Monday, 21 April 2014

North London Railway - Willesden Junction

North London Railway. The railway coming from Kensal Rise Station turns south westwards


Post to the north Willesden Junction

Brunel Court
Flats built on the site of a large block of stables facing onto the Harrow Road

Enterprise Way
Industrial and Trading Units built on the site of the Borough Transport Dept

Fortune Way
Industrial and Trading Units built on the site of the Borough Transport Dept

Harrow Road
College Park Hotel. Closed in the 1990s, it is now housing – but still has ‘Saloon and Luncheon Bar’ signage.
Railway bridges –between Harrow Road and Harlesden High Street the road passes over a series of railway lines on the North London Railway in its Hampstead Junction Extension. Leaving Kensal Green Junction, west of the site of the defunct Kensal Green and Harlesden Station up and down City Goods lines were built to bypass low level platforms at Willesden  Junction and other connecting lines, once known as City Line Loop.


Hythe Road
Junction Works (north of the Mitre Bridge Loop and east of the tunnel from Hythe Road .The works has had a number of occupants. This includes the New Engine Co. who made cars and aeroplane engines designed by G.F.Mort who had designed a light weight two stroke engine. 1913- c. 1922
Bostwick Gate and Shutter Co. (to the west of the tunnel). Founded here in 1880 and here since 1907. They made collapsible gates and a range of other items invented and patented by an American, Jabez Bostwick.  The company operated on this site until at least the 1970s but now appears to be dissolved.  There appear to be buildings on the site which may have been erected by them.


Letchford Gardens
This is part of College Park a 19th estate built on land which originally belonged to All Souls College.

Railway
Rail lines run into Willesden Junction Station to the west of this square
North London Line. As Hampstead Junction railway, coming from Kensal Rise Station to the north. This connection dates from 1869.
West Coast Main Line – which had originally opened as the London and Birmingham Railway in 1841 and by passes the station. The London Overground service to Watford from Euston, from 1910. 
Bakerloo Line coming from the Kensal Green Station to the west. The Bakerloo had been extended to Queens Park in 1915 and thence ran on the London North West Railway lines to Watford, via Willesden
Willesden Traction Maintenance Depot. The original servicing facility was on the south side of the main line, west of the station and closed, in 1965. The current depot was designed in the 1960s, to service electric locomotives and has 6 parallel roads each holding 4 locomotives and several associated external sidings. A line runs north of the shed to fuel supplies and some diversions of service stock. There are two lines connecting to the West Coast main line. There are also offices, a workshop and stores.
The West London Railway from the south east, with some sidings into industrial estates and the Mitre Bridge Loop.
The North London line to Richmond opened to the Hounslow Loop line by the North and South Western Junction Railway in 1853


