuart, Essex County Architect and it replaced Walthamstow and Leyton Colleges of Art and two trade schools. It later became North East London Polytechnic and then the University of East London.  It is next to the Civic Centre, and equally grand with a long brick building with a portico and a pediment with carvings, and some flat reliefs said to be by Eric Gill or by Bradford. During the Second World War it was used to provide technical training for military personnel; by the RAF in 1940, by the army in 1941 and by the navy in 1942 – when it was reclassified as a ship called HMS Shrapnel 
Plough. In front of the college. The area was once a series of clearings in Epping Forest which were farmed.
Gillards Way
Gillard & Co. Ltd., pickle factory built in 1931.  From 1892 they were also at a site in the High street - the Chestnuts which they renamed the Vintry Works. They also made pies and sausages here as well as chutney, sauces and condiments.

Greenleaf Road
Ruarch City Church. Founded in Brixton in 1992. This building was St Luke’s church and hall. It was built in 1901-02 by Bottle and Olley and the chancel was extended in 1923. The church originated in 1900–1 as a mission of St. Mary's and a parish was formed in 1903. It is in brown and red brick with a small tower.
4 Greenleaf Road Baptist Church. This began in 1902 in a tent mission sponsored on Church Hill. A group then met in Hoe Street until 1903 when Forest Road Board School was hired. A church was formed in 1905 and a school-chapel opened and registered in 1906 as the Central Baptist Hall. The Tabernacle was destroyed by bombing in 1944, but services continued in a hall. The rebuilt Tabernacle, a contemporary compact building, opened in 1949.
William Morris Community Centre. This was opened in 1987. This council owned building is currently run by the William Morris Community Centre Users Association.

Hatherley Mews
Hatherley Mews Offices. Business area with 19th buildings complemented by a new office block.

Hawthorne Road
1 Aladura International Church.  A Nigerian inspired church dating from 1970. The building was a Methodist Mission Hall originating in 1880. A church was built in 1882 with financial aid from John Hitchman. It had closed by 1917, and was bought in 1924 by St. Luke's church as a parish hall. In 1964 the building was bought by the borough council for demolition, but continued in use as a store

High Street
The road was originally called Marsh Street
Central Library. Built in 1907 by V K Dunford and funded by Andrew Carnegie. The upper room was planned as a public hall with a stage and is reached by a carved timber staircase restored after fire damage in 1982.  The building was to the front of a house to which a reading room was added in 1894, probably by Lewis Angell and this survives. Extensions have been built to the rear and include a new single storey children library on and a reception/entrance foyer with a lift to the first floor
Public Hall & Baths. These were built in 1900 designed by architect William Dunfield and could be used as a public hall in winter. They included a swimming pool and slipper in bath. Demolished in 1968
George Monoux School. This was next to the baths and opened in 1889. This grammar school was originally founded in 1527 by Sir George Monoux., and was reorganised in 1884.  It moved from here to Chingford in 1927.
182 Carlton Cinema.  This was on the corner with Colebrook Road. It was opened on 1913. It had a white stone front with an open balcony. It was renovated in 1959, and closed in 1964. The front part of the building was demolished and the auditorium turned into a supermarket. It was demolished in 1986, and the site has been re-developed.
195-197 Palace Theatre. This was on the north side of the road east of Erskine Road. It opened in 1903 and was operated, designed and built by the same company as other Palace theatre’s in London.  There were towers on each end of its red brick facade. There was a stage and eight dressing rooms. It was a music hall and variety theatre which also screened films. They also staged plays. In later years there were circuses, annual pantomimes and even nude shows. In 1952 it was taken over by Countess de la Marr, and became a playhouse but closed in 1954. The building was eventually left abandoned and became derelict. It was demolished in 1960, and shops and flats called Palace Parade were built on the site.
Congregational Church.  Marsh Street Church is said to have originated in 1672, when a house was licensed for Presbyterian meetings and a meeting-house was built in 1695 on the north side of the road. This was later pulled down but the site was conveyed to the congregation and a new meeting-house for Presbyterian worship was built in 1739.  In 1786 evangelical members seceded to form a New Meeting. The Old Meeting survived to the 1830s and the chapel still existed in 1839 but it had been pulled down by 1861. The New Meeting opened in 1787 on a site on the south side of the road part of which became a burial ground. In 1868 the Charity Commissioners agreed that the site of the Old Meeting should be transferred to the New Meeting trustees to build a larger church and a new church, on the Old Meeting site, opened in 1871 in stone to the design of John Tarring & Son. Conway Hall was added in 1899. As a result of bomb damage in 1944 the steeple became unsafe and was taken down in 1954 and the church itself closed in 1965.

Hoe Street
1 The Empire Cinema opened in 1913. It was built for the Good Brothers, local builders merchants, who operated other local cinemas, all of which were taken over by Hamilton Cinemas Ltd. in 1933 and closed two months later. The Empire Cinema was taken over by Amusements (Leyton) Ltd. and re-opened in 1933 but by 1937 it was operated by Clavering & Rose. In 1961 it was re-named Cameo Cinema and Closed in 1963. It became a bingo club, and showed Bollywood films. It was taken over by Classic Cinemas re-opened as a Tatler Cinema Club in 1970, screening sex films to ‘members only’ and this closed in 1981. It was converted into an amusement arcade, and then the Hurricane Room, a snooker club. Now said to have been taken over by a religious organisation.
5-7 Kingdom Hall. Fiesta Co-operative hall originally Salvation Army. Jehovah Witness from 1963 Jehovah's Witnesses bought the Fiesta Co-operative hall (originally a Salvation Army hall) in Hoe Street in 1962 and registered it as Kingdom hall in 1963; they were still worshipping there in 1970
9-11 The Hoe Street Working Mens' Club
15 Knitwell Works. Red brick factory building owned by H.E.Hughsley. The office suite faces Hoe Street with a workshop/warehouse to the rear. Hughsley was also based in Oatlands Rise and St.Mary Road and made children’s knitted outerwear. They went out of business in 1984.
17 Walthamstow Trades Hall. The entrance to this is in Tower Hamlets Road.
55 Ye Olde Rose and Crown. Landmark late 19th pub with a corner turret. This includes a small theatre.
186 Victoria Hall. This opened in 1887. It was used for dances and concerts. After 1896, it was used as a live theatre and later re-named King’s Theatre.  From 1907 it was again called Victoria Hall, and showed films. It was changed again in 1921 and this time re-opened as the Victoria Picture Theatre. In 1930, it was purchased by Sydney Bernstein, and demolished.
186 The Granada Theatre was the second Granada Theatre to be opened and replaced the Victoria Hall in 1930. It was designed by Cecil Masey with a restaurant, and shops. Inside it was designed by Theodore Komisarjevsky. There was a stage and a 12Ranks Christie organ, with two 3Manual consoles. In the 1950’s and 1960’s there were Pantomimes, and pop concerts. In 1973, the Granada Theatre was tripled. In 1989, it was taken over by the Cannon Group and re-named but by 1995, the Virgin Group had taken over. ABC it took over in 1996, and it was re-named ABC. And then they were taken over by Odeon Theatres Ltd. who closed it – but said no future user could screen English language films. . The cinema was purchased by another operator, and it re-named EMD Cinema, screening Bollywood films. It closed in 2003.  It had been sold to the United Church of the Kingdom of God based in Brazil but they were refused planning consent and a long train of offers and public Central Parade built in 1958 and finished in 1964. It consists of flats, shops, hall and clock tower.  There is a wavy canopy of concrete over shop fronts and flats above. The Clock Tower has by mosaic decoration with coats of arms. This was designed by F.G.Southgate, the then Borough Engineer and Architect.  It was built on the site of shops and a dairy which suffered a hit from a V1.
enquiries ensued. The cinema is still open as a pub.
264 The Goose. Previously called The Goose and Granite. Late 19th pub originally the Tower Hotel
Jewel Road
1a Quaker Meeting Rooms. There has been a meeting of the Religious Society of Friends in Walthamstow since At the start of the 20th they the Quakers ran an adult education centre at the Bedford Institute in Greenleaf Road. They moved to this building which had been a 19th print works in 1998.


