Monday, 26 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking railway. Finsbury Park

The Gospel Oak to Barking Line goes north eastwards to Crouch Hill Station.

Post to the west Crouch Hill
Post to the north Haringey
Post to the south Finsbury Park


Albany Road
St Aidan’s Voluntary Controlled Church of England School. In 1887, the Church opened a secondary school for girls here on Church land. It was built by the Church Schools’ Company and became known as Saint Aidan’s. By 1944, St Aidan’s was too small to continue as a secondary school so in 1949 it became a Voluntary Controlled Primary School run by the Local Authority. Ownership of the land and buildings was transferred to them except for the ball court which remains on Church land.  There is a commemorative stone in the playground to a visit from the Queen. The school now has a modern building with a separate nursery but retains the 19th school hall. At the entrance hall is a statue of Saint Aidan who lived in the 7th century on the Holy Island of Lindisfarne.


Alroy Road
One of a group of road names relating to novels by Disraeli.
13 Fire Engine Depot with plaque HDC for Hornsey District Council. This depot would have housed one engine.


Athelstane Mews
Backland development next to 72 Stroud Green Road. In the 1920s site of the B&J Wireless Co. and to steam car manufacturers H.E & F. Morriss - probable connection with Morriss of Kings Lynn.

Endymion Road
One of a group of road names relating to novels by Disraeli.
New River – the New River passes under the road
Hornsey and Endymion gates to Finsbury Park.


Finsbury Park
The park is on the site of former Hornsey Wood and the grounds of the Hornsey Wood Tavern. The area is what used to be Brownswood, a sub-manor of the manor of Hornsey and part of the ancient Forest of Middlesex largely owned by the Bishops of London. Hornsey Wood has been bought by the Metropolitan Board of Works and 'marred by ugly wooden railings   only fit for firewood'.  The Park was in the nature of a consolation prize to North London for the loss of the projected park at Highbury Hill some twenty years earlier.  The name dates from 1857 when it was opened by Sir John Thwaites, Chairman of the Metropolitan Board of Works.  It is designated by statute as for the use of the inhabitants of the old Parliamentary borough of Finsbury – although it is over two miles distant from Finsbury itself.  By the early 20th century, it was a venue for political meetings including pacifist campaigns during the Great War.   In the Second World War it was a site for anti-aircraft guns and one of the gathering points for heavy armour before the D.Day invasions. It was managed by the London County Council and then the Greater London Council.   In 1986 it was passed to the London Borough of Haringey and many additions have been made.
The layout of the park, including five entrances, a Lodge at Manor Gate, the perimeter drive and paths, was designed by Frederick Manable, Superintending Architect to the Metroploitan Board of Works. The areas of formal planting, the American Gardens and the network of curving paths were designed by Alexander Mackenzie, the Board’s landscape designer. The park was originally laid out in zones – with horticultural features to the south-east and east of the lake and in the north-west corner; recreational features, in the centre; and sporting features around the edge. In 1874 it was enclosed to the north by Endymion Road and there were later additions of a bandstand, bowling green and cricket pavilion. Originally there were a great deal of planting here including a Rosery, groups of trees and shrubs, and a conservatory used for chrysanthemum displays. By the late 1940s these buildings had gone and the formal beds reduced although some remained. Much of the layout had been developed from the gardens attached to Hornsey Wood House but the western edge of the park follows the curve of the now defunct rail line to Highgate. It has recently had a Heritage Fund Lottery grant which has funded restoration of the American Garden and Mackenzie's flower gardens.
Copt Hall, was sited south of the lake. By the mid C18th it was replaced by Hornsey Wood House, a Tea House with pleasure gardens and woods plus a bowling green and shooting range. In 1786 it was enlarged and the lake was developed and its grounds were used for pigeon shooting.  . In 1866 Hornsey Wood House was demolished as part of the new park
The Pit. A nature reserve is on the site of an open air theatre, which was itself built in the mid 20th in a semi-circular hollow on the site of an earlier bandstand which had been destroyed by an elephant.
New River – this runs through the north of the park.
Cricket pitch. This was used in 1866 by Islington Albion Cricket Club
Sports facilities include football pitches, a bowling green, an athletics stadium, and tennis and basketball courts. There is an American football field, and diamonds for softball and baseball
Tennis Courts fan shaft. This ventilation shaft for the Piccadilly Line lies slightly north of the tennis courts. During the construction of the Southgate Extension this area was used as a depot.
American Gardens. These were originally laid out with trees and groups of shrubs, mainly rhododendrons and azaleas.
The Boating Lake. This was previously as Hornsey Wood Lake installed by the Tavern and with water pumped up from the nearby New River.  1860s features around the lake included an octagonal pavilion on the island, a boathouse on the southern edge, and a refreshment room with verandas,
Outdoor Gym installed in 2013 opposite the American Garden. There are 14 pieces of equipment that provide 20 exercise stations.
Furtherfield Gallery. This is in the McKenzie Pavilion near the lake, and is London's first gallery for networked media art.
Hornsey Wood reservoirs. These lie under the original tennis courts  and were built in 1867  by the the East London Water Co. to bring water in 1872  from their Hanworth pumping station (later from Kempton Park)  to their Lea Bridge works, via 19 miles of main. The reservoir holds 5m galls and the spoil from its the construction was used to build up the north-east section of the park.


Green Lanes
Drove road into London
The Finsbury. Pub
New River flows under Green Lanes having passed through the park


Oxford Road
The footbridge, which spans the East Coast Main Line, and crosses over to Finsbury Park itself.
Oxford House,, currently this is Gemal College, a private college teaching management.  Other offices and light industry in an art deco block built as a printing works.


Parkland Walk
The line to Highgate from Finsbury Park is now the line of the Parkland Walk. It is now London's longest statutory Local Nature Reserve and tree-lined for most of the way, it has become a haven for wildlife including muntjac and some 250 species of plants. After the line closed it was used by a white-robed Goat Man, who herded his goats along the line.


Perth Road
Faltering Fullback Pub. Previously the Sir Walter Scott


Rail line
Piccadilly Line to Manor House from Finsbury Park. The line falls at a gradient of 1 in 250 towards Manor House, passing the Tennis Courts ventilation plant. A little beyond here came two former working shafts which had been filled in prior to opening. Between the two stations is a diverging tunnel know as the step-plate junction which was used to divert the Piccadilly line to its present southbound platform while the Victoria line was being built.

Scarborough Road
34 Park Studios.  Factory building used as artists’ studios. Previously used by Cardiac Recorders Ltd. Making precision medical equipment.


Seven Sisters Road
The Victoria Line runs underneath the road, where Experimental tunnels were built and later used.  .
Hornsey Wood Tavern. This opened after the park had opened and the original Tavern demolished. It was later renamed the Alexandra Dining Room and closed in 2007. It was subsequently demolished. It is said to have been decorated with Gillray cartoons


Stroud Green Road
The name of ‘Strowde Grene’ means 'marshy land overgrown with brushwood'
Worlds End Pub.  This was previously called The Earl of Essex.
85 estate agents previously Thomas Swan and Company. Traditional gent's outfitters. The windows were equipped with fans for cooling in hot weather
106 This was once the Osborne Tavern, from the 1870s.


Upper Tollington Park
Osborne Grove Nursing Home – on the site of what was Osborne Grove, replacing it inn 1973
Rail bridge which carries the Parkland Walk


Woodstock Road
Stroud Green Primary School.   Stroud Green board school moved to this as a new building in 1894. In 1932 the school was reorganized into a senior mixed or secondary modern school with a junior mixed school and an infants' school. The seniors later moved leaving the board building as a junior and infants' school.


Sources
British History online. Hornsey
Clunn. London Marches on
Clunn. The Face of London
Davies. Rails to the People’s Palace
Day. London Underground
District Dave. Web site
Edmonton Hundred History Society. Papers
Essex-Lopresti. The New River
Faltering Fullback. Web site
GLIAS Newsletter.
London Encyclopedia
London Gardens On line. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. London North
Smythe. Citywildspace 
St Aidan’s School. Web site
Stevenson. Middlesex
Sugden. Highbury
Willatts. The Streets of Islington

Saturday, 24 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway. Crouch Hill

The Gospel Oak to Barking railway line continues from Upper Holloway Station in a north easterly direction
TQ 29954 87678

Suburban area including old industrial sites hidden in the back streets

Post to the north Crouch End
Post to the west Archway
Post to the east Finsbury Park

Ashley Road
St.Mary and St.Stephen. Built for the new community of Hornsey Rise in 1860 and subsequently took in St.Stephen Elthorne Road. It was designed by A.D. Gough, in ragstone and extended in 1883-4. Inside is some panelling brought from Teulon's St Paul, Avenue Road.
Church Hall and Community Centre built 1878
40 Church of the Kingdom of God (Philanthropic Assembly).  This church is now in an old cinema in Seven Sisters Road and this house appears to flats.
43 Ashley Road Care Home in what was Blythe Mansions Health Clinic. This was before 1984 the City of London Maternity Hospital Nurses Home.