Ridgley Road
College Park Community Centre. On the site of a Library. Closed


Scrubs Lane
2 Pentecostal City Mission. Church group running a Nursery and Community Project., food banks, supplementary school, etc etc.
Ellisland – building on the site of 1-2 in the late 19th
2 Homocea Ointment Works. Homocea was a cure all ointment. They came here from Birkenhead in 1900
8 Chandelier building. Headquarters of Impex Glassware. In 1870, in Bohemia, Adolph Schonbek started his own glassworks and made chandeliers. After the Second World War the company moved to America. One grandson came to London and established Impex in 1946.
2-12 Elliott Machine Equipment Ltd. Leading makers and distributors of lathes, and other machine tools
24 CMS Peripherals. Founded here in 1988, supplies data storage and related products.
30 Cumberland Park – this was a pub, long since closed.  The name can be seen on the first floor above the shop windows.
Willesden Laundry. On the CMS Peripherals site. The laundry was part of British Transport Hotels and closed in the early 1980s having lost British Rail contracts. It employed over 100 workers
69-71 Portobello Press. Then firm opened in the Portobello Road in 1983 and moved here in 1991 where they have a large colour printing concern
Cumberland Park Factory, J.G.Matthews making beds and bedding. By the 1950s Matthews has moved to Honeypot Lane in Kingsbury as Restulux Beds.  The company went out of business soon after.
Simplex Rubber. This company was making tyres here before the Great War.
United Dairies. Western Bottling Works. Where milk was distributed by rail around London. In 1939 they were handling 3,000,000 bottles a week,
80 Cumberland House. Seven storey system built office block
75-93 early 20th industrial buildings, now in light industrial and office use. Previously used by light engineering and motor accessory firms – many of them innovative in their field.
109 Delaney Gallay. This was originally founded in Switzerland by Jean Gallay who manufactured radiators for bi-planes. Delaney Gallay was founded in 1911 in the UK by Delaneys who made the Delaney-Belleville car. They built under license, the Gallay radiator the forerunner of modern radiators here in Scrubs Lane, eventually one of five sites. They were taken over by The Linen Thread Company Ltd, in 1959 and made innovative air conditioning for cars and moved to Wellingborough.   They are now part of the G&M Group in Glasgow.
Symbol Biscuits Ltd. Sunya House. This had been Lesme a couverture and biscuit firm from Blackpool. They became part of Lyons, for a while were called Bee Bee Biscuits, and then Lyons Bakery Ltd.   They made forty different sorts of biscuits sold under a variety of labels and introduced both Maryland Cookies in 1956 and Viennese Whirl in 1976.
77 APT Controls. Founded in 1961 by E.K. Bloom they were here in the 1980ss. They imported technology from the USA for car park ticket dispensers, vehicle detectors and rising arm barriers. This major company is now in Headstone Lane, Harrow.
Rail Bridge  crossing the West Coast Main Line and the Bakerloo

Sources
Bird. The First Food Empire
Clunn. Face of London
CMS Peripherals. Web site
College Park. Wikipedia Web site
Connor. Forgotten stations of London
Field. London place names,
Friends of the Earth. London Gasworks sites
Fulham and Hammersmith History Society. Buildings to see in Fulham and Hammersmith
Gallay Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Hammersmith and Fulham Historic Buildings Group. Web suite
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pentecostal Mission. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Portobello Press. Web site
Willesden Junction. Wikipedia. Web site

Saturday, 19 April 2014

North London Railway - Willesden Junction

North London Railway
The North London Railway running from Kensal Rise Station proceeds westwards

Post to the east Kensal Green
Post to the south Willesden Junction


Furness Road
Furness Primary School. Opened in 1908 as a council school and reorganised in 1925. It was partly destroyed in Second World War bombing and later rebuilt.


High street Harlesden
Church of God Prophecy. This was built in 1888 as a church for the United Free Methodists


Leghorn Road
33 Rebirth Tabernacle. This was originally opened by Harlesden Evangelical in 1905. It became a Baptist chapel in 1933.


Rucklidge Avenue
154 In the 1890s this was the Hygienic Hospital, set up by Dr. Thomas Allinson (developer of the wholemeal bread). It was “Established for Treating the Working Classes on Hygienic Principles. As we have no funds, a charge of 10s. is made a-week to patients to help to make up a deficiency in our income. We treat our patients without poisonous drugs, disease-producing intoxicants, fish, flesh, fowl, or animal broths, which are poor foods, and not worth a tenth of the money paid for them. We also do not allow tea or coffee, as experience has shown us that they are the cause of many complaints”.


Sources
British History OnLine. Willesden. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Furness Road Primary School. Web site
Malthusian Herald 1891
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
Rebirth Tabernacle. Web site

North London Railway. Kensal Green

The North London Line from Kensal Rise station runs westwards

Post to the east Kensal Rise
Post to the west Willesden Junction

All Souls Avenue
Relates to local land ownership by All Souls College, Oxford
St Mark's Church. The church was founded in 1914


Holland Road
Elmwood Green – the area bounded by All Souls Avenue, Holland Road and Buchanan Gardens and known locally as this since the 19th was once farmland with an avenue of elms. It has been the site of a tennis club since the late 19th.
Elmwood Tennis Club. The club has 6 courts, a clubhouse and a large green

Wrottesley Road
Harlesden Green stretched from here to All Souls Church and the road was called Green Lane
Kensal Green and Harlesden Station. This station opened in 1861and closed in 1873.  It was on the north side west of the Wrottesley Road rail bridge

