Saturday, 18 February 2017

M25 Wisley Common


Post to the east Chatley
Post to the west Wisley Lane


Buxton Wood
Deciduous wood, on the north side of the M25.

Clearmount
Clearmount was part of arable farmland, There is a boundary bank between this and Wisley Common.  The area has now merged into the common. The bank itself is about a metre high, with a ditch on the common side. On it are some old and stag headed oaks – at least 200 years old.

Cockcrow Hill
Bronze Age Bell Barrow – this is an authenticated site. There are also some linear earthworks in the area.

Foxwarren Park.
Foxwarren Park. House buit in 1860, by Frederick Barnes of Ipswich for Charles Buxton in harsh 19th Gothic style. It has polychrome brickwork and terracotta dressings. It in includes an octagonal tower with corbels and a decorated band. Said to have an ‘eerie intellectual atmosphere’.

M25
Junction 10 Wisley Interchange. This is the junction with the A3 Portsmouth Road.

Pond Farm
Pond farmhouse. This was built as a cottage by Lord King 1800-1804. The original building is on tthe east side of the house and it was later extended
The pasture of Pond Farm is the former bed of Wisley Pond and some have needed measures to be taken against flooding. Fields are presently used fpor horses and cattle.
Barn.  This is in brick with some weatherboardeding and a central wagon door.
Possible round barrow east of Pond Farm. It is not known to have been excavated, and there are many natural mounds and spoil mounds in the area,
Lord King’s Ditch. This separates the farmland from the common. Local tradition says it was the ditch cut to drain Wisley Pond

Wisley Common
Part of the common land of Wisley and continuous with Ockham and Chatley Commons – both common land of their respective manors.

Wisley Pond
Wisley Pond. This is no longer extant. It is first mentioned in the 1590s and in  1680, two iron mills are shown on the north side. In the early 19th it was drained and turned it into farmland. The pond was formed by a dam built on its north west side – an area now by a track – and still visible as a bank. It does not appear to have been like other artificial medieval ponds and it is thought to have been partly natural.  The pond remnant is now dry, although its bed can still be seen

Woolgers Wood
Birchmere Scout Camp. Communal facilities in proper buildings, set in woodland with many activities available.


Sources
Birchmere. Web site
Historic England. Web site
Pevsner. Surrey
SABRE. Web site
Surrey County Council. Web sit

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