Blythwood Road
Holly Hall Community Centre. This is a Christian Science Church.
Entrance to the Parkland Walk


Courtauld Road
This is the renamed north end of Elthorne Road. Courtauld took over the Betts works in the 1960s, the new road name apparently dates from 1981.
Cutler's Steam Joinery Works. 


Crouch Hill
The road is thought to be part of Ermine Street and of a pre-14th route out of London to the north.
Bridge over the Parkland Walk – the ex-railway to Highgate. Down in the trackbed there is still some original retaining wall on the north side.  This is a bridge which replaced an earlier one which collapsed following a gas explosion in October 1994, and was built wide enough to cover a railway line, rather than a footpath.
103 On the pavement outside is a borough marker stone and this is the boundary between Islington and Haringey
1-3 The Old Dairy. A building of 1891 with sgraffito panels, built for the Friern Manor Dairy Farm Company. The earliest reference to Friern Manor Farm is in 1853 and originated in south London, with a Head Office in Farringdon Street. They had branches elsewhere but began in south London.  It supplied Dr Gaertner's Humanised Milk. The building was let in the 1920s until 1968 to United Dairies. The builder and designer are unknown. It is built of red rubbed bricks made by Tommy Lawrence of Bracknell. In each bay is a panel with a mural of dairying in the past and as practised at Friern Manor Farm - grazing, milking, cooling, country delivery, making butter, and to the right of the entrance, old style delivery and 1890 delivery. Converted to a restaurant 1990s.
Crouch Hill Station.  This was opened in 1868 by the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction railway as one of the initial stations on the line. It now lies between Harringay Green Lanes and Upper Holloway Stations. The original station building are now in private use and the brick platform buildings have been replaced.
Signal Box. This lay east of the down platform and was replaced in 1888 and eventually closed in 1959
Ilex House, tower block owned by Islington Council. It is a 17 storey Bison system point block built in 1972.
29 The Noble. This pub was a Marler Bar and after that a Tap & Spile. Also seems to have been called The Flag, the Big Fat Sofa and The Racecourse
Brick gate pillars at the entrance to Vicarage Path. This is remains of the entrance to Hill Hall.
Holly Park Methodist church. The Church was founded in 1875, although a permanent hall was not built until 1882.
Crouch Hill Presbyterian Church, Holly Park, originated in an iron chapel built locally in 1873. The Holly Park site was bought with the help of Sir George Bunce and a lecture hall and vestries were built in 1876. A permanent chapel opened in 1878. The church closed in 1975 and the buildings demolished.


Dickenson Road
Crouch Hill House became St.Gilda's Convent School. One of the few remaining posh villas probably built in the late 18th.
St Gilda’s' Catholic Junior School. In 1915, the Sisters of St. Gilda’s’ established a school in Crouch Hill House as an all-age private school. In the late 1960s St.Gilda's School was rebuilt as a Voluntary Aided Junior School on the original site. In 1989 the school transferred to the Diocese of Westminster and is now a two-form entry Junior School providing a Catholic Education for primary age boys and girls.


Dulas Street
Asquith Day Nursery. This is on the site of previous housing


Everleigh Street
18 Stroud Green Christian Assembly. This was founded in the 1920s and held meetings in various venues. The congregation joined the Assemblies of God and the present building was acquired in 1955
Roman Catholic chapel of St. Mellitus opened in 1938 and a church opened on a different site in 1959.
Everleigh Street Open Space is a garden designed for families with toddlers and open to key holders. It is by a local Friends Group.

Evershot Road
Open space with flower beds


Granville Road
Holy Trinity Church. As the suburbs of London expanded in the 19th there was a need to provide additional Churches. In 1878 Holy Innocents church opened a temporary mission hall here called the Iron Room. A permanent church was built here a year later designed by B. Edmund Ferrey, and built by Mattock Bros. The Iron Room then became the church hall and was replaced by a brick hall in 1913. In July 1944, the church was damaged by a V1 and it was decided to put any money into re-building houses rather than a church. By 1951 the building was unsafe and closed and the church hall was used instead. The church was later demolished and the hall became the church,
Peace Garden. This is on the triangle of land between Granville Road and Stapleton Hall Roads.  Early on 16 July 1944 a V-1 fell here killing 15 people and injuring 35 others. Twelve houses and Holy Trinity Church were hit. Later prefabs were put up, now replaced by the Spinney. The Stroud Green Residents Association put up this memorial up to those who were killed.  The site was once part of the church grounds


Grenville Road
Grenville Road Gardens. Small local public garden with a Friends group. The Allotment Garden is a student and community project. It was developed by the American Intercontinental University with Buro Happold. Built on a site with Japanese knot-weed, the garden has hovering planters at varied heights and an elevated rain-water harvesting system.
Timbuktu Adventure Playground. Free play activities for local children with indoor and outdoor facilities
Grenville Workshops – post war industrial buildings on both sides of the street.


Hanley Gardens
Housing Association homes built in 1986, partly on the site of the City of London Maternity Hospital.


Hanley Road
51 Primary Health Centre. Doctor’s surgery in building of 1982 built as an Islington Neighbourhood Centre by Chris Purslow, Borough Architect.
75 Hanley Road Day Centre. NHS Employment and Education Project; plus Mind’s Hanley Road Resource Centre
Arthur Simpson Library.  This was at the far end of the road and there is now a block of flats on the site. The Library opened in 1952 and named after the then chair of the Libraries Committee.
North London Houses for Aged Christian Blind Men and Women. This was founded by Rev. Henry Bright and his wife – he was blind from birth- in a building used as a school and known as ‘Mansion House’. They continued in charge of the home till their deaths in 1919 and 1918.  There was also a seaside home at Southend. The site was later sold to the City of London Hospital.
City of London Maternity Hospital. The City of London Lying-In Hospital for Married Women and Sick and Lame Out-Patients founded in an apartment in Aldersgate Street in 1750. In 1773 it moved to City Road and had 36 beds and following other moves and a name change the building was destroyed in Second World War bombing. It then amalgamated with the Gynecological and Obstetric Department at the Royal Northern Hospital and in 1949 reopened in buildings bought from the Institute of the Blind. A new building was added in 1955. In 1983, it amalgamated with the Whittington Hospital and the Hanley Road building was closed. The site is now Hanley Gardens.
127 this is the older part of the ‘Old Dairy’ in Crouch Hill. It was used as a dairy from the middle of the 19th.  The Crouch Hill building was added to it.
St.Saviour's Church. In 1878, the Vicar of St. Mark’s leased from the Rt. Hon. the Earl Beauchamp a plot of ground here on which to build an iron church. By 1883 a new plot of land had been found and a church was built designed by J.E.K and J.P. Cutts and the parish formed in 1888.
Church hall to the rear


Haselmere Road
Kink in the road curves round the site of Oakfield House to the south which was demolished in the 1930s.
Signposts to a network of footpaths which leads south of which Waverley Road, to the north, is part.


Hillrise Road
Called Upper Hornsey Rise 1852-1936.  A footpath leads uphill to the site of the former Crouch Hill Recreation Centre.


Holly Park
Holly Park Estate – local authority housing named for a former large house here.


Hornsey Rise
Elthorne Park – eastern side of this Islington park.
Hornsey Rise Health Centre. Opened by Islington Council 1984
Hornsey Rise Children’s Centre. Margaret Macmillan Nursery.