Sources
Clunn. The Face of London
Connor. Forgotten Stations
Elmwood Tennis Club. Web site.
Field. London Place Names,
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry.  North West London
St.Mark’s Church. Web site

North London Railway - Kensal Rise

The North London line running from Kensal Rise Station continues south westwards

Post to the east Kensal Rise
Post to the west Kensal Green

Bathurst gardens
Library - originally a reading room opened by Mark Twain on 27th September 1900. At the ceremony, Mark Twain gave the Library Committee Chairman five of his books and a signed photograph.[4]  By 1904 money from the Andrew Carnegie Trust allowed a proper library to be opened on a site donated by All Souls College. In 1994, the interior was refurbished in a Neo-Edwardian style but the library has now closed.

Clifford Gardens
The housing was built in 1896 by Langler and Pinkham.

College Road
Relates to local land ownership by All Souls College, Oxford
161 College Green Children’s Centre.
161 Doyle Nursery
161 College Road School. This was a special needs school which had moved here from Leinster Road where it had opened in 1912.  It closed after 1954 and became an education, training and youth centre for Brent in 1961. It is now the site of the Children’s Centre.
123 The Island. Pub built in the 1970s which was previously called The Buccaneer, said to look vaguely like a pirate ship.
101 site of St.Martin’s Vicarage. This was bombed and destroyed in the Second World War – the vicar dying of his injuries.
Princess Frederica School. Opened as a National School by the Church Extension Association, working through the Anglican community of the Sisters of the Church in 1889 for boys, girls and infants. It was financed by a parliamentary grant, vol. contributions, and school pence – and opened by Princess Frederica who was a patron of the Association and a cousin of Queen Victoria. It was reorganised by 1948 and in 1965 was passed to the London Diocesan Board of Education.  It was extended and modernized in 1975 and reorganised again in 1978.


Leighton Gardens
Stember Hall. 28th Willesden Scout Hut


Purves Road
Purves was the solicitor of the United Land Company who were developers in this area.  The land was sold to them by All Souls College and the builders were Vigers.


Sources
British History Online. Willesden. Web site
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Snow. Queen’s Park
St.Martin, Kensal Rise. Web site.
Willesden History society newsletter
Willesden Scouts. Web site

Friday, 18 April 2014

North London Railway - Kensal Rise

The North London Railway running from Brondesbury Park goes south westwards

Post to the north Brondesbury Park
Post to the west Kensal Rise


Chamberlayne Road
Chamberlayne was a separate manor named after Richard de Camera, prebendary and rector of St.Mary, Willesden, who was given it in 1215. Later leased to the Roberts family. This area built up by developers Charles Langler and Sir Charles Pinkham, of Middlesex County Council. This road was built by All Souls College on the line of an existing footpath.
Church of the Transfiguration. This was an old Methodist chapel to which the Catholics moved in 1977. It is a red-brick building
Methodist Church. The Wesleyan Methodists had met until 1886 in a Kensal Rise house and later opened a tin chapel. In 1900 the opened a brick chapel in Gothic style with tower and spire here. It was sold to the Roman Catholics in 1977 and the Methodists met in the adjacent hall
Kensal Rise Station. This was opened in 1873 and now lies between Brondesbury Park and Willesden Junction on the North London Line. It was first called ‘Harlesden’ and replaced a station a distance to the west. In 1890 the name was changed to ‘Kensal Rise’ and in 1911 was rebuilt. It served the Royal Agricultural Show Ground.
The Chamberlayne. Pub and steakhouse
Minkies Deli – cafe in converted public toilets.


Chevening Road
Built as an approach road to the Royal Agricultural Show in 1879 by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. 

Clifford Gardens
The housing was built in 1896 by Langler and Pinkham.

Harvist Road
Harvist named after Edward Harvist, a 16th brewer who left money to keep local roads in good repair.  The name was changed from Mortimer Road
ARK Franklin Primary Academy. This is what was Kensal Rise Primary School and originally Harvist Road Elementary School. It opened in 1898 as a Board School for boys and girls. It was reorganised in. 1930 and again in 1977 as a junior mixed school plus a nursery. Some problems in the early 21st led to its current privatisation. It is a large three decker London School Board building by G.E.Laurence, with battlemented turrets.

