Tuesday, 28 February 2017

M25 St Ann's Hill



Post to the south Allmners
Post to the west Virginia Water. Lyne Lane



M25

Old Coach Road.
Road from London to Winchester which approaches the hill from the N and directly encroaches on the south east corner of the hill fort. It is now a track which approaches the St Ann's Hill from St Ann's Hill Road.
Track. This branches off the Coach Road going north and probably follows the line of the King's Way from Chertsey to the chapel of St Ann.

St. Ann's Hill
Hill Fort. This has been subject to discussion but its existence is now substantiated. It is below the summit of the hill and circumscribing the hill-top. Its date is not clear but is thought to have been used over a long period.  It was once known as Eldebury or Oldbury
Public Park. This is a late 18th landscape on the site of a prehistoric hill fort. The area was used by Chertsey Abbey in the middle ages and is said to have been planted with vines and used for beekeeping. The summit was a viewing point for the Anglo-French Survey, which calculated the distance between the  Greenwich and Paris Observatories, It was also crucial for the link with the base-line of the English survey on Hounslow Heath. It was laid out with picturesque planting in the 19th, and landscaped in the early 20th by Percy Cane. It was opened as a public park in 1928
St.Anne's Chapel. This is on the highest point at the north end of the summit where a group of Sequoias are near the fragmentary ruins of the ancient chapel of St Ann. This was built by Chertsey Abbey in and demolished at the dissolution. There is only one wall left with stone foundation walls, mainly below the ground, and associated earthworks
Reservoir. This is on the summit of the hill and is covered with a large grass clearing, with planting around the edge of rhododendron, with coniferous and some specimen trees
Reservoir Cottage. This is next to the remains of the Chapel and was previously called ‘Keeper's Cottage’. It has an adjoining octagonal summerhouse and a tiled mosaic of St Anne with the Virgin and child standing beside her and the arms of Lord Holland and motto beneath.
Well. There is a dome-shaped well called St Ann's or Nun's Well. This is a spring welling from under an arch. It is said to be hard to find.
Southwood House.  This is and its grounds are on the west side of the eastern entrance track. In the grounds is a single storey octagonal gazebo with a pyramidal roof. It is dated 1794 on a Coade stone tablet above the entrance and was built by Charles James Fox in the mid 1790s.
Monks Grove. Area of ancient woodland
The Dingle. The Dingle on the south slope of the hill is in a hollow. It consists of a grassy clearing, with specimen trees in the centre and rhododendron, There is a pond in the south-east corner, one of three in the 19th although the other two ponds have gone,
Anchor Copse

St.Ann’s Hill Road
Mausoleum Chapel. 19th red brick rectangular chapel built as a Presbytery. Inside is a brown marble sarcophagus tomb of Lady Holland who converted to Roman Catholicism in the later part of her life.
Ruxbury Farm.  Livery – the Company of Animals, training centre.
Lodge to St. Ann’s Hill
St Ann's Court. The present house was built in 1937 by Raymond McGrath. It is a Modern Movement building as a three-storey cylindrical structure constructed from reinforced concrete, cast in situ with a circular living room to give a panorama of the garden, There are also 18th buildings including a  coach house. The property had had various owners including Elizabeth Armistead, the mistress of Charles James Fox MP in the late 18th. After his death she improved and extended the house and gardens and also by subsequent 19th owners. It was purchased by Gerald Schlesinger, a stockbroker, in the 1930s and Raymond McGrath was commissioned to build a new house. Tunnard worked as consultant and designed the landscape. The house and gardens have continued in private ownership
St Ann’s Court Gardens and Park. A magnolia and a wisteria on the front of the house are preserved from the earlier house. There are two courtyards with pools and planting from the 1930s. A lawn has a cedar of Lebanon, swimming pool and formal flower garden, designed to follow the curve of a clump of Rhododendron. There is a 19th monument and grave to a dog called Lucan. Beyond are open fields grazed by horses, with remnants of boundary tree belts. A walled kitchen is on two levels with the remains glasshouses and pits. A cylindrical form tracks the path of the sun.
Tea House and Grotto. These were restored in the 1930s but later partly demolished after being vandalised. It was built in the 1790s of two storeys decorated with shells, pebbles and spars. There was a grotto room on the ground floor and a Tea House on the first floor, reached by a curved exterior wooden staircase, with Chinoserie trellised hand rail.
Temple of Friendship. Roofless following 1987 storm damage. Built in the 1790s it is a stone building, faced with Roman cement. Inside are three niches

Sources
Archaeology Database. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Jones. Follies and Grottos
London Transport, Country walks 
Megalithic Portal. Web site
Meulenkamp and Wheatley. Follies
Parker. North Surrey 
Parks and Gardens. Web site
Pastscape. Web site
Penguin. Surrey
Pevsner. Surrey

M25 Allmners Chertsey




Post to the east Chertsey Station
Post to the north St. Ann's Hill

Almners Road
This is shown as ‘Alm’ners’ on older maps which probably indicate it was the property of the Almoner of Chertsey Abbey.
Alm’ners Barns Farm. In the 15th this farm was in the hands of the Wapshott family who claimed it had been granted to their ancestor by King Alfred.
Almner Priory. This building is said to have been given to Reginald Wapshott by King Alfred- it was then a wattle and daub house on the same site. Wapshott was his warrener. It was later Chertsey Abbey and became the home of the Almoner and sixteen monks. The entrance hall was erected in 1427, and the in the monks’ dormitory is a ‘king post’, one of the main supports of the house. A priest’s hole was found during the early 19th century. The remaining parts of the house are around 200 years old. The rest of the house is 18th. Recently it has been the headquarters of a computer firm and is now the Rainbow Day Nursery.
North and South Lodges. Entrance lodges with railings and gates. They were built in the early 19th and are there is one on each corner
Columbarium Tower. This is probably 17th or 18th. . It is a tall red brick dovecote with a pyramidal roof.
Walnut Tree Farm Caravan site. There are at least two sites here – it is unclear whether they are for touring holiday caravans or traveller sites.
Thames Water Pumping station. This is adjacent to the railway bridge. The area is subject to flooding, and a watercourse in the area has been severed by the M25

Hardwick Road
Great Cockrow Railway. This began in 1946 at John Samuel’s garden in Walton-on-Thames. When he died in 1962 the line’s future was doubtful but publisher Ian Allan enabled a move to this site, a former piggery. Because of the boggy and uneven nature of the site the first section did not open until 1968. There were extensions in following years including a long loop in 2000. Signals and points are now electrically-controlled from three signal boxes. There is a fully-equipped workshop and a new station building completed. There is also a fleet of between 25 and 30 steam locomotives and an increasing number of diesel and electric locomotives

M25

Watery Lane
This runs between the motorway and a stream. It continues into Chertsey where it joins the Bourne.
Silver Birch Caravan site

Sources
Chertsey Museum. Web site
Great Cockrow Railway. Web site
Pastscape. Web site
Wheeler. Chertsey Abbey

Monday, 27 February 2017

M25 Chertsey Station



Post to the south Chertsey Green Lane
Post to the west Allmners


Abbots Way
This appears to have been built on the site of a council depot, extant in the 1960s
Culverdon. Office block at one time occupied by Microsoft.

Barker Road
The Kingston Zodiac places this on Cerberus - the dog

Barrsbrook Road
Barrsbrook Farm. This site which was a piggery in the 1960s, is now laid out as allotments.


Bell Bridge Road
This is a flyover which is also the boundary of the Green Belt. It crosses the railway and was once called Railway Approach. The original railway bridge here appears to have been upgraded to provide a bypass road here in the early 1990s

Cowley Lane
Cowley Farm. This stood until the late 19th at the south end of the road.

Curfew Bell Road
Unither House. This office block is the European headquarters for United Therapeutics Europe, Ltd. This is a research organisation based in America concerned with drugs and other therapies.


Fox Lane North
Kone. They are a Finnish escalator and lift company whose British office is here in Global House.
Station House – this is no longer here but in the 1960s housed a number of organisations and societies
Maltings. A malting here probably dated from the 19th and was burnt down in the 1960s

Gogmore Farm Park
Gogmore Farm Park is crossed by the River Bourne. There is a tennis court and a floodlit multi-use ball court. Fishing platforms are provided along the river which are suitable for disabled anglers.