Hornsey Road,
The road was once called Tallington Lane and formed a boundary between manors here.
493 Plumb butcher’s shop from 1900. W Plumb butcher's shop. Only open two days a year. Inside is art nouveau wall tiling, a geometric tiled floor, scrolled meat rails and mahogany cashier's booth with etched and brilliant cut glass.
472 The Corner Flag. This pub has had several different names – originally The Railway Tavern, but also more recently The Salt Bar, and All Points West and The Blarney Stone
465b Johrei Centre. This is a centre for a Japanese system of spiritual enlightenment begun in the early 20th by Mokichi Okada.  JOHREI is the name given to the channeling of a spiritual energy or Divine Light to purify one’s spiritual body and awaken our divine nature. I
425 North London Spiritualist Church. This was previously a primitive Methodist chapel. The Primitive Methodists had previously met at Jubilee House and then at Station Parade but built this chapel in 1908. It closed in 1930 and was taken over by the Spiritualists.
Hornsey Road Station. Opened by the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway in the cutting on the south west of Hornsey Road. In 1943 it closed. In the 1950s the buildings were removed and demolished although the booking office was used by a watch mender for a long time.
Signal box. This was on the down side west of the station and replaced an earlier box in 1892. The box was removed in 1937.
471 Newton and Wright, electrical and scientific instrument makers. They made a number of important devices, including the Snook Machine, mainly for medical applications. They were here from 1905 until 1937 when they were taken over, eventually becoming part of AEI.
471 this was originally a coffee tavern called the Jubilee Hall used by many local organizations. High on the gable is a mural of a town cryer, its origins do not seem to be known.
498 Hornsey Rise Piano factory. Thomas Harper made Harper Overstrung and Vertical Pianos here in the 1920s.  Buildings appear to date from then


Japan Crescent
Named for Japan House, villa which stood in the area in the 19th
Langdon Motors – building may be on the same site as the Japan House.


Lambton Road
Britains Toy Factory.  The factory was on the site of new housing between Lambton and Spears roads. In 1893 William Britain developed the hollowcast toy soldier process hitherto dominated by the Germans but  Britain’s process was cheaper. The firm expanded with works in other areas and in the 1920s introduced the farm series of figures. In the 1950s the introduction of plastic figures led to change and Britains switched to plastic figures in the 1960s.


Mount Pleasant Villas
Railway Bridge. The carries the now Parkland Walk, the old railway to Highgate. From here the line begins to climb at 1 in 72.  Gradients were against the locomotive all the way from Finsbury Park to Highgate and trains were time-tabled to take two minutes longer when travelling in this direction


Mount View Road
Mount Pleasant was the 18th name for Crouch Hill.
Two covered reservoirs. These were for filtered water for the New River Co., holding 12m gallons before 1885. Some water is received here by gravitation from Fortis Green. There are also wells on site.
Parkland Walk – the old railway to Highgate is crossed by it the road. The trackbed below has some original retaining wall on the north side.


Oakfield Court
Flats on the site of Oakfield House private boys school founded in 1859, replaced in 1933 and closed.

Parkland Walk
The walk follows the line of a railway which began as a steam service off the East Coast Main Line with suburban services for the Great Northern Railway authorized in 1862 and opened in 1867. It became part of the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923. Before the Second World War it was planned to extend the line to Elstree but The designation of the 'Green Belt' killed the economic case for this and passenger services ended in 1954. The tracks from Highgate depot to Finsbury Park remained to move stock for used on the Northern Line but this ended in 1970 following the opening of the Victoria Line. The track was then removed and the land was transferred to the local authorities and re-opened as a linear park.
Electricity substation, now used as a council youth centre. To be refurbished and to incorporate a new ecology centre into the building.  It was intended as a sub-station for the proposed pre-war electrification, abandoned after the Second World War and never used
Crouch Hill Community Park. The sites designated Metropolitan Open Land while of ecological significance. It is in two parts. The lower part is the Parkland Walk which is a heavily treed wood with secondary Remnants of railway heritage. The upper part contains a derelict community building, a nursery and a multi-use games area. The project was initiated by Islington Council's Children services because they needed to rehouse a primary school and the new build primary school sparked a more ambitious project. So along with the new Ashmount School combined with Bowlers private nursery, plus a district heating system, generated by a gas CHP and biomass boiler. The architects for the £16.5m scheme were Penoyre and Prasad
Crouch Hill Recreation Centre.  This was accessed via a carved gateway on Crouch Hill leading to the Youth Centre. Beyond this was Bowlers Nursery and then the Recreation Centre. It dated from the 1920s and may have been used by American GIs in the 1920s and bunkers were said to be under the building. It was ruin by Trustees. It closed in 2004 and became derelict, and later redevelopment includes a new school.
Crouch Hill Forest Garden. A sustainable edible landscape, with fruit trees, perennial vegetables and herbs - part of the sustainable gardening system known as Permaculture.


Porter Square
Site of Shackell and Edwards printing ink and varnish factory. "A lamp-black and printers' ink factory was built  here in  1827 by Thomas Davision, printer of Whitefriars Street. It was burned down three times before 1833, and at the same time a steam-engine was installed . It was sold to Shackell & Edwards by 1853. There was an explosion at the factory in 1932 and it was rebuilt.


Regina Road
Elim Pentecostal Church. Prominent  building with a star shaped roof designed in 1961 by John Diamond. Built to succeed New Court Congregational Church but now in use by the Elim church, which originated in Ghana.
New Court was one of the earliest nonconformist chapels in London. In 1662 Dr. Thomas Manton was ejected from St. Paul's, Covent Garden and was established in a chapel in Bridges Street. In 1682 this was forced to close but reopened in 1687 and by 1606  was in Drury Lane. In 1705 they moved to New Court, Carey Street and remained there until 1866 where it became a Congregational chapel. A new church was built at Tollington Park but in 1961 they moved here and closed in 1976.


Sparsholt Road
Hanley Crouch Community Centre and The Laundry Club.  Youth and community facilities in old laundry buildings. This dates from the 1970s. Hanley Hall itself dates from 1902 but was bombed. It was reopened in 1952.


Stapleton Hall Road
Stapleton Hall. This house is noted in 1577 rebuilt later by Sir Thomas Stapleton. It stood at the north-west end of Stapleton Hall Road. In 1765 it was the Stapleton Hall tavern. It was the Stroud Green Conservative club by 1888. It has now been included in a modern housing development.
Baptist Church Stroud Green Chapel.  Built in 1888 by J. Walls Chapman.  It is a red brick group sine converted to housing and school. It was established in 1878 and registered by Particular Baptists in 1884.. in 1928, they had joined the London Baptist Association,
Parkland Walk. The walk here crosses the Tottenham & Hampstead line which is deep in cutting below.   Since Finsbury Park the walk had been on an embankment but crosses the road here on a viaduct.
Stroud Green Station.  Opened by the Great Northern Railway on the line to Highgate as a later addition to the line which opened in 1881. It had two side platforms, partly built on the viaduct and above the Road. The entrance was on the west side of the road and was built of wood with a steep wooden stair connecting the two. The station site is now on the Parkland Walk where there is a clearing marks at the site of the platforms. The buildings were burnt down in 1966. There seems to be no reference to any thought of an interchange with the Tottenham and Hampstead line below
Station House. This is on the west side of the road and provided accommodation for the Station Master. It later became a community centre and information office.


Stroud Green Road
White Lion of Mortimer. Wetherspoons Pub


Sussex Way
Housing on the site of an Islington Council Depot. Corner of Courtauld Road.
Duncombe Primary School. The school is named after Thomas Slingsby Duncombe who was MP for Finsbury in 1834-1861. He was described as ‘probably the most radical Member’ of his period and In 1842 he presented the second Chartist petition to Parliament calling for universal male suffrage and other democratic reforms. The Duncombe Road Board School was opened in 1878. The school building is an attractive well-constructed building originating from the late 19th . the school commissioned a local artist Magnus Irwin to design and paint a rain forest mural on the main park wall.  The school is on a site previously used by Cottenham Road School, a technical school and Duncombe Road School, an elementary school. The school was a relief station for the emergency services during the Second World War.


Thorpedale Road
Wray Crescent Open Space


Tollington Park
Named from the manor of Tollington.  1810. Was laid out between the routes of Hornsey Road and Stroud Green Road, as a superior development planned c. 1840, but built up slowly and irregularly and much eroded since.  The survivals display the range of classical variants current in the mid c19.  Group of big austerely treated three-bay villas
Park Tavern. Pub dating from at least the 1860s
St Mellitus. Roman Catholic Church. A large and imposing classical church, built as the New Court Congregational Church. It has a large pedimented Corinthian portico. There s a schoolroom now used as a hall in the basement, and a wing now the presbytery. The Catholic mission was founded in 1925 from St Peter-in-Chains, Stroud Green. A temporary chapel was built in Everleigh Street in 1938. In 1959, Canon George Groves acquired the present building from the New Court Congregational Church founded in 1662 who had  moved to the Regina Road Chapel now in use by the Elim Pentecostal Church. The foundation stone for the church had been laid in 1870 and the architect was C. G. Searle, who also was a deacon of the church and lived nearby at Tollington Villas. An building now used as the presbytery originally housed vestries, classrooms and a hall for weekday services. The firm of Gordon Reeves adapted the building for Roman Catholic use. this involved the removal of the bow-fronted pulpit and the partitioning of part of the ground floor.  The church retains two stained glass windows including The Good Shepherd of c.1877 as a memorial  to Henry Mason a former deacon of the church; and the Virgin Mary 1910, W.G. Langford, which commemorates a former superintendent of the Sunday School. Most of the furnishings are modern. The organ is from 1920 by A. Hunter.
158 maggot machine. nearby was an Old slot machine for the sale of milk, which had been adapted for a new use. You could buy live maggots from it for fishing, say in the middle of the night when shops were shut. The maggots were kept cool by the refrigeration system and there was quite a choice of flavours and colours.