Kempe Road
Names for Kempe who was a 19th prebendary of St. Pauls Cathedral. The houses built here by Chares Langler and Charles Pinkham.
A tributary of the Kilburn stream rose here and went down to join other streams feeding into the Kilburn to the south.

Peploe Road
Named for Peploe who was a prebendary of St. Pauls

Wrentham Avenue
Originally called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.

Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Willesden History society newsletter

Thursday, 17 April 2014

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

The North London railway continues from Brondesbury Park Station to run south westwards

Post to the east Brondesbury Park
Post to the south Kensal Rise


Ayleston Avenue
Queens Park Community School. This opened in 1989 as an amalgamation of three schools – South Kilburn High School (Percy Road School), Aylestone Community School and Brondesbury and Kilburn High School (Kilburn Grammar School). The school has a new block opened by Ken Livingstone and there is a commemorative plaque. The school is a specialist business and enterprise school with a City Learning Centre and is an academy

St Laurence Close
St.Lawrence Church. Built by the Cutts Brothers and later amalgamated with St.Anne in Salusbury Road. Replaced by flats.
Church Hall adjacent. Also now site of flats


Tiverton Road
Tiverton Green. Tiverton Green is a six acre public open space owned and managed by Brent Council under covenant from the Church of England. It was originally a school sports ground and site of a rugby pitch. The tennis courts fell into disrepair in the 1980s. In 2008 paths were laid, trees and flower borders were planted and new benches installed by Brent Council. In 2010 the playground was upgraded. New facilities will provide sports like basketball, football, table tennis and horizontal climbing, and a beginners’ cycle circuit


Wrentham Avenue
Originally this was called Ladysmith Road, thus dating it to the Boer War period.  After the nasty Crossman trunk murder the name was changed.
Brondesbury Park Congregational Church. This began as the Craven Hill church, Lancaster Gate who in 1910 decided to dispose of their church and school buildings and to erect a new church – and began with a temporary church here. The church closed in 1971. It was taken over by the local authority and used as a youth club and the Tiverton Centre.


Sources
Clunn. Face of London
GLIAS Newsletter
London Borough of Brent. Web site
Middlesex Churches
National Archives. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Queens Park Community School. Web site
Willesden History society newsletter

North London Railway - Brondesbury Park

North London Line
The North London Line from Brondesbury Station runs south westwards

Post to the north Brondesbury
Post to the west Brondesbury Park


Brondesbury Park Road
This is still marked as parkland on the Ordnance Survey map of 1904. The road is said to have been built as a spine road through the area but on some older maps it is called ‘Brand’s Causeway’
Brondesbury Park Station. Opened in 1908 as the ‘youngest’ station on the line it now lies between Brondesbury and Kensal Rise stations on the North London Railway.  The platforms were rebuilt in 1996.


Chevening Road
The road was built by the Church Commissioners in the mid 1880s as one of the approach roads to Queens Park
Imam Al-Khoei Islamic Centre.  This was previously Brondesbury Synagogue. It is now the Iman Al-Khoei Foundation, the premier Shia mosque in London. The centre serves a sizable community of Iranian, Iraqi and Afghani Shias, with the emphasis on Ahl al-Bayt (Ahlul Bayt) doctrine, which holds Muhammad’s immediate household members to be ‘infallible Imams’. They also use old school buildings to the north.
Brondesbury Synagogue.  This building dates from 1904-5 the land having been sold cheaply to the congregation by Solomon Barnett who became its first warden. It was destroyed by arson in 1965 and rebuilt. It was sold in 1974 with most of its members joining either the Willesden or the Cricklewood Synagogue.  It was Ashkenazi Orthodox Ritual and a constituent synagogue of the United Synagogue from 1905 until its closure.
Winkworth Hall. This was built as a hall of residence for students at the Maria Grey Teacher Training College. There is a plaque on the building – Emma Winkworth was the first woman to climb the Jungfrau and was also known as a women’s suffrage supporter. The building is now owned by London Borough of Brent and occupied by the Islamia School and by Hopscotch nursery. It was also used by Brondesbury and Kilburn School