Guildford Road
Sandgates. This was a convent which was burnt down and demolished.  It was set up for the St John Bosco's Convent Grammar School founded by the Salesian Sisters in 1951. The school later moved to a site with boys Salesian College to the south. A large building is now flats and serviced rooms run by Genesis Housing Association as staff accommodation for St. Peter’s Hospital.  At one time it was used for camping by Guides and Brownies
Ice house.  This is in the grounds of Sandgate. It it probably 19th and is a brick domed structure approximately built into the side of an escarpment in a former landscaped garden.
Chertsey Recreation Ground. This has facilities for a number of sports and it is home to the Chertsey Bowls Club. There is a play area and in the summer a paddling pool and putting green..There is an oak  tree on planted for rhe Cornonation of George V in 1911.
William Perkins School. Private fee paying girls school. Perkins was a Chertsey merchant who founded the School in 1725 . The school moved to its present site in 1819 and became a girls' school Grammar School in 1944. In 1978, it became independent administered by a Board of Governors. It is surrounded by extensive sports fields.
Cowley’s Almshouses. A plaque on these buildings tell how they were originally erected in London Street in 1671 by Thomas Cowley and how in 1788 their removal to the present site was paid for by Richard Clark. They were considered for demolition in the 1990s but were instead refurbished.
4-10 Kings Arms. This pub is closed and is now offices.
Plough. Pub demolished in 1964

Guildford Street
This road at its southern end makes up the medieval suburb of Styvington.
Chertsey Station – old site. A branch line from Weybridge came here in 1848 built by the London and Southampton Railway. It was sited on the other side of the level crossing and was initially a terminal station.
Chertsey Station. This lies between Addlestone and Virgina Water on South Western Trains.  The present station was opened on 1866 by the London and South Western Railway as a loop to the Virginia Water. The station was rebuilt on its current site to a design thought to have been derived from earlier prototypes by Sir William Tite for the London and South Western Railway. It is in stock brick.
Level crossing. This has manned barriers with CCTV over a public highway.
Overbridge – metal lattice work footbridge over the line adjacent to the level crossing and at the east end of the platforms.
Goods yard. In 1870 a goods shed was on the north side connected to sidings. There was also a cattle pen. This is now a car park plus industrial and trading units.
Engine House. This is shown on the south side in 1870 with a number of sidings. Later sidings run to an oil tank alongside the level crossing.
Signal box. In the 1890s this brick built box shown alongside the east side of the level crossing.
1 Station Hotel. This is now offices.
2 advertisement. Painted on the wall of Field, Accountant’s, office is a large ‘ghost’ sign for a coal and coke merchant whose offices were in the goods yard
33 The Bell. Pub – this was also called the Railway Bell and closed in the 1980s and later demolished. It was a bikers pub and is now an Indian Restaurant.
The Electric Palace Cinema.This opened in 1912 and in the 1920’s was re-named Royal Cinema. In 1924 it was re-named Picture House and in 1931 it was the Empire Cinema. In 1932 it was re-named Playhouse Cinema. It was still open in 1954, but closed in the late-1950’s. It was demolished in 1998.
Compass House. Compass Group Headquarters. They are a large scale catering and service organisation. In 1941 Jack Bateman founded factory canteens for British war workers. In 1967 this the company was acquired by Grand Metropolitan and renamed Compass Services in 1984. Following a management buyout Compass Group was formed.
44-46 Stanway Place. Flats in what was Chertsey Congregational church
45 George .This pub was the oldest non-eccesiastical building in Chertsey. It closed in 2013. It has been established in 1613 as the Prince’s Arms. It was later called The Boot, and from 1794 was the George
55-57 Chertsey Brewery. This was here from the 17th to the early 20th owned by the Healy family. There was also an associated maltings and a 240 metre deep well.
56 Prince Albert. Pub demolished in the 1980s

Knoll Park Road
Housing on the site of a 19th house called ‘The Knoll’ which was demolished in 1994. There was an ironwork boundary by the local Herring foundry. It was the home of the Cowley family.

M25

Pretoria Road
Bridle and Cross.  This Wellingborough based suppliers of  pre- coated steels had a works here the 1960s-80s.
Coach Depot. Hills of Hersham Depot in what was a timber yard.
Chertsey Gas Works. Only the western portion of the works in this square.  This works was started in 1861 by the Chertsey Gas Consumers Co. in opposition to a gas company at Abbey Meads dating from 1837.  In 1864 it became a statutory company and purchased this original works with its mains and closed it. In 1931 a new retort house and purifiers were installed but after coming under control of the South Eastern Gas Corporation in 1934 the works was closed down and a bulk supply taken from the Gas Light & Coke Co.. In 1954 following nationalisation a new 1 million cubic foot. gas- holder was erected. The works remains as a gasholder station. The site is now housing and trading estates.

Pyrcroft Road
20  Old Fire Station dated 1890. The orange brick built station is on a courtyard plan, with the engine house on the west side, mortuary chapel and stable with a loft over it and a single-storey chapl. The bellcote housed an air-raid warning siren in the Second World War.
Crest House. Headquarters of Crest Nicholason. Housing construction company dating from the 1960s.
Chertsey Childens Centre and Chertsey Nursery School
Carpenters Arms. This is now closed. It was present in 1911. It is now Chertsey Social Club
ADP. Headquarters of Associated Data Procssing which provides payroll services

The Bourne
Also called the Windle Brook and Hale Bourne

Sources
Archaeology Data Service. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Chertsey Bowls Club. Web site
Chertsey Museum. Web site
Domesday Reloaded. Web site
Genesis. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Jackson. London’s Local Railways
Kingston Zodiac
Kone. Web site
Lost Pubs Project. Web site
Parker. North Surrey 
Penguin. Surrey
Pub History. Web site
Runneymede District Council. Web site
Salesian School. Web site
Stewart. Gas Works of the North Thames area.
Unither. Web site
Wickley and Middleton. Railway Statios. Southern Region

Friday, 24 February 2017

M25 Chertsey Green Lane


Post to the south Addlestone St. Peter's Way
Post to the north Chertsey Station



Bittams Lane
Woodside Farm
Greenacres Stable

Bretlands Road
Police Centre. This was Chertsey Mobile Support Unit which was a vehicle storage building with office accommodation on the first floor.

Fernlands Close
Site of Fernlands Villa.. This was designed by T.H.Wonnacott and built in 1870 by Charles Drake using cast concrete using a “patent concrete builder”,to build grand houses for wealthy clients. It had been commissioned by Professor Hayter Lewis. It was demolished in 1955.

Guildford Road
Salesian School. This is a Roman Catholic co-educational comprehensive school. The original  Salesian College, for boys, was founded in Highfield Road in 1921. St John Bosco's Convent Grammar School, was founded for girls by the Salesian Sisters in 1951. This was in a large private house at Sandgates on Guildford Road. The two schools combined in 1971 but retained two single-sex sites. In 1983, the two schools  became a co-educated comprehensive, at Guildford Road while the Sixth Form was located at Highfield Road. . In 2016 the school ecame an ‘academy’ within the Xavier Catholic Education Trust.

Hanworth lane
Panells Farm. Livery stables.