Turle Road
Islington Arts and Media School. This secondary school was previously the George Orwell School. Before that it was Tollington Park Secondary School and the original 19th building was Montem Street School. The school thus opened on 1886 as Montem Street Board School and later called  Montem Street  Higher Elementary School until 1910 when it became Montem Street Central School. It was reorganized in  1947-51 as Montem Primary School and then moved to a different site. The central school had been renamed Marriott Road Central School in 1914 and in 1925  became Tollington Park Central School, Turle Road. In 1957 having been amalgamated with Isledon Secondary School it became Tollington Park Secondary school. A technical block was built in the 1960s, and a drama hall early 1970s. In 1981 it amalgamated with Archway School as George Orwell School. It has now beenrenamed and rebuilt yet again.


Vicarage Path
The footbridge over the Parkland Walk collapsed in the 1970s and was rebuilt in 1983 to railway standards


Sources
AIM25. Web site
British History Online. Islington
Camden History Review
Carswell. The saving of Kenwood
Connor. Forgotten Stations
Grace’s Guide. Web site
Friends of the Parkland Walk. Web site
Highgate Walks
Hillman. London Under London 
Hinshelwood. The Old Dairy
Hornsey Road. Blog
London Borough of Haringey. Web site
London Borough of Islington. Web site
London Encyclopedia
London Gardens Online. Web site
London Railway Record
London Transport. Country Walks
Lost Hospitals of London
Lucas. London
Northern Wastes
Pevsner and Cherry. London North
Stevenson. Middlesex
St. Mellitus. Web site
Summerson. London Georgian Houses
Walford. Highgate and Hampstead to the Lea
Willatts. Islington Streets 

Sunday, 18 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway. Upper Holloway

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway
From the site of Junction Road Station the railway goes north eastwards


Post to the north Archway


This posting covers only the north east corner of the square. The other squares are
Archway to the north west
Upper Holloway to the north east
Tufnel Park to the south west

Boothby Road
Before 1907 this was Summerfield Road and the site of Summerfield Villas.  Much of the road is taken up with the rear portions of what were Holloway Mills

Davenant Road
Davenant Road Park. Green open space on the site of 19th houses.

Elthorne Road
In the late 19th this was Red Cap Lane.  The Old Mother Red Cap Pub is in Holloway Road opposite the corner of Elthorne Road.
1a Job Centre Plus.  In 1914 this was the Integral Propeller Co. making wooden propellers, and moved to Hendon the following year. It was later used by Crosfield electronic and printing works. In the late 19th the site had been part of the tramway depot based in Holloway Road.
2 Glen Byam Shaw School of Art. This was founded by artists John Byam Shaw and Rex Cole in 1910 as a school of drawing and painting. It was originally in Kensington but moved here in 1990. It became part of Central Saint Martin’s in 2003 and this now consists of their first year BA Fine Arts
2 In the 1930s this was Giuseppe Leonardi, making lighting standards and table lamps
4 Bellside House. Office units.
5 New River College.  This is a special school coordinating a secondary level young people from a number of other schools who have experienced problems in main stream schools. They also coordinate a school for hospitalised young people at the Whittington Hospital.  Previously here was Harborough School for Autistic Children. This moved here in 1913 as Elthorne Road School for delicate children.  I 1937 it was a school for the physically handicapped which closed in 1951. It then became school for the partially sighted opened and, in 1967, a school for autistic children. It closed in 2002.
6 Brookstone House. Offices and trading units
7 Former Presbyterian Mission Hall, built for Highgate Presbyterian church in 1907. It was designed by George Lethbridge and is in yellow and orange brick. The Boothby Road front has gables with a plaque. It was closed in 1954 and used by the National Assistance Board. It was modernised in 1989 and is offices for various charities, etc.
7a Elthorne Learning Centre. Provides a service to socially excluded groups to meet their socio-economic, cultural, health and training needs. In the late 1950 it was owned by J. F. Crosfield Ltd., electronic and printing equipment manufacturers, whose admin block was designed by Newman Levinson & Partners,
9-15 Kogan Academy of Dramatic Arts. This was until recently the Academy of the Science of Acting and Directing.  The Academy is in the building previously known as Holloway Mills. The mills are shown on maps from the 1870s but the firm which occupied them dated from 1804 but founded in Bordeaux by J.T. Betts. His son, W. Betts, opened a works in London in 1840.  Holloway Mills is first noted as a steam saw mill and Betts made boxes and other items for packaging of many sorts.  They later moved into metal items and became specialists in metal packaging capsules of many sorts. During the Great War it became a respirator factory.  They were eventually taken over by Courtauld's in 1960.
9-15 Elthorne Studios. Central Saint Martin’s College of Arts and Design. This was formed in 1989 from a merger of the Central School of Art and Design founded in 1896, with Saint Martin’s School of Art founded in 1854. Saint Martin’s consists of four schools and is based in Kings Cross. At Elthorne Road Studios the MA Art and Science and MA Fine Arts courses are based
Batavia Mills. This was also one of Betts works. Described before the Great War as a lead works – lead would have been rolled and processed into foil for use in lining packing cases and tea chests.
Terminal house. This is now the site of Kinver House. It was the works of Ross Courtney & Co who had extended from an engine works at 25 Ashbrook Road, Upper Holloway. They dated from the 1890s and made various electrical and similar components, specialising eventually in motor trade items.


Giesbach Road
Giesbach Road Open Space. This small corner space has flower beds and a seating area
Dick Whittington Junior Library.  This opened in 1962 and closed in 1982. The building is now St John’s Ambulance. Highgate Division, Archway Training Centre.
Postmen's Sorting office. This is now housing.

Hatchard Road
Electricity sub station. UK Power Networks
Community centre. A Catholic mission was founded by the Passionists of St Joseph’s and in 1928, an iron chapel was built here but only in 1964 that St Gabriel’s become an independent parish. It was then that plans were made to build a church on a different site. After the completion of the new church, the iron chapel became the church hall. In 1973-74, a community centre was built on its site. Gerard Goalen, who had designed the new church, was the architect.
Wild life area on the railside.


Holloway Road
Holloway Road narrows as it climbs towards Highgate.
557 The building has signage on the gable which idnicates that this was the Norfolk Arms. "Rebuilt 1900"  "Whitbread’s fine ales". It is now part of a block of shops selling building and decorators' materials to the trade.
563 The Floirin. Irish pub, previously called Bailey’s Corner, or The Mulberry Tree
Whittington Park entrance with giant topiary cat. This was installed to commemorate the story of Dick Whittington arriving here with his cat.
Upper Holloway Station. This was opened in1868 and now lies between Crouch Hill and Gospel Oak Stations.  It was built on the Tottenham to Highgate Road section of the Midland Railway line and closed for some months in 1870.  From 1871 it was called Upper Holloway for St. John’s Park and Highgate Hill and just as Upper Holloway for St. John's Park in 1875. From 1903 it has had its current name.  It is in a cutting and there are few facilities with little at street level other than a few signs. The original buildings were demolished in the 1960s.  There are small brick rain shelters on each platform and there is a container sized portable office. The building which used to be the ticket office remains beside the south entrance. A footbridge over the track remained in place but was not used and the line has to be crossed by Holloway Road itself where steps and a ramp go down to the platforms. There are also unused sections of platform.
Signal box. This was put in place in 1985 and is a portacabin two storey arrangement.
Upper Holloway signal box replaced an earlier one in 1893.  Closed 1985
St John’s the Evangelist Church.  As a 19th church is was built as part of an evangelical. It was built in 1826, and consecrated in 1828 and was inaugurated through Daniel Wilson the then Vicar of Islington and in 1826 a procession went from St. Mary in Upper Street to this site. The land was part of the Palmer Estate left by the Rev. James Palmer, vicar of St Bride's Fleet Street and given for building a church by the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy. It was designed by Sir Charles Barry with a ground floor, gallery and crypt. Daniel Wilson’s directions for the interior were to follow ‘Islington usage; and consisted of a  central three-tier pulpit a Communion table in the Sanctuary, and a slight hint only of a Chancel. Rows of box-pews remain and were rented out. Children from a local orphanage sat in a room in the gallery called the Orphan's room where they could hear the service but not be seen.  There is a spire and bell tower with a still working chiming clock. Burials took place in the crypt until 1855. The church was united with St Peter's Church, Dartmouth Park Hill in 1978 to become the parish of St Peter with St John, Upper Holloway
623 St John’s Institution with a gym and other facilities. These lay on the north side of St.John’s Grove and were managed by trustees. They are now the site of flats and shops.
643 Highgate Empire Cinema. This Opened as the Pavilion Cinema in 1910 and it was upgraded in 1914 and re-named the Highgate Empire Cinema. It was taken over by Union Cinemas in 1935 and by Associated British Cinemas in 1937. It closed in 1957 and converted into the Gresham Ballroom. It closed in 1998 and lay empty until demolition in 2001. A supermarket is now on the site.
665 Old Mother Red Cap. The pub was there before 1660 and is mentioned in Pepys Diary.
710 The Marlborough pub. It was called Angie's Of Holloway Road before it closed in 2010. Now a shop.