Orford Road
Connaught Hospital.  In the late 19th a Mr. and Mrs. Tudor opened a 'Cottage for Sick Children' in a private house, in larger premises in 1880 it was called the Leyton, Walthamstow and Wanstead Hospital.   In 1894 the hospital was given Holmcroft in Orford Road and it was renamed the Children's and General Hospital for Leyton, Leytonstone, Walthamstow and Wanstead.  It was subsequently enlarged in and a War Memorial Ward was added in 1927.  In 1928 it was renamed the Connaught Hospital after the Duchess of Connaught who was a patron. Another house in Orford Road,   Comely Bank, became a clinic in 1930 and in 1959, the old Walthamstow Town Hall, became the main entrance to the hospital.  The Hospital closed in 1977.  Most of the buildings have been demolished and housing built on the site.
9 Nags Head.  Cat friendly pub dating to 1859s. The pub was originally on the corner with Church Lane but was demolished and replaced.
Old Coach House. It was built for by Francis Wragg who ran a stagecoach service into London

Prospect Hill
16 site of St.Columba’s Presbyterian Church of England. This church originated as a Methodist church in 1872. In 1898 the Methodists moved elsewhere and the church was taken over by the Presbyterians. They built a new church here 1906 but it was bombed in 1941. It was rebuilt again in 1957 but closed in 1968 and demolished in 1971. There are now flats on the site called St.Columba’s House.


Saint Mary Road
1 factory building used by Threekay Knitwear who made outerwear. They went out of business in 1993. The building is now flats.

The Drive
Emmanuel Community School. This is a ‘free’ school with a Christian ethos which moved onto the site of St Mary's Primary School when that school moved to Brooke Road in 2012. The school building was By TFP Architects in 1970-2. It has paired classrooms around a central hall.

Tower Hamlets Road
2 Brown Jug off-licence. This is now converted into a house.
H. C. Jones & Sons (Walthamstow) Ltd., were sheet metalworkers here before 1901. By 1957 the firm were specialising in dustbins. They moved away in the early 1960s.

Vestry Road
Vestry Road Play Park. Pathway with mosaic stepping stones.  The park was once part of Church Common part of which was taken for a cutting for the railway.
Borough Museum. Vestry House – this is also called the old Armoury or the Workhouse, and more recently the Borough Museum.  In 1730 Walthamstow Parish built a simple eight roomed house on Buryfield, part of the Church Common as a Workhouse and for Vestry meetings. It was subsequently enlarged including a brewhouse in the 1740s. The dormitories were on the upper floor with workshops behind.  On the date plaque, carved by Samuel Chandler of Wanstead, is 'if any should not work neither should he eat’. At the side of the original front is an 18th extension which was built as the vestry room. It later became the armoury of the Walthamstow Volunteers and from 1892 used by the Walthamstow Literary and Scientific Institute museum.  It was also used as a private house. It became a museum in 1931. In 2001 David Gibson Architects, added a community room overlooking a formal garden. Various exhibits outside the building include a Corinthian column. A notice on the side of building describes the watch house which was built in 1765 and was also known as 'The Cage' in which miscreants would he held until they could appear before the magistrate. This stood alongside and was demolished in 1912
Fire Engine House. This is opposite the Museum and housed the local fire engine. This was a water pump which had to be pushed around by the firemen, but used horses after 1863.
Squires Almshouses. These were built in 1795, and are single storey brick buildings. They were built in 1795 by Mary Squires for six ‘decayed’ widows of Walthamstow tradesmen who were members of the established church. A plaque says “ Thefe houfes are ERECTED and ENDOWED For EVER By Mrs Mary Squires for the Ufe of Six Decayed Tradefmans Widows of this Parifh and no other.Ano. Domi. 1795.
Mosque and Sakina Trust. Islamic Centre.  This is in the former Post Office Sorting Office built in  1903, with a terracotta frieze and central pediment. It was converted in 1995 by Sayyid Nakhavi.

Vinegar Alley
Said to be the site of two plaque pits

Walthamstow Town Square
This is an area of cleared and derelict sites where a new public space has been laid out since 2010. The Town Square is marked out by a rectangle of paving slabs and a double row of pre-existing plane trees lie along two sides of the square. There is new lighting through high level masts and other environmental improvements. The High Street forms the northern boundary and to the west is the blank brick façade of the Selbourne Walk Shopping Centre. To the east are building in everyday use a bank, the post office and the library. South of the Square is a green space, the Town Gardens. This is adjacent to the bus terminal and to the shopping centre building which has an entrance to the Gardens. The railway/tube station entrances directly opposite the Gardens.

Westbury Road
Job Centre
Unichem depot, closed 2001


Sources
Aladura International Church. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
CABE. Web site
Church of the Nazarene. Web site
Cinema Theatres Association Newsletter
Clunn. The Face of London
Dodds. London Then
East London Old and New
English Heritage. Web site
Field. London Place Names
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Lambert. London Night and Day,
Law. Walthamstow Village
London Borough of Waltham Forest. Walthamstow Village. Conservation Area
London Borough of Waltham Forest. Vestiges
London Borough of Waltham Forest. Web site
London Encyclopedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London.
Nags Head. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Essex
Ruach Church. Web site
Victoria County History. Walthamstow
Walford. Village London
Walthamstow and Chingford Almshouse Charity. Web site
Walthamstow Girls School. Web site.
Walthamstow’s Free Art. Web site
Walthamstow Memories. Web site

Sunday, 12 October 2014

Great Eastern Railway from Liverpool Street to Chingford. Upper Clapton

Great Eastern Railway to Chingford. The line running north from Hackney Downs station swings north eastwards to Clapton Station and beyond

Post to the south Hackney Downs
Post to the north Springfield
Post to the east Lea Bridge


Benthal Road
Benthal Primary School. The site of the school was a brick field in 1868 and we can guess that this is where the majority of bricks were made for the houses in the area. The school opened in 1876 as Rendalsham Road School but the name was changed to Benthal Road School in 1903. During the Second World War the school was hit by a high explosive bomb in 1940 and had to be closed. It was rebuilt in 1949 very quickly and each class was lit by a large central roof light. In 1966 a new infant school was built which was later used as the junior school and the buildings are linked by a corridor. Benthal was the first school to be designed by Paul Maas designed buildings and archways to be like caves or tents and makes up is a low cluster with classrooms of deliberately varied shapes, and a playground on different levels.  The junior and infants schools were amalgamated in 2006.
Island Mural. This is on the west side of the road on the corner with Evering Road.

Brooke Road
Previously called World’s End. The street name recalls Brooke House which stood in Upper Clapton Road at the end of Brooke Road and which was demolished after war damage.
Hunsdon Estate. This Hackney estate was built in the mid-1960s in the grounds of what had been Brooke House.
Clapton Sorting office. This was built in 1892 by the Royal Mail’s then job architect.