Kimberley Road
Welbeck Works – this may originally have been a cutlery works but it was taken on by early motor enthusiast and inventor Frederick Sims who moved his Simms Manufacturing Co from Bermondsey to here in 1902. Here they made Simms-Welbeck cars, lorries and marine engines, fire engines, agricultural vehicles, military vehicles and guns, and aeronautical devices. The works was burnt down in 1920. In 1908 he works was taken over by Grosvenor, Rolls Royce and Daimler agents.  Hooper’s moved their Rolls and Daimler servicing unit to what was then called the Claborn Works in 1959.  Hoopers were long established coachbuilders working at the extreme top end of the market and based in Westminster and Park Royal.  In 1991 Hooper bought Metrocab out of receivership and repaired taxis on the site, but by 2002, when Metrocab moved out, were no longer involved.  The site is now flats named after Hoopers.
Magneto Works – shown on a map as a different site to Welbeck Works, the magneto was another of Simms’ enterprises
Albion Works. Various companies making specialist art papers.
Legion Works. Marwick and Pauling paper board
Kingswood Avenue
One of the roads around the park which was built up with houses as part of the deal when Queen’s Park was opened.
Queens Park
This square includes only the extreme north east corner of the park and the area adjacent to Chevening Road.  The park opened in 1887. It was initially called Kilburn Recreation Ground, and has been known as Queen’s Park since the Jubilee year of 1887. It comprises 30 acres of the site of the Royal Agricultural Show held in 1879 and was acquired in 1886 by the Corporation of London from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. In 1940 a bomb fell in the middle of the north field and another by temporary wooden fencing along Chevening Road.
Bandstand, The Bandstand was erected in 1889. It is in cast iron by Macfarlane and Co. of Glasgow. It remains in the park despite some wartime alterations.
A line of trees running north west from the bandstand are likely to be remnants from a field boundary
Woodland walk
Petanique rink
Trim trail


Salusbury Road
Built as an extension to Brondesbury Park as a spine road.
St Anne. The church began as a mission church established by the London Diocesan Home Mission in 1899. A parish was formed in 1905 and Bishop of London was patron. The church building, by the Cutts Brothers was in brick with stone dressings, was completed in 1905.  It was rebuilt in 1998 and is linked with St. Andrew’s United Reform Church
Queens Studios
Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls opened in 1892 and was a private school until the county council took it over in 1938. It merged with Kilburn Grammar in 1972 and closed in 1987. The school was damaged in 1944 by a flying bomb. It also served as a Synagogue for a time, during the construction of the Synagogue in Chevening Road. It was later sold to the Islamia Trust.
Islamia Primary School was founded by Yusuf Islam, singer/songwriter, 'Cat Stevens'. The School opened in 1983 in Brondesbury Park bur has since moved to what was the Kilburn & Brondesbury Secondary School. In 1998, the government granted it state funding.
Maria Grey Training College for Women Teachers.  Came here in 1892 and shared premises with the girls grammar school but later moved to Twickenham
Kilburn Grammar School founded by Dr.Bonavia Hunt in 1898 as a choir school. At first it was on Willesden Lane but moved in 1900 to Salusbury Road, opposite the Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls as a became a grammar school for boys. It was taken over by Middlesex County Council in 1908 and enlarged in 1927. It was damaged in the Second World War and rebuilt in 1951-1952. It amalgamated with Brondesbury and Kilburn High School for Girls in 1967 as Brondesbury and Kilburn High. It is now used by the Islamia School.
131 Willesden Borough Electricity Offices. The council had their own generating station in Taylors Lane and this was the payment office. The showroom was next door on the two storey single gabled building and there was a depot beyond that in the building now used by the Yoga Centre.


Sources
Brondesbury Synagogue. Web site
City Corporation. London City and People
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Frederick Simms. Wikipedia. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter
Grace’s Guide
London Encyclopaedia
Middlesex Churches
Mitchell and Smith. North London Line
Pevsner and Cherry. North West London
Snow. Queens Park
Stevenson.  Middlesex
Walford. Village London
Willesden History Society. Newsletter