Marlborough Road
61 Mothers Clinic. There is a blue plague here to Marie Stopes who opened the first family planning centre in Britain, here in 1921.


Marlborough Yard
New build housing on site of industrial premises alongside the railway.
John Bird, precision engineering 1970s/


Old Forge Road
Housing on the site of industrial premises which replaced 19th stables.


Pemberton Gardens
A turning off the road leads to a main entrance to the Metroline Holloway Bus Garage.


St John’s Grove
St John’s National School. A school was set up in Hornsey Lane by 1828; and became a National school in 1829. A site adjoining St. John's Church had been intended for a parsonage and was presented to the church by the Corporation of Sons of Clergy in 1830. A School was built there designed by Sir Charles Barry and opened in 1831. In 1945 the school moved to new buildings in Pemberton Gardens. The original buildings remain and were subsequently used as offices.

St John’s Villas
St.Gabriel. The mission was originally founded by the Passionists of St Joseph’s and an iron chapel was built in Hatchard Road. In 1964 the present site was purchased for a new church. It was designed by Gerard Goalen. He also built the adjoining presbytery and in 1981, Gerard Goalen converted the baptistery into a meeting room. The church is a concrete structure faced in dark grey bricks and the roof is a flat concrete deck and there is some aluminium cladding. Two glazed projections house the sacristy, and the porch, above them is a concrete bell with three bells and a metal cross. There are no windows. The inside was altered by Carmel Cauchi and there is a bronze fibreglass sculpture of the Risen Christ and also a bronze statue of the Virgin Mary with Child both by Willi Soukop RA, and there are more statues by him of the Sacred Heart and St Gabriel.
The garden  has been planted with evergreen shrubs and herbaceous perennials and Wisteria had been planted to green the concrete walls.

Wedmore Gardens
The road led to sidings and industrial areas connected to the Midland Railway depot to the west

Sources
British History online. Islington
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. Face of London
Dodds. London Then
Grace’s Guide. Web site
London Borough of Islington. Web site
London Encyclopaedia
National Archives. Web site
Pastscape. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Smith. MS on lead works.
St. John’s Church. Web site.
St.Martin's School of Art. Web site
Summerson. Georgian London
Willatts. Streets of Islington

Thursday, 15 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway. Upper Holloway

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway
The railway from the site of Junction Road Station goes north eastwards

Post to the north Archway             

Post to the west Tufnel Park and Upper Holloway

Post to the north Upper Holloway

This posting covers only the south east corner of the square. The other quarters are
Archway to the north west
Upper Holloway to the north east
Tufnel Park to the south east

Campdale Road
Main entrances to Tufnell Park Playing Fields. Tufnell Park Playing Fields were formed on the site of a 19th-century cricket pitch. It later became the playing fields for the Northern Polytechnic and was used by Tufnell Park Football Club and there were grandstands aroid the ground. Trench Air raid shelters were built there in the Second World War. It was later the University of London Playing Field, but is now owned by LB Islington


Foxham Road
Foxham Gardens.  Small park on the site of 19th houses. It was laid out in the 1980s and seems initially to have been called Whittington Park. Nature reserve and hazel trees
Yerbury Primary School. Opened in 1884 by the School Board for London as Yerbury Road Board School. An extension was built in 1895. It has been a school for primary age children since the 1920s.


Rupert Road
The road originally ran through the area now covered by the park to Holloway Road. It had been built by the St.Pancras Freehold Land Society in the late 19th. It quickly became a down market area.
Whittington Community Centre. Set up in 1972 in the buildings of what had been All Saints Mission Hall built in the 1890s and later All Saints Church Hall.
Hocking Memorial Institute.   Hocking Hall added to the Church  HallChurch Hall after the Great War. Rev. W.J. Hocking was a vicar at All Saints Church from the late 19th


Station Road
Bush Industrial Estate
BT Telephone Exchange and fleet depot


Tytherton Road
Houses in red brick with terracotta ornament, dated 1889
All Saints. It was redundant has been converted to flats.  Built 1884-5 by J.E.K. Cutts and restored after war damage by A. Llewellyn Smith in 1953.


Wedmore Street
The street was named by 1877 but houses were noted as in the road in the 1830s when it was known as John Street, with a subsidiary mews Eaton Road parallel and to the North West with a nursery ground between the two in the 19th.
3 Housing and trading units in buildings and on the site of an old Council Yard.
9 Alembic Works, Brown & Son Ltd.. Ltd. Manufacturers of Stills, Ovens and Stills, Autoclaves, Sterilizers, Gas and Water Taps, Extraction Apparatus, Vacuum Pans, Tilting Pans, and Laboratory Apparatus. Browns seem to have been on this site from at least the 1920s to the 1960s. The site now appears to be  housing.
19-23  Archway Business Centre. Offices, mainly connected to Social Services
27-35 Tiger Cottages 
37 The Black horse. Closed pub
39-47 Opera Court, built in 1906 as workshop and depot for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington. rLater used as a store by the Royal Opera House.  Now housing
52 The Good Intent. Pub
Heavy loading bay for Chris Stevens Ltd., Trade supplies to builders and decorators in Holloway Road 
Wedmore Works. This works was also adjacent to Eaton Grove and was home to Powell Lane who made fancy paper and later ladies handbags in the inter war period.  It was later damaged in a fire.
Wedmore Engineering Company.  This machine tool and electrical equipment manufacturer had a works adjacent to Eaton Grove during the Great War
Wessex Buildings. These were the first local authority buildings in the Holloway area. The London County Council bought with land at the rear in 1901 and built flats for 1,050 in three blocks, two in 1904 and one in 1905.  After the Great War, they bought a further 16 houses and built two 2 five-storey blocks in 1931 with 46. Some houses were however kept. 
Zerny's Theatrical Cleaners Ltd., Overnight cleaning.


Whittington Park 
An open space opened by Islington Council in 1973 on the site of a number of residential streets. It is named after Lord Mayor Dick Whittington and a large topiary cat, in reference to Whittington's pet, stands at the entrance and nearby a war memorial is set into the grass. There is an experimental garden planted as part of an  initiative by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds to investigate the preferred habitat of house sparrows.


Yerbury Road
Rupert House built 1982. Site of Baptist of Mission Hall.


Sources
British History online. Islington
Clunn. Face of London
Dodds. London Then
London Borough of Islington. Web site
London Encyclopaedia,
Nairn. Modern Buildings,
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Summerson. Georgian London
Willats. Streets of Islington

Tuesday, 13 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway. Tufnell Park

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway
The railway from Gospel Oak Station runs north east wards



Post to the north Archway


This posting covers only the south west corner of this square, The other three are:
Archway to the north west
Upper Holloway the the north east
Upper Holloway to the south east

Cathcart Hill 
1-16 built 1860
10 This was St. John’s High School for Girls 1886-1895
16 in 1896 this was Stella House Collegiate School for Girls. Then until 1914 it was Cathcart College for Boys.
Durham House 


Dartmouth Park Hill
Lord Palmerston. 19th pub with a film club upstairs.

Goddard Place
A private gated housing area on an old rail side site.

Huddleston Road
Constructed in 1813 as a feeder road to Archway. It is now cut off at the north end.
142 -144 Tufnell Park Cricket and Football Club – now Tufnell Park Playing Fields – appears from map evidence to have had its original 19th entrance between 142 and 144, both of which are different to other houses in the road, both appear to have crosses on the gables, and may have been lodge but the northern one appears to be a chapel something similar. The southern one has a date plaque of 1884. A pavilion is shown at the rear of them.  These date from some time before 1895 goods yard
Halls of Residence. London Metropolitan University private student accommodation on part of the site of the old goods yard. This was the site of cattle sheds initially. 