M25
Junction 11. This interchanges with St. Peter’s Way A327 which was built to serve the Motorway

Sources
Geocache; Web site
Runneymede District Council. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Salesian School. Web site

M25 St,.Peters Way


Post to the east Addlestone
Post to the north Chertsey Green Lane


Bittams Lane

M25

Spinney Hill
Great Grove Farm. There appears to have been a brick kiln here in the 1840s.
Old Oak Farm

St. Peters Way
Dual carriage way which acts as an access to Junction 11 of the A25

Sources
SABRE. Web site

M25 Addlestone



Post to the south Addlestone Coombelands
Post to the west St.Peter's Way
Post to the east Addlestone


Chapel Avenue
Chapel Park Church of England Infants School. This was built in 1896

Church Road
Bank House, This was originally the London County & Westminster Bank built during the Great War, It is on the site of Kingthorpe.
Citizens Advice in The Old Library. This was  built on the site of a house called Kingthorpe,  The library dates from 1953 built by Chertsey Urban District Council.
Kingthorpe Gardens. Some of the garden wall of Kingthorpe House remains in the garden.,
107 Queens Arms. Pub dates from the mid 19th
Salvation Army – their church and local head quarters is in the lane alongside number 106
118 Sally Ann’s – Salvation Army Charity Shop
121-124 Fremoyle House private nursing home
St Paul’s Church. The church was completed in 1838 on a site given by a local landowner and has been enlarged since.
Vicarage. This was east of the church and included piggeries at the back. It has since been demolished.
Gardens, this is the old burial ground which was converted as part of the celebrations for the 1953 Coronation – and a sign above the gate memoralises this.
Addlestone Youth Centre.
136 Royal Ancient Order of Buffaloes Club, The building was the Red Room", a late 19th parish reading room. This was later used by the school

High Street
Holly Tree. Pub which may date from the mid-19th

Liberty Hall Lane
Sayes Court Farm Caravan Park. This was an extensive mobile home site.

Liberty Lane
Addlestone Football Club. This dated from 1885 and played at a ground accessed from Liberty Lane. They played there until their dissolution in 1985. There is now housing on the site.

M25

Marsh Lane
Kings Church,. Mission Halls. This began in 1917. When Mr, Williams, a  member of the local Baptist Church began to hold a Sunday School in the fields for poor children and they later moved to the Chapel Road School. Mr. Williams inherited some money and bought a plot of land in Marsh Lane and put an old army hut on it – it was called the Prairie Mission. In 1966 the wooden hut was replaced with a brick built hall, which was added to with a rear hall and side rooms being built in 1972 and it was renamed Marsh Lane Evangelical Church –and church changed it’s name again in 1993 to The King’s Church and now the The King’s Centre.

Ongar Hill
Holy Family Roman Catholic Church

Sayes Court Farm Drive.
Sayes Court Primary School. Now part of some ‘Bourne Educational Trust’.
Sayes Court Children’s Centre

School Lane
St,Paul’s Church of England  Primary School, This was built in built 1841, and subsequently enlarged. It was initially for girls and infants.but a Boys' school was added in 1901. In 1894 Chertsey District Board took it over from the Parish
Jubilee International High School. The school was set up in 1985 by the a merger of St Paul's County Secondary School with the The Meads County Secondary School, and. Stepgates County Secondary School. It was originally called Abbeylands School.  Becaause of falling standards it was seen to be a ‘Fresh Start’ and renamed Jubilee High in 2002. It was called a ‘Foundation school’ and part of profit making ‘Nord Anglia Education, plc’
Achieve Lifestule Sports and Leisure Centre
Simplemarsh Farm. This has been demolished and is now posh housing

Simplemarsh Road
St Augustines Convent. this was previously a private house. It is a care home run by the The Congregation of Sisters Hospitallers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus set up in Spain in the 1880s.
Wagon and Horses. Pub which was originally a corrugated iron beerhouse.

Summer Place
Summer Place Park


Sources
Addlestone History. Web site
Kings Centre. Web site
Runneymede Council. Web site
Salvation Army. Web site
Sisters Hospitallers. Web site.
St.Paul’s Church. Web site
Wikipedia as appropriate

Thursday, 23 February 2017

M25 Coombelands Addlestone

Post to the north Addlestone


Caxton Avenue
The houses at the north end this road date at least from the early 1930s and were adjacent to Coombelands Printers – some houses are described as ‘printers cottages’ and thus this was probably company housing.

Coombelands Lane
Company houses – some houses in the lane were built for employees at The Press at Coombelands in 1926,
Coombelands Farm. The farm was, or is, owned by DEFRA and used in conjunction with the Animal and Plant Health Agency.

M25

Milton Rise
Ongar Place Infant School

Ongar Hill
Holy Family Primary School. This is part of some Brighton and Arundel Catholic ‘multi academy trust’.

Redwoods
Printing works. This was The Press at Coombelands which covered the area now Redwoods and was set up around 1926. It is described as “a two acre mock Tudor facaded printing factory with 41,000 sq ft of space” surrounded by company housing.
(see comment below about ownership of the press)
In 1987 it was taken over by United Newspapers.  Coombelands was eventually bought by Ian Allen the railway enthusiast publisher.  The site was sold for housing in 1998.

The Bourne
Also called Windle Brook and Hale Bourne.

Sources
Hansard
Holy Family Primary School. Web site
Sparticus. Web site. 
Variuous transport enthusiast forums on line.
Wikipedia. Web site

Wednesday, 22 February 2017

M25 New Haw


Post to the south Byfleet Wey Navigation


Abbott Close
Trading and light industrial area

Basingstoke Canal
Woodham Junction. This is where the Basingstoke Canal leaves the River Wey Navigation.
Footbridge – this footbridge dates from 1996, the original having become derelict and collapsed.

Byfleet Road
Byfleet and New Haw Station. This opened in  1927 and lies between West Byfleet and Addlestone and also Weybridge on South Western Trains. It is on the original South Western Mainline of the London and Southampton Railway opening in 1838. The station was designed by architect James Ribb Scott and catered to a rapidly increasing population. It was then called West Weybridge and changed to the current name in 1962.
Byfleet Road electricity switching station, owned by National Grid

Heathervale Recreation Ground
Local authority sports ground and amenity space. The site borders on the Basingstoke canal and appears to have been laid out pre-Second World War. It was previously woodland.

Heathervale Way
Heathervale Mobile Home site.

M25

New Haw Common
Common land shown on maps from the 17th

Oyster Lane
Railway Cottages
Alfonal Ltd, Alfonal House - Fats and Oils Associated Health Foods. This site address is also given as Abbott Lane and appeared to be on the site now occupied by a Vauxhall dealer

Parkside
Electricity switching station owned by National Grid

Rive Ditch
This is a minor watercourse and a tributary of the River Wey which forms the boundary between West Byfleet and Woodham. Much of this watercourse is now piped underground but it has a distinctive red iron stained colour as it runs alongside the Basingstoke Canal – and its earliest mentions in the 9th are that it has a ‘foul’ colour. It flows into the River Wey at Byfleet.

Wey Navigation
The section of navigation here was once called Long Reach. It is very straight and the embankment which runs across New Haw common was the largest earthwork ever built for a 17th canal.

Wintersells Avenue
Trading estate – this appears to be the site of the Weybridge Sewage Farm from before the Second World War – and apparently appreciated as a soft landing by pilot landing on the Brooklands site, adjacent.

Woodham Lane
New Haw Gospel Hall – bringing the good news to New Haw
48 New Haw Club and Institute – Doreen and her staff welcome you.
New Haw County Primary School – small earlier school. This large primary school was presumably demolished as part of the works for the M25 and the site is now housing.  It appears to have been preceded by a tiny school which fronted onto Woodham Lane.
65 The New Haw and Woodham Community Association. This was set up in 1947 and the Community Centre opened in 1959.
All Saints Church.  Designed by W.F. Unsworth's in 1893. It was supposed to look like an ancient Surrey chapel with tile-hanging and rubble walls.
Boscos. Youth and Community Building next to the church. This site is marked as a ‘library’ in the 1960s.
Central Veterinary Laboratory. This large site is now the headquarters of the Department of the Environments Animal and Plant Health Agency. The Central Veterinary Laboratory moved here in 1917 from central London. The site is used predominantly for research and development with  laboratories and offices as well as some livestock buildings. The site is large and comprises a wide range of buildings varying in ages, size and appearance

Sources
All Saints Church, Web site
DEFRA. Web site
New Haw Club and Institute. Web site
New Haw Gospel Hall. Web site
Runneymede District Council. Web site
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Woking History. Web site

Tuesday, 21 February 2017

M25 Byfleet Wey Navigation


Post to the south Byfleet West Hall
Post to the north New Haw


Abbott Close
Trading estate and industrial area. This was developed as an industrial area post-Second World War. Industries include: Brewhurst Health Food Supplies, Acoustic Engineering Services, Newman Turner Publications, Electron Beam Processes, Metal Pretreatments, Henshalls Air Aviation, Southborough Ironworks, etc etc

Basingstoke Canal
The Basingstoke Canal dates from 1794, built to connect Basingstoke with the Thames, to which end it joins the Wey Navigation at Byfleet – in the square to the north. This stretch goes through the boggy valley of the Rive ditch. It was never a commercial success and from 1950 became derelict. From 1977 it was restored for leisure users and reopened from the Wey to the Greywell Tunnel in 1991.
Woodham Bottom lock. This is the first lock on the canal from the junction with the Wey Navigation. It was unworkable from 1968 until repaired in 1987.