Casmir Road
Beecholme Estate. The estate dates from the late 1940s. It appears to be designed to face onto North Millfields. It was designed by Frederick Gibberd, working with Borough Engineer, G.L.Downing.  The site may be part of the site of Beecholme House, which may have been the home of Maj. John André who was executed in the American War of Independence in 1780.

Cazenove Road
The road was named after a house called ‘The Cazenoves’ that once stood in Upper Clapton Road.
124 Nelson Mandela House. This was originally called Morley House and built in 1938. It was renamed Nelson Mandela House in 1984, It is a long five-storey range by Joseph and the planning of the individual flats was generous at the time. There is a plaque on the building about the renaming and a quotation from Mandela.
122 Chasidey Gur (Avreichium) Beth Hamedrash.  This synagogue dates from 2005 and is Ashkenazi Orthodox associated with the `Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations. This was one of the first seven houses built in the street before 1868
120 one of the first seven houses built in the street before 1868
118 Kol Yehuda Synagogue. The name is also given as Yotzei Teimon Beis Hamedrash as a synagogue associated with the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations in  2005. It is more recently listed as Bais Pinchas Serench
116 College and Synagogue at the rear
112 Talmud Torah Education. School for 120 pupils with staff from the local Orthodox Jewish community. In the 1940s this was Rosener Synagogue which seems to have become Chabad Synagogue from 1948. This was an Ashkenazi Orthodox synagogue associated with the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations.  In 1962 it was home to a Polish ritual slaughterman.
88 Satmar Trust School
84-86 Satmar Beth Hamedrash Yetev Lev synagogue managed by The Trustees of the Congregation of the Yetev Lev.  It is an Ashkenazi Orthodox synagogue associated with the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations.  Mesifta Synagogue was registered here from 1960 and Beth Hamedrash Yetiv Lev registered here by 1962. It was also Chassidim Synagogue until about 1948.
111 Yetev Lev (Satmar) School for Boys. Independent Secondary School. Beth Israel synagogue was registered here 1942-7.
Jubilee Primary School. Based in the square to the north in Filey Avenue
79-83 Beis Rochel Satmar Girls School. Independent School.

Charnwood Street
This was once called Caroline Street. It was built on Conduit Field and The LCC declared housing here damp and unhealthy in the 1920s, bought the site and built the current flats in 1936-7
2 Duke of York.  19th pub named after the then commander of the British Army. It was also known as Pudlocks. Demolished in 2003 and the site is now housing.

Comberton Road
10 Comberton Children’s Centre

Ferron Road
Baden Powell Primary School. Opened 1970

Fountaine Road
This was originally Foulden Road
1a Health Centre

Ickborough Road.
Ickborough School. This was opened in 1970 for children with severe learning difficulties. The original building had been acquired from Hackney Council’s Health Department and built by the London County Council in the early 1960s.  It had been used as a training centre by the Borough and replaced a sports area. For the school a replacement prototype for disabled children was designed by Foster Associates in 1972.  It was the result of a research project undertaken by what was then known as the Spastics Society. In order to test out the ideas of this research this prototype was built. It is a long, single-storey steel-framed building with a protruding covered roof deck. It resembles an industrial shed and is made of corrugated steel. There s a central service core running the length of the building, creating a barrier between the public and private areas. It is set back behind trees and grass.  However the school is now moving from this site.

Kenninghall Road
St Scholastica. The Parish of Clapton was founded in 1862. The church was built in 1962 It was designed by J.E. Sterret & B.D. Kaye in pale grey brick with white windows. The front entrance has circular chapels on either side. The church originated with Fathers of Charity (Rosminians) from Kingsland at St. Scholastica's Retreat on part of a site given by Elizabeth Harrison in 1862.  It was intended the church would form one side of a garden.   However it was later decided that a school. chapel would be built instead of a church plus a presbytery for a parish priest.  In 1887 a temporary church was registered in the north east corner of the garden.  In the 1960s this permanent church was built next to the new school following the demolition of the Retreat and was eventually consecrated in 1987. 
St. Scholastica Retreat. This was founded by brother and sister William and Elizabeth  Harrison from the estate of their brother  Robert who had died in 1852 and his widow,Charlotte Scholastica. It was for 40 poor Catholics aged over 60.and with a professional or wholesale background and had lived for ten years in England. They each had a self-contained home in a block around a garden which had been blessed by Cardinal Wiseman. The buildings were by E. W. Pugin and occupied from 1863 and ministered to spiritually by Fathers of Charity. It was demolished in 1972, but continues as a home for aged gentlefolk in Princes Risborough
St. Scholastica Roman Catholic.Primary School. This opened in 1868 as Clapton Roman Catholic School in a building which was also the chapel for the Retreat.  A new building was provided in 1879 and received a parliamentary grant by 1890.  It became voluntary aided by 1951 and Called St. Scholastica from 1972.
Gooch House. 17-storey tower block built for Hackney Council by Harry Moncrieff in 1955-  the first of many. It is concrete-framed with projecting balconies.
Nightingale Estate. Built by the Greater London Council to replace housing in roads north of Hackney Downs, between 1967 and 1972.  It was later seen as a bleak concrete expanse with six point blocks of up to 21 storeys plus linked slabs framing them. These blocks were called Seaton, Embley, Farnell, Rachel, Rathbone, and Southerland Points.  Five of them have since been demolished. During the 1990's the flats fell into disrepair and the Hackney Council decided it get rid of them.  Farnell Point was the first to be felled by controlled explosion in 1998 but at the same time Seaton Point, which still remains, was refurbished and painted white. Embley and Southerland were demolished next in December 2000 with Christmas trees painted on the banners. The last of flats to go were Rathbone and Rachel in 2003.
45 Al Falah Primary School. Al-Falah is an Islamic faith school opened in 2001 as a school for boys only and moved here in 2004. In 2005 it extended its to cater for girls’ also and has expanded successfully
BSix Brooke House Sixth Form College was opened on the site of the of Brooke House school in 2002. Itself built on the site of Brooke House. It was set up by the then Secretary of State for Education, and was part of a plan to build eleven new sixth form colleges in London. BSix offers courses at all levels and across a wide range of subjects.  Hackney education authority, The Learning Trust, introduced a programme to create City Academies in the borough, all with sixth forms and other schools followed. The college has however been seen as making good progress. In 2009 it became Representative Organisation of the Year by the Learning and Skills Improvement Service (LSIS) for its work on student voice and has since won other awards.

Lea Bridge Road
Lea Bridge Roundabout. This area used to be the centre of Clapton.  It was a crossroads where a fountain surmounted by a statue stood in the centre. The statue has disappeared, but the drinking fountain was moved to the corner of Rectory and Amhurst Road in 1908 then to next to the Public Library in Homerton High Street where it remains. In 1974 the roundabout was built by way of a grant of £834,800 from the Department of the Environment to the Greater London Council.  The roundabout had an underpass which proved dangerous and the subways were closed in the 1990s and traffic lights reinstalled. The plans for dual carriageways off the roundabout were never implemented.  The centre has now been adapted into a bus stand to replace the now disused subway network and this was originally used for the bendy buses on route 38 which terminated at Clapton Pond and which was opened in November 2006.  This includes a rest area for the bus drivers. There have also been some Landscaping improvements. A semi-circle of pear trees was planted on the stand to screen vehicles and new grass banks and verges added.
2 Hi Metals. In the 1950s and 1960s this site was an aluminium stockholder.
2a Madina Mosque. The mosque was set up in 1984 by people from a Guajarati background in what had been a warehouse. This is an adaptation of 1987 by Hackney Environmental Action Resource and opened in 1991.  It is in red brick with standard Islamic features - paired ogee-headed windows, domes and a minaret.