Junction Road
Links Kentish Town and Holloway, 1811
102 St Christopher’s Court. This was Junction Road Congregational Church built in 1866-1867 by G.S.Harrison. It was damaged in Second World War bombing and in 1952 became the Church of the Growing Light.  In 1972 it became Junction Road United Reform Church, but was closed in 1978It is now housing.
112a this address now consists of a walkway to the Tremlett Grove Estate.  In the past it led to an industrial area on which the estate is now built. In 1895 it was a depot for London Street Tramways. They ran horse tram services in parts of east and north east London and maps show tram lines running into the depot through an entrance on the site of the current walkway. Small buildings shown to the rear are presumably stables. Bus operations may have continued from here and the site was used before the Second World War by both the Central Omnibus Co. and Dauntless Bus Co.   From the early 1920s the site was used by Coventon Freights and Associated Commercial Car Hirers Ltd. They were a heavy freight and haulage contracting  business,  undertaking regular services and running a fleet of specially equipped 10-ton Scammell tractor lorries. After the Second World War this became the Tremlett Grove Works and used by Junction Moulds & Tools Ltd., and W. & A. Williamson & Co., Ltd., who made radiators and lamps for passenger transport vehicles.  The current flats on the site were built in 1960
151 Prince of Denmark. This was opened in 1869 in what was then Hargrave Park Terrace. It was a Charrington’s Pub which closed in 1984. The building is now housing.
207a Shaolin Temple. This is a martial arts school based on Shaolin culture - Gong Fu-Ch'an, Qi Gong and Ch'an Buddhist Meditation. It was founded in 2000 by Shifu Shi Yanzi
Junction Road Station. This stood at the corner of Station Road and was opened in 1872 by the Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway. It had two wooden platforms, accessed by a footbridge and stairs. Passenger numbers dropped after the opening of Tufnell Park tube. It was closed to passengers in 1916 and thereafter was used for goods.
Odeon.  Work began to build this by T.P. Bennett & Son in 1939. It was planned to be part of the Oscar Deutsch chain of Odeon Theatres. By the outbreak of the Second World War only half of the outside walls were finished but permission to complete the building was granted and a roof was added. The building was used for storage during the war. The cinema was eventually opened in 1955. The facade was made up with cream tiles and there was a short tower on the left side. Inside decoration was minimal with clustered lights on the ceiling. It was closed by the Rank Organisation in 1973. The building and land was sold and it was demolished in 1974. Some of the exterior wall may remain on the Junction Road frontage.

Pemberton Gardens
The road was built before 1871on land owned by the Corporation of the Sons of the Clergy. Named for Sir James Pemberton a 17th freeholder of Highbury and Lord Mayor.
St John’s Church of England Primary School. This was built on the site of houses in 1967. It had originated as a 19th school in Hornsey Lane and moved to Pemberton Gardens. It stood next to St. Johns Church in 1931 and later moved to this site.

Pemberton Terrace
Holloway Bus Garage.  Built by the London County Council as a conduit electric tram depot in 1907.  Initially called Holloway Garage it was afterwards renamed as Highgate. After the Second World War it was the only north London tram depot still in operation. It operated buses and trolleybuses until 1961 and then became a motor bus garage.   It became known as Holloway Garage again after 1971. It is now owned by Metroline Travel Ltd.

Poynings Road 
Advertisment. On the wall of the corner shop with Junction Road is a painted advertisement for auction rooms
Reservoirs. Dartmouth Park Hill Gardens is on the site of two covered reservoirs built here in 1855 by the New River Company and connected to the Green Lanes pumping station and Stoke Newington reservoirs. The park was laid out on the edge of the reservoirs and opened to the public in 1972

Railway
Tufnell Park Goods Depot -, opened in 1886 largely to serve the Metropolitan Cattle Market. Cattle were unloaded here and taken along Tufnell Park Road to the Caledonian Road market. The depot closed in 1968 and is now the site of the Bush Industrial Estate. The site was also used as a British Road Services Depot.
Signal box which served the goods depot.

Station Road
Bush Industrial Estate

Tremlett Grove 
The Tremlett Grove Estate consists of 5 low-rise apartment blocks, built c1960. The blocks are of modular concrete frame construction with infill insulated steel panels to the front and rear elevations.

Tufnell Park Playing Fields
Tufnell Park Playing Fields were formed on the site of a 19th-century cricket pitch. It later became the playing fields for the Northern Polytechnic and was used by Tufnell Park Football Club and there were grandstands aroid the ground. Trench Air raid shelters were built there in the Second World War. It was later the University of London Playing Field, but is now owned by LB Islington.

Wyndham Crescent
Large ceramic mural on the wall of a house in Junction Road, Appears to be sub-Matisse 1950s possibly

Sources
Abandoned Stations. Web site
Aim Archive. Web site
BGO History. Web site
Byway 7
Cathcart Hill Historical Society. Web site
Cinema Treasures. Web site
Clunn. Face of London
Connor. Forgotten Stations,
Day. London Underground
Dodds. London Then
Glazier. London Transport Garages
Highgate walks
London Borough of Islington. Web site
London Gardens on Line. Web site
London Encyclopaedia,
Nairn. Modern Buildings,
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Shaolin Temple. Web site
Summerson. Georgian London
Willats. Streets of Islington

Thursday, 8 May 2014

Colne Brook Wraysbury

This posting refers to the area north of the River Thames only. South of the River is Runneymede, Bell Weir

Post to the north Wraysbury Lakes
Post to the east Yeoveney
Post to the south Wraysbury
Post to the west Runnymede Pleasure Grounds and Ankerwycke

Colne Brook
The Colne Brook flows south and enters the Thames

Feathers Lane
Ardmore. Plant Depot

Ferry Lane
Wraysbury Hall. Retirement Hotel for Active Gentlefolk. This was designed by T. E. Collcutt in 1892 and originally called Rivernook. It is in brick and described as ‘free Early Tudor’.  It is now let as holiday flats.
2 Chambers Boathouse. Boat rental and leasing
Warwick Pump and Engineering Co. This company was founded in 1967 and operated here in the 1960s. It was taken over in Scotland in 1998.
22, 35, 37 Staines Metal Products.  Made heavy duty playground equipment, mainly for local authorities from 1998
22, 37 ASAP Multiform Plastics. Mouldings manufacturers
Hythe End Mills. These were on the Colne Brook at the end of Ferry Lane. They were latterly paper mills
Wraysbury Ferry. This was on the site of what is now Runneymede Bridge and was latterly a punt.
Dearsley Island – this is the area between the two lines of Ferry Lane.


Hythe End Road
British Disabled Waterski & Wakeboard Association. This began in 1978 at Ruislip and Princes Water Ski clubs. Courses were held at clubs around the UK but in early 1980s there was a search for a suitable National Centre. Heron Lake had been a Ready Mixed Concrete gravel pit and was set up. BDWWA grew from a small group into a national governing body with six regions and the Tony Edge National Centre at Heron Lake. Tony had been an early activist who been forced to retire through ill health. There have now been 19 British National Disabled Water Ski Championships mostly here and in 1987 the first World Trophy for the disabled.
Hythe End Farm. Waste Services Plant and Fertiliser Plant.

Runneymede Bridge
The M25 crossing is essentially two bridges – the original Bell Weir Bridge, and the M25 bridge. It is thus a bridge for a motorway, an A-road with pedestrian and cycle bridges.
Runneymede Bridge. Designed by Lutyens in 1937 but not built until 1959-60. This is a single-span brick arch bridge carrying the A30 as the Staines Bypass. This was the first single span across the Thames.
The New Runnymede Bridge was built in the 1980s. It is a single arch bridge made up of parallel concrete frames which allow light to penetrate upwards and which transfer loads vertically so as not to disturb the foundations of the older bridge. The motorway bridge is now six lanes each way, the widest in Britain.
Bronze Age artifacts were found here. The river bank had been revetted with vertical stakes to act as a quay and limit flooding. .  Post holes suggested buildings standing closely around, there was evidence of weaving, flint and metalwork and continental imports were found.

Staines Road
Longfield Road Lake. Cemex Angling in an old gravel working.