Berrys Lane
New housing – built since 2012 – on site shown as ‘engineering works’ in the 1970s. Later use for the motor trade.

Campbell Close
Site of the Britax works.

Canada Road
The Canada Road area had been the site of a local road building gravel pit in the 18th. The site was purchased by B. W. Fromson, in 1952 He had come from Canada and built aircraft hangars for the Admiralty in the Second World War. He set up a works here for fabricating steelwork and gradually developed surrounding agricultural land into an industrial estate. Many firms moved here – including the office copier company, Gestetner, Cooper Cars and many others. The original 1950s and ‘60s buildings have now all been replaced and many new firms moved in.
Byfleet Technical Centre
Sir Hans Sloane. This company says it makes ‘posh’ drinking chocolate and have named themselves after 17th Sloane who, they say, developed an early recipe.
Panther Westwinds., This car company’s  original factory was here. It had been started in 1972 by Bob Jankel and built unusual cars. It was bought from the receivers in late 1980 by Jindo Industries and became the Panther Car Company. In 1983 the company moved its production facilities to a new location inside the Brooklands circuit but kept the Canada Road site for its service department. In 1988 they moved to Harlow.
Supercraft. This is a ‘Make to Print’ supplier to the Aerospace and Defence Equipment industries.

Chertsey Road
Access Business Park. This was built in 2007 replacing older trading units.
British Bakeries. They were on the site which is now the Access Business Park. They are the bread making arm of Rank Hovis McDougall and are part of Premier Foods.
APT Electronic Industries Ltd. they were established here and moving in 1960. They were an enlargement of All Power Transformers Ltd, who manufactured transformers for other manufacturers in the 1940s-50s. They made valves and transistors from about 1957 and were on the site now the Access Business Park.
59 Kings Head Pub. Demolished in 2010. Dated from the 1920s. It is said to have been of particular interest because This pub was of huge historic interest because it was where many of the early aviators at Brooklands - A.V.Roe, and Tom Sopwith - met in the evenings. The site is now housing.
French’s Farm, this farm appears to have survived into the 20th and was sold by auction in 1913. By 1940 it was the Tudor Works, where Ebenezer Mears was supplying furniture. Mears appears to have moved and it was taken over by Cycle Master in 1950 that produced a German invented engine fixed to a bicycle wheel. Other manufacturers here included the Piatti scooter. In 1960 Cyclemaster were taken over by Britax who made seat belts including the inertia reel. The works name was changed to Proctor Works after a new managing director.  The site is now housing.
Tarrant site – this appears to be south of French’s Farm. Walter George Tarrant was a builder who lived nearby in Lake House. In 1895, aged 20, he set up his own building company, W G Tarrant Ltd, in Byfleet and built extensively nearby. By 1911 his premises in Byfleet covered over five acres and included workshops for joinery, wrought iron and leaded lights, a stonemason’s yard, and a timber mill with drying sheds employing 5,000 people.. He also owned nurseries and brickfields. He developed some of the major posh estates including St. George’s Hill. In the Great War the company manufactured large numbers of prefabricated wooden huts for military use and also built the Tarrant Tabor a six-engined triplane bomber - briefly the World's largest aeroplane. After the war the company continued to built with council and other contracts.

Dartnell Park Road
Dartnell Park was developed from 1887 as a private residential estate. A few of the original houses remain but others have been replaced with small estates or more modest houses.
Dartnell Park House. This was a residential property sold in 1929. The house stood until the late 1960s in which time it was in institutional use. It appears to have been a ‘Fellowship House’ –from contemporary reports of Royal visitors.. There were several of these houses in the Byfleet area, centering on Clock House in central Byfleet and which provide housing for the elderly. Dartnell Park is however not mentioned in their literature. There are now other houses on the site.

Heathervale Recreation Ground
Local authority sports and amenity space. The site borders on the Basingstoke canal and appears to have been laid out pre-Second World War. It was previously woodland.

High Road
The section of High Street in this square is a slip off Parvis Road – which continues as the main road into Byfleet.
2 Queens Head. Large pub and hotel which appears to date from the mid 19th. It is said to have originally been called The Leather Bottle.
War Memorial, This is a brick cenotaph with a stone capstone. It has an inscription as follows: 1914 1918 This Memorial was erected to the Glory of God and in grateful memory of the men of the Parish of Byfleet who gave their lives in the Great War not grudgingly or of necessity but that truth and justice might prevail (list of names) we gratefully honour and remember these names. 1939 - 1945 (list of names) The men of the British Empire who were killed in action or  died of wounds during the Great War numbered 908,371”
Pound – the War Memorial is on the site of the village pound
Up to the 1930 a pond, or lake stood on the north side of the road.

Kings Head Lane
Byfleet Primary School, The school here dates from the early 1950s.

Lake Road
This is on the site of Lake House, and the lake. This was the home of Walter Tarrant, local developer and builder of sectional buildings and aircraft.

M25

Old Parvis Road
This is the line of the old main road into Byfleet from the west. In the 1970s the road was diverted to provide a new bridge over the Wey Navigation.
Parvis Bridge – this carries Old Parvis Road over the Wey Navigation. This was rebuilt in 1760 in brick and timber. It is at present single span winged brick with a modern looking iron bridge.
Parvis House - Byfleet Boat Club. the original Byfleet Boat was built on the west bank of the Wey Navigation by Frederick Stoop. He was a Dutch entrepreneur who had married the heiress to the West Hall estate. He was thus building a social club for the estate being developed on his wife’s land. It had a first floor clubroom with a wide balcony with stairs at each end leading down to the boat house beneath and the boat deck in front. After the Second World War things changed and it was eventually converted into a house known as Parvis House, which has since been replaced.
Byfleet Boat House.  Stoop had an arrangement with Hugh Locke-King, the owner of the Brooklands estate and built a boat house on his land on the east bank in 1911. The Club’s Boat Steward and most of the boats were moved there. After the First World War Stoop decided to start a boat club for the less well off villagers and this was set up as a a trust which included himself, two elected representatives of the Parish Council and two Stoop appointees. It was called the was Byfleet Village Boat Club. It was given craft no longer required by Byfleet Boat Club members and the working class boat club members could share the Boat House with the steward. In 1933 Stoop died and also Byfleet Parish Council became part of Woking Urban District  Stoop had left the boat house to the Parish Council and it was not until 1941 that it passed to the Urban District. In 1949, the Council tried to re-open it and hire out boats but the costs were too high. A new youth club began to use the building and then some boaters asked to use it for repairs. The two merged and Byfleet & District Boat Club was set up – but the two incompatible elements came to blows at committee meetings, So the youth club left and the boat club has continued since
Parvis Wharf. There was a wharf here from at least 1775. It seems to have been used by Byfleet Mill, to the east on the natural river, During the Great War barge-loads of sectional buildings were sent downstream by Tarrants.  When the war was over the cargo was aeroplanes.
Parvis Wharf Barn. This is a timber-framed barn on a brick plinth, with weatherboard and corrugated iron cladding. It is thought to be a later 19th structure.
The Grist Mill.  This is a storehouse with brick lower storey and weatherboard cladding. There are the remains of an iron hoist.  Tyhe structure is noted in 1807 and James Yeowell, grocer, mealman and coal merchant used this in the early 19th. It has been called 'Grist Mill' and this may relate to use of a horse mill.  Iin 1932 the premises were occupied by Surrey Grist Mills Ltd

Old Wood
This is said to be ancient woodland
Oldwood Pond. This is thought to be an ornamental pond dating from the early 19th and part of the West Hall estate. May have been used to provide ice for the ice house.
Icehouse. This was for the West Hall estate. It is circular and domed on a mound totally above ground level. A corridor and steps go high up the side of the chamber.