Lower Clapton Road
Clapton House was to the north of the pond opposite St. James’ Church and built around  1680.  It was the home of Bishop Thomas Wood (who endowed the nearby almshouses) and then it  was home to  Sir William Chapman of the South Sea Company.  Israel Levin Salomons, a silk merchant, had it  between 1779 and 1781, calling  it Leozhards and spent lavishly on a building which in 1799 formed a 'chapel or private synagogue' .  It was later owned by members of the Powell family. In 1858 it was used leased by the St. John’s Foundation School for Clergy Sons.   It was demolished in 1881 and Thistlethwaite Road built on the site.
St. John's School for the sons of the Clergy, was established first in St. John's Wood in 1852, and then moved to Clapton from 1858 to 1872, and later moved to Leatherhead. While at Clapton the head was Rev, Edward Connerford Hawkins,  his wife Jane Grahame was an  aunt of Kenneth Grahame, author of Wind in the Willows and their son, born in Clapton, was Anthony Hope, author of the Prisoner of Zenda.,
St. James.  The church is opposite Clapton House the Revd. T. B. Powell gave a cottage and land called the strawberry garden as a site for it in 1840 . It was built in 1840 by E. C. Hakewill in stock brick and stone with a polygonal turret and passage to the porch. The Vestries were added in 1902 by W.D. Caroe as well as the organ case, cross and candlesticks.  In 1978 the nave became a centre for handicapped children. It has also been used by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church
The Clapton Cinematograph Theatre on Lower Clapton Road was originally built in 1896 to be used as an assembly/function room for the pub next door. It had an ornate facade to match that of the pub and elaborately decorated plaster decorations on the beams of the barrel vaulted ceiling of the auditorium.  14 years later it was converted into a cinema Designed by George Duckworth called the Clapton Cinematograph and later as the Kenninghall Cinema. It was and converted for sound pictures in 1929. In the late 1930s, it was taken over by Odeon and the frontage was modified. It closed in 1979  and re-opened in 1983 as a nightclub called “Dougie’s”.  It later re-opened as the Palace Pavilion nightclub and became the focus for a number of stabbings and shootings. In 2011 the local Ethiopian Orthodox St Mary of Zion Church – which is currently housed in the St James’ Anglican church bought the building
217a   ABC cinema.  This opened as The Ritz Cinema in 1939. It was built by Associated British Cinemas and designed by their house architect William R. Glen in typical Art Deco style. In 1962 its name was changed to ABC and it closed in 1973. The building was quickly demolished and in 1994 a block of flats was built there.
6 The Clapton Hart Pub. Built as the White Hart Hotel in 1722, it was rebuilt in the 1830s after it was burnt down and again in 1890 perhaps as the result of a gas explosion. It was then a Reid’s house and called the White Hart. by the 1980s it was a Bass Charrington house and by 1983 the pub was trading as Schnapps, It has also been called Stagecoach Inn, and had several identities as a nightclub up to 2001 developing a bad reputation.  It reopened as Chimes - a late-night bar and music venue and the former pub part of the building became unused and derelict before it closed in 2008. It reopened in 2012 as the Clapton Hart Public House

Mount Pleasant Lane
St.Matthew. The church opened in 1866 in an Iron Church and the foundation stone of a new church was laid the following year, the architect of which was Francis Dollman. This church was declared redundant in 1977 having been badly damaged by fire and the Church Hall next door was converted into a church. In 1972 it became part of a group ministry with other local churches.
Patchwork Farm. Food growing site behind the church
86 Sheltered housing for Newlon Housing Trust.  Built on part of a church site. By Anthony Richardson & Partners.  This is in concrete block work and grey aluminium,
Muston Road
Rigby, Battcock Brush factory. This company, originally based in Bethnal Green, made a wide range of brushes and related items.
Ablex Pyjamas Factory. This was here in the 1930s
Frenchs Case factory in the road 1920s- 1940s. They made luggage of all kinds

Narford Road
Narford Road took a direct hit from a VI Flying Bomb during the Second World War and the Northwold Road end was largely destroyed, being replaced during the  1950s and 1970s by low blocks of Local Authority flats.


Northwold Road
This was once called Dow’s or Kate’s Lane
22-24 St Michael and All Angels. Church built in 1885 on the corner with Fountaine Road. It is in red brick and designed by J.E.K. Cutts. There is also a bell set into the top of the main front wall
Vicarage to the north dates from 1885 and is in brick to match the church
64 Royal Sovereign Pub. Dates from before 1871
Northwold Primary School. There appears to have been a girls' industrial school here in the 1890s. Northwold Road Board School was  opened in 1902 and became separate secondary modern and primary schools by 1949. The secondary school had closed by 1955.  The primary school is now applying for academy status.
Tower works. This was initially Bernard Brock’s piano factory on the site of Bridgeford Close. Brock made upright pianos but is said to have invented the ‘baby’ grand. The factory made about 400 pianos most after Brock’s death.  Tower Works later became a furniture factory remaining untold at least the 1950s.
Amherst works. Greaves and Thomas furniture factory. This lay between Gelderson and Narford Roads and is now the site of modern housing. Greaves & Thomas were the  inventors of the Put-U-Up settee-bed and were on site from 1911 until 1965.
161 Sam and Annie Cohen Wellbeing Centre. Day Centre for disabled people and many others. With a sparkly design over the door.
Clapton Library.  Designed by Edwin Cooper in 1913. The most domestic of three Hackney libraries designed by the distinguished him. It was intended to build a tower, but this did not happen.  The library was refurbished in 2012

Powell Road
St. James National School. This opened by 1846 for girls with land settled in trust by the Powell family in. 1853. It had a parliamentary. grant by 1870.  The nearby boys' school probably opened before 1863, and a new infant school was built next to the girls’ school. It closed as a day school in 1876, following an inspector's report, (but reopened by 1880. It Closed after 1938

Prout Road
The Alf Partridge Community Hall

Rendelsham Road
90 London Tavern. Named for a road opposite which was called London Lane but which was lost following the building of the Nightingale Estate.

Rossendale Street
Previously named Conduit Street and built on Conduit field.  The LCC declared housing here damp and unhealthy in the 1920s, bought the site and built the current flats in 1936-7
16 United Pentecostal Church. The church has been on this site since the 1970s
Second World War bunker.  Built in 1938 a rectangular semi-basement under concrete over 6ft thick. The original equipment inside includes an electric generator powered by a twin bicycle frame.  It is hidden from the road by some converted civil defence garages and forms the basement of a Second World War gas decontamination and cleansing station. In 1988 there were plans to restore the bunker and there was a public open day but since then its condition has deteriorated.

Rossington Street
30 This was the Hope and Anchor pub. It closed in 1993 and the premises are now flats and offices

Stellman Close
44-56 Growing Communities. Food growing site

Thistlethwaite Road
19  plaque to writer Harold Pinter who grew up here.
25 plaque to the site of the first synagogue in the present-day London Borough of Hackney, built 1779-80 in the grounds of Clapton House.