Thames intake
Staines Reservoirs Aqueduct.The aqueduct was completed around 1900 to take water from the Thames, upstream of Bell Weir Lock and downstream of the new Staines Reservoirs. Sections of it are in tunnels with siphons and some are open. The Staines -Kempton aqueduct starts here and was built in 1963. It takes water from the Thames to treatment works at Kempton and Hampton. It is nearly 13km long taking a maximum of is 364m litres a day. The original intake was built in 1910 by the Metropolitan Water board to take water from to its works in Ashford It first feeds the King George VI reservoir

The Island
There is a body of opinion which says this is the real site where Magna Carta was signed.
Wraysbury Road
Hythe End Bridge over the Colne Brook. This replaces a jack arch bridge built in 1852. It was as a two span bridge with four cast iron beams per span supporting transverse brickwork and fill. The beams were supported on brick abutments and a brick pier at midstream. In 1975, the bridge was repaired and strengthened, some of the brick arches were replaced with concrete and traffic lights were installed for single lane traffic. In 1985, the bridge was assessed by Berkshire County Council for loading capacity. They immediately closed the bridge and it was demolished and replaced.
Stone showing tide levels – this is shown on maps in fields north of the road
Feathers Pub. This is now the site of new housing
Pumping station


Sources
British Disabled Waterski. Web site
History. Wraysbury. Web site.
London Transport.  Country walks
Penguin. Surrey
Pevsner and Cherry. Surrey
Runneymede on Thames. Web site
Thames Water. Web site

Tuesday, 6 May 2014

Gospel Oak to Barking Railway - Gospel Oak


The Fleet flows south west through this area

Railway Gospel Oak to Barking
The Line runs north east from Gospel Oak Station and through Highgate Junction

This post covers only the north east section of this square

Post to the west Gospel Oak
Post to the south Kentish Town

Bellgate Mews
Private gated development of the 1970s in an area which in 1885 was Dartmouth Park Nurseries.1


Bellina Mews
The road name relates to houses, Bellina Villas, which once stood in Fortess Road north of the turning.
Furniture factory. This was in the grounds of Bellina Villas

Burghley Road
The road more or less follows the line of the River Fleet flowing from Highgate Ponds to the junction with Highgate Hill.
The area was owned by St. John's College, Cambridge following a bequest of some farmland in the early 17th. It was developed in the 1860s by the College, laying out the roads and granted building leases. The earliest developer was Joseph Abbott in 1860 who built Burghley Terrace. The southern part was leased to Joseph Salter in 1865 – he was a local surveyor, and estate agent, as well as a Vestry auditor, Chairman of the Board of Works and a Poor Law Commissioner. The road was named after Elizabeth’s minister Lord Burghley who had been a student at and benefactor to St.John's
16, the vicarage to Kentish Town Parish Church. This was a Gothic House of 1863 by the estate surveyor. Henry Baker. The site is now a care home run by Bridge Housing Association with a large pyramidal block built in 2000
23-39 modern replacements on a Second World War bomb site.
91a new build flats on site of the factory of the London Fan and Motor Co.

Carrol Close
This is a service road to the council buildings. The name recalls Carrol Place built in 1810 by farmer Richard Mortimer and originally called Pleasant Place. It was demolished by the Midland Railway.

Chetwynd Road
Chetwynd is the family name of Lord Ingrestre
Sunday Schools behind the Baptist Church are by Dixon built in 1879

Churchill Road
12-17 Conservative Land Society in 1880s earliest housing from the 1860s
20 with a plaque, ‘Cambridge House’ set into a metal-covered coping.
Gospel Oak Churchill SNCI; private open space which is a Site of Nature Conservation Importance

College Lane
Once a cart track going to St.John's farm, it is now a back lane parallel to Highgate Road, with cottages which are said to have been for railway workers.  This was part of the St. John’s College estate and thus named for them. There are no houses at the southern end but the ghosts of old buildings remain in the walls.
22 has a date plaque of 1840
30 house built for himself by architect Martin Goalen.
13 war memorial. This is a shield with names of railwaymen from the lane who died in the Great War. The house was built in 1881 by local builder Nathan Cansick.
Kentish Town Railwaymens' Athletic and Social Club. This is now derelict and was severely damaged by fire in 2003
College Works. BB Tool Co, here in the 1960s


Dartmouth Park Road
This, western end of the road, was built in the late 1850s a development by Lawford on behalf of Lord Dartmouth
First House. Built 1990 - 93 by and for J. de Syllas of Avanti Architects in a contemporary style. It is brick with a curved aluminum roof.
Lamorna House. 1920s house in dark brick

Evangelist Road
On St.John's College land - the College is really that of St.John the Evangelist

Fortess Road
41 This was built as the presbytery to the Roman Catholic (later Methodist) church Our Lady the Help of Christians which was next door. The church was designed by Edward Pugin and it is likely that this was designed by the same architect
49-51 Phelps Pianos Ltd.founded 1895 by Frederick Phelps but since 1988 part of Markson Pianos.
67 Frederick Phelps Violin makers.
Our Lady the Help of Christians RC church. This was demolished in 2003. In the 1850s the Catholic Church built a church in Fortess Road, on a piece of freehold land. The funds for the new church were provided by Cardinal Wiseman and the building was designed, in a Gothic style, by Edward Pugin, son of the more famous Augustus Pugin. And it was ready in 1859. By the 1960s a much larger building was needed and a deal was done whereby the local Methodists and Catholics exchanged their buildings. After much negotiation in 1970 the Methodists moved here.


Fortess Yard
3 house converted from 19th stables


Gordon House Road
Created on the line of a footpath to Hampstead and named after the school in The Grove
Gordon House works of Samuel and Spencer, makers of brewers signs
St.Anargyrie. SS Cosmos and Damien. The building dates from the late 19th and was a Catholic Apostolic Church. It is now a Greek Orthodox church. The bricks on the frontage are known to have been made locally in Kiln Place.
St.Anargyrie House. Built in 1996 this provides community and hostel accommodation


Grove End
Grove End House. Detached brick house built in the early 19th now divided into flats.
Grove End Villa.  This was given to the London Baptist Association when the estate was sold
Grove End Lodge, latterly the Baptist manse.
Gordon House Academy.  This was at the end of The Grove and dated from the mid 18th and remained here until 1837.  It later became a College for Civil Engineers.
Ravenswood. In the early 20th this was the Medical and Surgical Nurses Home and Nurses' Co-operation. It is on the site of Emmanuel Hospital and is now the site of a council block named after it.
Emmanuel Hospital. This was a home for the blind which was burnt down before it opened in 1799

Grove Terrace
Houses built 1780-1824. The Race track was built on fields behind this.  The area was held by St.John's College, Cambridge and the houses were the copyhold of the Manor or Cantelowes.  The principal copyholder Lord Dartmouth, enclosed part of the common around Highgate Road in 1772. The road has its York stone paving and there are original coalhole covers with foundry marks still visible.
Common land - A remnant of common land survives as the strip fronting Grove Terrace
9 fire company plaque
13 fire company plaque
19 Blue plaque to landscape architect Geoffrey Jellicoe
21-22 entrance to Grove Terrace Mews with arched signboard