Oyster Lane
The north end of Oyster Lane is heavly commercial. In 2017 these are mainly upmarket car dealers – the road runs along the western banking of the Brooklands circuit. There are also some storage companies and builders and in others in the past..
123 Cawkwell precision engineering
Brummer Stoppings. This was a factory making wood fillings
Cressite Works – they made various rubber mouldings,

Parvis Road
The old bridge over the Navigation has been replaced with a bridge which also crosses the M25.

Stream Close
St. Mary’s School. This was the original school, the successor to which is now in Hart Road
St. Mary’s Centre for the Community. Facilities in the old school buildings.

Walnut Tree Lane
Scout Hut. This was built in 1955 and is now being replaced with a facility elsewhere.


Wey Navigation
Stringham’s Farm. This was alongside the Navigation on its east side near Oldwood on the west.


Sources
Beamon and Roaf. The Icehouses of Britain
Byfleet Boat Club. Web site
Byfleet Heritage. Web site
Canal Plan Gazetteer. Web site
Eggerdon-Holland. Web site
Imperial War Museum. Web site
Knowles. Surrey and the Motor.
Panther Car Club. Web site
Runneymede Council. Web site
Sir Hans Sloane. Web site
Vine. London’s Lost Route to Basingstoke
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Wikipedia as appropriate
Woking History and Heritage. Web site

Sunday, 19 February 2017

M25 Byfleet West Hall


Post to the east Byfleet
Byfleet Wey Navigation


Broad Ditch
This is said to be the original course of the River Wey. It is followed by the Parish boundary and now the borough boundary.

Dodds Lane
Footpath which runs to the Navigation from Pyrford Lane
Traditions Golf Club, This is an 18 hole public, parkland golf course designed by Peter Allis in 1999

West Hall
The buildings at West Hall are reached by a long private drive from Parvis Road to the north.
West Hall. Large house now a care home. In it was used as by land girls and refuges and also as an overflow auxiliary hospital. It was later used as offices by the Swiss Bank and eventually by Mouchel, consulting engineers. West Hall was built in the 1890s by local benefactor Frederick Stoop. It replaced West Lodge which dated at least from the mid 18th when West Lodge was owned by a Richard West. Another later owner was Robert Murray.
West Hall Farm
Orchard. At West Hall the George Carpenter and garden staff develpped three new apples including the “Byfleet Seedling” in 1915.
Moat.  This is a Linear pond east of the Hall. Although it is thought of as a moated site it is more likely to have been an ornamental pond for West Hall.. There is a sluice exit onto the Navigation.

Murray’s Lane
Named after an owner of West Lodge. This is part of an ancient footpath to Pyrford.

Tins Wood

Wey Navigation
The stretch between Dodd’s and Murray’s bridges is unusually a public bridleway.
Dodds Bridge. This was also known as Harris’s bridge and carried a private drive to West Hall.
Murray’s Bridge. This was also known as Twigg’s Bridge and originally carried a private drive from West Hall.

Sources
Archaeology Dataservice. Web site
Byfleet Heritage. Web site
Wardle. The Wey Navigations
Woking Council. Web site

M25 Byfleet



Post to the south Wisley Lane
Post to the west Byfleet West Hall



Bourne Close
This was the site of Halford's Farm which dated from the 18th

Brewery Lane
Sewage Pumping Station. This is at the junction with Church Road and is owned by Thames Water. It replaces an earlier building.
Vanners Parade is at the junction with the High Road and is on the site of Vanners Farm which was here until the early 1900s. Thomas Vanner was an 18th landholder in the area.

Church Road
St. Mary’s Church. This was a medieval church in flint and puddingstone with a 15th shingled tower and belfry. It had a number of 19th additions and a major reordering. On the wall of the nave is part of a medieval wall painting of a king. There is some important modern stained glass, a bassoon in a glass case and the Royal Arms. Among the monuments is a brass of a 15th rector. There is a war memorial made up of wooden crosses brought here from the battlefields of the Great War.
Churchyard. This includes the grave of George Smith, publisher of Jane Eyre and founder in 1882 of the Dictionary of National Biography.
St.Mary’s Hall. Large post war building opposite the church
Clockhouse Poultry Farm. This dated from around 1905 and belonged to the owners of Clock House. It was set up to produce eggs to be marketed but Mrs. Trevor-Williams, the owner, also took an interest in fancy breeds of poultry.

Eden Grove Road
Up to the 19th this was all common fields. Local authority housing was built here from the early 1930s.

Elm Tree Close
Site of the Clockhouse Poultry Farm

Hart Road
St Mary’s Primary School. Built in 1966 with what was described as a forceful blue boiler chimney – it is now white. It replaced a former church school in the High Street

High Road
The Beeches. This is said to be the former home of the owners of the Byfleet Brewery
Byfleet Brewery. It is said to have begun in Vanners House on the opposite corner and was owned by Henry Dennett and then Holroyd Brothers. In the 1890s it was merged with Friary Ales of Guildford and Healeys of Kingston and the business moved to Guildford in 1905.  It was re-placed on the site by the Sanway Laundry and then by The Willows.
Sanway Laundry. This moved here from a site in Sanway and closed in the 1950s.
Kingdom Hall, Meeting place for Jehovah's Witnesses. It was registered for marriages in 1975.
Foxlake Farm. This was on the north side of the road and part of the Christ’s Hospital Estate.. The buildings survived into the late 1960s, when the land was sold for development
160 art deco garage
Blue Anchor Pub. This is said to originate in the 17th or 18th and some claims that it was connected to anchors made at the Byfleet Mill. The Blue Anchor name is recorded in 1836. It is also said to be haunted by a murdered landlord.
Clock House This is now divided and used for accommodation for the elderly. It is an 18th stucco covered house. It is party behind an arched entrance to a court yard with a clock face on a building at right angles to it and above a dome and weathervane. It is said to have been built on the site of smaller Byfleet Cottage and to incorporate the balustrade of Waterloo Bridge.  In the 1930s it was a convalescent home. There is a large pond to the rear.
White House, This stands at what was once the entrance to Mill Lane. It is thought that it was once used as a school

M25

Magdalen Crescent
Manor Primary School. This school closed in 2006 and amalgamated with St. Mary’s Primary School. The buildings are still extant and a notice on the gate says it is a police dog training establishment.

Mill Lane.
Weybarton House. Large house demolished in the 1960s.
11 this was the gardener’s cottage for Weybarton House, next door was the chauffeur’s house
Manor Farm. This is now restored farmland. It was previously a market garden intensively farmed for salad crops but is now meadows and pasture which has brought wildlife benefits. The fields attract skylarks, pied wagtails, linnets and roe deer. There was a Second World War gun emplacement here,

Rectory Lane
This was once called Workhouse Lane
Methodist Church.  This large building replaced an original Wesleyan chapel dating from the 1920s. which later became the Church of England Hall. The present church was registered in 1933 and funded by a local resident.
Recreation ground. This dates from the 1890s and was laid out on land owned by Byfleet United Charities. It had previously been the workhouse field. The pavilion was donated by Frederick Stoop of West Hall in 1926
13 this house was the police station until 2015
Hoodsfield. 16th house hidden behind high hedges
Rectory. This is a recent replacement for a house built as a parsonage in 1834. There are also indications that there was an earlier moated site here.

Sanway
The name is said to be derived from ‘sandy’.
Sanway Laundry. This was on the site of the Sanway Stores but moved to the brewery site on the High Road in the early 20th,

Sanway Road
Laundry – there is also thought to have been a laundry on the site of the disused school.

The Willows
On the site of the brewery

Ulwin Avenue
Ulwin was the tenant of Byfleet from Chertsey Manor at Domesday

Weybarton
On the site of the big house of the same name


Sources
Blatch. The Churches of Surrey
Blue Anchor. Web site
Byfleet Heritage Society. Web site
Illustrated Poultry Record
Parker. North Surrey 
Pevsner, Surrey
Surrey Industrial History Group. Web site
Surrey Wildlife Trust. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate
Woking History. Web site

Saturday, 18 February 2017

M25 Wisley Lane


Post to the east Wisley Common
Post to the north Byfleet


Chittenden Cottages
Housing built for Royal Horticultural Society workers in the late 1950s. Frederick Chittenden was the first director of the gardens here and the cottages were built after his death

Common Meadows
These lie along the Wey

M25

Wey
The river Wey winds through this square. In the north running east west through common meadows to pass under the M25 then to run south to Wisley Bridge (in the square to the west) and then to turn south east.

