Sunday, 22 January 2017

M25 Limpsfield



Post to the north Titsey Park


Bluehouse Lane
Limpsfield Grange School. This is a state boarding school for girls with autism opened in the early 1950s.  It is in the buildings of what is said to be a 19th manor house. The school has a swimming pool adjacent.
Bridge over the River Eden
Skinners Farm  This is said to have stood at the corner with Water Lane. It is said to be where George Eliot stayed when she wrote Mill on the Floss’ and Adam Bede. The farm was unoccupied, the building was unsafe and the site developed. The low brick wall in front of the current houses on the site are the remains of the farm walls left as a planning condition but reduced to the height of one foot.  There was also a barn on steddle stones,

Detellens Lane
48-50 this was once two cottages, now  one. The building is 18th to early 19th with a ground floor of sandstone and ironstone rubble and the fiurst floor tile-hung. These houses would originally have had gardens which extended across what is now the road. An earth closet from one of them is said to remain in the tennis club.
Limpsfield Club. This sports club began in the late 19th leasing grounds for tennis and croquet plus a thatched pavilion. In 1910 some of the grass courts were given a hard sueface and a badminton hall was built. In the Great War Army officers were honorary members and in 1921 a motor entrance was added. In the Second World War from 1942  until 1955 Limpsfield School used the badminton hall as a canteen. Later squash courts and  another sports hall were added  and the grass tennis courts removed. The club continues to expand.

High Street
School Cottage. This was previously called Grangebrook. It was built as a school in 1832 for girls and infants and then extended for boys.  There was a National School in Limpsfield and this was probably it.
Church Cottage. House built around  1700 wiith some later  alterations. It is timber framed with rendered brick. It has a lead lined box gutter.
St.Peter’s Church.  The tower dates from 1180  but most of the rest is the result of a  'restoration' in 1872. The porch is 16th. There is a wooden shingled spire carrying a wooden cross. There are recesses including an oven to bake sacred bread. There are monuments: including on to the Teulon family..and to members of the Stanhope family,
Churchyard: The entry is by a 15th lych gate.  Frederick Delius, the composer,  is buried near an old yew tree along with his wife. Nearby are the graves of Eileen Joyce, pianist, Sir Thomas Beecham conductor, and Norman Del Mar, conductor..Jack Brymer clarinettist is also here. A granite boulder came from the Matalpo Hills in Zimbabwe. There is a war memorial just outside the church door.
Poors Allotments. These lay behind the church where some allotments are still to be found.
Rectory.  This was struck by lightening in 1711. It is a red brick building with later additions.
The Barn, This was the tithe barn for storage of crops by the Rector.I  t had an ancient timber frame but was clad in 1841.It was burnt down in 2000.
St. Peter's Halls. This Church Hall was built in 1969 as a temporary structure. It  is a utilitarian timber building typical of the sixties and was originally owned by the local Church but was transferred to the Diocese in 1985.
The Glebe, This is the open area behind the halls which appears to be shown as a playing fields,The Diocese want to build on it.
Old Sawmills, The actual sawmills stood behind this modern house. The gateposts of it are said to remain, It was demolish ed in 1924 and the timbers used for the Barn Theatre in Oxted.
Manor House. This was not actually the manor. It was built around 1775 and was then called Stanhopes. It later became a girls school from 1896 to 1968 and is now flats.
Detellens. Cottage. This includes 58 Detillens Lane. It is 16th with some additions. It is timber framed on a rubblestone plinth, with a whitewashed brick infill above and tile haninbg on the first floor.
Detellens  House. This is a 15th house with a front of 1736. Oriiginally a timber framed hall house with now a red brick front  Inside are Tudor style fireplaces with stone surrounds and an octagonal crown post.  It was called Millcroft in 1718 and appears to have been the millers house and barn from 1480. Grain is still found in the joints of the structure. It was the home of Eugenia Stanhope.  15th hall  house with impressive king post roof. 18th front.
The Bull Inn, This is a 17th building which was once called Anchor and Chequer. It was owned in 1892 by Bushell & Co of Westerham There are rubble walls around what us now the car park.
Miles Butchers shop. This was described as a 'slaying house' in 1424. At the south end is a moulded 'dragon post'.
Redfern. This was the home of Richard Church from 1918.  It is a 19th building
Jarretts Shop. This is part of a hall house of of 1500.
Old Lodge - this was built as the lodge to Hookwood Park, and later used as an extension by Manor House School