Upper Clapton Road 
18 Old King’s Head. This was the oldest pub in Upper Clapton and featured an Imperial Stout mirror. Closed and apparently flats.
Brooke House. This was a courtyard house of medieval origin and a Dower House for the Queen’s of England.  The earliest recorded house on the site was in 1409.  The home of William Worley, Dean of St.Paul’s in 1479, it was rebuilt in 1560 by Lord Hunsdon. It became known as Brooke House when it was owned by the Greville family.  During the 16th century the house was held by amongst others, Thomas Cromwell and Henry VIII.  In 1536 it was the scene of a reconciliation between Henry VIII and his daughter Mary.  Much still was left of this original house in the 1890s – medieval remains in the cellar, stones by the entrance showing the date of 1573 and marble remains of the hall pavement and much more. Later in the 16th it was the home of Lady Margaret Lennox.
Brooke House. Private asylum. In 1758 William Clarke, leased and converted Brooke House into a private lunatic asylum.  When Clarke died in 1777, he left the asylum to his two brothers - John and the Revd Charles Clarke.  In 1781 the lease was bought by Dr John Monro who had been a friend of William Clarke.  Dr Monro, came from a long line of doctors who specialised in mental disorders and fFrom 1728 to 1853 family members were the principal physicians at Bethlehem Hospital.. Under the 1774 the Madhouses Act a licence for Brooke House was granted to Dr John Monro.   One of Monro's  sons, Thomas took over the licence for Brooke House in 1790. The patients came from the middle and upper classes but their treatment did not differ from patients at Bethlem, except that they were not restrained by chains. In 1820 Dr Thomas Monro and purchased the freehold of Brooke House. During the Second World War  the patients were evacuated and the asylum closed.  In 1940 the north courtyard and its buildings were destroyed by a high explosive bomb.  The asylum did not reopen after the war. In 1944 the London County Council bought the house and estate.  Further bomb damage ensued. Brooke House was demolished in 1954
Brooke House School - was built on the site in 1960. This was built as a secondary school in 1958-60 by Armstrong & MacManus.  It was had two curtain-walled slabs, the taller one with curved staircase drums and then reclad in the 1980s.  It took secondary boys previously pupils at Joseph Priestley and Mount Pleasant schools. It amalgamated with Upton House School to form Homerton House School in 1982.
Hackney College. Brooke House School was extensively altered and became the administrative head quarters of Hackney College in 1990. It has subsequently become Bsix Sixth Form Centre with an address in Kenninghall Road.
Milestone. It is said that the 3rd milestone from Shoreditch stood outside Brook House
The Mount. The Mount was a grand castellated house standing in grounds in the area which is now Mount Pleasant Road.
Mount Works.  This was the factory where Alfred Pridge made Sphinx Ink. Pridge moved into the manufacture of inks in the late 19th. The firm had a branch in Paris, and an emphasis on his export trade. They made blue- black and jet-black non-corroding writing and copying inks, school ink, indestructible marking ink for linen and other fabrics. Ink was also sold in pellet form – just add to water.
Mount Works. Puckridge and Nephew, Ltd. This firm made goldbeaters skins here in the 1890s. They went out of business in 1951
Lea Bridge Tram Depot.  This was the North Metropolitan Tramways horse tram shed opened in 1873, with it and associated stables.  It closed in 1907.  The building retains many original features, granite setts in the yard, tramlines running through the ground floor of the central tram shed building, cast iron colonnades, and stable flooring on the first floor where the horses were originally housed. From 1872 to 1907 trams took commuters to and from the City and West End. One of the horse-trams, which operated from here, is currently displayed in the London Transport Museum in Covent Garden.
Clapton Station. Opened in 1872 by the Great Eastern Company it lies between Tottenham Hale and Hackney Downs and also St. James Street Stations.  Stairways descend to platforms in a cutting.  It was remodelled in 1982 with a new office and bridge done with GLC money and not changing many Great Eastern Railway Company features
85a Congregational Church now United Reform. Services in Upper Clapton began as early as 1812 in a house opposite Brooke House. This was followed by a building on the west side of the road registered in 1813.  It is thought this was opposite Mount Pleasant field and on the site of the Conduit field .It closed in 1850. Another building was erected on an enlarged site by T. Emmet in 1851 with nave, aisles, corner pinnacles and with an assembly hall at rear for Sunday schools. This was damaged in Second World War bombing and services were held in the hall from 1950. A new chapel was built in 1988 by W. B. Attenbrow.
Crooked Billet. The pub was present at least by the early 18th and rebuilt with a tea garden and covered bowling alley after 1840. It was rebuilt again `in the 1950s in brown brick and pitched roofs and an Arts and Craft style. It has a very large rear garden.


Sources
Benthal Primary School. Web site
British History Online. Hackney
Bsix College. Wikipedia. Website
Cinema Treasures, Web site
Clarke. Glimpses of Ancient Hackney and Stoke Newington
Connor. Liverpool Street to Chingford
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Hackney  Society Newsletter
Ickborough School. Web site
JewishGen. Web site
London Borough of Hackney. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Lost Pubs. Web site
Mosque Directory. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Summerson. Georgian London
St. Scholastica. Web site
St. Scholastica’s Retreat. Web site
St. Scholastica Primary School. Web site
The Clapton Hart. Web site

Wednesday, 8 October 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Chingford. Hackney Downs


Great Eastern Railway to Chingford
The Great Eastern line to Chingford running north from Hackney Downs station and having diverged from the line to Enfield continues northwards

Post to the south Hackney
Post to the north Upper Clapton


Clarence Road
185 Cricketers Pub. This is now a wine bar called Verden. This was a Watney’s house dating from the mid 19th. In the early 20th it was the HQ of the Cricketers Cricket Club.  In the 1990s it was called Shamps but reverted to the Cricketers in 2001.  In 2008, the Clapton Pond Neighbourhood Action Group raised concerns about the licence and it was closed following a police raid in 2009.
Robert Owen Lodge. Homely sheltered housing in groups backing on to a communal garden.  Built on the site of Powell House, which had been dour council flats of 1937 by Joseph. This itself replaced the Home for the Deaf and Dumb which fronted onto to Lower Clapton Road.

Cricketfield Road
New Testament Church of God. This was originally the Clapton Presbyterian Chapel. It was built by the Presbyterian Church in 1876 that moved here from an iron church in Shrubland Road. It is built of Kentish ragstone with tracery on the windows. The Presbyterians moved in 1935, and it became the Lower Clapton Congregational Church. It has been the New Testament Church of God since 1964.
Downs Park Road
75 Stormont House Industrial School for Blind Boys. This was a residential school for blind boys 1904 - 1911
Stormont House Red Cross Hospital. In 1915 the British Red Cross Society rented the Stormont House School for Little Boys and it was converted into a military hospital. It had 42 beds for enlisted servicemen and was an auxiliary to the City of London Military Hospital in Lower Clapton.  Patients had river trips, drives into the countryside and outings. After the Battle of Delville Wood many South African casualties were admitted. It closed in 1919. 
Stormont House Open Air School. A special day school for children with tuberculosis.  The school was in the garden behind the main building.  It continued until the outbreak of the Second World War when the pupils were evacuated to Norfolk. It appears the site was heavily bombed, so the School did not reopen after the war.
Stormont House School. This dates from the 1960s and was built on the site of Stormont House.  This is a Community Special School for children with special educational needs. A new building has recently been erected on the existing site
Grocers Company School. This was opened in 1876 as grammar school by the Grocers' Company of London on site a bought from the Tyssen Estate.  The school was built in Gothic style 1875-6 by Theophilus Allen.  It was fee paying buy was later offered to the London County Council and renamed Hackney Downs. The playground had been part of Downs themselves.
Hackney Downs School. The Grocers’ Company school was managed by the London County Council from 1907. It was damaged by fire in 1963 and the original school was demolished. A new building intended as a grammar school was opened but there was further building for a comprehensive intake from 1969. The new building was in London County Council style exposed concrete and brick ranges and arranged around the site of what had been the main building. A Gothic lodge and diapered brick boundary wall remained from Grocers school. The school closed in the 1990s.
Mossbourne Community Academy. This opened in 2004 on the site of the former Hackney Downs School.  He site had been purchased by Sir Clive Bourne who founded the school as one of the first 'City Academies' in England. Bourne commissioned the Richard Rogers Partnership to design the new school buildings,

