River Brent flows out of the Brent Reservoir and continues south westwards and
is joined by a tributary from the north. The canal feeder also runs from the
reservoir, slightly to the east of the Brent, and flows south
Post to the east Neasden
Post to the north Kingsbury
Post to the west Wembley Park
Post to the south Neasden
The Metropolitan Railway was extended to Harrow in 1880. To
provide accommodation for its employees at their works the Company built in
1882 a staff colony known as Neasden Village. By 1883 a housing estate had been
built with roads originally named A and B Streets which were later renamed
after stations along the line. The metropolitan railway had begun services to
Aylesbury in the early 1890s although it has since been transferred from what
became the Metropolitan Line and part of London Underground’ to Chiltern
40 additional cottages were built here in 1904.
Church of Christ
of the English Martyrs licensed for worship in 1930 and opened in 1931. Replaced
was at one time called Black Pot Hill and was part of Kingsbury village – it
was also called Kingsbury Lane. After the Black Death the village centre moved
north to the area of Kingsbury Green.
Bridge. The river Brent has been crossed
here since ancient time. The bridge is mentioned in there early 16th
and a footbridge had been here for a very long time – repaired by both Kingsbury
and Neasden manors. A ford next to the bridge was a crossing point for horses drawn
traffic. In the late 16th All Souls College built a bridge suitable
for horses and carts and this was repaired by the mill but by the early 19th
Kingsbury vestry was asked to undertake repairs. In 1826 it was a wooden bridge
11 ft. wide. In 1922 a new bridge was built
for the British Empire Exhibition.
over the Canal Feeder – all wire netting and safety mesh
Farm. 17th this was a dairy farm on the corner of Old Church Lane
House School, Private primary school.
of the English Martyrs. Catholic Church.
A circular church by John E. Sterrett and B. D. Kaye opened in 1970 to replace a
Inn. Named for the Blackbird Farm – but the pub has closed and been demolished
but towards the end was renamed The Blarney Stone. Replaced by housing
- In the late 16th Jon Chalkhill built a mill southwest of Blackbird
The Grand Junction Canal Company built this 3 mile
feeder from the Brent to Waxlow Road in 1810. As traffic increased on the
canal grew, there was an increasing demand for water as locks were used more
frequently. This feeder channel was built around to try and solve the problem
1811 from the River Brent. It was gravity fed and followed the natural
contours. When the Brent Reservoir was built in 1835 the feeder was supplied
through the dam.
for a local manor and for a 17th mill owner, John Chalkhill
Part of Neasden Railway village which was enlarged when it
was added and laid out parallel to the Works in 1925 and the three original streets
were extended to meet it. It consists of 130 houses built with a Government
subsidy to designs by Charles W Clark on the Hamish Cross concrete post and
panel system which had been approved by the Ministry of Health. Chesham is the final station on the Metropolitan
St. Andrew’s Church.
The new church was originally built by S. W. Dawkes and Hamilton in 1847
at Wells Street, St. Marylebone. It was moved here stone by stone by W. A.
Forsyth in 1933. It is an early neo-Gothic church built of limestone rubble. It
had been a centre of Anglo-Catholicism, and inside was a metal chancel screen
and pulpit designed by W.Street and a lectern by W. Butterfield. Window by Pugin
was destroyed during the Second World War.
Church Hall - A temporary church hall, built after 1907,
was replaced in 1950.
11 home of Arthur Lucan,. There is a plaquwe which sats “
entertainer and creator of Old Mother Riley”.
Lucan, came from Dublin,
and dressed up as an
Irish washerwoman. His wife, was his stage daughter
built on the peninsula between the River Brent and the Feeder channel.
Chalkhill police station
Kingsbury Garden Village
The village community was extended further after the war.
In 1919 the Metropolitan Railway Board Metropolitan Country Estates Ltd to
develop surplus railway land and 40 acres adjoining the village outside the
conservation area where sold to the company. This estate was called Kingsbury Garden
Village and was the nearest of their estates to London. It was the only one
catering for low incomes and about 40 houses were ready in the early part of
1921. These properties are not considered to possess special interest and lie
outside the Conservation Area.