M25

Pitchfont  Lane
Thought that this might be a part of a prehistoric route
Footbridge and ford over the River Eden


Sandy Lane
Hookwood. 19th stock brick house
Ice-House, a buried ice-house appeared under the lawn of the house after heavy rain in 1969. The chamber was of mortared sandstone and ironstone with a tunnel entrance of brick. It was thought to date from the late 17th;

Titsey Road
Limpsfield to Croydon via Titsey Road. One route across the North Downs was the Limpsfield to Titsey road which was turnpiked in 1813,
Boys School. This was built by the Rector in 1880 plus with a house for the master.Boys home near the bottom
Boys Home. This belonged to Oxford House Settlement in Bethnal Green. They set it up In 1886, as a place where boys between 7- and 13-years old could go for three weeks to experience fresh air and playing outside.  It could take twelve or thirteen boys at one time, and had a large garden and a playing field.
Old Court Cottage. This is now a row of 16th and 17th houses. They are timber framed exposed  with brick and ironstone rubble infill with tile hanging above.Said to be  said to date from around 1200 as the aisled hall of Abbott of Battle, and assizes were held here. There are two unique carved capitals dating from 1190. It may be the oldest timber house in the south of England.

Water Lane
This runs from the village to the lodge at the gates of Titsey Park

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chelsea Speleological Society. Newsletter
Limpsfield Club. Web site.
Oxted and Lmpsfield History Group. Web site
Oxford House. Web site
Penguin. Surrey,
Pevsner. Surrey
Tandridge District Council. Web site

Saturday, 21 January 2017

M25 Titsey Park



Post to the east Titsey Eden Source
Post to the south Limpsfield


M25

Pilgrims Lane
St James Church. The original church here was in the grounds of Titsey House. It was replaced by a new church here in 1776.   The present church is a rebuild of 1860-61 for Granville Leveson Gower to the design of J.L. Pearson. This was the parish church, but in 1956 it was united with Limpsfield and declared redundant in 1973. It is now part of the Titsey Trust as a private chapel and contains some items from the previous churches. It is in dressed stone with a traditional shingled spire with a clock face.
Lych gate, and churchyard.
Titsey Court. 17th house with 18th front.  It is timber framed clad in red and blue brick with flint brick and rubblestone wings at the back. This was a farmhouse and said to be the home for the bailiff of the Titsey Estate.
Church Cottage. 16th cottage with 17th and 19th extensions. Timber framed with brick infill and knapped flint.  Plaque says “E/L/ 1673".
Titsey Estate Office.  This was once the Pineapple pub standing next to Church Cottage. It was closed down because estate workers went in there instead of going to church,
Forge Cottage. 16th cottage

Pitchfont Lane
A footpath/bridle way which runs from Titsey Road northwards around the western edge of the park
Pitchfont Farm. This was farmed by Titsey Company Farms until 1976 with herds of dairy cattle and the ‘Tyttsey’ pedigree herd of British Friesians. In the 1900s it was decided to disperse this and build up the Titsey Sussex herd.

Titsey Park
Titsey Place – the house and its history is in the square to the north
Titsey Place belonged to the  Gresham and then the Leveson Gower families and is a charitable trust. The wider estate of 3,000 acres along the edge of the North Downs is open to visitors. To the north it is sheltered by the steep wooded scarp of the North Downs and the park falls gently away to the south.
The main west drive. This enters the park south-west of the house and runs north and then north-east across the parkland
The east drive  This enters the park opposite St James' church and is tree-lined
The south drive. This  runs north and crosses the stone bridge between the lakes where it meets the south drive,
The Park This is now meadowland with lime, beech, and horse-chestnut dating from the early 19th.. In the mid 18th the earlier field system was removed and the road which crossed the park was diverted,
Lakes. The two small lakes south of the house were developed in the 18th from a series of ponds, probably fishponds;  A Pulhamite stone bridge spans the dam, between the two with a rockwork cascade. The northern lake is small and linear while the southern is larger and serpentine, with a small island. To the south of them springs and streams run southwards to meet the river Eden.
Roman Villa. This small villa on a rise was .excavated by Granville Leveson Gower in the 1860s; the site is now surrounded by trees. It has a good survival of archaeological remains relating to its construction and use. It  may be associated with the Romano-Celtic temple, and Roman Road nearby. Investigations uncovered patches of tessellated paving and sections of  along with pottery; glass, iron and bronze objects.  It appears to have been burnt down. There is also evidence of pre-Roman occupation