Weybank
Houses built for the superintendants at the Royal Horticultural Gardens.

Wisley Lane
Royal Horticultural Society Cottages
Old School House – timber-framed and brick building with steeply pitched tile roof. 16th with 18th and 20th- alteration
Deers  Farm Close. Royal Horticultural Society Trials Site. Woking Archery Club is on part of this site.
Sports Ground. This includes a pavilion and pitches
Sewage works. This is run by Thames Water and appears to date from the 1920s. . A Romano British Pottery Kiln has been found here.

Sources
Royal Horticultural Society. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web site
Wikipedia. As appropriate

M25 Wisley Common


Post to the east Chatley
Post to the west Wisley Lane


Buxton Wood
Deciduous wood, on the north side of the M25.

Clearmount
Clearmount was part of arable farmland, There is a boundary bank between this and Wisley Common.  The area has now merged into the common. The bank itself is about a metre high, with a ditch on the common side. On it are some old and stag headed oaks – at least 200 years old.

Cockcrow Hill
Bronze Age Bell Barrow – this is an authenticated site. There are also some linear earthworks in the area.

Foxwarren Park.
Foxwarren Park. House buit in 1860, by Frederick Barnes of Ipswich for Charles Buxton in harsh 19th Gothic style. It has polychrome brickwork and terracotta dressings. It in includes an octagonal tower with corbels and a decorated band. Said to have an ‘eerie intellectual atmosphere’.

M25
Junction 10 Wisley Interchange. This is the junction with the A3 Portsmouth Road.

Pond Farm
Pond farmhouse. This was built as a cottage by Lord King 1800-1804. The original building is on tthe east side of the house and it was later extended
The pasture of Pond Farm is the former bed of Wisley Pond and some have needed measures to be taken against flooding. Fields are presently used fpor horses and cattle.
Barn.  This is in brick with some weatherboardeding and a central wagon door.
Possible round barrow east of Pond Farm. It is not known to have been excavated, and there are many natural mounds and spoil mounds in the area,
Lord King’s Ditch. This separates the farmland from the common. Local tradition says it was the ditch cut to drain Wisley Pond

Wisley Common
Part of the common land of Wisley and continuous with Ockham and Chatley Commons – both common land of their respective manors.

Wisley Pond
Wisley Pond. This is no longer extant. It is first mentioned in the 1590s and in  1680, two iron mills are shown on the north side. In the early 19th it was drained and turned it into farmland. The pond was formed by a dam built on its north west side – an area now by a track – and still visible as a bank. It does not appear to have been like other artificial medieval ponds and it is thought to have been partly natural.  The pond remnant is now dry, although its bed can still be seen

Woolgers Wood
Birchmere Scout Camp. Communal facilities in proper buildings, set in woodland with many activities available.


Sources
Birchmere. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
SABRE. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web sit

M25 Chatley Heath


Post to the east Hatchford Park
Post to the north Chatley


Chatley Heath
Chatley Heath is part of Ockley Common and is registered common land, previously in the area of Cobham. It was enclosed in 1793. As a common it was heathland but as use of it for grazing declined trees began to take over the heath.  Birch colonises  heathland very quickly and Scots Pine was introduced to Surrey for timber and readily seeds itself. The rangers cut invading shrubs and tree seedlings, and clear some of the woods that were once heathland and the bare soil is soon covered with purple heather and, the rare heathland wildlife returns.
Breach Hill Common and Wood are part of Chatley Heath and Telegraph Hill, part of Breach Hill Common
Semaphore Tower.  In 1815 an Act of Parliament allowed for the establishment of a permanent semaphore communication system. Stations were brick with on top a mast with two signal arms with an arrangement of cranks, bevel gears and rods driven from an operations room below.These were made abd maintained by Maudslay & Field. Chatley Heath station was on the semaphore line to Portsmouth ran and later a  never used branch line was begun between here and Plymouth. the London-Portsmouth route continued in operation until 1847 when the electric telegraph was developed.  It was used as a residence until 1963 when it was condemned as unfit and rhere was a fire here in 1984.  It has since been restored by Surrey County Council, with an operational semaphore signalling mechanism,

Hatchford Manor (the majority of the manor site is in the square to the east)
Mausoleum. Temple of Sleep - a copper domed mausoleum for burials of the Samuelson family but the lead coffins were stolen in 1961 as was the copper roof and the vault now lies empty

M25

Ockham Common
This is a heavily wooded place, particularly near the beginning, and the rhododendrons are almost impenetrable. he area is largely one of woodland, with conifers locally dominating the tree cover. Heathland makes up only about 20% of the total land area, and this is constantly in danger of being encroached by scrub. It has also been known as Ockham Heath.

Sources
Association for Industrial Archaeology. Conference notes
Haselfoot. The Batsford Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of South East England.
Industrial Archaeology of Surrey
Penguin Surrey
Surrey County Council. Web site
Surrey Wildlife Trust. Web site

Friday, 17 February 2017

M25 Downside Horsley Road


Post to the east Downside Bookham Road
Post to the north Chilbrook


Goose Green
This tiny strip of land alongside the motorway is registered common land and part of Downside Common.  Was it used for pasturing geese?  There was medicinal well here apparently discovered in 1670. This well is shown on 19th maps and was apparently still extant in the 1930s. At the bottom of the well were ‘stones like Bristol diamonds’.

Horsley Road
Bull Riding Farm. The farm now includes a vet’s practice
Oakdene Farm
Highway Farm
Peaked Rough. This is now a paintball games establishment. There is an American military vehicle displayed in the entrance on the road

M25
Cobham Service Area. This includes the ‘back gate’ to these services which is in the square to the east,

Old Oak Common
This is a small stretch of woodland

Sources
International grotto directory. Web site
Guildford Council Web site
Tayor. Cobham. A History

M25 Downside Bookham Road


Post to the east Bookham Lodge
Post to the north Downside
Post to the west Downside Horsley Road


Beaumont Plantation

Bookham Road
New Barn Farm
Chasemore Farm.  This was Dodewyck which means Dudda’s dairy farm. It is now a stud farm. There is an 18th house which was the home of the Freke family from the 14th . The family were woodmongers of London.   Bookham Brook flows through the farm site
Chasemore Wood
Down Wood. The wood has been cut in half by the motorway. It has boundary defined by the remnants of an earth bank and ditch, with coppiced hazel and other species. A bank surrounding a wood is usually associated with medieval woodland management. This is an Ancient Woodland, with oak, silver birch and coppiced hazel plus wild cherry, red oak, field maple and ash. At the edges is planted rhododendron and Leylandii on the motorway embankment.

M25
This section dates from 1986 and cuts through Down Wood. This western section is in a cutting but rises to grade level past New Barn Farm and rises on an embankment as it goes. It goes over the top of Bookham Road and the railway.
Cobham Service Area. This opened in 2012 and is the largest service are in the country. It is based on the south side of the motorway but serves both directions.

Sources
Mole Valley District Council. Web site
SABRE. Web site
Taylor. Cobham – a History.

M25 Leatherhead - industrial railside


Post to the east Lower Ashstead
Post to the south Leatherhead
Post to the west Pachesham
Post to the north Leatherhead






Aperdele Road
Apedele appears to have been the family name of early medieval landowners in this area.
Leatherhead Trinity School. This Church of England Primary School was the result of an amalgamation of three existing schools t St. Mary's, All Saints and The Woodville. This was supported by local churches – Anglican, Methodist and United Reform. Leatherhead Children's Centre was on a site here which was previously All Saints School. This includes a nursery and reception class as well as day care for younger children and an after school family project
All Saints School. This opened in 1877 using the disused railway engine shed which was also used as a mission church and a Sunday School. In 1900 it moved to new premises in a building  which later became the North Leatherhead Community Centre. From 1953 it was an infant school only.

