London Local History - this lists street by street items of historical interest - public, industrial buildings & some environmental features in London and its immediate surroundings. Streets are given in OS grid squares - but numbering is not included (sorry!). Older squares give links to adjacent squares - but many are unfinished. Enter search words above right
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Off factory road turn into left Martin Crescent. Take the footpath at the
The ancient market town of Croydon
sat in the valley between the chalk hills of the North Downs and the clay
capped ridge of Norwood once covered by what is popularly known as the Great
North Wood. The borough is of special interest to geologists as it covers
almost the entire range of rock types found in the London basin. The
difficulties of farming on the highly permeable chalk explains why the bulk of
valuable wildlife habitat occurs on the dry valleys, which were grazed by sheep
well into this century. Yet Croydon has the largest population of any London
borough and the lack of open space of any kind, let alone of wildlife interest,
in the north of the borough is an indication of the pressure on habitat. The
dry valleys and chalk ridges are subject to the conflicting demands of
recreation or housing and what is often seen as half-hearted management of this
Saxon name is
Two Brewers pub Shepherd Neame tied house in 1970s
RC chapel 1841 first purpose built chapel in Croydon
by Croydon Council
Princess Royal pub
big gas light customers, Barracks. Now TA. 1754 built
for cavalry for the foreign services, HQ of Royal Wagon Train and in 1834
Still for lavender in a farmhouse near Canterbury Road Piese and
St.James, Commissioners Church, 1827/9, chancel 1881, font,
original galleries, set in 1871, reredos 1884, pulpit 1888, glass.Yellow brick
169 Gothic villa vicarage?
Jolly Gardeners pub
166 Oakfield Tavern
224 Windmill pub
Pond, orchard, ditch
144 Golden Lion The Golden Lion
was the badge of the Lion of Flanders
Archbishop John Sumner.
Teulon. 1851-2. Paid for by
Archbishop Sumner, concerned at the lack of churches in the growing town.
Designed to seat 700 (transepts with galleries). The Low Church layout was much disliked by
the Ecclesiologist. The chancel was lengthened and a west bay added to the nave
in 1860, to Teulon's designs. Flint-faced, with freestone banding, the details
less eccentric than in some of his other buildings, although there are several
odd features such as the West'transept'
of the South porch, and the crazy turret with spire on the end of the nave, and
some characteristic Teulonesque tracery - spherical triangles in the transepts.
Vestries added 1930. - Art Nouveau font, 1908. - Stained glass in the apse by
Clayton & Bell, 1891.
Post to the south Woodside Post to the east Birkbeck Post to the north Anerley Albert Road This road is the earliest built here, first listed in 1855, and although the Croydon Canal was no longer in use it influenced the alignment of the road. From the junction with Portland Road looking the curve of the road reflects the line of the old canal which was to the north of the houses. It is named after Albert, the Prince Consort. 74-76 Stanleybury . Very large three-storey semis. Built for William Stanley, who moved to 74 in 1867. William Stanley’s works in South Norwood was complimented by his local philanthropy. His site is now a close of modern flats. Accidentally demolished. 67 small trading estate and MOT centre . At one time this was home to a theatre transport specialist. St.Mark . This was the first church in the area and is the parish church by G. H. Lewis. The nave was built in 1852 and the church was extended in 1862 and in successive years until 1890. It is in Kentis
Post to the west (north west quarter) Mile End Post to the west (north east quarter) Post to the east Bromley by Bow Post to the north Old Ford Addington Road Addington Arms . Pub dating from the 1860s. It does not appear to be still there. Police stables . From 1938 twenty horses were located here. These stables were built in moderne style white concrete by police surveyor Gilbert Mackenzie Trench. There is a stable at the back as well as tack rooms and a chimney for the forge – there was a full time farrier. Above are two flats for married police officers. The white concrete wall is original. Alfred Street 1-5 Inland Revenue Office . Sold off 1981. Has been used as a college an as offices Almshouses Way, This was once called Priscilla Street. 1 Drapers' Almshouses . These were built in 1706. What remains is a brick group of four tenements with central raised and pedimented chapel. They were restored in 1982 but were originally part of a larger group funded by
River Lea/Bow Creek The Lea winds itself generally southwards towards the Thames TQ 39505 81448 Canning Town on the Essex bank of Lea/Bow Creek. This was, and is, a heavily industrialised area together with a very down market housing area with markets, shops, cinemas, pubs and many charitable and missionary organisations. In the 2000s public transport has been transformed and much housing renewed, and it is an area in a great deal of change. Post to the west Poplar Post to the south Leamouth and Dome Post to the east Canning Town, Butchers Road Post to the north West Ham Station Appleby Road The road is named after a local ARP warden who was killed during the Blitz. A pre-war suburban ideal is demonstrated in this West Ham estate. Barking Road It was built by the Commercial Road Turnpike Trust from the East India Docks eastwards. Now the A124 it formed part of the original A13 before the building so the East Ham and Barking Bypass in 1928. It was widened as part o