Titsey Road
The road crosses the baby river Eden by an invisible bridge alongside the pumping station. It then follows the course of the Eden downhill with the river on the west.
Howard's Lodge. This is the lodge on the east side of the park
Eden Water Pumping Station. This stands on the Eden, heavily fenced with no signage.
South Green. Grazing meadow, once called Sow Green
South Lodge  This was built in 1868 and designed by George Devey,  It stands on the west of the south drive

Vanguard Way
This is a long distance walk from East Croydon to Newhaven. The walk was developed in celebration of the 15th anniversary in 1980 of the Vanguards Rambling Club, who named themselves after returning from a walk in the guard's van of a crowded train. The walk runs diagonally across the park, and the square

Water Lane
Park Farm. Dairy Farm
Pitchfont Lodge. At the junction with Pitchfont Lane. This is at the main entrance to the park.
Limpsfield Lodge Farm.  17th timber framed and tile hung house. Use of local freestone.
Pitchfont Farm Cottages. 18th pair of red brick houses.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England, Web site
Parks and Gardens UK,. Web site
Pulham. Web site
Southwark Diocese. Web site
Tandridge District Council. Web site
Tatsfield, Titsey and Chelsham Pubs. Web site
Titsey herd. Web site
Titsey Place. Web site

Friday, 20 January 2017

M25 Titsey Eden source



Post to the east Clacket Lane
Post to the west Titsey Park


Broomlands Lane
This is a footpath and bridle way running from the Westerham Road to Titsey Village.  In this stretch it runs through woods and fields, crossing the motorway on a footbridge.

M25

River Eden
The River Eden  is a tributary of the  Medway, It rises from a source in Titsey north of Clacket Lane motorway services

Roughfield Shaw
Woodland


Sources
Wikipedia. River Eden. Web site

M25 Clacket Lane



Post to the east Westerham Croydon Road
Post to the west Titsey Eden Source




Clacket Lane
Westwood Pumping Station. This was built by the Limpsfield and Oxted Water Co. and is now run by the Sutton and East Surrey Water Co. It was taken over by the Chelsam and Waldingham Waterworks Company Ltd, becoming the East Surrey, in 1930. It has a greensand water source and on site is treatment works. There were three bore holes here.
Waterworks Cottages. Housing originally associated with the waterworks
Playing field. This was immediately south of the waterworks
Westerham Road Industrial Estate. Industrial and trading area. This may be on the site of the playing fields.
Moorhouse Tile Works.  Originally the Moorhouse Brick, Tile and Concrete Products Company Ltd with a concrete roofing tile work, it was taken over by Redland in 1948. The company later became Lafarge and then Braas Monier Building Group. This was a large works which included internal tram systems, settling ponds and overhead conveyors’. There are now plans for a distribution depot here. Neolithic implements have been found on site
Westwood Farmhouse, Late 18th building in brown brick
Westwood Farm cottages. 
Tip. In the 1980s this was opposite the cottages on the other side of the road
Clacket Green. This is road side waste land.
Cupid’s Coppice. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Clacket Wood. Woodland designated as of conservation importance
Church Wood. Woodland, to which is attached a legend of a church which was begun but each days building was demolished overnight
Church Field. In the field are a Romano-Celtic temple and an adjacent 65m stretch of the main Roman London to Lewes road. They are both buried and only visible as parch marks in dry weather. . Investigations of 1879 and 1935 show the temple as a small square building, of which the flint footings survive. The road runs to the east and had a flint and gravel metalled surface.
Square Wood, Woodland
Wet Wood. Woodland
Titsey Wood.  Site of Special Scientific Interest and apparently famous in the fox hunting classes


M25
Clacket Lane service stations. There are two motorway services one on each side of the M25 which  are operated by Roadchef. The site was chosen from around five possibles on this section of the M25 although Chevening was originally preferred. The site was chosen in 1976, but it took almost 20 years to be finally confirmed. Roman artefacts were found during construction. At one time the westbound was thought to be the largest services in the country – and the most expensive. The filling stations were originally run by Elf then Total, to Shell and now BP.