Barnett Wood Lane
Poors Allotments.  25 acres on either side of the road were allocated to allotments following enclosure of common land in Acts of the 1860s.
Barnettwood Farm. The farm, which was on both sides of the road, was in the ownership of Merton College and was the subject of a precedent setting case between them and Leatherhead Urban District Council on compulsory purchase issues. Buildings are now in light industrial use and there is also livery and grazing on site.
Barnett Wood Farmhouse. This house is thought to be 18th and to be timber-framed
Gas Works. This was the works of the Leatherhead Gas Company built in the 1850s and remaining independent until taken over by the Wandsworth Company in the 1930s. The works was still extant post nationalisation into the 1960s

Bay Tree Avenue
This road consists of industrial and trading units on the site of the General Cable Manufacturing works.
Genite Works, The General Cable Manufacturing Company. This electrical cable manufacturer opened a works here in the 1930s and remained until about 1969 when they closed. Before the cable works the site was used as a brickworks and by a sawyer.
Ryebrook Trading Estate
2 Berkeley House. Major property developer  Berkeley Group was established in 1976 in Weybridge, Surrey building single homes and ‘executive’ developments.


Buffers Lane
All Saints School. Originally in the engine shed 1877. When the railway relinquished it had been used as a church. When the school left it was a car repair depot.


Challenge Court
Trading estate on an area of allotments and farmland north of Barnettwood Lane.


Cleeve Road
ERA Technology. This originated in 1920 as The British Electrical and Allied Industries Research Association known as the The Electrical Research Association funded by government. It undertook electrical research and technology innovation. Major new laboratories and offices were opened here in 1957 and have remained the headquarters of the organisation along with other  ever since. Development on the 15-acre campus site has continued to the present day with the addition of several large purpose-built facilities. After 1969 ERA began  to find ways of getting income from the industries it served and thus became the first privatised research association. It continued to grow and develop into new research areas, including RF technology and electronic systems. It became a leading independent consulting organisation becoming, in 2001, an entirely commercial organisation.


Copthorne road
Copthorne Brickworks This brickfield operated during the 19th until around  1897.

Dilston Road
Therfield School. This is a mixed comprehensive school educating students 11–18 .It was opened in 1953 as the Leatherhead County Secondary School taking pupils who had been part of All Saints School. It was named Therfield from 1964. It was a Specialist Sports College  2005 —2008.


Kingslea
Kendall Cars. The car hire business on the Kingslea site originated in Guildford in the late 1960s
Henry Moore & Son. Agricultural Merchants and specialists in seed corn. They had a granary on this site and had opened in 1920 being part of a family milling business. They continued here untl 1961.

Kingston Road
Kingston Road straight down over the railway on a long bridge. On north and south of the bridge are slips off Kingston Road, running parallel with the main road and still called Kingston Road - the road numbering carries on down these slips rather than on the main road up on the bridge.
Fairs road - trading estates on old factory sites
265 Royal Oak, The pub dates to the 1850s but had a predecessor which served the stage coaches and appears to have once fronted on what is now Oak Road.. It was a Charrington’s house but has been Greene King since 1994.
201 Neil and Spencer.  This dry cleaning machinery company had been in the town since 1947 based in Station Road. They opened Argosy Works, in the 1960s by which time they were the biggest manufacturers of this machinery in the country. By the 1980s they had left Leatherhead
Recreation ground
All Saints School. . The school moved here from the engine shed in 1902 and moved out in 1978.
North Leatherhead Community Centre. This is the old All Saints school building.
Railway sidings.  This is now Buffers Lane. The original engine shed survived until the 1980s.  When the railway crelinquished it it was first used as a church and a school, and latterly as a car repair depot.
All Saints Church. Dates from 1888 as a district church for the north part of the parish The site was donated by Captain Richardson and the architect was Arthur Blomfield.  In 1981 the church was converted into a dual purpose centre: with a folding screen the nave becoming a church hall. There is a memorial to members of the Church Lads Brigade.   The organ has been sold. It now appears to be a coffee shop.
All Saints Hall – this is on the slip of Kingston Road parallel to the railway and now appears to be in commercial use
.  It was for a while used as a classroom by All Saints School.
Connect and Trident House. Office blocks – these are at the end of the north slip off Kingston Road.
Railway bridge. This very long road bridge over the railway divides north Leatherhead from the rest of the town. It dates from 1867 and the extension of the railway to Dorking.
Gas holder. This is shown on the west side of the street pre-1900  – across the road from the actual works.
117 Perennial. Royal Gardeners Benevolent Charity
93 Plough, The pub is a local landmark although the current building appears to date from the pre-war period, and there was an earlier pub here  There are two Friary Meux signs on the building
Roundabout. Called The Circus or the The Plough Roundabout. This was built in 1934 as part of the Leatherhead Bypass.
Cast-iron distribution cabinets, for street lighting control, stood in the centre Plough roundabout embossed ‘Siemens 1880 London’.
Leatherhead Ambulance Station
Curves. Sports club – this seems to have been built as the Co-op Hall.
Karn Brothers were coachbuilders and blacksmiths on the corner of Kingston Road and Kingslea from the early 20th.. By the 1930s the site was occupied by a garage.
73 Allard Sports Car Manufacture. From 1936 to 1959 Sydney Allard built nearly 2,000 sports cars in Putney and Clapham. In 1948 he opened an experimental workshop at Thorne's  Garage in Leatherhead and developed his 'J' series here,
Trinity School. In 1913 there were two new schools here. One was fhe County Upper Mixed Senior School and the other the County Infants' School.  In 1926 the Infants' School closed and the building taken over by the Senior School and by 1945 they were also using Horsa Huts built by Prisoners of War. The name was changed to Leatherhead County Secondary School. In the early 1950s Therfield School was opened and secondary pupils were transferred to it. All Saints Junior school then moved into some of the Kingston Road premises and it became the County Primary Junior Mixed School. The site was eventually renamed the Woodville County Middle School and in 1993 became The Woodville School, a Surrey County Junior School. It is now called the Trinity School including Stagecoach Performing Arts School.

Leatherhead Common
This is the area north of the railway, also called North Leatherhead.

Leatherhead Bypass
The A245 starts at Junction 9 of the M25 and heads towards central leagtherehead. It is called By-Pass Road because it was originally part of the A243 Leatherhead bypass. .

M25

Oak Road
Many works and trading units

Railway
The railway in this square runs north from Leatherhead Station. On  both sides of the line there remain the sites of sidings replaced with industrial and trading units. The history of almost all of these sites is unknown to Edith.
Plough Industrial Estate. A siding to the east went to works at the back of the Plough Pub. This is now the Plough Industrial Estate
Factory site. A spur of Kingston Road goes alongside the railway on the eastside and then passes under the Kingston Road Bridge it to access a large factory site on the east
Sidings north and west of the station site accessed a large works to the west of the line


Randalls Park Avenue
Transforming Station. The 132kV grid system for South Eastern England was completed in 1933. In 1935 a feed to the 33kV Epsom Ring was enabled with a a 132kV transforming station in Randalls Farm Lane, adjacent to the railway line, and was connected into the existing 132 kV line between Woking and Wimbledon.  Although this site address is given as Randalls Park Avenue it appears now to be accessed only from the northern cul de sac slip of Kingston Road and to be behind Connect and Trident House, where there is what appears to be a switching station.

Randalls Way
Trading and industrial Estate
Leatherhead Enterprise Centre
Randalls Research Park
Imperial Park. Trading area

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Disused Stations. Web site
ERA. Web site
Knowles. Surrey and the Motor
Leatherhead Local History Society. Web site
Leatherhead Parish Church. Web site
Leatherhead Trinity School. Web site
Leatherhead Web. Web site
Mole Valley District Council. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
Surrey County Council. Web site
Tarplee. Industrial History of the Mole Valley District
Vardey. Leatherhead. A History. 

Tuesday, 14 February 2017

M25 Lower Ashtead


Post to the south Leatherhead Fortyfoot
Post to the north Lower Ashtead
Post to the west Leatherhead Industrial railside



Agates Lane
Merry Hall.  This is a late 18th house with 1788 on the chimney. It was the home of writer Beverley Nichols.
Barn – this is near Murray’s Court. This is now used as a stable. It is probably 17th with a timber frame on brick plinth, with
weather-board on the front

Barnett Wood
Once a large area of woodland now reduced to a few trees on verges.


