The River Lea Navigation
Navigation flows south and is joined by Mossops Creek from the north west
TQ 36406 97087
Heavily industrialised area along the Lea and the George V reservoir. Some sites here were breakthrough industries in electrical and metallurgical fields - lead, precious metals, thermionic valves and vacuum flasks - and much else.
Post to the south Ponders End
Post to the east George V
reference to the road name is in the 1890s
factory in the 1920s
machine works in the 1930s
metal finishes factory. Founded 1959
The Battle of the Alma, during the Crimean War, was in 1854. The road name
dates from the early 1860s
The Alma Pub
Jute Cottages – The Jute Company owned 26 cottages and 3 pubs. All unfit to
Enfield Tool Manufacturing Co., opened a factory in the 1930s
Lead Works. White Lead manufacturing was associated with a great deal of
noxious pollution and danger to health. Ludwig Mond learnt of the Bischof
process which meant that the people did not come into contact with the
chemicals during manufacture. A pilot plant at Willesden had failed, and Mond
wanted to be sure the process would not damage growing vegetables.
H.C.Bainbridge carried out the research work for him. In 1925 it was taken over by Associated Lead Manufacturers.
is first mentioned as ‘Grymesdoun’ in 1420, but by the late 17th the
G had become a b - ’Brymesdowne’ 1610. It
is an industrial area in the 1990s gradually being taken over by big shed
Duck Lees Lane
– so called because of the poverty there
Works. Opened 1867 and employed the very poorest, many of them children and many
of them Scottish. There were many floods and eventually local voluntary fund
raising paid for prevention work.
Factory. Opened 1874. This was an
oilcloth of canvas and cork. Burnt down
Works for Edison Swan Electric Co. They took over the jute works premises and a
factory opened when Edison and Swan merged in 1881. They produced the first miners’
lamps in 1886 and first high voltage lamps in 1894. Large scale production soon took off with
glass blowing a major part of the work. In the research arm Professor Ambrose Fleming patented in 1904
the world's first thermionic valve (the diode) and William Thompson – Lord
Kelvin – worked on mirror galvanometers. In 1920 they joined a consortium which became
AEI. Closed in 1968. The old offices,
dated 1890, are the sole remnant of Edison and Swan's works the exterior
substantially modified to hide its Victorian origins. One building left which was used by Amstrad in 1998 and there is a
plaque to Swan and Dewar, who worked here on the vacuum flask.
Sangamo works. In 1920 this was producing
200 electric meters a day
Station. This lies between
Enfield Lock and Ponders End on One Railway. Built by the Northern and Eastern Railway in 1884
Signal Box. Demolished
2009, took a V1.
Sidings off the railway
curved south and east and then went north branching out. Lines went to
Brimsdown Power Station; Waltham Abbey Gunpowder Works, the Royal Small Arms
Factory in 1916,
British Ideal Patents
and Furniture – made tubular steel furniture
Izaak Walton Pub
Ripmax Corner – works
of Ripmax who deal in radio control models.
Johnson Matthey factory. Johnson
Matthey, now a major multi-national, traces its origins to an assayers business
1817, and they had risen to become a major company in the field of precious
metals and other substances. In the
1920s they took over smelting works built on an area of gravel pits and waste
land at Brimsdown meaning that many buildings are on piles above the old
flooded pits. Initially buildings were corrugated iron sheds a blast furnace,
grinding mills, and other plant. Here they recover metals from waste material –
for example silver salts for the photographic industry using recycled metal.
site being used for the relocation of businesses moved from the Hackney Olympic
on the site – filled with waste from Johnson Matthey, then bomb damage rubble,
then Piccadilly Line waste.
Mossops Bridge was built in 1999
and is part of a path which links the Navigation to Brimsdown Industrial Estate
and railway station
Dug by John Mossop
and Co. gravel and ballast extraction in the 19th. It is now a nature reserve
Mossops Creek Bridge – part of a
path which links the Navigation to Brimsdown. Built 2006. The bridge was
designed for Enfield Council as planning gain for Olympic relocation sites and
it uses innovative methods on retaining walls and construction.
Mossops Creek Path
units on a road leading to the Lea Navigation
This is now
a road within the Brimsdown Business area
This American company made waterproofed roofing materials
small settlement has a mix of housing with some local authority tower blocks from
name dates from the 18th and is probably a field name
Cartridge Factory. 1946 –This was
the Remington Arms Union Metallic Cartridge Company, Ltd., an English
subsidiary of the American arms company. It had a shotshell loading plant which
loaded empty paper shotshells, imported from the US with powder. Closed 1946
Enfield Soap Works had begun as a glue factory and in the 1920s began to make Edwardson's
Easy Washer and expanded in the 1930s with Diamond Soap Flakes.
David Pam. History of Enfield 3 vols.
Field. Place names of London
Cohen. Life of Ludwig Mond
Morris. Archives of the Chemical Industry
Enfield Archaeology Society. Industrial Archaeolgy of Enfield
Smith & Carr. Industrial Archaeology of Hertfordshire and the Lea Valley
Lewis. Industry and Innovation in the Lea Valley
Lewis. Regeneration and Innovation in the Lea Valley
Lewis. London's Lea Valley. More Secrets Revealed
Lewis. London's Lea Valley. Britain's Best Kept Secret
Johnson Matthey web site
London Railway Record. articles.
Brimsdown Station. Wikipedia web site
Brimsdown. Wikipedia web site (Mossops Creek)
Remington web site.
Signal Box Forum web site
Ruberoid web site