Highgate Road
This ancient highway was called Green Street until 1870 It e ne roughly follows the course of the Fleet.
Highgate Studios. These units are in some of the buildings which was originally Maple’s cabinet making and exhibition works. Maples were the large furniture store based in Tottenham Court Road.
Highgate Children’s Centre. This is in some of the buildings of the Shand Kyd Wallpaper factory moved here in 1906. Shand Kydd had been set up in 1891 making wallpaper wth bold lino block designs and matching friezes. They were closed here in 1960. The buildings became the International Oriental Carpet Centre housing carpet merchants from the east. Later it housed a TV studios, and many other funcitons, including carpet dealers and a Fitness Centre.
College Yard junction. There are granite setts crossing the pavement here, lying, just north of the point where the culverted River Fleet crosses Highgate Road. The Fleet joins a tributary in this area.
62-63 rebuilt in 2006-07 with stucco ground floors either side of a courtyard.
78 A heavy wooden North African wooden door has been put as the shop entrance. This shop sells Oriental goods and the camel round the corner is theirs.
80a, modern brick building with an arch filling the front elevation, with glass infill.
82 Media House. This is on the site of what would have been the ticket office for coach services from The Vine. It is now a brick building housing an advertising agency.
86 The Vine. This was once the oldest building in Kentish Town, established as a coaching inn, first licensed in 1751, and the first transport terminus in Kentish Town.  It was once called the White Horse, It was completely rebuilt in 1899 and the half timbering added in 1934. The forecourt was a feature of the old coaching inns and the Vine has retained it. The only original bit of the pub is an archway to a path goes into College Lane and this would have gone across the field to the race track; then to a footbridge over the Fleet.
94-96 sales of architectural sundries
Lane to the north of 96 paved in granite setts with York stone slab wheel tracks
95 Silver Lodge on the site of a boys club, connected to Aldenham School in Hertfordshire and called the Aldenham Club for Young Men and Lads. It was closed in the 1980s.
The Retreat. This was on the site of Carroll Close and owned in the 1850s by Edward Weston, music hall owner as a place of entertainment with extensive gardens.  It was taken over by the Midland Railway, used by them as employee housing and demolished.
97-119  Shops, including a post office, and flats which replaced Blenheim Terrace
98-108 Fitzroy Terrace. 19th houses with Gothic glazing to first-floor windows, and front doors below street level.
102 Sun Fire Insurance plaque
110-118 with a heraldic shield on no.110.  these were built as 1-5  Gospel Terrace and St.Alexis, Catholic Chapel was opened here in 1846.  This was a private venture and although a foundation stone was laid for a church here but was not built following a dispute which led to the collapse of the project.
120 in the early 20th this was the office for the Society for Organising Charitable Relief and the Repression of Mendacity
124 in the 19th this was Macdonald's Wax Chandlery which burnt down.
Highgate Road Station High Level. This was opened in 1868 by the Tottenham and Highgate Junction Railway. It was built on the viaduct west of Highgate Road. The trains which used it were on a circuitous route from Fenchurch Street via. Stratford and Tottenham but from 1872 when the link to Gospel Oak was installed.  It served trains from Gospel Oak Station.  At one time a link led to Kentish Town Station on the up Midland Main Line. From 1894 until 1903 it was called Highgate Road for Parliament Hill. It closed in 1915 through tramway competition. The station was demolished in 1919 but some of the booking hall remains and has been in industrial use – it was accessed through the arch under the railway bridge on the west side. Some elements of the platform area remain also
Highgate Road Station.  Low Level. Opened in 1900 by the Midland Railway, it lay in a cutting to the west of Highgate Road. It was on the then new Kentish Town Curve, a line which diverged from the Gospel Oak to Barking Line to the east of station. Links from it led to the up Midland Main Line and to the North London Line heading east. It closed in 1918 through tramway competition. The station was sited to the south of the railway bridge and on the west side of the road.
MandA Coachworks. Thus ‘prestige’ motor repair works is under the railway arches. With advertising lettering on the wall under the bridge. They date from 1973 when they were established by Michael Dionisiou and Adonis Kyriacou
137 Southampton House Academy. This was a 19th school. The building is in brick and built in 1821 by James Patterson.  The playground was taken over by the railway in the 1860s
139 Southampton Arms. On the west side of the road where Lord Southampton was a landowner. It is described as an Ale and Cider house. It was built in the front garden of a 19th house.
Grove Place. Site of Grove House School in 1867
Grove Terrace Green.  This is a Green Public Open Space protected under the London Squares Act of 1931. Railings were removed in the Second World War
Pocket of open land west side of Highgate Road is also protected under the London Squares Preservation Act, 1931. These Enclosures are the last link to the Kentish Town village green.  It was protected by covenant during the building of Lissenden Gardens.
Underground civil defence chambers. This is a monolithic concrete box with a long-sealed doorway leading to stairs. Built in 1953, this was the council’s Cold War bunker for when the bomb dropped. It was taken out of use when the Civil Defence Corps was disbanded in 1968 and the council’s bunker was rebuilt under the Town Hall in Euston Road. There are unusual manhole emergency exit covers and ventilation shafts around on the Highgate Enclosures.
150 Grove End House. This is a double-fronted detached 19th house now divided into flats.
175 a stock brick three-bay 19th villa.
Denyer House. These red brick flats were designed by Albert J Thomas and built in 1936.  They are on the site of St John’s Park House Ladies’ School. At the back is an external walkway connecting balconies.
Haddo House. 19th house which survived until the early 1960s.  In 1934 it was a Home for Working Boys in London.
Highgate Road Estate. Housing units built on the site of Haddo and Gordon Houses. They date from 1965 and were designed by Robert Bailie for St Pancras., as Haddo House, a seven story block with two storey blocks at the back and some houses. Another block was added in 1971.
Highgate Road Chapel. Baptist church.  In 1874 Grove End Villa was given to the London Baptist Association who built this Chapel on the site. It was designed by Satchell and Edwards in 1877. This is now flats


Ingestre Road
The original Ingestre Road is now under much of Acland Burghley School to the west.  It is named for John Chetwynd, Earl of Shrewsbury and Viscount Ingestre who carried out much charitable work here in the 19th.
Ingestre Estate. Built by London Borough of Camden in 1967-71 on the site of the railway hostel and iron works. Designed by J. Green it has two-storey houses with conservatory porches stepping and also maisonettes
Care home in the centre of the estate.
Ingestre Community Centre. This opened in 1973 and provides youth and other facilities.
Electric Generating Station. This belonged to the Midland Railway and was used for current for station lighting, etc
Harbar works. Thus replaced the electric generating station and made iron strip and bar and belonged to William Cooke and Sons. Fletcher Court is on the site. Major George Fletcher defused an unexploded land mine here in 1969
Hambrook Court.  Sergeant Stephen Hambrook defused an unexploded land mine here in 1969
London Midland and Scottish Railway. SR staff hostel. This was built in 1896 as Enginemen's Lodgings for railway workers who finished a shift away from their homes.


Lady Somerset Road
Site owned by St. John's College, Cambridge. Lady Somerset was a 17th benefactoress to the. It was the  site of the racetrack opened in 1733 by John Wiblin, publican of the White Horse pub (now the Vine). There were two race tracks here and he called it Little Newmarket Course
10 Graigian Society - non-Christian monks leading a green life style
25a a house by Rick Mather built in 1977-9 in brick, with a curved turret-like end,
Camel – this stands at the end of the street, next to a planter with some indiscreet cupids


Little Green Street
Highgate Road was known in the 18th as Green Street, so this appears to be a connection to that name. It has seven houses on its north side all apparently 18th. Some have bay windows and some have been used as shops. The fields beyond used for horse racing.
Wooden posts believed to have been the finishing posts or they are also said to be farm gateposts.

Mortimer Terrace.
This was named after local farmer, Richard Mortimer. St. John's College Farm was on either side of the road where it joins Gordon House Road
13 this was the here where Leigh Hunt lived  and where John Keats stayed as his tuberculosis worstened.


Railway
Highgate Road junction where the Midland Railway Tottenham South Curve from Kentish Town joined the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway.
Highgate Road Junction Signal Box. A signal box stood in the Vee of the junction and was closed in 1965

Sanderson Close
Sanderson Close.  Housing built by London Borough of Camden in 1976.  This is a barrier block with lower terraces by Yorke, Rosenberg and Mardell. The original railway wall is in the playground area.
Kentish Town Locomotive Sheds. This is a collection if of large red brick sheds from the late 19th. They were the Locomotive Sheds for the Midland Railway built to the east of the Tottenham North and South Curves. The Midland Railway opened their passenger engine depot in 1867-8.  In the early 20th this depot dealt with 140 or so locomotives. The sheds were re-roofed in the 1950s but closed in 1963 following the introduction of diesel locomotives.  
Hiview House. Head office of building contractors J. Murphy and Sons.


Wesleyan Place
Site of Green Street Chapel. Wesley had preached here in the open air and local farm-workers formed a society in their homes.  They were offered the use of a barn here by farmer Richard Mortimer  This was the beginning of Green Street Chapel and this road is named for the site of their 'Wesleyan Chapel' which was used until 1864.


York Rise
York Rise Estate built as a garden estate by the St.Pancras Housing Association in 1937 by Ian Hamilton. These are five storey blocks arranged round courtyards which had ceramic-headed drying posts by Gilbert Bayes. The Society was founded in 1924, its aims to buy and convert poor quality old properties or build new housing for only a small profit. The London Midland & Scottish Railway invited the Society to build this estate on railway land and each of the blocks was named after a railway or engineering pioneer: Brunel, Faraday, Newcomen, Stephenson and Trevethick.


Sources
British History on line. Camden. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Camden History Review 
Camden History Society. Streets of Kentish Town
Connor. Forgotten Stations
Connor. Pancras to Barking
Disused Stations. Web site
GLIAS  Newsletter, 
Hillman. London Under London
Kentish Towner. Blog.
London Borough of Camden. Web site
Nairn. Nairn’s London
Pevsner and Cherry.  London North
Summerson. Georgian London
Tindall. The Fields Beneath
Vine. Web site