Downs Road
Downsview School. Built in 1969 by the Inner London Education Authority in concrete blockwork.  Cheery mural on the street wall called ‘We are Hackney’ which was undertaken by a group of students from Clapton Girls’ Technology School called Tick4change.  Downsview is a school for children with learning difficulties. It left this site in 2013
75 The Downs Hotel. This pub was built in 1863 to serve visitors to the new Hackney Downs park and closed in 2007. It is now flats. There was once a plaque on the building to commemorate The Pickwick Bicycle Club the oldest surviving cycling club in the world which was founded here in 1870.  Downs Football Club later to become Clapton FC had their HQ here in the 1870s.  It was a Whitbread Brewery pub in the early 1900s and later Ind Coope Taylor Walker.
Queens Road Station. This station was planned by the Great Eastern Railway as an intermediate stop between Hackney Downs and Clapton Stations and to stand in the gap between two tunnels. The name was taken from Queensdown Road which lies opposite the intended site. Although much of the station was built it was never completed and never opened. The platforms were not removed until 1965.
Signal Box. This was intended for Queens Road Station and stood to the east of the line immediately north of Downs Road. It closed in 1935.
Downs Road Methodist Church. The old church had been demolished and h site developed into a new church, with apartments built directly above. Entrance to the church is via the front of the building with access to the flats managed by a housing association located to the rear of the block. The previous church was built in 1870 by Charles Bell with a flat rag stone street front.   The church had originated in Lower Clapton Road in 1865 which closed in 1934. The congregation to a moved to this site which had been built as a Sunday School and lecture hall which was then remodelled as the church. It was damaged in Second World War bombing and not reopened until 1949. It has now been rebuilt in 2013.
109 Clapton Business Centre. This was the building of Runham Brown Bros, building contractors. Herbert Runham Brown was a leading member of left wing circles in Hackney in the first half of the 20th century and a founder of organizations to support conscious objectors during the Great War.

Hackney Downs
This was Hackney Lammas land, on a local high point and surrounded by fields until the 19th. It was called ‘Downe’ 1550 and had been the home of William atte Doune in 1302. There was horse-racing here in the 18th as well as cricket, football and rugby. By the mid 19th building development was replacing the fields. a petition raised by local people in the 1860s to enclose and conserve 180 acres of land in the borough for public use which included The Downs. The Metropolitan Board of Works acquired the Downs from the Lord of the Manor, Mr Tyssen Amherst, under the Metropolitan Commons Supplemental Act 1872. commoners rights were extinguished by an Act of Parliament in 1884. The new park was laid out with radiating paths and plane, lime and ash trees were planted.  There was a bandstand in the middle of the area and it is thought this eventually went for scrap in the Second World War. After the Second World War prefabs were built along the southern edge of the park. .  It was managed by the London County Council and by Hackney Council from 1965. in January 2010 new tennis courts, a multi-use games area, a new play area and various sports pitches, community room and ranger's office were installed. A new meadow has been planted with the help of Hackney Downs User Group and local volunteers as part of the 'Mad About Meadows' hackney Downs won a Green Flag Award in 2010.
The Pavilion. The old ranger’s office was located in the centre of the park and was demolished in 2010. A new pavilion is located nearer to Downs Park Road and provides changing rooms and a referee’s room. It houses the Area Park Manager’s office, a community room and public toilets. It is clad in wood and had solar panels on its green sedum roof.
Toilet block. This was built in the 1930’s and is an eccentric example of a park pavilion building combining toilets with an open shelter and performance space It has a concave rear elevation which links into the play area.
Play and sports areas. The play area was renewed in 2010 and old fixed metal equipment, and fencing was removed. The swings and the yellow corkscrew slide were kept plus a new wooden climbing structure.  There are basketball courts and a multi use games area. The tennis courts have recently been extended from three courts to five. Hackney City Tennis Club was formed in 2001. The bowling green has not been used for over ten years although the bowling pavilion is used as staff accommodation. Two grass football pitches are marked out as are an athletics track and rounder pitches. There is an artificial cricket wicket.
Community Orchard. This was planted in with the Hackney Downs User Group and the Tree Musketeers and has local heritage varieties of pear and apple with a three olive trees.
Great Eastern Railway runs in a tunnel near the eastern side of the park. Queens Road or Hackney Downs Tunnel 445 yards long.
Hackney Brook. The railway marks the line of the brook alongside the Downs. It was diverted underground in the 19th.

