Southgate

 

Bourne Avenue

by Edmondson's on the Southgate House estate with suburban housing of between the wars, spaciously planned picturesque medley of half-timbered, roughcast and gables overlooking a little green.

Burleigh Gardens

an example of 1930s suburban housing. Quite classy pairs, alternating between bold windows and Baillie Scott-derived jettied gables. Good detail - tiled arches, stained glass, leaded casements j

86 unaltered

Chase Road

south gate of the Chase was nearby

White Hart low, hintS at the older village

151 Sir Thomas Lipton Memorial Hostel.  This stands in its own grounds and is the site of the big house owned in 1652 the house by the Hadley family. In 1808 John Kingston built a new house and sold it and in 1893 it was the home of Thomas Lipton the grocer. When Lipton died the estate was sold for development but he said the house was to become a home for nurses.  It is in yellow brick with stucco trim and has three storeys, with later additions

St.Andrew. 1903.  Extensions etc. In five acres of grounds.  Designed by Rowland Barker who lived at Southgate Green

Oaktree School.  Special School 1965.  Low building in woodland with striking zigzagging roof

High Street

the village can still be traced: between the suburban developments is a straggle of cottages and smarter Georgian houses stretches towards Southgate Green.

15-17 a simple early c19 pair,

34 Arms and Militaria Bookshop

107-109 an early c19 pair, a three-tiered five-bay block with blind central window; mid-c19 stucco.

111-115, a group of c. 1800, with three-storey centre and lower side parts.

117 weather boarded. in front an older scale asserts itself:

Ellington Court.  Progressive flats of 1937 by Frederick Gibberd but more conservative than his earlier work.  An informal three-storey frontage stepping back twice, with cantilevered porches and projecting concrete balconies in the style of Tecton's Highpoint One, but with the brick facing that modernist architects were beginning to adopt in the later 1930s.

Farbey Building

Branch Library. late work by the MCC. 1964-6, simple one-storey steel box.

Southgate Technical College.  Stark, Middlesex County Council.  big walled range Set tactfully back so as not to dominate the older houses.   1962-3

Southgate House is inside  the Minchenden Campus of the College.  Late 18th neo classical villa.  Built by Samuel Pole, 1776.  Owned by the Walkers from 1844-1922 and then became a school

Victorian cottages

Meadway

has a formal prelude of terracotta trimmed shops. by Edmondson's on the Southgate House estate with suburban housing of between the wars, spaciously planned picturesque medley of half-timbered, roughcast and gables overlooking a little green.

Park Road

Just north of the tunnels, a footbridge was provided above the tracks at here. This was built with a span of 32ft 5'/2in and footpath width of 6ft

Rail Line – Piccadilly Tube Line

Once out of the cutting after Southgate Station tunnel the route reached a length of embankment, then passed onto a further viaduct. Again this was constructed of brick, and comprised eighteen semi-circular arches of 30ft span, with a 50ft arch positioned about mid-way. The total length was 237ydsand from its centre; the gradient began to climb at 1 in 60. This continued towards Enfield West and was described at the time as being "in heavy hank and cutting".

Southgate

Southgate 'place by southern gate', naming the hamlet which grew  up by this entrance to Enfield Chase  ‘Suthgate’ 1370, ‘Le South Gate’ 1608. at the comer of the parish of Edmonton. It became a separate district in 1881 and a borough in 1933. It remains a sedately respectable suburb. On Rocque's mid-c18 map the built-up area consisted chiefly of South Street, the present High Street stretching from the south gate of Enfield Chase to the green at the junction with Cannon Hill, between the estates of Grovelands and Arnolds - later Arnos Grove - and Broomfield.. In 1870 Thorne could still describe Southgate as one of the least changed villages around London, its large mansions inhabited by 'opulent citizens and the occasional nabob'.

The Bourne

tall garden walls now with flats behind, hint at the older village,

Weselyan Chapel. Angular Gothic

The Broadway

The low station forms the hub of five roads. First impressions are of the C20: 1930s shopping parades mixed with brusque offices of the 1960s.

Parade - the elegant  curved brick parade built together with the station

Southgate Station. 13th March 1933. Between Oakwood and Arnos Grove on the Piccadilly Line. It has a Free standing ticket hall with a playful little lantern. Carefully integrated with curved shopping parade and bus stops. Elegant bronze uplighters on the escalators.  The street level building, was designed by Chalres Holden, and constructed by Bovis on a circular plan and incorporated into a shopping parade, with a pull-in for buses at the rear. The floodlit roof was supported internally by a central pillar and there was accommodation for five shops. With their bold sweeping lines, the  'Southgate Extension' stations epitomize the architectural styles favoured during the 1930s, and all of them have been listed.  Southgate has Grade 11 status. Elegant bronze uplighters on the escalators.  This station was located within the tunnel section, so the diameter was increased to 21ft 21/2ins, as at Bounds Green. The booking hall boasted an internal diameter of 58ft 9ins, and was served by three entrances and exits. the booking hall, had been provided with Duras floor tiling on the outer half and rubber on the inner, the escalators descended 34.70ft in a tube with a diameter of 22ft 9ins. 'M' type machines were installed, either side of a fixed central stairway, although foundations for a third machine were provided, should this be deemed necessary at a later stage.  Features in films 'Stevie’

Railline and Tunnel. From the northern portal of the Southgate tunnels, the line fell at 1 in 500 initially in cutting, with concrete retaining walls faced in brick. Original 2-tracked bore 1855, 4-tracked c. 1890.

Village Hall

Metro Café Features in films 'Captives’.

Winchmore Hill Road

Southgate Leisure Centre 1966 by the J. T. W. Peat Borough Architect. Ponderous zigzagging.  Pool with a steel frame clad in aggregate panels; ponderous zigzagging roof.

The Wells. a group of commercial ice wells operated until at least the late 1860s. The owners, Simmonds, collected ice from nearby streams and stored it tor use by local hotels, fishmongers, etc.

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