Four properties in Neasden Lane were added to the railway
village in 1904-5, constructed by the builders Bott and Stennett to plans by E
of St.Andrew. This is a 12th
church, with evidence of Norman, Saxon and Roman work and there was almost
certainly a Saxon church on the site. It is may be built on gravel spur between
two streams flowing to the Brent. Stukeley claimed these as the enclosure of a
Roman camp – but this has been discredited. However the church is built at a
point where much of the surrounding area could easily be seen, - including
Watling Street and the silk stream bridge. It is may be surrounded by medieval
ditch and there may be Sarson corner stones. It is very small with walls of
rendered flint rubble and red tiles which could be Roman. By the mid-13th it was owned by the hospital of St John of Jerusalem hence
a dual dedication to St Andrew and to St John the Baptist. The porch was used as a school before
1570. There have been many additions and
alterations and a major restoration in 1840 when the south porch was removed
and the outside was roughcast. At the same time a gallery and a vestry were
added. There has been more work since.
The font is 13th and has no drainage hole so may have been a mortar. It is said
to have been thrown into a pond in 1840, rescued by a local who used it as a
flower pot and returned it from his death-bed in 1905. The lectern is 17th from
a City church and was used Gladstone. It has bells one
from 1340. There are three brasses and also a memorial to the Earl of Mansfield
and toy John Bull, Keeper of the King's Poultry. In 1977 it was made redundant and is used by
the Welbury Historical Society as a Museum. Under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust
old church is in in an overgrown churchyard, with many Victorian yew trees, a
row of lime trees along the west side, a lych-gate and monuments hidden in the
undergrowth. There are some listed tombstones. The parish was always too poor to enlarge the
church and there were 13th incentives o people who helped maintain
the church. The churchyard is in three sections with additions of 1900 and the
Old St Andrew's Mansions. Flats with integral garages designed in 1936 by
Ernest George Trobridge. They are in brick, with two storeys joined by an amazing
external brick stair leading to the upper flat. These are two of a group of flats
by Trobridge whose limited surviving works are concentrated in this area. He
developed a method of using unseasoned timber and unskilled ex-servicemen to
build cheap charismatic homes for heroes. The detailing is inspired by his Swedenborgian
beliefs - Swedenborg proposed a system of "correspondence" whereby
worldly, spiritual and divine ideas could be related together.' The effect on Trobridge
was the idiosyncratic expression of every detail.
6-6a Gatepiers built 1936 by E G Trobridge. Brick. They are lozenge- angled to
is built on the Metropolitan Railway housing estate.
High School, site – the school closed in 1989. It was built on the site of
London Transport's power station at Quainton Street in 1968
Neasden Power Station. This
replaced a coal gas plant and was a coal fired power station built by Westinghouse
for the Metropolitan Railway in 1904. It was alongside the railway depot and
workshops and built in connection with their electrification scheme. It closed
Coal gas plant. This was built at the end of Quainton
Street for the Metropolitan Railway in 1893 and survived until 1902 when the power
station was planned.
Margaret Clitherow School. Roman Catholic primary school built in 1973
Grove Centre or Chalkhill Youth and Community Centre
Nicholas School. Private ‘preparatory’ school opened in 1937
Harp – Brent Reservoir
lake is the officially Brent or Kingsbury Reservoir now owned by The Canal & River Trust. It was built for the Regents Canal Co. in 1835
when the Brent was dammed because of the need to keep water at the summit level
at Camden Town. It forms part of the River Brent
Flood Alleviation Scheme. Automatic sluices control the flow of water out, flood
warning system is in operation to provide warning for residential and
commercial areas downstream of the reservoir.
dam – the dam and a massive masonry semi-circular overspill weir lie at the
west end. The construction work comprised “the formation of
an embankment or head with weirs, sluices, retaining walls and basins across
the river”. It was deepened in 1851 and extended between 1853-1854 when the wall
was increased in height and extended thus enlarging the reservoir. In 2005,
British Waterways again extended the height of the dam wall on the southern
flank, extended the dam into Neasden Recreation Ground as a clay bund; and reconstructed
the face of the dam wall.
Barker & Robins. A History of
British History. Kingsbury. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Jackson. London’s Metropolitan Railway
London Borough of Brent. Web site
London Gardens on line. Web site
Middlesex County council history of
Thames 21. Web site
Thames Basin Archaeological Group.
Walford. Village London,