Friday, 14 September 2012

Mutton Brook - Highgate

Mutton Brook
Mutton Brook rises in Cherry Tree Wood and flows westwards

Post to the east Highgate
Post to the west Hampstead Garden Suburb

Archway Road
513 The Wellington – the Wellington Petrol Station is now on its site.

Aylmer Road
Originally built as part of the Barnet by pass. The road is named for General Sir Fenton John Aylmer VC British commander at the Siege of Kut in the Great War. It was built before 1935 across the site of Manor Farm
Manor Court – flats built in 1935 roughly on the site of Manor Farm, which preceded the road and was owned by United Dairies.

Cherry Tree Wood
This was part of Finchley Wood on the northern edge of the Bishop of London's park. It was once known as Dirthouse Wood since carters’ night soil from London to an adjacent depot. The Mutton Brook is now culverted here but at one time it supported water-cress beds. The site was bought by Finchley Urban District Council from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1914 and it was opened in 1915 as a park. It has grassland and woodland and a small lodge. There is now an active Friends of Cherry Tree Wood group.

Denewood Road
Highgate Golf Club. Opened in 1904, the course was designed by C.S. Butchart. The clubhouse was burnt down in 1926 and in 1962
Bishopswood Reservoir. Built in 1928 by the Metropolitan Water Board and stores 40 million litres of water
Lodge Hill. This is the site of the Bishop of London's moated hunting lodge. It was demolished in the 14th.  The moat was fed by a spring which still exists.

Gaskell Road
Housing built by Hornsey Council in 1902-1913.
Gaskell Road Children’s Centre

Grange Road
A lease for this area was given to architect, John Groom, in 1878 who built this road with large houses.

Great North Road
Until 1960 this was the Great North Road and the Al, then it was down-graded to A1000.   Although the whole route was once called Great North Road, it is now the road name from the junction with the North Circular northwards.
East Finchley Sub-Station. This supplied power to the Northern Line of London Underground and was opened in 1938. Now redundant

Highgate Depot and Sidings.
Highgate Depot is east of the lines which once went to Finsbury Park and was closed in 1970. It was adapted from the original London and North Eastern Railway depot in 1939 for use by the Northern Line. The lines into the depot are those originally built for the service from Finsbury Park – the rest of the track was removed in the 1970s. The depot complex closed in 1984 after service reductions, along with Park Junction signal box. It was reopened in 1989. The main lines and everything south of the depot building was fenced off and became increasingly overgrown and derelict. In 1996 the areas south of the depot were cleared and access to the depot from the south was reopened.
Highgate Wood Sidings were built in 1939 in the 'V' between Highgate Depot and the Finsbury Park branch and consisted of sidings for tube trains. They were closed in December 1982 and became semi-derelict. It was concerned for a new Northern Line control centre
Park Junction. This junction is where the lines to East Finchley and to Finsbury Park diverged. A new signal box was built here by in 1939 London Transport  to cover Highgate depot and to eventually control the line to Finsbury Park which it was then planned to hand over to London Transport. The box closed in 1984 and becoming derelict and vandalised was demolished in 1995
Wellington Sidings. Transformed into tube depot in 1930s from the old Highgate Goods Depot. It is said to be haunted by a spectral steam train. It is now the site of a number of commercial depots.

Lanchester Road
Stormont Tennis and Squash Club

North Hill
Western Highways Depot Hornsey Corporation
56b Built in 1928
60 example of suburban Georgian. Built to a high standard.
76-78 1820s houses - the first semidetached houses on North Hill. Such houses were in suburban areas where land was less expensive and speculative builders were not constrained by the bye-laws which governed building in central London
80 an example of a house type popular in Edwardian suburbs.
82 built at the end of the 18th with a parapet roof typical of the period.
88-90 early 19th century faced in stucco hiding drainage arrangements
103-107 Mary Feilding Guild. Home for the active elderly
117 terrace built in 1811. The layout is too narrow for the front door to be directly below the first floor window as would be the normal for a house of this period
121 Gothic Revival villa from 1880.
169-175 Springfield Cottages. Built in 1877 by The Highgate Dwellings Improvement Co. Their design conforms to the 1870 building bye-laws – vertical brickwork between the houses to reduce the risk of fire; generous space; taller chimneys; a 9 inch minimum brickwork for each wall and a damp proof course.
193 built by Hornsey Urban Sanitary Authority in 1902 presumably for the then Highway’s Depot. Unlike privately rented housing of this period there is no front bay window and no back extension

Sheldon Avenue
Laid out by the 1920s although building accelerated after the Second World War including blocks of private flats

Storey Road
Highgate Primary School. Built as Highgate ighatBoard School.  The school had leased the old British school in Southwood Lane in 1875 but moved here in 1877. It was extended several times later.

Toyne Way
Terraces built in the 1970s by Robert Harrison of Haringey Architects Department in a revival of vernacular imagery of fifty years previously.

View Close
Small houses built in1962 by Dinerman Dawes & Hillman.

View Road
Built up from the 1890s with very large Free Style detached houses
3 - 7 Built 1897 by A. Mitchell, in orange brick
9 built 1899 by M. Bunney
10 cautious Early Modem. There are Art Deco lamps along the garden wall.
15 built by George Sherrin, 1905 with its own lodge. The pargetting is by Daymond and illustrates the motto ‘The North Wind and the Sun. Persuasion is better than Force'.
17-19 Highgate Private Hospital set up in 1989
17-19 Moorfields Eye Hospital annexe and clinic

Woodside Avenue
Entrance to rail depot and railway bridge

Sources
Abandoned Stations. Web site
Blake. Northern Wastes
British History, Highgate. Web site
Clunn. The Face of London
Field. London Place Names
Highgate Golf Club. Web site
London Borough of Haringey. Web site
London Gardens Online. Web site
London Railway Record
Middlesex County Council. History of Middlesex
Osborne. Defending London
Pevsner and Cherry, London North
Stevenson. Middlesex
Webster. Great North Road,

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