Sources
Bourne Society.  Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Motorway Services On line. Web site
Sutton and East Surrey Water Co Web site
Tandridge Local Council. Web site

Thursday, 19 January 2017

M25 Westerham Croydon Road

Post to the south Moorhouse Bank
Post to the east Westerham
Post to the west Clackets Lane

Croydon Road
Southern Gas Networks. Pressure reducing site.  Old gas works site. The   Westerham Gas and Coke Co., Ltd. Dated from 1857 and supplied gas to the town until nationalisation in 1949. There were two holders.  The site is surrounded by a wall which may be built of gasworks or other rubble and waste

Devil of Kent
This wood is on the Kent side of the border which runs down the west side of it.

Farley Common
Partly wooded stretch of common land,

Kent/ Surrey Border

M25

Squerries Sand Pit
Squerries Sand Pit. This is a soft sand extraction site consisting of a large deep pit and a number of small pits and some ponds.  More excavation is planned between the present workings and the motorway; the pit, while large and very deep, is not easily seen. There are some paint ball and similar activities on part of the site

Westerham Wood
Woodland designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest


Sources
Brian Sturt, with thanks
Sevenoaks Council. Web site
Visit Westerham. Web site

Monday, 16 January 2017

M25 Westerham London Road


Post to the east Beggars Lane
Post to the north Westerham Hill
Post to the south Westerham

Beggars Lane
Farm road now blocked. This was a road which went to Brasted before the railway and the later motorway were built.

Force Green Lane
Wall mounted post box in the hedge
Force Green Waste. This is common land
Force Green Farm. Dairy farm
Force Green Farmhouse. This has an 18th front on an earlier timber framed house, which was probably late 16th.  Inside are heavy, close-set beams plank floors and inglenook fireplaces
Force Green Farm Cottage. This is late 18th
Hartley Wood
Ancient mixed broadleaf woodland formally managed as coppice .It is to the east of and joined to Westerham Wood.

London Road
London Road Brickworks. This stood slightly south of the motorway, probably on the site of the current garage. It was active in the late 19th into the early 20th.

M25
Pilgrims Way
Pilgrims’ Way may/may not be a route for Pilgrims to go to Canterbury (from where exactly??) or may/may not be a prehistoric track way.  On this stretch it is however a made up road for vehicle traffic
Betsomhill Farm. The farm lies at the foot of Betsoms Hill alongside the Pilgrims’ Way. The Old Barn is a snooker club.
Westerham Wood
Only a small part of the wood is in this square.  It is a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its ground flora and breeding bird community. A   Pheasantry is noted here in the 19th as are many reports of poaching.
Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Common Land in Kent. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Sevenoaks Council. Web site.

Sunday, 15 January 2017

M25 Beggars Lane

Post to the north Brasted
Post to the south Valence House
Post to the east Brasted
Post to the west Westerham London Road

Beggars Lane
There appear to be two Beggar’s Lanes, one either side of the M25. The northern one is a farm track which runs the London Road at Force Green eastwards, turns south and runs under the motorway to end at Charman’s Farm and a junction with its namesake.

Beggars Lane
This is an A road which runs south of the motorway from London Road, running eastwards, turning at Charman’s Farm, to the south and the Brasted Road. It acts as a bypass to eastern Westerham an alternative route to the difficult entrance in the town to London Road. It appears to date from the same time as the motorway was built.
Charmans Farm. The farm is noted in 1540 as having been in the possession of Sir John Gresham. The Farmhouse appears as an 18th building which masks a 16th or earlier timber framed structure. There are two round kiln oast house. One brick built and one ragstone built kiln. Converted to offices.
Westerham Brewery. This is set up in a former sawmill on the farm site. It produces sparkling wine and craft beer. A barn on the site is a craft shop managed by the Squerryes Estate to sell wine, beer and farm products. Brewers spent grant feed the fairy herd at Squerries and Squerries grows grapes for the winery on their estate land.
Pond – there is a pond to the south of the motorway at the point at which the lane turns south, and this is understood to be a balancing pond for the motorway. Another pond to the east and north of the farm is marked as ‘weir’ and ‘sluice’ on maps and as ‘spring’ on older maps.


Force Green Lane
Force Green Farm Cottages

Holywell Shaw. Woodland from which a track leads to the Pilgrims Way

M25
The motorway finally deviates from the line of the railway west of Charman’s farm.

Railway
The railway continued westwards to access Westerham Station.  The motorway covers its route until at a spot part way along what is now Beggars Lane, the railway line deviated south westwards on its way to access Westerham Station

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Westerham Brewery, Web site