Lower Clapton Road
Clapton Ponds. This is now two small garden enclosures divided by Newick Road.   Clapton Pond South. This has a bridged pond probably dug in the 17th or earlier. From 1707/9 it was a water supply reservoir the with water being brought here via wooden conduits from a waterworks at Jeremy's Ferry. plots in High Road aligned with the almshouse chapel held the U shaped pipes of the East London Waterworks. After a period of neglect the pond was restored as a reservoir in 1760 and continued to supply water to the area until 1833 when the Hackney's water supply was re-routed making it redundant as a reservoir. Hackney District Board took it over in 1898 for a public garden. It was re-landscaped in 1977-79 keeping the bridge and trees and replanting shrubs.
Bishop Woods’ Almshouses. These were built in 1665 under the will of Thomas Wood, the Bishop of Lichfield who came from Hackney. The almshouses provided for 10 widows over 60 years old and Wood also provided for a twice-weekly chaplain.. The six almshouses were restored in 1888 and again in 1930; they were requisitioned in the Second World War and re-opened in 1948. The buildings are in a semi circle around a courtyard behind a brick wall and railings. The single storey cottages contain some 17th brickwork but most of the fabric today is from the late 19th.  From the early 20th the charity has been administered by Dr.Spurstowe’s Charity. The charity now finds that the cost of renovation is too great and is looking to sell the cottages and the site and rebuild elsewhere. Chapel. a small Gothic chapel was added to the almshouses during restoration. It seats 10 people and may be Britain's smallest chapel
162 Pond House. A villa of 1800, with semi- circular Doric porch, a basement and tripartite ground-floor windows.  Gate piers, decorated with a Greek key pattern. Two storey three bay house substantial chimney stacks. The entrance is below a semi-circular porch supported.  The rear visible from Mildenhall Road, is built from brown brick, with a large semi-circular bay. There is an inappropriate rear extension and two modern garages facing Mildenhall Road.  There are perimeter walls with stables and inside is an elegant curved staircase. It was built for Benjamin Walsh, a stockbroker, soon after 1800 and it is said that in the early 19th it was the home of the Chair of East London Water Works, Samuel Preston. From the 1880s until 1904 it was a school and then a clothing factory. From 1939 to 2001 it was occupied an ex servicemen’s club, Hackney Volunteers. It is now into flats.
158-160 a pair of early 19th houses form the remaining part of what was  once St James’ Terrace. The Terrace was built about 1825 as four properties, but could be a re-facing of a late 18th group. It was partially demolished in the 1870s as part of the building of Mildenhall Road.
Methodist Chapel.  This was a Wesleyan chapel which stood on the west side of the road a block north of the corner with Downs Road. It was in ragstone with a tall spire. It closed in 1934 and was replaced by a church in the Sunday School in Downs Road to the rear, and was later demolished.
153 The Mothers' Hospital of the Salvation Army. In 1889 the Salvation Army opened a rescue and maternity home in Mare Street but by the beginning of the 20th the accommodation was inadequate and the Salvation Army bought an acre site here to build a maternity hospital for unmarried mothers. The foundation stone was laid in 1912 by Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll. The Hospital's consisted of six semi-detached houses built in 1824. They were linked by two arches leading to the ward buildings which were in the gardens of the houses. The central house had a sign saying 'The Salvation Army: The Mothers' Hospital'  Each ward block ha a delivery room, three wards, a kitchen and bathroom and a portrait of General Booth and his wife. Between the buildings there were gardens, with trees, shrubs and flowerbeds. One bungalow was for unmarried mothers, another for poor married women, another for special cases and the other for Jewish mothers. During the Great War the hospital cared for large numbers of widowed pregnant women who were subsequently destitute. After the war all mothers, married or not, were admitted. In 1934 an out-patients department was opened and in 1937 isolation block. During the Second World War, the hospital was evacuated to Derbyshire but some patients stayed in London. An air-raid shelter was built and the walls of the wards were strengthened with steel girders and blast walls erected. Patients were kept active so they could get to the shelters and this turned out to be good for them. Patients always spent the night in the shelter with their babies.  In 1940 the Hospital received a direct hit and two of the ward blocks destroyed. The Hospital became part of the NHS in 1948.  Salvation Army members were still on the staff, and this relationship continued.  All services moved to a new unit at the newly opened Homerton Hospital in 1986 and the buildings were demolished and replaced by a housing complex - Mothers' Square. The white archway leading through to Mothers' Square remains. A plaque confirms an architectural award for Mothers' Square, and another shows its opening by Prince Charles.
179 British Asylum for Deaf and Dumb Females. This was in an early 18th house probably built for James Coram, a timber merchant. He sold it to Markham Eeles, a china merchant, who substantially  rebuilt it and added entrance gates. The Asylum moved here in 1864. It had been established in 1851 when following an incident the plight of deaf and dumb women came to the attention of a Mr. and Mrs. Sutton and so they got together a committee of ladies and gentlemen, a secretary was appointed, and the asylum was opened. It was bought by the Council in 1932 who demolished it. The asylum appears to have survived in other premises into the 1980s.
Byland House. This stood on the west side of Clapton Ponds. It served as a vicarage for the second and third incumbents of St James’ Church. It was sold to the Council in 1932 and demolished for the Powell Estate.
Powell Estate. This replaced the Deaf and Dumb Asylum and other houses. It was replaced itself in the 1970s
211 The Fountain. This pub has been on the site since 1814. It closed in 2006 and is now housing.
144-146 The British United Shoe Machinery Company Ltd ., which moved its warehouse and servicing depot from Bethnal Green Road to Hackney in 1956. They were a very large manufacturing company – said to be the world’s largest supplier of footwear manufacturing equipment and based in Leicester
Temple Works. In the 1950s this was Curtis Wipers, making adjustable windscreen wipers.

Maitland Place
Refers to Maitland House, a mansion which stood nearby

Mothers’ Square
Built in 1987-90 on the site of the Mothers Hospital.  It provides housing plus sheltered flats, day hospital and nursing home.  A central pergola distracts from the parked cars.

Nolan Way
Seaton Point. 22 storey block.  It is the last of what were six tower blocks built on the Nightingale Estate. Nightingale Estate was built in 1968 next to Hackney Downs. Seaton Point had a chimney installed alongside it. During 1998-1999, Seaton Point, which had been saved from demolition, was refurbished and painted white.

Queensdown Road
Was once called Lovers Lane
35 Star Pub. This was the Three Sisters with a painting over the corner door of the sisters.  The address was at one time Sisters Place.
Open Doors. The Downs Baptist Church. William Landells was among the first founders of the London Baptist Union. as the third of its annual church-building projects, he initiated the building of the Downs Chapel together with six Clapton men.The foundation stone of the Chapel was laid in 1868. Notable contributors to the costs were the prosperous men who formed the initial Committee: sums Morton M. Glover was the architect. he chose to utilise a radical, new construction material – cast iron to support the main roof of the Chapel- in the building.  The chapel was successful and prosperous supporting a Band of Hope, temperance organisations and much else and it also supported missions in many parts of the world and there is a memorial plaque to them.  A membeiol to those killed in the Great War is in the main enrance. In the Second World War the manse was requisitioned and in 1942 the building was bombed. The church has since worked with local communities, as they change, and provided space and support as well as work with those in need.The church has a front with Romanesque wheel window flanked by towers ending with decorative iron cresting.  On Downs Road are round-arched windows with patterned iron glazing and this continues onto the Sunday School next door. Inside are galleries with iron balustrades and columns

Rowhill Road
St Andrew's Mansions.  Tall half-timbered and tile-hung mansion flats, the whole street is the same. They are by A. Bedbow & W Andrews of Wood Green.

Tilia Road
Light industrial and trading area.

Sources
British History Online. Hackney. Web site
Clarke. Glimpses of Ancient Hackney and Stoke Newington,
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Liverpool Street to Chingford
East London Record
Field. London Place Names,
GLC. Home Sweet Home
Hackney  Society Newsletter
London Borough of Hackney. Web site
London Gardens Online. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Robinson, Lost Hackney
Skyscraper News. Web site
Walford.  Highgate and Hampstead to the Lea,
Watson. Hackney and Stoke Newington Past

Monday, 6 October 2014

Great Eastern Railway to Chingford. Hackney

Great Eastern Railway to Chingford
The Line running north from London Fields curves North West to Hackney Downs Station, then curves north east and north

Post to the south Hackney Central
Post to the north Hackney Downs


Amhurst Road
90 Pembury Tavern. This pub was built in 1866 - with an address of Medina Terrace, Dalston Lane. In the 1990s it closed and re-opened in 2006. This very handsome building is now owned by Individual Pubs, with a tie in to Milton Brewery.  They take bitcoins.
Apsland and Marcon Estates Community hall
Lower Clapton Congregational Church, Hall and School. This was a new church built in 1864 in Kentish rag stone. Replaced by shops and flats after the church closed in 1951

Bodney Road
1 Bodney Road Joinery.  In the 1930s this was a branch office for the British Union of Fascists.
2 this site was bought for a fire station in 1912.  The building has now been converted to flats. At the rear is a Caretakers lodge or wardens house.  In the Second World War this was the American Ambulance Station
58 Palestine House site of the Operative Jewish Converts' Institution.  Demolished and now under part of the housing estate.

Brett Road
Brett Manor.  A small block of maisonettes by Edward Mills built in 1946 by Manor Charitable Trustees to provide affordable housing for ex-servicemen and older members of the Eton Manor Boys' Club and their war widows. This was the first reinforced concrete, box frame building to be completed in London and it was designed in conjunction with Ove Arup and Partners. The building has nine flats – eight maisonettes and a roof penthouse with roof garden. Built on the site of Manor Assembly Rooms, later a cinema and a club
Temple Works.  Offices and flats on what was a construction firm site
Brett Road Mission. In the 1950s this became a Government Office.

