Saturday, 14 September 2013

River Bulbourne - Bourne End

River Bulbourne
The Bulbourne flows eastwards
TL 02704 06467

Where the A41, the main railway line from Euston and the Grand Union Canal are adjacent.  Old gravel pits here are now fishing lakes and there are plenty of pubs and restaurants in the small village of Winkwell.  There is even the grave of a highwayman.

Post to the west Bourne End
Post to the east Chaulden

A41 Slip Road South
Westbrook Mere. This is an old gravel pit worked out in the early 1900's and operated by Cranstone's.  It has been used for angling since the 1920s. It has been owned by Boxmoor and District Angling Society since 1954 and is used by them as a carp fishery.

Bourne End Lane
The name of the land indicates the eastern end of the intermittent Bourne Gutter stream.

Chaulden Lane
This lane is thought to preserve the line of pre-Roman Akeman Street. The name refers to a chalky area.

Grand Union Canal
Bourne End Bottom Lock
Watercress beds alongside the canal
Bourne End Mill Arm. This runs down southwards to the mill and accesses the River Bulbourne
Winkwell Top Lock
Winkwell Swing Bridge. This is a key operated swing bridge. Originally made of timber and operated by a large wheel turned by hand. It was mechanized in 1986 but it was not possible to use standard power operated system due to limited headroom. Access to the pub meant the road surface could not be raised.  John Harvey & Associates used power operated vertical rams to lift the bridge into line with the road and this is controlled with a key along with the conventional operation of the bridge.
Winkwell Bottom Lock
Winkwell Dock is a canal narrow boat repair yard operated by Middlesex and Hertfordshire Boat Services. They do all work on narrow boats and build new hulls to order. They have a 36-boat lay-by marina. Before 1977 the area was a small holding.

London Road
The Anchor Pub
Bourne End Village Hall, this was built in 1926 by public subscription and modernised in 1994, with the help of Dacorum Borough Council
War Memorial. Great War memorial in the form of a cross
The White Horse. Pub
Watermill Hotel.  The hotel is built around a 19th house on the site of Bourne End Mill. The mill site dates from 1289. The house is in red brick, with a weather boarded central block. An overshot wheel is incorporated in the design. The hotel buildings date from 1971 by Lansley, Mellville and Mark
Bourne End Farm.   Long flint wall with a VR wall post-box in it. Includes a cider mill using apples from Somerset. The farmhouse is 17th with colour washed roughcast walls and a timber frame. Timber barns
Bourne Cottage.19th house in brick
1-8 The Cottages
Bourne End Lodge West and East. 18th house divided into two homes
The Old Cottage.16th or early 17th brick house,
White stones by Westbrook Hay entrance are the burial place of Highwayman, Robert Snooks

Pix Farm Lane
Button House. Button Linguard demolition contractors works and yard. The firm was created in 2005 by the merger of WF Button& Son Ltd. (established 1961) and Linguard Contractors Ltd. (established 1970).
Pixis Mere Fishery. Lake owned by the Boxmoor Trust and operated as a commercial fishing lake.

Pouchen End Lane
Railway bridge. This high narrow bridge carries the West Coast Main Line railway over the lane
Pouchen End Farm
Pouchen End Hall, 16th or early 17th house which is shown in 17th map as Punchin End. The date of 1864 is on a chimney stack. Before that it was three timber framed cottages.  
Stables Studio Art Centre in the refurbished stables and barns of Pouchen End Hall,

Winkwell
Winkwell is a hamlet between the railway line and the Grand Union Canal. It has cottages, a bungalow, and two big houses. The name is thought to come from the Old English words for a corner and a well.
Cottage. 16th or 17th blacksmith's timber framed house with brick exterior. The Forge itself was on the north side of the house and shoed horses which worked on the canal.
Three Horse Shoes Public House. 17th building with whitewashed plaster. 19th veranda.   Part of the pub was built in 1535 and was farm cottages with a shop at the back.

Sources
Behall. Web site
British Listed Buildings. Web site
Boxmoor and District Angling Society. Web site.
Button Linguard. Web site
CanalPlan. Web site
Movable bridges in the British Isles. Web site
Roll of Honour. Web site
Pevsner and Cherry. Hertfordshire
Stables Art Studio. Web site
Three Horseshoes. Web site
Westbrook Hay School. Web site
White Horse. Web site

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