Croydon

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Surrey Iron  Railway Route

Off factory road turn into left Martin Crescent. Take the footpath at the end.

Croydon

The ancient market town of Croydon sat in the valley between the chalk hills of the North Downs and the clay capped ridge of Norwood once covered by what is popularly known as the Great North Wood. The borough is of special interest to geologists as it covers almost the entire range of rock types found in the London basin. The difficulties of farming on the highly permeable chalk explains why the bulk of valuable wildlife habitat occurs on the dry valleys, which were grazed by sheep well into this century. Yet Croydon has the largest population of any London borough and the lack of open space of any kind, let alone of wildlife interest, in the north of the borough is an indication of the pressure on habitat. The dry valleys and chalk ridges are subject to the conflicting demands of recreation or housing and what is often seen as half-hearted management of this sensitive landscape.

Saxon name is ‘Saffron Valley’

Two Brewers pub Shepherd Neame tied house in 1970s

Manor

Frith Road

Handcroft Road

Old route

RC chapel 1841 first purpose built chapel in Croydon

Kingsley Road

Area rebuilt by Croydon Council

London Road

296 Star pub

304 Rising Sun

St.George's Church

Longley Road

22 Princess Royal pub

Mitcham Road

98 Pub Club

148 Wellington Pub

Barracks 1784 big gas light customers, Barracks. Now TA. 1754 built for cavalry for the foreign services, HQ of Royal Wagon Train and in 1834

Still for lavender in a farmhouse near Canterbury Road Piese and Lubin

Parsons Mead

99 Harp pub

Pawsons Road

Gravel pits

69 Pawson’s  Arms

182 Lion Pub. Burke’s Brewery

St.James Road

St.James, Commissioners Church, 1827/9, chancel 1881, font, original galleries, set in 1871, reredos 1884, pulpit 1888, glass.  Yellow brick

169 Gothic villa vicarage?

Jolly Gardeners pub

166 Oakfield Tavern

224 Windmill pub

Pond, orchard, ditch

Stanley Road

90 Crown

144 Golden Lion The Golden Lion was the badge of the Lion of Flanders

Sumner Road

Named for Archbishop John Sumner.

Christ Church. Teulon. 1851-2. Paid for by Archbishop Sumner, concerned at the lack of churches in the growing town. Designed to seat 700 (transepts with galleries). The Low Church layout was much disliked by the Ecclesiologist. The chancel was lengthened and a west bay added to the nave in 1860, to Teulon's designs. Flint-faced, with freestone banding, the details less eccentric than in some of his other buildings, although there are several odd features such as the West  'transept' of the South porch, and the crazy turret with spire on the end of the nave, and some characteristic Teulonesque tracery - spherical triangles in the transepts. Vestries added 1930. - Art Nouveau font, 1908. - Stained glass in the apse by Clayton & Bell, 1891.

78 Canterbury Arms

Tanfield Road


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