Clarence Mews
40 studio space and house, designed by architect Ed Frith of Moving Architecture. A double height glazed wall provides natural light and there is a private courtyard garden. The site was the garden of a Georgian house until the 1960s, but was used most recently as a mechanic’s yard.  The house includes square dance studio and on the ground floor a design studio and family living spaces.
Clarence Mews Mixed Developments. This incorporates flats, a house, workshops and studios. There is a secure front entrance overlooking the street, while the rear elevation faces onto private gardens.
48 19th brick warehouse standing near the corner with Clarence Place. This is now housing

Clarence Place
1a the Episcopalian Church of Archangel Michael. In 1975, Beatrice Butler started a mission in her home. From 1987 Beatrice encouraged her son Matthew to be came the leader.When her brother in law, Bishop Austin McDowell, visited from St Vincent and the Grenadines, he ordained Matthew and Beatrice and Matthew was later consecrated as Bishop. In 2001 The Episcopalian Church of Archangel Michael diocese was established.

Clarence Road
This was originally called Back Lane
78 Duke of Clarence Pub. First recorded in 1851 this pub closed during the 1990s and is now flats.
51a Hackney Church of England Grammar school. This school was functioning by 1829 and had connection with King's College, London.  The building was on the west side of the road and had been designed by William MacIntosh Brookes. In 1888s its debts were cleared and it became known as King's College or Hackney Collegiate School until 1895. It was then used as a mineral water factory and beer bottling plant. The buildings were demolished in 1903. The site is now part of the Pembury Estate


Dalston Lane
A busy route connecting Dalston to central Hackney, with scattered remnants of c18 and earlier C19 terraces and villas.  An industrial area developed in the c19.
236 Academy Apartments. This is in the buildings of what was Hackney Community College.  The college dates back to 1790 when an institution for 30 boys opened in Shacklewell, which moved in 1803 to Dalston Lane and were joined by a girls department in 1810. By 1819 it was known as the Hackney School of Industry and financed through donations and the sale of sermons. A new building on the corner with Amhurst Road was erected by James Edmeston in 1837. This was later acquired by the North-East London Institute. Which was a school of music, science, and art based at 236 and 238 Dalston Lane. This was taken over in 1897 as a central site for Hackney Institute becoming its northern branch and as such transferred to the London County Council in 1909 and amalgamated with other relevant institutions in the area. The buildings were enlarged by the London County Council in 1925 and the building dates from this time with with restrained detail of an Arts and Crafts kind. In 1928 it was the London County Council's Hackney Technical Institute and in 1947 Hackney technical college. In due course it became administered by the Inner London Education Authority.  In 1974 after further amalgamations it became part of Hackney College. The administrative headquarters were moved away from here in 1974. . When the Inner London Education Authority was abolished it was run by, by Hackney Council, when it was again renamed.  It later became an independent institution, mainly funded through public funds. For a few years it was known as The Community College but then reverted to Hackney Community College.  Since then this site has been sold off for housing
Hackney Downs Station.  The station lies between Clapton and London Fields and was built in 1872 by the Great Eastern Railway. It was enlarged as early as 1876 when though lines though the station were opened.  The station was originally opened as Downs Junction Station and the original entrance was on the south side of Dalston Lane under the bridge. . The ticket hall was rebuilt in the early 1980s along with changes to the roofs on the platforms. The island platforms wooden roof was replaced with steel sheeting on the existing frames whilst the side platforms were left unaltered other than the removal of their 'dog-tooth' fascia boards. Until Hackney Central's closure in 1944, a passenger connection linked the two stations and a special building called the Exchange Building was staffed by Great Eastern but sold tickets for both lines.   A new entrance building was installed in 1980 and designed by British Rail architect Sandy Boal. The station is currently operated by Greater Anglia.
Signal Box. This was named Hackney Downs North junction renamed Hackney Downs junction in 1935 and close din 1960.
Signal Box. This was installed in 1960 when the line was electrified but closed in the early 2000s when signalling on the line was centralised.

Gould Terrace
This was previously called Kenmure Terrace

Institute Place
3 Five Points Brewing Co, small independent brewer based in railway arches

Kenmure Road
Previously known as Coldbath Lane and adjacent to Hackney Brook.
Manor Assembly Rooms. These were licenced from 1849 and lay behind Tyssen's Manor House in Mare Street. They could be reached by a covered way from Mare Street and were later used by Hackney Literary and Scientific Institution. In 1877 they included a concert hall and a skating rink. They were demolished by 1894 and were by the Manor Feature Film Theatre
18 The Manor Feature Film Theatre opened in 1909 in what had been the Manor Assembly Rooms. It operated until at least 1915. The site is now the Brett Manor flats.

Mare Street
Called Church Street between Dalston Lane and Amhurst Road . It is also called The Narrowway.
Hackney Brook crossed the road a few yards south of  Bohemia Place
347-357 the site of the current Marks and Spencer was Hackney’s leading department store Matthew Rose and Sons
359-361 McDonald’s was once the National Penny Bank. It was previously the Three Cranes Inn
387 known as the Manor House this was built in 1845 for the manor steward, J.R.W. Tyssen. It is in plain yellow brick, with Shops on the ground floor. Site of the New Mermaid Theatre  1773
418 Crown Pub.  Said to have been on the site of Templars House, a brick built house from the 17th, which became tenements.  It had a projecting centre bay with columns and broken pediments once capped by domes suggesting that it was built new in the late 16th. . The Templar's name came from their  estate in Hackney, later Kingshold Manor . The house was demolished in 1825.  It was then the Blue Posts Pub, which was used by the vestry as a meeting place to conduct parish business and from where the stagecoach ran to Holborn via Dalston Lane.  It then became Bob’s Hall and then a stonemason’s yard. . A pub called the Crown was here by 1856. In 2002, it was called the Wishing well and in 2013 a branch of Tommy Flynn's
354 Old Town Hall.  The vestry had met in Church House but by the end of the 18th this was no longer usable and was replaced by this building. This is described in its pediment as ‘the old Town Hall of Hackney’. It is a house of 1802 house, converted to use as Town Hall. It is now a betting shop having previously been a bank.
356 St John’s Rectory.  In the late 17th The Vicarage was north of the churchyard. in 1705, when no vicar had lived there for more than 60 years,  a new vicar was licensed to replace the buildings with a brick residence, set back farther from the road. As the Rectory, it was refronted and extended to the design of James Spiller in 1828-9 and survived, as. 356 Mare Street, in 1952. It was demolished and a smaller house was built on the site in 1956.
354 Mermaid Fabrics. The Mermaid Tavern was here in 1856 and the premises are now in retail use. In 1895 this was the headquarters of the Clapton Orient Football Club, predecessors of Leyton Orient Football Clubs. 
The original Mermaid Inn was on the other side (west) of Mare Street and associated with the Assembly Rooms to its rear.   It closed and was demolished in 1845. It had been present by 1636 and is where Samuel Pepys came to play shuffleboard and eat cherries.  In the 18th it was used for local court proceedings and had extensive pleasure gardens – used for some early balloon ascents.

Pembury Road
Pembury Estate. London County Council housing built in 1938.

Sources
British History Online. Hackney. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clarke. Glimpses of Ancient Hackney and Stoke Newington,
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Liverpool Street to Chingford
East London Record
The Episcopalian Church of Archangel Michael. Web site
Field. London Place Names,
GLC. Home Sweet Home
Hackney  Society Newsletter
London Borough of Hackney. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Robinson, Lost Hackney
Summerson. Georgian London
Walford.  Highgate and Hampstead to the Lea,
Watson. Hackney and Stoke Newington Past