Bypass Road
The Bypass. This section is the remains of a road which ran from the Knoll Roundabout (in the square to the south) to the Plough roundabout and a junction with Kingston Road (in the square to the west). It is now the A243 and having reached Junction 9 with the M25 now continued north instead of curving west.
Highways Agency Depot.  This is in an island between the Bypass Road and the M25.

Duckworth Drive
Appears to be new housing on the site of Ashstead Grange, and the subsequent school on that site.

Grange Road
St Peter’s Catholic Primary School. The school began is a small building next to the Church of Our Lady and St.Peter in Leatherhead, in 1947. In 1958 they moved to the present site and in 1975 the school became a First and Middle school. In 1993, with the reorganisation of the age of transfer, it became a Primary School.
St Andrews Catholic School. This is a Christian secondary school and sixth form college.. Originally a convent, its main buildings are from  the mid-1950s and a new building are being added.

M25
Junction 9. This is the Leatherhead Interchange which opened in 1985, and was one of last junctions of the M25 to open. It interchanges with the A243.


Ottways Lane
Gate Lodge. This was the lodge to Ashstead Grange. This has a monogram on it and the date of 1895. The monogram appears to be W. R?? B – which presumably refers to Mr. Birts.
Ashtead Grange, This was the home of W. T. Birts in the late 19th and sold in 1919.  After that it appears to have been a poultry farm and to have become St.Michael’s Convent School by the time of the Second World War.  The site is now housing.
Old Cottage. Timber framed house which was a bakery in the 19th, although earlier in the 19th it was called Ordnance Cottage. In the early 20th it was a nursery for roses.

Sources
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Leatherhead Local History Society. Web site
Mole Valley Council. Web site.
SABRE. Web site
St. Andrew’s Catholic School. Web site
St. Peter’s Catholic Primary School. Web site

Monday, 13 February 2017

M25 Leatherhead - Fortyfoot


Post to the east Leatherhead Ermyn Way
Post to the west Leatherhead
Post to the north Lower Ashstead



Beechwood Park
Housing on part of the site for the Royal School for the Blind.

By pass road
This is divided by the roundabout at The knoll. North of the roundabout it is the A243, south is the A24 which continues that road which has joined it from the east and which originally continued in to the town centre.

Epsom Road
Downsend School. Pre-‘preparatory’ department in a building originally called The Rowans.
Christ Church. This dates from 1829 when it wass an independent Congregational church, joining the United Reformed Church in 1972. The current church was built in 1935 about to replace building in the town centre
Cottage Hospital. This was opposite the end of Garlands Road on the site now covered by Victoria House. The Leatherhead and District Victoria Memorial Cottage Hospital was opened in 1904 and enlarged in 1927. Later a house opposite, Fairmead, was added as the X Ray department. Patients were expected to provide their own bed wear and changes of bed linen.  In time it was decided to build a new hospital and fund raising began. The Cottage Hospital closed in 1940 when the new Leatherhead Hospital opened. In 1960 the former building was converted into a home for disabled people by the Voluntary Association for Surrey Disabled and renamed Victoria House.  By 2000 it was too the old and the home closed in January 2011. Victoria House is a block of flats built in 2005.


Forty Foot Road
This road was built before 1895. It was referred to as a private road and has never been adopted.
The Beeches. A residential care home,
Fortyfoot Recreation Ground. This was opened in 1925 by Leatherhead Urban District Council. It includes a small children's playground and football pitch and a bowling green which is used by Leatherhead Bowling Club. There is also an informal woodland area with a number of paths
Leatherhead Bowling Club. The club was founded in 1908 and moved here in 1925. They have hosted several Surrey County matches. In 1966 the Leatherhead Ladies Bowling Club was formed but in 2012, Ladies and Men’s associations merged nationally.
Fortyfoot Hall. This is also Epsom and Leatherhead Mencap Hall and likely to be replaced with flats above a new hall.
Woodlands School.   The school caters for pupils with severe or profound learning difficulties from across Surrey.
St.Marys Church of England Infants School. The school's name changed when it moved here from Poplar Road and it was officially opened in 1986 and closed in 2006.


Green Lane
This may be on the line of a long distance Bronze Age trackway called the Harroway.  A Saxon mass grave was found in this area in 1927.

Highlands Road
56-66 Kingston House. Royal School for the Blind.   This was founded in Southwark in 1799 and moved here in 1902. Was one of the largest such institutions in the world with the King as patron.  In 1939 at the start of the Second World War the school became King's College Hospital‘s Emergency Medical Service. With an operating theatre and laboratories, etc.   Part of the School was damaged by bombs in 1940. It was decommissioned in 1946 and the Chelsea Pensioners infirmary until 1956.  It was eventually re-opened in 1958. In the late 1990s the buildings were sold  and main building is now flats; Lavender Close and more blocks have been added. The Chapel is now serviced offices.
Entrance to the Royal School. The pillars remain without the gates. The Lodge is now a private house.

Knoll  roundabout
The Knoll was a house on the corner of Epsom Road and what became the ByPass Road. It was used as a school in the Second World Warl

Leatherhead road
Downsend School. Private fee paying ‘prep’ school. The school was founded, owned and run by the he Linford family. It first opened in Hampstead in 1898.  In 1940 it was set up at the Downsend site. By 2002 there were no more Linfords and it was sold to Asquith Court Schools Ltd, It is now run as a profitable business by Cognita

M25

Poplar Road
Leatherhead Community Hospital & Clinic. In 1938 work began on a new hospital to replace the Cottage Hospital in Epsom Road.  It opened in 1940 and immediately joined the Emergency Medical Service.  In 1948 it joined the NHS as a modern GP hospital. In 1959 Dr C.W. von Bergen one of the founders died. A plaque to his memory was unveiled by Lord Beaverbrook. In 2006 the Hospital became the responsibility of the Central Surrey Health a not-for-profit community services provider owned by its employees who continue to run it.
Church of England School, this was on site here for for 102 years but moced to new buildings on the Fortyfoot Road site in 1986. The old Poplar Road school was converted to maisonettes.

Quarry Gardens
There was a chalk pit in this area

Sources
Christ Church. Web site
Downsend School. Web site
Leatherhead Bowls Club. Web site
Lost Hospitals of London. Web site
Mole Valley District Council. Web site
SABRE. Web site

Sunday, 12 February 2017

M25 Leatherhead Ermyn Way



Post to the east Stane Street
Post to the west Leatherhead Fortyfoot


Ermyn Way
Rayon Manufacturing Company. From 1926 artificial silk was made here by the Rayon Manufacturing Company. It closed because of a shortage of water on site and because of complaints about smell.
Goblin. Goblin took over the Rayon Company site in 1938, having moved from Fulham. Cecil Booth had designed and patented the prototype cleaner in 1901, setting up what became Goblin where the first portable cleaner was made in 1904, electrically driven from 1911. In the Second Wold War they made munitions and other equipment. Post war they made vacuum cleaners and large fixed plants for major buildings and ships.  In a market now dominated by Hoover they also diversified into gadgets like the Teasmade. By the 1970s the factory needed modernising and the site was sold and the company moved to Hampshire. The factory was demolished in 1984
Esso House. This is a headquarters for Esso opened in 1990. They are now part of Exxon Mobile.
Milner House. This was originally a 19th private house called The Long House. It was, bought by the Ex-Services Welfare Society for the Mentally Disabled after the Great War.  It is now a private nursing home
Remploy factory. Hunter's Workshops  were built adjacent to Milner House for access by their residents.  It was later taken over by Thermega Ltd who made woollen goods, electric blankets and medical heating pads. They employed disabled people from Milner House.  In 1981 Remploy took it over employing registered disabled people and later recycling electrical goods. It was closed down in 2007.

M25

Warren Way
Chace Farm Stud.  Livery Stables.
Vodaphone Mast

Sources
Industrial Archaeology of the Mole Valley
Mole Valley District Council. Web site
Remploy. Web site
Vardey. Leatherhead